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Newswise: New oneAPI Center of Excellence to Bring High-performance Simulations to Amber
Released: 23-Sep-2022 4:05 PM EDT
New oneAPI Center of Excellence to Bring High-performance Simulations to Amber
University of California San Diego

New center will focus on enabling high-performance molecular dynamics simulations via oneAPI—an open, standards-based, cross-architecture programming model for CPUs and accelerators for faster application performance, more productivity and greater innovation.

Newswise: Unveiling the Existence of the Elusive Tetraneutron
Released: 23-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Unveiling the Existence of the Elusive Tetraneutron
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear physicists have experimentally confirmed the existence of the tetraneutron, a meta-stable nuclear system that can decay into four free neutrons. Researchers have predicted the tetraneutron’s existence since 2016. The new results, which agree with predictions from supercomputer simulations, will help scientists understand atomic nuclei, neutron stars, and other neutron-rich systems.

Newswise: Coral genome reveals cysteine surprise
Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:35 PM EDT
Coral genome reveals cysteine surprise
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)

Model animals, such as mice and fruit flies, have provided scientists with powerful insights into how cellular biology works.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Rutgers Researchers Aim to 'Edit' Proteins in Humans and Attain Insight into Illness
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers researchers are seeking to develop the technology to modify or “edit” protein molecules in the body—an advance that could spur major breakthroughs in human health.

   
Newswise: The carp virus that taught researchers about immunology
Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
The carp virus that taught researchers about immunology
University of Liege

The team of Prof. Alain Vanderplasschen, virologist and immunologist at the University of Liège, has published an article in the journal Nucleic Acids Research, reporting ten years of research on how a carp virus has been using a protein domain called Zalpha (Zα) to inhibit the defence mechanisms of the host cell.

Newswise: Tracking the origin of southern California's latest invasive pest
Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Tracking the origin of southern California's latest invasive pest
Florida Museum of Natural History

In 2012, a crop of California's most prized ornamental trees was overrun by an invisible invader.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
New technique allows researchers to scrape beyond the surface of nanomaterials
Drexel University

Since the initial discovery of what has become a rapidly growing family of two-dimensional layered materials — called MXenes — in 2011, Drexel University researchers have made steady progress in understanding the complex chemical composition and structure, as well as the physical and electrochemical properties, of these exceptionally versatile materials.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Pritzker Molecular Engineering professors David Awschalom and Liang Jiang awarded $1 million for development of South Korea-U.S. quantum center
University of Chicago

The National Research Foundation of South Korea (NRF) has awarded two professors from the University of Chicago’s Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering (PME) $1 million to co-lead the creation of a South Korea-U.S. joint research center dedicated to quantum error correction. Prof. David Awschalom and Prof. Liang Jiang will serve as co-principal investigators for The Center for Quantum Error Correction, which seeks to improve the fidelity of networked quantum computing systems.

Newswise: Simple Process Extracts Valuable Magnesium Salt from Seawater
Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Simple Process Extracts Valuable Magnesium Salt from Seawater
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

A new, simple, and efficient flow-based method allows researchers to pull a useful magnesium salt from natural seawater using easily available chemicals.

Newswise: Deepest Scientific Ocean Drilling Sheds Light on Japan’s Next Great Earthquake
Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:30 PM EDT
Deepest Scientific Ocean Drilling Sheds Light on Japan’s Next Great Earthquake
University of Texas at Austin, Jackson School of Geosciences

Scientists who drilled deeper into an undersea earthquake fault than ever before have found that the tectonic stress in Japan’s Nankai subduction zone is less than expected, according to a study from researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

Newswise: New report ensures hydropower sustainability amid climate change
Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:05 AM EDT
New report ensures hydropower sustainability amid climate change
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has provided hydropower operators with new data to better prepare for extreme weather events and shifts in seasonal energy demands caused by climate change.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT
MD Anderson celebrates World Cancer Research Day
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center again supports World Cancer Research Day, Sept. 24, and its goals to highlight the importance of cancer research, to promote scientific collaboration and to reduce the global burden of cancer through improved prevention, early detection, treatment and survivorship strategies.

Newswise: Tree study shows low-income Brisbane suburbs need more shade
Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:55 AM EDT
Tree study shows low-income Brisbane suburbs need more shade
University of Queensland

Researchers say more investment in tree planting is needed after discovering inequality in shade-coverage across certain Brisbane suburbs.

Newswise: Termites may have a larger role in future ecosystems
Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Termites may have a larger role in future ecosystems
University of Miami

University of Miami tropical biologist Amy Zanne led an international research study to investigate termite and microbial wood discovery and decay.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
CUR Releases 2022 STR Program Participants
Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

The Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) congratulates the following 75 teams accepted to be a part of the 2022-23 Scholars Transformed Through Research (STR) Program. These teams represent 62 institutions from 28 states and are made up of 75 Campus Representatives and 124 undergraduate researchers.

     
Newswise: Atomic-Scale Imaging Reveals a Facile Route to Crystal Formation
Released: 23-Sep-2022 9:30 AM EDT
Atomic-Scale Imaging Reveals a Facile Route to Crystal Formation
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

New research from PNNL sheds light on how crystals form using atomic force microscopy.

Newswise:Video Embedded reliability-and-safety-of-intelligent-systems-feature-at-2nd-hk-tech-forum-at-cityu
VIDEO
Released: 23-Sep-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Reliability and safety of intelligent systems feature at 2nd HK Tech Forum at CityU
Hong Kong Institute for Advanced Study, City University of Hong Kong

Eminent scientists from around the world tackled some of the most challenging issues found in complex systems that incorporate artificial intelligence at the HK Tech Forum on Reliability and Safety of Intelligent Systems.

Newswise: Scientists Use Modified Silk Proteins to Create New Nonstick Surfaces
Released: 23-Sep-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Scientists Use Modified Silk Proteins to Create New Nonstick Surfaces
Tufts University

Scientists developed a method to make silk-based materials that refuse to stick to water, or almost anything else containing water. Molded into forms like plastic, or coated onto surfaces as a film, the silk material has nonstick properties that surpass those of commercially available nonstick surfaces.

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This news release is embargoed until 27-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 23-Sep-2022 5:05 AM EDT

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22-Sep-2022 7:05 PM EDT
Senators, industry leaders discuss the meaning of CHIPS Act to national economy and security
Arizona State University (ASU)

Two panel discussions overviewed the importance of the new $52-billion CHIPS and Science Act as a catalyst for improving American research, manufacturing, workforce development and national security related to semiconductors. The event was hosted by Arizona State University and the Washington Business Journal on Sept. 22 in Washington, D.C.

22-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Ancient Maya cities were dangerously contaminated with mercury
Frontiers

A new review shows that the soil in the cities of the ancient Maya are heavily polluted with mercury. As vessels filled with liquid mercury and objects painted with cinnabar have been found at many Maya sites, the authors conclude that the Maya were heavy users of mercury and mercury-containing products. This resulted in severe and dangerous pollution in their day, which still persists even now.

Newswise:Video Embedded researchers-look-for-concrete-answers-to-decades-old-art-mystery
VIDEO
Released: 22-Sep-2022 10:05 PM EDT
Researchers look for concrete answers to decades-old art mystery
Argonne National Laboratory

X-rays from Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source could help illuminate the contents of artist Wolf Vostell’s Concrete Book. The answer may change the way this artist’s work is studied and presented.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 4:30 PM EDT
Traditional computers can solve some quantum problems
California Institute of Technology

There has been a lot of buzz about quantum computers and for good reason.

Newswise: Clarifying the chaos of narwhal behavior
Released: 22-Sep-2022 4:25 PM EDT
Clarifying the chaos of narwhal behavior
Hokkaido University

Researchers have used the mathematical equations of chaos theory to analyse the data from long-term monitoring of an electronically tagged narwhal.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Study: Arctic Sea Ice Loss Leads to More Frequent Strong El Niño Events
University at Albany, State University of New York

Prior to this study, little was known about whether dwindling Arctic sea ice is capable of influencing strong El Niño events.

Newswise: It may already be too late to meet UN genetic diversity target, but new findings could guide conservation efforts
Released: 22-Sep-2022 4:05 PM EDT
It may already be too late to meet UN genetic diversity target, but new findings could guide conservation efforts
Carnegie Institution for Science

Climate change and habitat destruction may have already caused the loss of more than one-tenth of the world’s terrestrial genetic diversity, according to new research led by Carnegie’s Moises Exposito-Alonso and published in Science.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Why whales don’t get brain damage when they swim
University of British Columbia

Special blood vessels in whale brains may protect them from pulses, caused by swimming, in their blood that would damage the brain, new UBC research has suggested.

Newswise: Researchers have used beams of muons to analyze the elemental composition of Asteroid Ryugu samples
Released: 22-Sep-2022 3:55 PM EDT
Researchers have used beams of muons to analyze the elemental composition of Asteroid Ryugu samples
Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe

Stone samples brought back to Earth from asteroid Ryugu have had their elemental composition analyzed using an artificially generated muon beam from the particle accelerator in J-PARC.

Newswise: Secrets from space: Advanced Photon Source helps illuminate the journey of a 4 billion-year-old asteroid
Released: 22-Sep-2022 3:50 PM EDT
Secrets from space: Advanced Photon Source helps illuminate the journey of a 4 billion-year-old asteroid
Argonne National Laboratory

An international collaboration of scientists has published results of their studies into the makeup and history of asteroid 163173 Ryugu. These results tell us more about the formation of our solar system and the history of this nearby neighbor.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
How Pitt biologists are making fieldwork more equitable
University of Pittsburgh

In a new publication, a team of biologists share their process for crafting a manual for field research that prioritizes safety for researchers from marginalized groups.

   
Released: 22-Sep-2022 2:35 PM EDT
Hemp byproducts are good alternative feed for lambs, Oregon State study finds
Oregon State University

An Oregon State University study found that spent hemp biomass – the main byproduct of the cannabinoid (CBD) extraction process of hemp – can be included in lamb diets without any major detrimental effects to the health of the animals or their meat quality.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 2:15 PM EDT
Activated carbon can lead to odorless diapers
University of Gothenburg

Activated carbon is used in kitchen fans to eliminate food odours. A new dissertation from the University of Gothenburg shows that activated carbon could also eliminate the smell of urine from diapers.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $50 Million for a Milestone-Based Fusion Development Program
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $50 million to launch a new milestone-based fusion development program as authorized in the Energy Act of 2020. This program will support for-profit entities, who may team with national laboratories, universities, and others to meet major technical and commercialization milestones toward the successful design of a fusion pilot plant (FPP) that will help bring fusion toward technical and commercial viability. The program is informed by recent reports from the Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee; the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; community workshops; and input from private industry.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 1:35 PM EDT
Food for our guts: Human microbes feed on plant sugars
University of Birmingham

A carbohydrate commonly found attached to plant proteins is a food source for the bacteria in our gut, new research suggests.

   
Newswise: Researchers create synthetic rocks to better understand how increasingly sought-after rare earth elements form
Released: 22-Sep-2022 1:00 PM EDT
Researchers create synthetic rocks to better understand how increasingly sought-after rare earth elements form
Trinity College Dublin

Researchers from Trinity College Dublin have shed new light on the formation of increasingly precious rare earth elements (REEs) by creating synthetic rocks and testing their responses to varying environmental conditions.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 11:35 AM EDT
An integrated modeling framework to assess surface and groundwater resources
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

In a new study, researchers applied a large-scale model linking surface water to groundwater, which can be used for estimating water resources at a high spatial resolution.

Newswise: Report reveals inequity in electricity pricing, calls for rate reform to help fight climate change
Released: 22-Sep-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Report reveals inequity in electricity pricing, calls for rate reform to help fight climate change
University of California, Berkeley Haas School of Business

In a report released today, UC Berkeley researchers analyze the impact of a hidden electricity "tax” on Californians. They recommend two significant policy reforms to ease the burden on low-income households and spur consumer interest in the adoption of electric vehicles, heat pumps, and other electric technology.

   
Newswise: The no-tech way to preserve California’s state grass
Released: 22-Sep-2022 11:05 AM EDT
The no-tech way to preserve California’s state grass
University of California, Riverside

Though it is disappearing, California’s official state grass has the ability to live for 100 years or more. New research demonstrates that sheep and cattle can help it achieve that longevity.

Newswise:Video Embedded indoor-air-cleaning-strategies-are-key-to-minimizing-virus-spread
VIDEO
Released: 22-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT
Indoor Air-Cleaning Strategies Are Key to Minimizing Virus Spread
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Along with vaccines, masks, and testing, indoor air hygiene and building engineering controls will be key to slowing the spread of airborne, highly infectious variants of COVID-19. In a recent review in the journal Indoor Air, researchers at Berkeley Lab presented a thorough review of the state of the science for several key strategies to reduce airborne infection risk using building controls – ventilation, filtration, airflow management and disinfection by germicidal ultraviolet (UV) light.

Newswise: Tiny swimming robots treat deadly pneumonia in mice
21-Sep-2022 3:40 PM EDT
Tiny swimming robots treat deadly pneumonia in mice
University of California San Diego

UC San Diego engineers have developed microscopic robots, called microrobots, that can swim around in the lungs, deliver medication and be used to clear up life-threatening cases of bacterial pneumonia. In mice, the microrobots safely eliminated pneumonia-causing bacteria in the lungs and resulted in 100% survival. By contrast, untreated mice all died within three days after infection.

   
Newswise: Little rodent, big appetite
Released: 22-Sep-2022 10:45 AM EDT
Little rodent, big appetite
Louisiana State University

On an island 30 miles off the coast of San Francisco, a hoard of invasive house mice are packing an ecological wallop far larger than what their small statures would suggest.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 10:40 AM EDT
Distantly related viruses share self-assembly mechanism
San Diego State University

How do the hundreds of individual pieces that make up viruses assemble into shapes capable of spreading disease from cell to cell?

Newswise: Astronomers detect hot gas bubble swirling around the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole
Released: 22-Sep-2022 10:15 AM EDT
Astronomers detect hot gas bubble swirling around the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole
European Southern Observatory (ESO)

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), astronomers have spotted signs of a ‘hot spot’ orbiting Sagittarius A*, the black hole at the centre of our galaxy.

Released: 22-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Study Shows How to Improve Popular Diets in the U.S.
Institute for the Advancement of Food and Nutrition Sciences

IAFNS-supported study shows that popular restriction diets do not measure up in terms of overall diet quality without substitutions that reduce sugar, sodium, saturated fat and refined grains.

   
Released: 22-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Cornell leads expansion of Jicamarca radar observatory
Cornell University

Cornell is renewing and expanding research operations at the Jicamarca Observatory – the world’s largest incoherent scatter radar system – thanks to more than $12 million in grants that will help scientists better understand the “space weather” that affects satellites and other technology linked to Earth’s upper atmosphere.

Newswise: A Sea Change for Plastic Pollution: New Material Biodegrades in Ocean Water
20-Sep-2022 2:25 PM EDT
A Sea Change for Plastic Pollution: New Material Biodegrades in Ocean Water
University of California San Diego

Seeking solutions to counteract a rapid rise in plastic trash, scientists at UC San Diego have developed biodegradable material that is designed to replace conventionally used plastic. In a new study, an interdisciplinary team of researchers has shown that the material biodegrades in seawater.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
This news release is embargoed until 27-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Sep-2022 9:45 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

   
Released: 22-Sep-2022 9:25 AM EDT
Argonne National Laboratory and Constellation sign long-term agreement to develop carbon-free power generation technologies
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne and Constellation establish long-term agreement to identify trends and develop efficient technologies in the U.S. energy system.


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