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23-Nov-2020 5:45 PM EST
People who Use Alcohol and Cannabis Together May Reduce Risks by Choosing Certain Products and Combinations
Research Society on Alcoholism

Young adults who combine alcohol and cannabis use experience fewer negative consequences when they stick with a single type of drink versus consuming multiple types of alcohol, according to a new study. In addition, by avoiding cannabis concentrate they may steady or lower their overall consumption. The findings suggest that for those who choose to sustain their levels of alcohol and cannabis use, judicious choice of products may reduce the risks.

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Released: 26-Nov-2020 9:35 AM EST
Early construction of prototype innovative light rail vehicle for the City of Coventry
University of Warwick

The Coventry Very Light Rail (VLR) is an innovative light rail system which will be battery powered, lightweight and rail-based.

Released: 25-Nov-2020 3:45 PM EST
Mitochondria Defects May Explain Health Problems Observed in Space Travel
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Using data collected from many different resources, a multidisciplinary team led by NASA scientists reports the discovery of a common but surprising thread that drives cell and tissue damage during space travel: mitochondrial dysfunction.

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Released: 25-Nov-2020 1:40 PM EST
Pesticide deadly to bees now easily detected in honey
University of Waterloo

A common insecticide that is a major hazard for honeybees is now effectively detected in honey thanks to a simple new method.

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Embargo will expire: 1-Dec-2020 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 25-Nov-2020 1:25 PM EST

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Released: 25-Nov-2020 1:15 PM EST
JSA Announces 10 New Graduate Fellows
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Jefferson Science Associates has announced the award of ten graduate fellowships to doctoral students for the 2020-2021 academic year. The fellowships will support students’ advanced studies at their universities and research at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, a U.S. Department of Energy nuclear physics research laboratory managed and operated by JSA.

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Released: 25-Nov-2020 1:15 PM EST
Waste fishing gear threatens Ganges wildlife
University of Exeter

Waste fishing gear in the River Ganges poses a threat to wildlife including otters, turtles and dolphins, new research shows.

Released: 25-Nov-2020 12:15 PM EST
Community conservation reserves protect fish diversity in tropical rivers
Cornell University

A collaboration between researchers from Cornell University and the University of Wisconsin-Madison has found that small, community-based reserves in Thailand’s Salween River Basin are serving as critical refuges for fish diversity in a region whose subsistence fisheries have suffered from decades of overharvesting.

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Released: 25-Nov-2020 11:50 AM EST
Inside the black box of iron oxide formation
Washington University in St. Louis

Young-Shin Jun, an engineer at Washington University in St. Louis, has developed a new use for a high-energy X-ray technique that has allowed her the first glimpse at the formation of iron hydroxides on a quartz surface. The implications are sweeping.

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Embargo will expire: 1-Dec-2020 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 25-Nov-2020 11:35 AM EST

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25-Nov-2020 7:25 AM EST
Research finds new link between cell damage in astronauts and geriatric-type health problems observed during space missions
Queen's University Belfast

Damage caused to human cells during spaceflight appears to be the underlying cause of many health issues observed in astronauts, it has been discovered by researchers from the Institute for Global Food Security (IGFS) and School of Biological Sciences at Queen’s University Belfast. Working in partnership with an international team, their findings have been published today (25 November) in Cell.

Newswise: New wheat and barley genomes will help feed the world
24-Nov-2020 7:50 AM EST
New wheat and barley genomes will help feed the world
University of Adelaide

An international research collaboration, including scientists from the University of Adelaide’s Waite Research Institute, has unlocked new genetic variation in wheat and barley – a major boost for the global effort in breeding higher-yielding wheat and barley varieties.

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Released: 25-Nov-2020 10:45 AM EST
Grabbing viruses out of thin air
Tohoku University

The future could hold portable and wearable sensors for detecting viruses and bacteria in the surrounding environment. But we're not there yet.

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Released: 25-Nov-2020 10:20 AM EST
Tracking COVID-19 trends in hard-hit states
Louisiana State University

Currently, there are over 10 million confirmed cases and more than 240,000 casualties attributed to COVID-19 in the U.S.

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Embargo will expire: 1-Dec-2020 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 25-Nov-2020 9:05 AM EST

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24-Nov-2020 7:40 AM EST
Fruit flies reveal new insights into space travel’s effect on the heart
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have shown that fruit flies that spent several weeks on the International Space Station (ISS)—about half of their lives—experienced profound structural and biochemical changes to their hearts.

20-Nov-2020 10:00 AM EST
Patterning method could pave the way for new fiber-based devices, smart textiles
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have developed a method to pattern hundreds-of-meters-long multimaterial fibers with embedded functional elements.

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Released: 25-Nov-2020 7:35 AM EST
Warwick scientists design model to predict cellular drug targets against Covid-19
University of Warwick

The covid-19 virus, like all viruses relies on their host for reproduction

Newswise: In fire-prone West, plants need their pollinators — and vice versa
Released: 25-Nov-2020 7:30 AM EST
In fire-prone West, plants need their pollinators — and vice versa
Washington University in St. Louis

2020 is the worst fire year on record in the United States. In the face of heartbreaking losses, effort and expense, scientists are still grappling with some of the most basic questions about how fire influences interactions between plants and animals in the natural world. A new study grounded in the northern Rockies explores the role of fire in the finely tuned dance between plants and their pollinators.

Newswise: Research creates hydrogen-producing living droplets, paving way for alternative future energy sources
24-Nov-2020 12:40 PM EST
Research creates hydrogen-producing living droplets, paving way for alternative future energy sources
University of Bristol

Scientists have built tiny droplet-based microbial factories that produce hydrogen, instead of oxygen, when exposed to daylight in air.

Released: 24-Nov-2020 4:45 PM EST
Poultry biotech startup wins $1M Grow-NY top prize
Cornell University

Soos Technology, a poultry biotechnology startup based in Israel, won the $1 million grand prize in the Grow-NY competition, a global challenge focused on strengthening food and agriculture innovation in upstate New York.

Newswise: New Global Standards Will Make Traveling with Liquids Safer and Easier
Released: 24-Nov-2020 4:45 PM EST
New Global Standards Will Make Traveling with Liquids Safer and Easier
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

An important part of the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) mission is to develop, implement, improve-upon, and ensure the effectiveness of cutting-edge screening equipment and protocols that help protect the traveling public.

Released: 24-Nov-2020 4:35 PM EST
Misinformation or artifact: a new way to think about machine learning
University of Houston

Deep neural networks, multilayered systems built to process images and other data through the use of mathematical modeling, are a cornerstone of artificial intelligence.

Released: 24-Nov-2020 4:35 PM EST
MTSU researcher-led study: Instructors need to address compatibility of religion, science while teaching evolution
Middle Tennessee State University

Study suggests that a difference in culture and beliefs between science instructors and students may inadvertently lead to low acceptance of evolution among minority students — particularly Black students — in biology.

Newswise: Microbes help unlock phosphorus for plant growth
Released: 24-Nov-2020 4:30 PM EST
Microbes help unlock phosphorus for plant growth
University of Washington

A research team led by the University of Washington and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has shown that microbes taken from trees growing beside pristine mountain-fed streams in Western Washington could make phosphorus trapped in soils more accessible to agricultural crops.

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Released: 24-Nov-2020 4:20 PM EST
How dolphins avoid "the bends"
Frontiers

Dolphins actively slow down their hearts before diving, and can even adjust their heart rate depending on how long they plan to dive for, a new study suggests.

Newswise: PPPL awarded total of $4 million to simplify design and construction of stellarator fusion energy facilities
Released: 24-Nov-2020 4:00 PM EST
PPPL awarded total of $4 million to simplify design and construction of stellarator fusion energy facilities
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Design and construction of start of unique permanent magnet stellarator funded to begin.

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Released: 24-Nov-2020 3:40 PM EST
New therapy for flu may help in fight against COVID-19
Purdue University

A new therapy for influenza virus infections that may also prove effective against many other pathogenic virus infections, including HIV and COVID-19, has been developed by Purdue University scientists.

Newswise: SLU Engineer Tackles the Digital Graphics Accessibility Gap in STEM
Released: 24-Nov-2020 3:25 PM EST
SLU Engineer Tackles the Digital Graphics Accessibility Gap in STEM
Saint Louis University

Abstract STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) concepts are often conveyed visually. Intricate graphics of mathematical data trends and interactive simulations of molecules and electricity help students visualize and understand these concepts in a more concrete way.

Newswise: Four Rutgers Professors Named AAAS Fellows
Released: 24-Nov-2020 2:55 PM EST
Four Rutgers Professors Named AAAS Fellows
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Four Rutgers professors have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), an honor given to AAAS members by their peers. They join 485 other new AAAS fellows as a result of their scientifically or socially distinguished efforts to advance science or its applications. A virtual induction ceremony is scheduled for Feb. 13, 2021.

Released: 24-Nov-2020 2:45 PM EST
Worm-like, soil-swimming robots to explore crop underworld
Cornell University

A Cornell University project will develop worm-like, soil-swimming robots to sense and record soil properties, water, the soil microbiome and how roots grow.

Newswise: AAAS and Los Alamos announce 2020 Fellows
Released: 24-Nov-2020 2:35 PM EST
AAAS and Los Alamos announce 2020 Fellows
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Five Los Alamos scientists have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Newswise: Novel chemical process a first step to making nuclear fuel with fire
Released: 24-Nov-2020 2:30 PM EST
Novel chemical process a first step to making nuclear fuel with fire
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Developing safe and sustainable fuels for nuclear energy is an integral part of Los Alamos National Laboratory’s energy security mission.

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Embargo will expire: 27-Nov-2020 10:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 24-Nov-2020 2:25 PM EST

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Newswise: Study: Clean Air Act Saved 1.5 Billion Birds
Released: 24-Nov-2020 1:55 PM EST
Study: Clean Air Act Saved 1.5 Billion Birds
Cornell University

U.S. pollution regulations meant to protect humans from dirty air are also saving birds. So concludes a new continentwide study published today in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Study authors found that improved air quality under a federal program to reduce ozone pollution may have averted the loss of 1.5 billion birds during the past 40 years.

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Released: 24-Nov-2020 12:30 PM EST
$2.5 million DOE grant to help MSU researchers measure benefits of growing trees for biofuel
Mississippi State University

A $2.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy will benefit Mississippi State researchers in the university’s Forest and Wildlife Research Center studying the economic and ecological benefits of growing trees for biofuel production.

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Released: 24-Nov-2020 12:05 PM EST
Areas where the next pandemic could emerge are revealed
University of Sydney

Almost half the world's most connected cities straddle animal-human spillover hotspots

Newswise: Five UC San Diego Experts Elected AAAS Fellows in 2020
Released: 24-Nov-2020 12:00 PM EST
Five UC San Diego Experts Elected AAAS Fellows in 2020
University of California San Diego Health

American Association for the Advancement of Science honors the contributions of UC San Diego leaders in astrophysics, research advocacy, organic chemistry, psychiatry and geophysics.

Newswise: Sanford Burnham Prebys scientists elected as AAAS Fellows
Released: 24-Nov-2020 12:00 PM EST
Sanford Burnham Prebys scientists elected as AAAS Fellows
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Two Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute scientists have been honored as 2020 Fellows by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Eva Engvall, Ph.D., professor emerita; and Hudson Freeze, Ph.D., professor and director of the Human Genetics Program, were named Fellows in a vote by the AAAS Council.

Newswise: NSF Awards OU Faculty Member  $2 Million Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation Grant
Released: 24-Nov-2020 11:50 AM EST
NSF Awards OU Faculty Member $2 Million Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation Grant
University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering

Not all plastics are created equally – from milk jugs and soda bottles, which are readily recyclable, to multi-layered packaging that increases shelf life and requires less material but is less recyclable – the challenge is for researchers to design a process that allows more of the plastics we use in our everyday lives to end up in our recycle bins rather than the local landfill.

Newswise: Over the holidays, replacing the furnace filter could help protect people from COVID-19 indoors
Released: 24-Nov-2020 11:35 AM EST
Over the holidays, replacing the furnace filter could help protect people from COVID-19 indoors
Missouri University of Science and Technology

Dr. Yang Wang, assistant professor of environmental engineering at Missouri University of Science and Technology, advises homeowners to replace their furnace filter to help protect families from COVID-19 over the holidays.

Newswise: Exploring Blended Materials Along Compositional Gradients
Released: 24-Nov-2020 11:35 AM EST
Exploring Blended Materials Along Compositional Gradients
Brookhaven National Laboratory

A new platform could accelerate the development of blended materials with desired properties.

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Released: 24-Nov-2020 11:25 AM EST
First exhaustive review of fossils recovered from Iberian archaeological sites
University of Seville

Despite being rare, fossils nonetheless appear to be common elements in archaeological records.

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Released: 24-Nov-2020 11:15 AM EST
Ireland's only dinosaurs discovered in antrim
University of Portsmouth

The only dinosaur bones ever found on the island of Ireland have been formally confirmed for the first time by a team of experts from the University of Portsmouth and Queen's University Belfast, led by Dr Mike Simms, a curator and palaeontologist at National Museums NI.

Newswise:Video Embedded nsf-s-national-solar-observatory-predicts-a-large-sunspot-for-thanksgiving
VIDEO
Released: 24-Nov-2020 11:00 AM EST
NSF’s National Solar Observatory Predicts a Large Sunspot for Thanksgiving
National Solar Observatory

On November 18 scientists from the US National Science Foundation’s National Solar Observatory predicted the arrival of a large sunspot just in time for Thanksgiving. Using a special technique called helioseismology, the team has been “listening” to changing sound waves from the Sun’s interior which beckon the arrival of a large sunspot.

24-Nov-2020 8:05 AM EST
Strengthening the climate change scenario framework
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

An international team of researchers assessed how well a prominent climate change scenario framework is working and what challenges it faces.

Newswise: 8 Berkeley Lab Scientists Named 2020 AAAS Fellows
24-Nov-2020 11:00 AM EST
8 Berkeley Lab Scientists Named 2020 AAAS Fellows
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

The American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world’s largest general scientific society, today announced that 489 of its members, among them eight scientists at Berkeley Lab, have been named Fellows. This lifetime honor, which follows a nomination and review process, recognizes scientists, engineers, and innovators for their distinguished achievements in research and other disciplines toward the advancement or applications of science.


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