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Article ID: 702590

Do Mussels Reveal the Fate of the Oceans?

Florida Atlantic University

Prior research has suggested that mussels are a robust indicator of plastic debris and particles in marine environments. A new study says that’s not the case because mussels are picky eaters and have an inherent ability to choose and sort their food. Instead, the researchers have discovered that marine aggregates also called “marine snow,” play a much bigger role in the fate of the oceans when it comes to plastic debris.

Released:
23-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    22-Oct-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702508

Fish give up the Fight After Coral Bleaching

University of Vermont

Researchers found that when water temperatures heat up for corals, fish ‘tempers’ cool down, providing the first clear evidence of coral bleaching serving as a trigger for rapid change in the behavior of reef fish. Publishing in Nature Climate Change, the researchers show how butterflyfish, considered to be sensitive indicators of reef health, offer an early warning sign that reef fish populations are in trouble.

Released:
19-Oct-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 702502

The Stories Behind the Science: How Does the Ocean’s Saltiness Affect Tropical Storms?

Department of Energy, Office of Science

Two researchers with personal experience of hurricanes set out to investigate the role of an underestimated factor in storm’s strength – salinity. They found that salinity plays a larger role than anyone thought, including them.

Released:
19-Oct-2018 11:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 702435

Estimating the Feeding Habits of Corals May Offer New Insights on Resilient Reefs

University of California San Diego

Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and colleagues have found that corals living in more productive waters take advantage of the increased food availability. The findings reevaluate scientific understanding of how corals survive and could aid predictions on coral recovery in the face of climate change.

Released:
18-Oct-2018 12:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 702371

Gulf-Wide Sea Grant Team Receives National Award for Oil Spill Science Outreach Efforts

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

The Gulf Sea Grant oil spill science outreach team -- which includes Monica Wilson of UF/IFAS -- -- received the National Superior Programming Award for its work synthesizing research results related to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Released:
17-Oct-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 702342

Myanmar Establishes New Protected Area For Critically Endangered Irrawaddy Dolphin

Wildlife Conservation Society

Working in collaboration with Myanmar’s Department of Fisheries (DoF), WCS has announced the creation of a new protected area for a population of critically endangered Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) living in the Ayeyawady River of central Myanmar.

Released:
17-Oct-2018 11:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 702108

Blue Crab Baby Sizes and Shapes Influence Their Survival

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Like people, blue crabs aren’t all the same sizes and shapes. Now Rutgers scientists have discovered substantial differences in the body structures of larval crab siblings and among larvae from different mothers. And that can mean the difference between an early death and survival into adulthood for this important commercial and recreational species.

Released:
17-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 701928

Evolutionary ‘Arms Race’ – How Dolphins and Whales Fight Disease Threats

Florida Atlantic University

A groundbreaking study reveals how dolphins, whales and other cetaceans compete for survival in an evolutionary “arms race” with changing pathogenic threats like mercury and brevotoxin (e.g. Red Tide). Researchers show that cetaceans use several strategies for success in this race. They have developed tools to help wildlife managers and health professionals assess disease risk from the perspective of how individual animals are engineered to recognize the molecules of microorganisms in the environment and launch an immune response.

Released:
10-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT
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Article ID: 701831

High-res data offer most detailed look yet at trawl fishing footprint around the world

University of Washington

A new analysis that uses high-resolution data for 24 ocean regions in Africa, Europe, North and South America and Australasia shows that 14 percent of the overall seafloor shallower than 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) is trawled. It shows that the footprint of bottom-trawl fishing on continental shelves and slopes across the world's oceans often has been substantially overestimated.

Released:
8-Oct-2018 3:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 701666

Marine Biologists Discover Novel Filtration System in Giant Manta Rays

California State University, Fullerton

With wingspans of over 20 feet, manta rays are charismatic giants of the sea. Yet this enormous fish, which can weigh thousands of pounds, doesn't chase down and bite into prey.

Released:
4-Oct-2018 12:05 PM EDT

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