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7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Blood-based lung nodule testing presentation at ATS 2020 Virtual
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Nodify Lung™ testing helps reclassify risk of malignancy of nodules by identifying patients with a higher or lower risk than indicated by traditional risk assessment

Newswise:Video Embedded i-m-a-public-health-physician-and-scientist-and-i-m-blocking-the-path-of-an-oil-pipeline-to-protect-health
VIDEO
Released: 7-Aug-2020 3:50 PM EDT
I'm a public health physician and scientist and I'm blocking the path of an oil pipeline to protect health
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

As a doctor, I didn’t expect to find myself living in a tree at the age of 63, but here I am: 82 feet (25 meters) off the ground in a lovely grove of old cotton wood trees trying to stop construction on an oil pipeline.

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Embargo will expire: 10-Aug-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 3:35 PM EDT

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Alcoholism treatment is potentially effective against COVID-19
National Research University - Higher School of Economics (HSE)

A team of chemists from HSE University and the Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry used molecular modelling to find out that two medications that have been known for a long time can be used to fight SARS-CoV-2.

Newswise: New intranasal vaccine platform provides potential for more effective vaccines with fewer side effects
6-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
New intranasal vaccine platform provides potential for more effective vaccines with fewer side effects
University of Chicago Medical Center

A new study at the University of Chicago and Duke University finds that a new type of intranasal vaccine induces a strong immune response in lungs, with possible implications for COVID-19. The system uses nanofibers tagged with antigens to prime the immune system against a potential invasion.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:25 PM EDT
Inconsistent EPA regulations increase lead poisoning risk to kids, study finds
Brown University

Two federal environmental standards regulating lead hazards in homes and child care facilities have different maximum thresholds, a discrepancy putting more than 35,000 kids in the United States at increased risk of lead poisoning.

Newswise: 239651_web.jpg
Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Electric cooker an easy, efficient way to sanitize N95 masks, study finds
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Owners of electric multicookers may be able to add another use to its list of functions, a new study suggests: sanitization of N95 respirator masks.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Brain noise contains unique signature of dream sleep
University of California, Berkeley

When we dream, our brains are filled with noisy electrical activity that looks nearly identical to that of the awake brain.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
AAOS Concerned About Unintended Consequences of Drastic CMS Proposal
American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons

American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) President Joseph A. Bosco III, MD, FAAOS, issued the following statement in response to the newly released Calendar Year (CY) 2021 Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) proposed rule.

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Newswise: Pinpointing The Cells That Keep The Body’s Master Circadian Clock Ticking
5-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
Pinpointing The Cells That Keep The Body’s Master Circadian Clock Ticking
UT Southwestern Medical Center

DALLAS – Aug. 7, 2020 – UT Southwestern scientists have developed a genetically engineered mouse and imaging system that lets them visualize fluctuations in the circadian clocks of cell types in mice. The method, described online in the journal Neuron, gives new insight into which brain cells are important in maintaining the body’s master circadian clock. But they say the approach will also be broadly useful for answering questions about the daily rhythms of cells throughout the body.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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Newswise: New Sugar-based Signature Identifies T Cells Where HIV Hides and Persists Despite Antiretroviral Therapy
Released: 7-Aug-2020 10:30 AM EDT
New Sugar-based Signature Identifies T Cells Where HIV Hides and Persists Despite Antiretroviral Therapy
Wistar Institute

Wistar scientists may have discovered a new way of identifying and targeting hidden HIV viral reservoirs during treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART).

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Potentially predictive humoral immune response markers in COVID-19 patients
Massachusetts General Hospital

Galit Alter, PhD, Group Leader at the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and Helen Chu, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington School of Medicine, and UW Medicine physician, have recently published a paper which identifies five immune response markers which, collectively, were able to correctly classify both convalescent COVID-19 patients and those who did not survive the disease

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
ACSM Publishes Call to Action Addressing COVID-19 and Return to Sports and Physical Activity
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM published a call to action statement addressing COVID-19 and safely returning to sports and exercise. Authored by ACSM subject matter experts, the statement highlights the current science around COVID-19 and provides 12 action steps to consider. “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity” is ACSM’s first call to action statement and published in the August issue of Current Sports Medicine Reports.

Newswise: University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

To address and overcome the challenges so Americans can return to or sustain physical activity safely, Thomas M. Best, M.D., Ph.D., FACSM, professor of orthopedic surgery at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and research director of the UHealth Sports Medicine Institute, and sports medicine colleagues from around the U.S. wrote “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity,” published August 7 in Current Sports Medicine Reports, an American College of Sports Medicine journal.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Supports Senate Introduction of Medical Nutrition Therapy Act
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics thanks U.S. Sens. Susan Collins (Maine) and Gary Peters (Mich.) for their commitment to America’s health and their introduction of the Medical Nutrition Therapy Act. This bicameral, bipartisan legislation would provide coverage for Medicare beneficiaries to obtain treatment from registered dietitian nutritionists and other qualified nutrition experts for many common and costly chronic diseases.

Newswise: Test accurately IDs people whose gonorrhea can be cured with simple oral antibiotic
4-Aug-2020 7:10 PM EDT
Test accurately IDs people whose gonorrhea can be cured with simple oral antibiotic
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A test designed by UCLA researchers can pinpoint which people with gonorrhea will respond successfully to the inexpensive oral antibiotic ciprofloxacin, which had previously been sidelined over concerns the bacterium that causes the infection was becoming resistant to it.

Newswise: Heavier smoking linked to skyrocketing health risks
Released: 6-Aug-2020 9:05 PM EDT
Heavier smoking linked to skyrocketing health risks
University of South Australia

Each cigarette smoked a day by heavier smokers increases the risk of contracting some diseases by more than 30 per cent, according to a new international study published today.

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Embargo will expire: 10-Aug-2020 12:05 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 4:45 PM EDT

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Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:00 PM EDT
People Who Feel Dizzy When They Stand Up May Have Higher Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Some people who feel dizzy or lightheaded when they stand up may have an increased risk of developing dementia years later, according to a new study published in the August 12, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The condition, called orthostatic hypotension, occurs when people experience a sudden drop in blood pressure when they stand up.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
AANA Supports Improvements to Rural Health Access
American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)

To provide high-quality, value-based healthcare for millions of patients living in the nation’s rural communities, the White House issued an executive order on Aug. 3 that calls on the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to report on ways to eliminate regulatory burdens. The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) is encouraged by the order which, if considered, could increase access to quality care for patients by removing costly supervision requirements of nurse anesthetists.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Placebos prove powerful...even when people know they're taking one
Michigan State University

A team of researchers from Michigan State University, University of Michigan and Dartmouth College is the first to demonstrate that placebos reduce brain markers of emotional distress even when people know they are taking one.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT

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Newswise:Video Embedded targeted-ultrasound-for-noninvasive-diagnosis-of-brain-cancer
VIDEO
Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Targeted ultrasound for noninvasive diagnosis of brain cancer
Washington University in St. Louis

Brain tumors are typically diagnosed using MRI imaging, as taking a sample for a tissue biopsy is risky and may not be possible due to tumor location or a patient's health. Researchers are developing a method to diagnose brain tumors without any incisions.

Newswise: Tracy Onega Named Senior Director of Population Sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Tracy Onega Named Senior Director of Population Sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute
Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

Tracy Onega, PhD, has been appointed senior director of population sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute and professor of population sciences at the University of Utah. Onega began her service at HCI on August 1.

Newswise: Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA researchers have found that chemotherapy is not commonly used when treating adults with localized sarcoma, a rare type of cancer of the soft tissues or bone. In a nationwide analysis of nearly 20,000 patients whose cancer had not yet spread to other organs, the scientists learned that only 22% were treated with some form of chemotherapy.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Outside Looking In: Study Shows Variation in Hospital Visitor & ICU Communication Policies Due to COVID-19
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new study documents how 49 hospitals in a state hit hard by COVID-19 changed their visitor policies and communications with families of intensive care unit patients in the first months of the pandemic -- and how those efforts varied. Virtually all hospitals put in place a “no visitors” blanket policy, but 59% of them did allow some exceptions to this rule.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Nanoparticle system captures heart-disease biomarker from blood for in-depth analysis
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have developed a method combining sticky nanoparticles with high-precision protein measurement to capture and analyze a common marker of heart disease to reveal details that were previously inaccessible.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Credible assumptions replace missing data in COVID analysis
Cornell University

How contagious is COVID-19, and how severe is the virus for those who’ve caught it?

Newswise:Video Embedded delay-in-breast-cancer-operations-due-to-covid-19-pandemic-appears-to-be-non-life-threatening-for-women-with-early-stage-disease
VIDEO
5-Aug-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Delay in breast cancer operations due to COVID-19 pandemic appears to be non-life-threatening for women with early-stage disease
American College of Surgeons (ACS)

A new breast cancer study brings reassuring findings for women with early-stage breast cancer who were forced to delay their cancer operations because of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Newswise: Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
5-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A team of researchers interviewed physicians and patients at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic to identify eight scenarios impacting cancer care. Using communication strategies, they created examples of language to help oncologists respond to patients empathetically.

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Embargo will expire: 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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5-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Research into worker health and safety in the cannabis industry is critical and nearly absent
University of Washington

Legal marijuana is one of America’s fastest-growing industries, yet little scientific research exists on the unique workplace and health risks faced by cannabis workers. A special issue of the journal Annals of Work Exposures and Health explores worker safety in cannabis industry.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Understanding Alcohol-Related Violence: What is its Place and Role in the Wider Context of Aggression?
Research Society on Alcoholism

Aggressive behavior often, but not always, occurs alongside alcohol and drug misuse. Indeed, alcohol and drugs contribute to at least 40% of violent acts. However, despite the importance of substance misuse to understanding aggression, the relationships between alcohol-related, drug-related, and non-substance-related aggression are unclear. In particular, it is not known if these are three different facets of an individual’s overall aggressive tendency, or if they are three distinct and separate entities. A new analysis reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has probed this question using statistical modeling.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Challenging Dogma, Recovery from Alcohol Use Disorder Can Sometimes Include Heavy Drinking
Research Society on Alcoholism

Recovering from alcohol use disorder (AUD) can sometimes involve drinking reductions that do not come close to abstinence, according to recent research — challenging the dogma that recovery from AUD requires abstinence or infrequent drinking. In a new study, one in five participants achieved stable recovery while occasionally drinking heavily. These participants reported success in various measures of life satisfaction, functioning, and health several years after treatment for AUD, according to the study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Their experience highlights the value of any drinking reduction. This study expands a body of work that is calling into question the longstanding emphasis — in research and recovery programs, including Alcoholics Anonymous — on drinking practices as a primary measure of success. A similar shift is taking place around other psychiatric disorders, with recovery increasingly measured by improved health and functioning over the absence of

Released: 6-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Blood Test May Point to Patients at Higher Risk for COVID-19 Deterioration, Death
George Washington University

George Washington University researchers found five biomarkers associated with higher odds of clinical deterioration and death in COVID-19 patients. Published in Future Medicine, these findings will help physicians better predict outcomes for COVID-19 patients in the U.S.

Newswise: Penn’s ‘Enhanced Recovery’ Program Significantly Reduces Post-Op Opioid Use
6-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Penn’s ‘Enhanced Recovery’ Program Significantly Reduces Post-Op Opioid Use
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Penn Medicine researchers found that when an “Enhanced Recovery After Surgery” protocol was employed—which optimizes patients’ surgical care before, during, and after surgery—the majority of patients did not need opioids for pain management at one, three, and six months after elective spinal and peripheral nerve surgery.

Newswise: UVA Named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals List
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
UVA Named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals List
University of Virginia Health System

For meeting a set of rigorous best practices for maternity care, University of Virginia Medical Center, UVA Women’s Services and UVA Children’s have been named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals 2020 list.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Algorithm Created By “Deep Learning” Identifies Potential Therapeutic Targets Throughout Genome
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

A team of researchers have developed an algorithm through machine learning that helps predict sites of DNA methylation – a process that can change the activity of DNA without changing its overall structure – and could identify disease-causing mechanisms that would otherwise be missed by conventional screening methods.


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