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Released: 13-Jul-2020 2:40 PM EDT
Engineered llama antibodies neutralize COVID-19 virus
Rosalind Franklin Institute

Antibodies derived from llamas have been shown to neutralise the SARS-CoV-2 virus in lab tests, UK researchers announced today.

Newswise: From Nashville to New Hampshire, PPPL’s student interns do research, attend classes and socialize from their home computers
Released: 13-Jul-2020 2:40 PM EDT
From Nashville to New Hampshire, PPPL’s student interns do research, attend classes and socialize from their home computers
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory's internship program this summer has gone virtual with 47 interns working on research projects from home.

Newswise: More than 3,000 neutrino scientists gather online for Neutrino 2020
Released: 13-Jul-2020 2:25 PM EDT
More than 3,000 neutrino scientists gather online for Neutrino 2020
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

A dash of virtual reality helps replicate the serendipitous interactions of an in-person conference when participants are scattered across the globe.

Newswise: Barbara Harrison brings experience and human resource skills to new position of equity, diversity and inclusion business partner
Released: 13-Jul-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Barbara Harrison brings experience and human resource skills to new position of equity, diversity and inclusion business partner
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has appointed Barbara Harrison, who has 19 years of experience in recruiting, to a new position spearheading PPPL's equity, diversity and inclusion efforts.

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Released: 13-Jul-2020 1:50 PM EDT
Social media inspired models show winter warming hits fish stocks
University of Queensland

Mathematical modelling inspired by social media is identifying the significant impacts of warming seas on the world's fisheries.

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Released: 13-Jul-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Well-off countries need trade to cut environmental woes
Michigan State University

International trade wins and losses don't just show up in the stock market, but also on a nation's environmental sustainability scores, a new study in Nature Sustainability shows.

Released: 13-Jul-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Bat research critical to preventing next pandemic
Washington State University

The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has a likely connection to bats, and the next viral outbreak probably will too, unless scientists can quickly learn more about the thousands of viruses carried by one of the most diverse mammals on the planet.

Newswise: UTEP Awarded $1.3M to Research How Neural Circuits Regulate Specific Cognitive Functions
Released: 13-Jul-2020 1:15 PM EDT
UTEP Awarded $1.3M to Research How Neural Circuits Regulate Specific Cognitive Functions
University of Texas at El Paso

The University of Texas at El Paso was awarded $1.3 million from the National Institutes of Health to shed light on how the combined function of neural circuits impacts specific behaviors in humans. The study will seek to identify and characterize glycinergic neurons in the basal ganglia, a brain area that participates in initiation of voluntary movements and cognitive functions such as emotion, vision and some forms of memory.

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Released: 13-Jul-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Parasite infestations revealed by tiny chicken backpacks
University of California, Riverside

Blood-feeding livestock mites can be detected with wearable sensor technology nicknamed "Fitbits for chickens."

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Embargo will expire: 15-Jul-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 13-Jul-2020 12:45 PM EDT

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Released: 13-Jul-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Listeria protein provides a CRISPR ‘kill switch’
Cornell University

A single protein derived from a common strain of bacteria found in the soil will offer scientists a more precise way to edit RNA.

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Released: 13-Jul-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Fermilab achieves 14.5-tesla field for accelerator magnet, setting new world record
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Fermilab scientists have broken their own world record for an accelerator magnet. In June, their demonstrator steering dipole magnet achieved a 14.5-tesla field, surpassing the field strength of their 14.1-tesla magnet, which set a record in 2019. This magnet test shows that scientists and engineers can meet the demanding requirements for the future particle collider under discussion in the particle physics community.

Released: 13-Jul-2020 11:40 AM EDT
Fundamental Exploration Into Future Clean Energy Technologies Receives DOE Support
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

The U.S. Department of Energy recently awarded $65 million in grants to support research that will advance safe, reliable, and clean nuclear energy. Among those projects are two led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, which received a combined total of $1.2 million.

Released: 13-Jul-2020 11:25 AM EDT
How a Minecraft Mod is Helping Build Smarter AI
University of Texas at Dallas

Polycraft World, a modification of the video game Minecraft, was developed by University of Texas at Dallas researchers to teach chemistry and engineering. Now the game that allows players to build virtual worlds is serving as the foundation for federal research to develop smarter artificial intelligence (AI) technology. UT Dallas researchers received a grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to use Polycraft World to simulate dynamic and unexpected events that can be used to train AI systems — computer systems that emulate human cognition — to adapt to the unpredictable. The simulated scenarios could include changing weather or unfamiliar terrain. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers have added the threat of an infectious disease outbreak.

Newswise: Tiny Bubbles Make a Quantum Leap
10-Jul-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Tiny Bubbles Make a Quantum Leap
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Researchers at Columbia Engineering and Montana State University have found that placing sufficient strain in a 2D material creates localized states that can yield single-photon emitters. Using sophisticated optical microscopy techniques developed at Columbia over the past 3 years, the team was able to directly image these states for the first time, revealing that even at room temperature they are highly tunable and act as quantum dots, tightly confined pieces of semiconductors that emit light.

Newswise: Merging solar cell and liquid battery produces efficient, long-lasting solar storage
9-Jul-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Merging solar cell and liquid battery produces efficient, long-lasting solar storage
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Chemists at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and their collaborators have created a highly efficient and long-lasting solar flow battery, a way to generate, store and redeliver renewable electricity from the sun in one device.

Newswise: Scientists Successfully Demonstrate a New Experiment in the Search for Theorized ‘Neutrinoless’ Process
Released: 13-Jul-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Scientists Successfully Demonstrate a New Experiment in the Search for Theorized ‘Neutrinoless’ Process
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nuclear physicists affiliated with Berkeley Lab played a leading role in analyzing data for a demonstration experiment in France that has achieved record precision for a specialized detector material.

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Embargo will expire: 14-Jul-2020 7:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 13-Jul-2020 9:50 AM EDT

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Newswise: Wanted: The best storage battery
Released: 13-Jul-2020 6:35 AM EDT
Wanted: The best storage battery
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

The demand for batteries to store renewable energy will grow drastically in the coming years. Could we develop more sustainable technologies to save precious natural resources, besides the familiar lithium-ion batteries?

Newswise: Insights into climate change during origin of dinosaurs
Released: 13-Jul-2020 6:05 AM EDT
Insights into climate change during origin of dinosaurs
University of Utah

In a new study in the journal Gondwana Research demonstrated that the Carnian Pluvial Episode affected the southern hemisphere, specifically South America, which strengthens the case that it was a global climate event.

Newswise:Video Embedded like-humans-beluga-whales-form-social-networks-beyond-family-ties
VIDEO
Released: 10-Jul-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Like Humans, Beluga Whales Form Social Networks Beyond Family Ties
Florida Atlantic University

A groundbreaking study is the first to analyze the relationship between group behaviors, group type, group dynamics, and kinship of beluga whales in 10 locations across the Arctic. Results show that not only do beluga whales regularly interact with close kin, including close maternal kin, they also frequently associate with more distantly related and unrelated individuals. Findings will improve the understanding of why some species are social, how individuals learn from group members and how animal cultures emerge.

Newswise: OU Researcher Receives Department of Defense Young Faculty Award
Released: 10-Jul-2020 3:05 PM EDT
OU Researcher Receives Department of Defense Young Faculty Award
University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering

Justin Metcalf, assistant professor in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the Gallogly College of Engineering at the University of Oklahoma, has received a Young Faculty Award from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Newswise: USDA grant to support Cornell indoor ag training programs
Released: 10-Jul-2020 2:40 PM EDT
USDA grant to support Cornell indoor ag training programs
Cornell University

Thanks to a grant from the USDA, horticulture experts at Cornell University will help design new training programs for workers in controlled environment agriculture.

Newswise:Video Embedded o-reu-program
VIDEO
Released: 10-Jul-2020 2:35 PM EDT
O-REU Program
Texas A&M University

Recently, the Texas A&M University College of Engineering kicked off an online version of its Research Experiences for Undergraduates program. Taking place over the summer, this fully remote program gives 58 students from around the U.S. valuable research experience in computational modeling, theory and data-driven topics in science and engineering.

Newswise: Worldwide Stellarator Research Goes Virtual
Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Worldwide Stellarator Research Goes Virtual
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Article describes weekly virtual stellarator conferences held in lieu of annual face-to-face meeting because of COVID-19 travel restrictions.

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Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:25 PM EDT
New evidence of long-term volcanic, seismic risks in northern Europe
University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

An ancient European volcanic region may pose both a greater long-term volcanic risk and seismic risk to northwestern Europe than scientists had realized, geophysicists report in a study in the Geophysical Journal International.

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Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Revealing winners & losers in projected future climates
Flinders University

New research reveals how winners & losers from climate change can be identified based on their ability to adapt to rising future temperatures.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Scientists may have found one path to a longer life
University of Southern California (USC)

Scientists at USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences may have found the beginnings of a path toward increasing human lifespan.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Alaskan volcano linked to mysterious period with extreme climate in ancient Rome
University of Copenhagen

he cold, famine and unrest in ancient Rome and Egypt after the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BCE has long been shrouded in mystery.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 11:05 AM EDT
FSU workshop on maize genome profiling leads to new study on corn flowering
Florida State University

A genomic mapping technique developed in part at Florida State University has played a crucial role in a new study aimed at understanding growth in corn, a major U.S. crop.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 10:55 AM EDT
Farmers’ climate change conundrum: Low yields or revenue instability
Cornell University

Climate change will leave some farmers with a difficult conundrum, according to a new study by researchers from Cornell University and Washington State University: either risk more revenue volatility or live with a more predictable decrease in crop yields.

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Embargo will expire: 14-Jul-2020 7:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 10-Jul-2020 10:40 AM EDT

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Released: 10-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Discovery reveals how plants make cellulose for strength and growth
University of Virginia Health System

The new discovery unveils the molecular machinery that plants use to weave cellulose chains into cable-like structures called "microfibrils."

Newswise: Study finds less impact from wildfire smoke on climate
Released: 9-Jul-2020 4:55 PM EDT
Study finds less impact from wildfire smoke on climate
Los Alamos National Laboratory

New research revealed that tiny, sunlight-absorbing particles in wildfire smoke may have less impact on climate than widely hypothesized because reactions as the plume mixes with clean air reduce its absorbing power and climate-warming effect.

Newswise: Meet baker’s yeast, the budding, single-celled fungus that fluffs your bread
Released: 9-Jul-2020 3:15 PM EDT
Meet baker’s yeast, the budding, single-celled fungus that fluffs your bread
University at Buffalo

What IS baker's yeast? What does yeast do in nature? And why do scientists use it so much in the lab? University at Buffalo biologists chat about these questions.

Newswise: $18M Boost to Materials Science Research at UC San Diego
Released: 9-Jul-2020 3:15 PM EDT
$18M Boost to Materials Science Research at UC San Diego
University of California San Diego

The National Science Foundation has awarded University of California San Diego researchers a six-year $18 million grant to fund a new Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC).

Released: 9-Jul-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Open letter opposing change to the Student and Exchange Visitor Program
American Chemical Society (ACS)

The American Chemical Society (ACS) has signed an open letter to the White House, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the U.S. Department of State opposing modifications to temporary exemptions for the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP).

Newswise: Argonne to explore how digital twins may transform nuclear energy with $8 million from ARPA-E’s GEMINA program
Released: 9-Jul-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Argonne to explore how digital twins may transform nuclear energy with $8 million from ARPA-E’s GEMINA program
Argonne National Laboratory

ARPA-E’s GEMINA funding will allow Argonne’s nuclear scientists to partner with industry and develop tools for the advanced reactors of tomorrow.

Newswise: A New Look at Deep-Sea Microbes
Released: 9-Jul-2020 1:45 PM EDT
A New Look at Deep-Sea Microbes
University of Delaware

Microbes found deeper in the ocean are believed to have slow population turnover rates and low amounts of available energy. But microbial communities found deeper in seafloor sediments and around hydrocarbon seepage sites have now been found to have more energy available and a higher population turnover. Deeper sediments in the seepages are most likely heavily impacted by the material coming up from the bottom, which means that the seep could be supporting a larger amount of biomass than previously thought.

Newswise: Researchers to streamline process for measuring aviation emissions
Released: 9-Jul-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Researchers to streamline process for measuring aviation emissions
Missouri University of Science and Technology

The process that airlines must use to calibrate their jet fuel emissions measuring systems is costly and time-consuming. But researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology won an $847,000 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) grant to find a faster and less expensive way to calibrate the devices. To reduce the impact of civil aviation on local air quality and human health, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has established and continually improved emissions standards for turbojet and turbofan engine emissions since 1981.

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Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:30 PM EDT
Climate change: Heavy rain after drought may cause fish kills
University of Southern Denmark

Fish kills are a recurring phenomenon in lakes suffering from oxygen depletion. Often the kills are triggered by factors like an algae bloom, but now a new study reports on a new, climate-related cause of fish kills.

Newswise: Detection of electrical signaling between tomato plants raises interesting questions
Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Detection of electrical signaling between tomato plants raises interesting questions
University of Alabama Huntsville

The soil beneath our feet is alive with electrical signals being sent from one plant to another, according to research in which a University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) distinguished professor emeritus in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering participated.

Newswise: Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:00 PM EDT
Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Johns Hopkins Medicine Media Relations is focused on disseminating current, accurate and useful information to the public via the media. As part of that effort, we are distributing our “COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins” every Tuesday throughout the duration of the outbreak.

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Released: 9-Jul-2020 11:50 AM EDT
Researcher reconstructs skull of two million year-old giant dormouse
University of York

A PhD student has produced the first digital reconstruction of the skull of a gigantic dormouse, which roamed the island of Sicily around two million years ago.

Released: 9-Jul-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Desert island discs: Music listened to in younger years defines us forever, research finds
SAGE Publications UK

Researchers at the University of Westminster and City University of London analysing the music record choices of guests on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs programme has found that the music we listen to between the age of 10 and 30 define us for the rest of our lives.

Released: 9-Jul-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Sodium found to regulate the biological clock of mice
McGill University

A new study from McGill University shows that increases in the concentrations of blood sodium can have an influence on the biological clock of mice, opening new research avenues for potentially treating the negative effects associated with long distance travel or shift work.

Newswise: Argonne soil carbon research reduces uncertainty in predicting climate change impacts
Released: 9-Jul-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Argonne soil carbon research reduces uncertainty in predicting climate change impacts
Argonne National Laboratory

DOE and USDA researchers use new global models to study how environmental controllers affect soil organic carbon, changes in which can alter atmospheric carbon concentrations and affect climate. Predictions could benefit industry mitigation plans.

Newswise: NSU Researcher Part of Team Addressing Potential Risks to Marine Life from Deep-Sea Mining
Released: 9-Jul-2020 10:25 AM EDT
NSU Researcher Part of Team Addressing Potential Risks to Marine Life from Deep-Sea Mining
Nova Southeastern University

As the planet’s land-based natural resources become exhausted, the need for new sources is bringing the search to the deepest parts of the world’s oceans. And that has researchers across the globe very concerned.


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