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Released: 12-Aug-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Rutgers Researchers Awarded $20 Million NIH Grant to Find New Ways to Diagnose Tuberculosis
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers researchers have been awarded a $20 million grant by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to evaluate new point of care tests that would diagnose Tuberculosis, the number one cause of deaths worldwide due to an infectious disease.

Newswise: Exoplanets Featured in Latest Edition of Webb Telescope Virtual Reality Experience
Released: 12-Aug-2020 10:15 AM EDT
Exoplanets Featured in Latest Edition of Webb Telescope Virtual Reality Experience
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Upgrades in the new edition of WebbVR—the virtual reality program that is based on the scientific capabilities of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope—include interactive exoplanet detection, additional detail in the solar system experience, and Spanish translations. WebbVR works on Oculus Rift and HTC Vive, and is available for free download on Steam and Viveport.

Newswise: Safety Net Hospitals Associated with Dramatically Higher Complications and Death Rates in Patients Receiving Hip Replacement Surgery
Released: 12-Aug-2020 10:15 AM EDT
Safety Net Hospitals Associated with Dramatically Higher Complications and Death Rates in Patients Receiving Hip Replacement Surgery
American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA)

Patients who receive hip replacement surgery at safety net hospitals – those that provide care regardless of ability to pay – were 38% more likely to die in the hospital than those receiving the surgery at other hospitals, according to a study published in the journal Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Low Leadership Quality Predicts High Risk of Long-Term Sickness Absence
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Low leadership quality, as rated by employees, is a risk factor for long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the workforce, according to a study in the August Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Newswise: Breakthrough led by NUS researchers provides new potential therapies for osteoporosis
Released: 12-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Breakthrough led by NUS researchers provides new potential therapies for osteoporosis
National University of Singapore

Researchers from the National University of Singapore have identified a new avenue to maintain bone health, which opens up new and potentially more effective osteoporosis treatments.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:15 AM EDT
Mount Sinai’s Arnhold Institute for Global Health Partners with NYC Health + Hospitals on COVID-19 Unit for Research at Elmhurst (CURE-19)
Mount Sinai Health System

Collaboration Brings Together Clinicians and Researchers on the Front Lines of COVID-19 to Support Innovative Solutions for Health Disparities

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Malaria discovery could expedite antiviral treatment for COVID-19
Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University

The study, conducted by an international team and led by RMIT University's Professor Christian Doerig, outlines a strategy that could save years of drug discovery research and millions of dollars in drug development by repurposing existing treatments designed for other diseases such as cancer.

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Early neural activity associated with autism
Elsevier

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is rarely diagnosed until symptoms arise, often well into childhood. Evidence however, is mounting that developmental abnormalities likely emerge in the brain long before then: early identification of babies at risk for ASD could allow for interventions that would improve their developmental outcomes.

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Embargo will expire: 17-Aug-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Expectant lesbian couples see benefits in lower prenatal testosterone levels
University of Michigan

Among lesbian couples expecting their first child, low prenatal testosterone levels predict a higher quality of nurturing behavior, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Fear of stricter regulations spurs gun sales after mass shootings, new analysis suggests
Cell Press

It's commonly known that gun sales go up after a mass shooting, but two competing hypotheses have been put forth to explain why that's the case: is it because people fear more violence and want to protect themselves, or is it because mass shootings trigger discussions about tighter gun regulations, which sends people out to stock up? In a new study appearing August 11 in the journal Patterns, investigators used data science to study this phenomenon.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
First-of-its-kind Collateral Risk Education Series Launches Sept. 14
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

Clifford Rossi, formerly a risk executive for the likes of Citi and Countrywide, directs an online series at the intersections of mortgage collateral valuation and risk management. Vigilance against deficiency in this area, he says, “is particularly critical as markets are supply constrained and getting the appraisal right is essential.”

Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Researchers show mathematically how to best reopen your business after lockdown
Frontiers

In the USA, where the curve of infections has not yet flattened since the beginning of the pandemic, 158,000 people have died from Covid-19 already.

Newswise: How Cedars-Sinai Predicts Number of COVID-19 Patients
Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
How Cedars-Sinai Predicts Number of COVID-19 Patients
Cedars-Sinai

When the novel coronavirus started spreading across the U.S., hospital leaders were faced with a unique challenge: How could they accurately forecast the number of patients who would need hospitalization when no one knew what to expect from this new disease? To answer this and other questions, the data science team at Cedars-Sinai developed a machine learning platform to predict staffing needs. The team adjusted the platform's algorithms to forecast data points related to the novel coronavirus. Now the platform tracks local hospitalization volumes and the rate of confirmed COVID-19 cases, running multiple forecasting models to help anticipate and prepare for increasing COVID-19 patient volumes with an 85%-95% degree of accuracy.

Newswise: Natural way to boost crop yield to be explored by Warwick Scientists
Released: 12-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Natural way to boost crop yield to be explored by Warwick Scientists
University of Warwick

Increases in plant yield could be naturally made thanks to research at the School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick

Newswise: Rutgers Cancer Institute Researchers Utilize 4D Printing with Patient Derived Organoids to Accelerate Treatment Testing for Common Brain Tumor
Released: 12-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Rutgers Cancer Institute Researchers Utilize 4D Printing with Patient Derived Organoids to Accelerate Treatment Testing for Common Brain Tumor
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Rutgers Cancer Institute investigator shares about a new project in which 4-dimensional (4D) printing of arrays that transform from cell-culture inserts into histological cassettes are utilized and hold patient tissue samples for rapid programmable drug testing to accelerate treatment testing for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a common brain tumor.

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Embargo will expire: 18-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 12-Aug-2020 8:45 AM EDT

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 7:00 AM EDT
Exercise Makes Female Rats Hungrier, Sustains Weight Gain
American Physiological Society (APS)

Sex differences play a large role in the relationship between exercise, appetite and weight loss, according to new research in rats. The study is published in the American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 5:05 AM EDT
USC Center for the Digital Future study finds huge gaps in views based on political beliefs on alternatives to traditional voting; half want changes in political conventions
USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

A majority of Americans say national elections need to change because of the COVID-19 pandemic, including broad support for voting by mail and online political conventions, reports a new study by the USC Center for the Digital Future.

Newswise: Smidt Heart Institute Enhances Congenital Heart Program
Released: 11-Aug-2020 9:05 PM EDT
Smidt Heart Institute Enhances Congenital Heart Program
Cedars-Sinai

The Guerin Family Congenital Heart Program in the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai is expanding its surgical care for children and adult congenital heart disease patients by embarking on a new initiative that includes the expertise of the world-renowned Keck Medicine of USC heart surgery team.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 11-Aug-2020 9:05 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

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Released: 11-Aug-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Classifying galaxies with artificial intelligence
National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS)

Astronomers have applied artificial intelligence (AI) to ultra-wide field-of-view images of the distant Universe captured by the Subaru Telescope, and have achieved a very high accuracy for finding and classifying spiral galaxies in those images.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 6:50 PM EDT
Untapped potential for TikTok to convey COVID-19 guidance
De Gruyter

Research published in DeGruyter's International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health suggests TikTok is rich with untapped educational potential.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 6:50 PM EDT
Protein uses two antiviral strategies to ward off infections
eLife

To protect humans against infection, a protein called MARCH8 tags the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) for destruction while it merely holds HIV hostage, a new study in eLife shows.

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Released: 11-Aug-2020 6:45 PM EDT
Study shows inbreeding reduces cooperation in banded mongooses
Swansea University

Inbreeding can reduce cooperation in banded mongooses according to a recent study by researchers.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 6:35 PM EDT
Car passengers can reduce pollution risk by closing windows and changing route
University of Birmingham

Drivers and passengers can inhale significantly lower levels of air pollution by setting their vehicle's ventilation systems more effectively and taking a 'cleaner' route to their destination, a new study reveals.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Experimental COVID-19 vaccine prevents severe disease in mice
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have created a COVID-19 vaccine candidate from a replicating virus. This experimental vaccine has proven effective at preventing pneumonia in mice.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 5:00 PM EDT
Study Points to Health Disparities Among Former NFL Players
Harvard Medical School

At a glance: In a study of former NFL players, Black, Hawaiian, and athletes from other racial backgrounds report worse physical, mental health outcomes than white players The widest health gaps emerged between Black and white former NFL players Black former players reported worse health outcomes in all five health categories, compared with their white peers Presence of health disparities among former NLF players reflects the deep and pervasive nature of systemic inequities that persist even among elite athletes

Released: 11-Aug-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Medical Organizations Team Up to Help Parents and Caregivers Navigate Return to Sports and Recreation during COVID-19 Pandemic
American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM)

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American Medical Society For Sports Medicine (AMSSM) and National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) have joined forces to address growing concerns and confusion amid youth sports and recreation participation during the coronavirus pandemic.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 4:10 PM EDT
DHS to Hold Virtual Industry Day Seeking Innovative Solutions for Coronavirus Response
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T is seeking groundbreaking solutions to address current and future operational needs. S&T issued the Emerging Needs: Covid-19 Response & Future Mitigation topic call through its Silicon Valley Innovation Program (SVIP).

Newswise:Video Embedded bouncing-sticking-exploding-viruses-understanding-the-surface-chemistry-of-sars-cov-2
VIDEO
Released: 11-Aug-2020 3:45 PM EDT
Bouncing, Sticking, Exploding Viruses: Understanding the Surface Chemistry of SARS-CoV-2
Michigan Technological University

Better understanding of the surface chemistry of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is needed to reduce transmission and accelerate vaccine design.

Newswise:Video Embedded cancer-covid-and-the-kentucky-economy-how-sweet-annie-could-make-an-impact
VIDEO
Released: 11-Aug-2020 3:30 PM EDT
Cancer, COVID and the Kentucky Economy: How 'Sweet Annie' Could Make an Impact
University of Kentucky

Used as a medicinal herb for centuries, Artemisia annua contains powerful compounds that make it a popular treatment for malaria. But with lab research showing these compounds may help treat a variety of cancers and even COVID-19, this plant is more relevant than ever -- and UK is showing how we can take it from Kentucky fields to the research lab to our patients.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 3:05 PM EDT
High Blood Sugar May Worsen COVID-19 Outcomes
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Preliminary observations of COVID-19 patients with diabetes inspired an algorithm for glucose monitoring that’s suspected to help combat the virus’ serious complications.

Newswise: Mercy Medical Center Recognized as 5-Star Recipient for Gynecologic Procedures and Vaginal Delivery for 3rd Consecutive Year
Released: 11-Aug-2020 3:00 PM EDT
Mercy Medical Center Recognized as 5-Star Recipient for Gynecologic Procedures and Vaginal Delivery for 3rd Consecutive Year
Mercy Medical Center

Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, MD, has announced that it is a 5-star recipient for both gynecologic procedures and for vaginal delivery for 3 years in a row (2018-2020) as recognized by Healthgrades.

Newswise: Jealous feelings can act as a tool to strengthen friendships
Released: 11-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Jealous feelings can act as a tool to strengthen friendships
Arizona State University (ASU)

Jealousy can be important for maintaining friendships, which are crucial to physical and emotional health. A study conducted by scientists at Arizona State University, Oklahoma State University, and Hamilton College found feelings of jealousy were sensitive to the value of the friendship and motivated behaviors aimed at keeping friends.

Newswise:Video Embedded thriving-not-just-surviving
VIDEO
Released: 11-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Thriving, Not Just Surviving
The Electrochemical Society

In our series, The ECS Community Adapts and Advances, Alex Peroff spoke to us from his home office. Whereas travel used to be the largest part of his job, now he focuses on developing content and meaningful communication. Alex joined Pine Research Instrumentation, Inc. as an Electroanalytical Scientist in 2016 after completing a PhD at Northwestern University.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
NAU professors examine the role racial disparities play in mortality rates of rural, urban residents
Northern Arizona University

In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers collected nationally representative data from 3,131 U.S. counties between 1968-2016, and looked at historical trends in death rates between older black and white adults living in different communities.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
COVID-19 clinical trials lack diversity
University of Georgia

Despite disproportionately higher rates of COVID-19 infection, hospitalization and death among people of color, minority groups are significantly underrepresented in COVID-19 clinical trials.

Newswise: Scientists propose method for eliminating damaging heat bursts in fusion device
Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:50 PM EDT
Scientists propose method for eliminating damaging heat bursts in fusion device
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Researchers discover a technique for widening the windows of plasma current to enhance suppression of edge localized modes (ELMs) that can damage tokamak facilities.

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Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Aging memories may not be ‘worse,’ just ‘different’
Washington University in St. Louis

“Older adults might be representing events in different ways, and transitions might be picked up differently than, say, a 20-year-old,” said Zachariah Reagh, assistant professor of psychological and brain sciences in Arts & Sciences. Reagh looked at fMRI images to study memory differences in different age groups.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Study: Machine learning can predict market behavior
Cornell University

Machine learning can assess the effectiveness of mathematical tools used to predict the movements of financial markets, according to new Cornell research based on the largest dataset ever used in this area.


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