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Study Examines Vitamin D Deficiency and Cognition Relationship

Study that looks at Vitamin D deficiency and cognition relationship in older adults adds to the existing literature on the subject.

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Seniors and Sleeping Pills: Empowered Patients Choose Wisely

“Many people believe that involving patients in the decision to curtail medical treatments is expecting too much. On the contrary: we now have evidence that patients who are better informed make smarter choices.” - Dr. Cara Tannenbaum, Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal and University of Montreal.

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For Frail, High-Risk Seniors, Surgery Decisions Should Be Patient-Centered, Team-Based and Physician-Led

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Surgery for frail, senior citizen patients can be risky. A new patient-centered, team-based approach to deciding whether these high-risk patients will benefit from surgery is championed in an April 10 Perspective of the New England Journal of Medicine. The Perspective suggests that the decision to have surgery must balance the advantages and disadvantages of surgical and non-surgical treatment as well as the patient’s values and goals in a team-based setting that includes the patient, his or her family, the surgeon, the primary care physician and the physician anesthesiologist.

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Community-Living Seniors with Dementia Are More Likely to Be Hospitalized Than Those Without Dementia; Little Difference Found Among Nursing Home Residents

Seniors living in the community who have dementia are more likely to be hospitalized and visit the emergency department than those who do not have dementia, according to a new study by researchers at RTI International.

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Cognitive Impairment Common Among Community-Dwelling and Nursing-Home Resident Elderly Nearing End-of-Life

More than 70% of elderly Medicare beneficiaries experience cognitive impairment or severe dementia near the end-of-life and may need surrogate decision makers for healthcare decisions. Advance care planning for older adults with dementia may be particularly important for individuals who do not reside in a nursing home or a long-term care facility, according to an article published in the April issue of Health Affairs.

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Record Number of Older Adults Completing Living Wills, Trend Had Little Impact on Hospitalization Rates

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Study suggests people are less timid about broaching end-of-life planning and talking about death.

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Can a Treadmill Help Seniors Avoid Falls?

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Clive Pai, professor of physical therapy at the University of Illinois at Chicago will use a five-year, $1 million grant from the National Institute on Aging to develop a computerized treadmill program that could be used in physical therapy offices to prevent falls and fall-related injuries in older adults.

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Genes May Thwart Seniors' Exercise Gains

A new study in Physiological Genomics examines the ACE I/D gene and how its variations—the ID, DD, and II genotypes—cause some seniors’ to lose out on the benefits of exercise.

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Older Adults: Build Muscle and You'll Live Longer

New research suggests that the more muscle mass older Americans have, the less likely they are to die prematurely. The findings add to the growing evidence that overall body composition — and not the widely used body mass index, or BMI — is a better predictor of all-cause mortality.

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Lessons Learned Managing Geriatric Patients Offer Framework for Improved Care for Those With Complex Health Problems

A large team of experts led by a Johns Hopkins geriatrician reports that efforts to improve the care of older adults and others with complex medical needs will fall short unless public policymakers focus not only on preventing hospital readmission rates, but also on better coordination of community-based “care transitions.” Lessons learned from managing such transitions for older patients, they say, may offer a framework for overall improvement.

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