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Newswise: Recycling Gives New Purpose to Spent Nuclear Fuel
Released: 14-May-2021 5:20 PM EDT
Recycling Gives New Purpose to Spent Nuclear Fuel
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL researchers developed an innovative capability to rapidly separate, monitor, and tightly control specific uranium and plutonium ratios in real-time—an important achievement in efficiently controlling the resulting product and safeguarding nuclear material.

Released: 14-May-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Environmental chemist's work demonstrated conclusively that CFCs were responsible for the massive destruction of stratospheric ozone
Newswise

Environmental chemist's work demonstrated conclusively that CFCs were responsible for the massive destruction of stratospheric ozone

Newswise: Astronomy Educators Awarded $2.8M to Inspire Minority Youth  to Pursue STEM Careers
Released: 14-May-2021 4:50 PM EDT
Astronomy Educators Awarded $2.8M to Inspire Minority Youth to Pursue STEM Careers
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Using robotic telescopes and other engaging astronomy activities, researchers at the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian hope to spark interest in the sciences.

Newswise: Not Just Disturbance: Turbulence Protects Fusion Reactor Walls
Released: 14-May-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Not Just Disturbance: Turbulence Protects Fusion Reactor Walls
Department of Energy, Office of Science

To operate successfully, ITER and future fusion energy reactors cannot allow melting of the walls of the divertor plates that remove excess heat from the plasma in a reactor. These walls are especially at risk of melting when heat is applied to narrow areas. Now, however, an extreme-scale computing analysis indicates that turbulence will reduce that risk.

Newswise: Enhancing Land Surface Models to Grow Perennial Bioenergy Crops
Released: 14-May-2021 3:35 PM EDT
Enhancing Land Surface Models to Grow Perennial Bioenergy Crops
Department of Energy, Office of Science

To understand the effects of expanding biofuel production, scientists must accurately represent biofuel crops in land surface models. Using observations from biofuel plants in the Midwestern United States, researchers simulated two biofuel perennial plants, miscanthus and switchgrass. The simulations indicate these high-yield perennial crops have several advantages over traditional annual bioenergy crops—they assimilate more carbon dioxide, and they require fewer nutrients and less water.

Newswise: Harvesting Light Like Nature Does
Released: 14-May-2021 2:55 PM EDT
Harvesting Light Like Nature Does
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

A new class of bio-inspired two-dimensional (2D) hybrid nanomaterials mimic the ability of photosynthetic plants and bacteria.

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Released: 14-May-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Scientists Check the Math for Improved Models of Liquids and Gases in Earth’s Atmosphere
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Discretization is the process of converting continuous models and variables, such as wind speed, into discrete versions to make equations that are compatible with computer analysis. Energy consistent discretization ensures that the method does not have any inaccurate sources of energy that can lead to unstable and unrealistic simulations. In this research, scientists provided a discretization for equations used by global models of the Earth’s atmosphere.

Newswise: Expert in Carbon Materials Kicks off 239th ECS Meeting with IMCS18 Plenary Session
Released: 14-May-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Expert in Carbon Materials Kicks off 239th ECS Meeting with IMCS18 Plenary Session
The Electrochemical Society

The ECS Lecture at the Plenary Session of the 239th ECS Meeting with IMCS18 will be delivered by Dr. Rodney Ruoff, Distinguished Professor in the Departments of Chemistry and Materials Science, and the School of Energy Science and Chemical Engineering at the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea, and Director of the Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM). The Plenary Session is from 2100-2200h EST on Monday, May 31, after which the content will be available through June 26, 2021. The 239th ECS Meeting with IMCS18 takes place in a digital format. There is no cost to participate, however pre-registration is required.

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Released: 14-May-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Evolutionary biologists discover mechanism that enables lizards to breathe underwater
University of Toronto

A team of evolutionary biologists from the University of Toronto has shown that Anolis lizards, or anoles, are able to breathe underwater with the aid of a bubble clinging to their snouts.

Newswise: Nina Balke: Then and Now / 2011 Early Career Award Winner
Released: 14-May-2021 2:20 PM EDT
Nina Balke: Then and Now / 2011 Early Career Award Winner
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nina Balke is a senior research scientist at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, studying Li-ion batteries to eliminate performance bottlenecks, understand performance fade, and design better batteries from the bottom up.

Newswise: Experts highlight advanced satellite data as vital tool in tackling climate change as countdown to COP26 continues
Released: 14-May-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Experts highlight advanced satellite data as vital tool in tackling climate change as countdown to COP26 continues
University of Bristol

Earth observation satellites provide the most comprehensive real-time check on the health of the planet and are playing a crucial role in the fight against global heating now and increasingly in future, according to leading climate scientists.

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Released: 14-May-2021 12:05 PM EDT
Which animals will survive climate change?
McGill University

Climate change is exacerbating problems like habitat loss and temperatures swings that have already pushed many animal species to the brink.

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Released: 14-May-2021 11:50 AM EDT
Virtual reality warps your sense of time
University of California, Santa Cruz

Grayson Mullen was playing a virtual reality game at a friend’s house when, suddenly, he noticed that something very strange was happening.

Newswise: Male Hormones Regulate Stomach Inflammation in Mice
Released: 14-May-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Male Hormones Regulate Stomach Inflammation in Mice
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health determined that stomach inflammation is regulated differently in male and female mice after finding that androgens, or male sex hormones, play a critical role in preventing inflammation in the stomach. The study was published in Gastroenterology.

Newswise: NSU Researcher Part of Team to Sequence the Genome of One of the World’s Most Elusive Big Cats – the Leopard
Released: 14-May-2021 10:15 AM EDT
NSU Researcher Part of Team to Sequence the Genome of One of the World’s Most Elusive Big Cats – the Leopard
Nova Southeastern University

They are some of the most beautiful, and elusive, animals on the plant. Leopards. In a major scientific step, the whole genome DNA sequence of 23 individual leopards have been interpreted.

Released: 14-May-2021 8:40 AM EDT
Save-the-Date: Acoustics in Focus, June 8-10, Offers New Presentation Options
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

The Acoustical Society of America will hold its 180th meeting June 8-10. To ensure the safety of attendees, volunteers, and ASA staff, the June meeting, "Acoustics in Focus," will be hosted entirely online with new features to ensure an exciting experience for attendees. Reporters are invited to attend the meeting at no cost and participate in a series of virtual press conferences featuring a selection of newsworthy research.

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Embargo will expire: 18-May-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 14-May-2021 8:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: How Moths Find Their Flame - Genetics of Mate Attraction Discovered
Released: 14-May-2021 5:00 AM EDT
How Moths Find Their Flame - Genetics of Mate Attraction Discovered
Tufts University

Biologists have revealed for the first time the genetics linking pheromone signals produced by female moths and the neuronal response driving male attraction to females. The ability to predict mate choice will help in understanding how species diverge, and how to control agricultural pests.

Newswise: NUS and Shell join hands to advance decarbonisation solutions
Released: 14-May-2021 3:05 AM EDT
NUS and Shell join hands to advance decarbonisation solutions
National University of Singapore

Researchers from the National University of Singapore and international energy giant Shell will jointly develop novel processes to use carbon dioxide, a byproduct of industrial processes, to produce fuels and chemicals for the energy industry. This S$4.6 million research programme is supported by the National Research Foundation Singapore, and was formalised by all three parties at a ceremony held on 14 May 2021.

Newswise: A Match Made in … the Cloud
Released: 13-May-2021 6:35 PM EDT
A Match Made in … the Cloud
University of California San Diego

New international partnership between San Diego Supercomputer Center and particle physics powerhouse CERN leverages alliance with Strategic Blue, a UK-based Fintech company that helps organizations optimize procurement of cloud services.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 17-May-2021 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 13-May-2021 6:05 PM EDT

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Newswise: Glaciologists measure, model hard glacier beds, write slip law to estimate glacier speeds
13-May-2021 6:00 PM EDT
Glaciologists measure, model hard glacier beds, write slip law to estimate glacier speeds
Iowa State University

Researchers measured rock glacier beds to create high-resolution digital models they used to study how glaciers move along their bedrock bases. The resulting glacier "slip law" can be used by other researchers to better estimate how quickly ice sheets flow into oceans, drop their ice and raise sea levels.

Released: 13-May-2021 3:55 PM EDT
OU Researcher Receives 2021 NSF CAREER Award
University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering

The NSF awarded Stefan Wilhelm a $761,727 CAREER award to continue his research in nanotechnology, which assists in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases such as cancer. Wilhelm’s work focuses on individual nanoparticles – which are about 1,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair – and how they interact with the body’s cells.

Released: 13-May-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Staring into space: Physicists predict neutron stars may be bigger than previously imagined
Florida State University

That neutron star is the densest celestial body that astronomers can observe, with a mass about 1.4 times the size of the sun. However, there is still little known about these impressive objects. Now, a Florida State University researcher has published a piece in Physical Review Letters arguing that new measurements related to the neutron skin of a lead nucleus may require scientists to rethink theories regarding the overall size of neutron stars. In short, neutron stars may be larger than scientists previously predicted.

Newswise: Protecting Food from the Farm to Our Plates
Released: 13-May-2021 12:30 PM EDT
Protecting Food from the Farm to Our Plates
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

S&T collaborates with DHS experts to ensure that the food we eat and our agricultural supply are safe.

Newswise: Observations show marine clouds amplify global warming
Released: 13-May-2021 12:25 PM EDT
Observations show marine clouds amplify global warming
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

A new analysis of satellite cloud observations finds that global warming causes low-level clouds over the oceans to decrease, leading to further warming. The work, led by researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), in collaboration with colleagues from Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the NASA Langley Research Center.

Newswise: Novel Tandon-designed microchip will allow data to be processed without being decrypted
Released: 13-May-2021 12:25 PM EDT
Novel Tandon-designed microchip will allow data to be processed without being decrypted
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

A research team at the NYU Center for Cyber Security (CCS) at NYU Tandon are participating in a major initiative in collaboration with data security company Duality — supported by a $14 million grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) — to design a revolutionary new microchip (codenamed “Trebuchet”).

Released: 13-May-2021 11:40 AM EDT
Trust Science Pledge Highlights 2021 International Day of Light Celebration
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The annual International Day of Light celebrates light and the role it plays in science, culture, art, education, and many other diverse fields. This year, the day, Sunday, May 16, takes on a special role as organizers invite everyone to #TrustScience. The steering committee of the International Day of Light decided to emphasize the importance of evidence-based solutions in science by asking supporters to sign the Trust Science Pledge.

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Embargo will expire: 19-May-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 13-May-2021 11:30 AM EDT

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Newswise: 264851_web.jpg
Released: 13-May-2021 11:10 AM EDT
Can fisheries benefit from biodiversity and conserve it too?
Simon Fraser University

A new study, by researchers from Simon Fraser University and the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, reveals the trade-offs of fish biodiversity--its costs and benefits to mixed-stock fisheries--and points to a potential way to harness the benefits while avoiding costs to fishery performance.

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Released: 13-May-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Largest-ever study of artificial insemination in sharks--and the occasional 'virgin birth'
Field Museum

It's a tough time to be a shark. Pollution, industrialized fishing, and climate change threaten marine life, and the populations of many top ocean predators have declined in recent years.

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Released: 13-May-2021 10:55 AM EDT
Scientists find molecular patterns that may help identify extraterrestrial life
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Scientists have begun the search for extraterrestrial life in the Solar System in earnest, but such life may be subtly or profoundly different from Earth-life, and methods based on detecting particular molecules as biosignatures may not apply to life with a different evolutionary history.

Newswise: Tufts University Selected to Join Association of American Universities
Released: 13-May-2021 10:45 AM EDT
Tufts University Selected to Join Association of American Universities
Tufts University

Tufts University has been selected to join the Association of American Universities (AAU), a consortium of America’s leading research universities noted for their accomplishments in education, research, and innovation.

Released: 13-May-2021 10:40 AM EDT
Ingredient in Common Weed Killer Impairs Insect Immune Systems, Study Suggests
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The chemical compound glyphosate, the world’s most widely used herbicide, can weaken the immune systems of insects.

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Released: 13-May-2021 10:15 AM EDT
Ankle and foot bone evolution gave prehistoric mammals a leg up
University of Edinburgh

The evolution of ankle and foot bones into different shapes and sizes helped mammals adapt and thrive after the extinction of the dinosaurs, a study suggests.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 18-May-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 13-May-2021 10:15 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 18-May-2021 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: How widespread is lemur and fossa meat consumption?
Released: 13-May-2021 10:05 AM EDT
How widespread is lemur and fossa meat consumption?
Wildlife Conservation Society

A new study looks at the prevalence of human consumption of lemur and fossa (Madagascar’s largest predator) in villages within and around Makira Natural Park, northeastern Madagascar, providing up-to-date estimates of the percentage of households who eat meat from these protected species.

Newswise: A Novel Strip Test Kit to Detect 5 Types of Prohibited Meat in Halal Food in One Go
Released: 13-May-2021 8:55 AM EDT
A Novel Strip Test Kit to Detect 5 Types of Prohibited Meat in Halal Food in One Go
Chulalongkorn University

An all-in-one Strip Test — a fast, easy and accurate test kit to detect the DNA of 5 forbidden meat in a single test is the latest innovation from the Chula Halal Science Center.

Newswise: Herbivores developed powerful jaws to digest tougher plants following the Mass Extinctions
13-May-2021 5:35 AM EDT
Herbivores developed powerful jaws to digest tougher plants following the Mass Extinctions
University of Bristol

The evolution of herbivores is linked to the plants that survived and adapted after the ‘great dying’, when over 90% of the world’s species were wiped out 252 million years ago.

Newswise:Video Embedded researchers-launch-next-generation-human-brain-imaging-lab
VIDEO
Released: 13-May-2021 12:05 AM EDT
Researchers launch ‘next generation’ human brain imaging lab
Virginia Tech

Researchers to measure the brain's subtle magnetic signals in two research volunteers simultaneously as they interact, capturing the rich complexity of the brain's signaling during face-to-face social interactions in real-time.

12-May-2021 8:05 PM EDT
Imbalance Between Certain Personality Traits in Teens May Raise the Risk for Binge Drinking in Early Adulthood
Research Society on Alcoholism

Teens with high sensation seeking impulses and relatively low cognitive control are at elevated risk for binge drinking in early adulthood, a new study suggests. Young adults aged 18–25 report the highest rates of binge drinking in the previous month, a pattern that predicts later Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) and other problem health behaviors. Two personality traits that evolve during adolescence and early adulthood — sensation seeking, the tendency to pursue novelty and excitement, and cognitive control, thinking before acting — are known to be related to binge drinking, or heavy episodic drinking (HED). Models of risky behavior among teens suggest that an imbalance involving higher sensation seeking and less-developed cognitive control may drive problem alcohol use. The study, in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, examined this imbalance over time as adolescents became young adults, and whether it was associated with binge drinking. Understanding these dynamic risk factors

12-May-2021 8:05 PM EDT
Alcohol Use Disorder Remains Woefully Undertreated Despite Widespread Utilization of Health Care
Research Society on Alcoholism

Rates of treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) in the US are alarmingly low, according to a large analysis reported in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. An estimated 93,000 people in the US die from alcohol-related causes each year, and mortality associated with AUD has been increasing. Effective treatments for AUD already exist, including evidence-based psychotherapy interventions, mutual aid approaches, and three FDA-approved medications (naltrexone, acamprosate, and disulfiram). However, previous research has indicated that fewer than one in ten people with AUD receive treatment, highlighting the need for a greater understanding of gaps in care and of where interventions can be most appropriately targeted. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have now used a ‘cascade of care framework’ to identify these gaps, by tracking the proportion of the AUD population engaged in each step of the care continuum from diagnosis onwards.

Newswise: Quantum machine learning hits a limit
Released: 12-May-2021 6:50 PM EDT
Quantum machine learning hits a limit
Los Alamos National Laboratory

A new theorem from the field of quantum machine learning has poked a major hole in the accepted understanding about information scrambling.

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Released: 12-May-2021 5:05 PM EDT
Discovery of new geologic process calls for changes to plate tectonic cycle
University of Toronto

Geoscientists at the University of Toronto (U of T) and Istanbul Technical University have discovered a new process in plate tectonics which shows that tremendous damage occurs to areas of Earth's crust long before it should be geologically altered by known plate-boundary processes, highlighting the need to amend current understandings of the planet's tectonic cycle.

Newswise: Argonne’s Wang and Streets named highly influential climate scientists
Released: 12-May-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Argonne’s Wang and Streets named highly influential climate scientists
Argonne National Laboratory

Michael Wang and David Streets, both of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory, were named to Reuters’ “Hot List” of today’s 1,000 most influential climate scientists. Both are in Argonne’s Energy and Global Security-Energy Systems (EGS-ES) division.

Released: 12-May-2021 4:25 PM EDT
Ancestors may have created 'iconic' sounds as bridge to first languages
University of Birmingham

The 'missing link' that helped our ancestors to begin communicating with each other through language may have been iconic sounds, rather than charades-like gestures - giving rise to the unique human power to coin new words describing the world around us, a new study reveals.

Newswise:Video Embedded orangutan-finding-highlights-need-to-protect-habitat
VIDEO
12-May-2021 4:15 PM EDT
Orangutan Finding Highlights Need to Protect Habitat
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Wild orangutans are known for their ability to survive food shortages, but scientists have made a surprising finding that highlights the need to protect the habitat of these critically endangered primates, which face rapid habitat destruction and threats linked to climate change. Scientists found that the muscle mass of orangutans on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia was significantly lower when less fruit was available. That’s remarkable because orangutans are thought to be especially good at storing and using fat for energy, according a Rutgers-led study in the journal Scientific Reports.


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