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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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SLAC’s New Computer Science Division Teams with Stanford to Tackle Data Onslaught

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Alex Aiken, director of the new Computer Science Division at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, has been thinking a great deal about the coming challenges of exascale computing, defined as a billion billion calculations per second. That’s a thousand times faster than any computer today. Reaching this milestone is such a big challenge that it’s expected to take until the mid-2020s and require entirely new approaches to programming, data management and analysis, and numerous other aspects of computing.

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Fast, Stretchy Circuits Could Yield New Wave of Wearable Electronics

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A team of University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers has created the world's fastest stretchable, wearable integrated circuits, an advance that could drive the Internet of Things and a much more connected, high-speed wireless world.

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Organism Responsible for Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning May Affect Fisheries

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The toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium fundyense, is a photosynthetic plankton--a microscopic organism floating in the ocean, unable to swim against a current. New research by scientists at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UHM) School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) suggests that ingestion of this dinoflagellate changes the energy balance and reproductive potential of a particular copepod--a small crustacean--in the North Atlantic, which is key food source for young fishes, including many commercially important species.

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Fungi -- a Promising Source of Chemical Diversity

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Moulds and plants share similar ways in alkaloid biosynthesis.

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UChicago’s Jared Lewis Receives 2016 Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award

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Jared Lewis has been selected for a 2016 Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award from the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation. Lewis, an assistant professor in chemistry at the University of Chicago, is one of 13 Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award recipients this year.

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Genomic Study Tracks African-American Dispersal in the Great Migration

Data from cohort studies helps reconstruct African-American heritage from before Civil War.

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Slithery New Species

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Researchers discover Silver Boa in the Bahamas Islands.

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Remains of Bizarre Group of Extinct Snail-Eating Australian Marsupials Discovered

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Fossil remains of a previously unknown family of carnivorous Australian marsupials that lived 15 million years ago have been discovered at the Riversleigh World Heritage Fossil Site in north-western Queensland by a UNSW Australia-led team of researchers.

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Migration Back to Africa Took Place During the Paleolithic

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A piece of international research led by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has retrieved the mitogenome of a fossil belonging to the first Homo sapiens population in Europe.

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TRIUMF Welcomes New Associate Laboratory Director to lead its Accelerator Division

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TRIUMF is pleased to announce that Dr. Oliver Kester will become Associate Laboratory Director for its Accelerator Division (ALD-Accelerator Division), effective September, 2016.

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New Compound Switches Between Liquid and Solid States When Exposed to Light or Heat

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A research group led by Professor Mochida Tomoyuki (Kobe University Graduate School of Science) and Dr. Funasako Yusuke (Tokyo University of Science, Yamaguchi) has developed a metal-containing compound which transforms into a solid when exposed to light and returns to liquid form when heated.

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ORNL Researchers Use Strain to Engineer First High-Performance, Two-Way Oxide Catalyst

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In most cases, a catalyst that’s good at driving chemical reactions in one direction is bad at driving reactions in the opposite direction. However, a team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory has created the first high-performance, two-way oxide catalyst.

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PNNL Helps Lead National Microbiome Initiative

Scientists Janet Jansson and Ljiljana Paša-Tolić are part of a core group of scientists leading a national effort to understand communities of microorganisms and their role in climate science, food production and human health.

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Tasty Fat: X-Rays Finding the Blueprint of Why Fat Is Yummy

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Over three years, a University of Guelph team has brought increasingly complex samples of edible fat to the APS for research. They are using the data from the APS USAXS facility to characterize the nanoscale structure of different kinds of edible fats and applying the data to a model that predicts the effect of processes like heating and mixing on fat structure. If food manufacturers understand the unique structures of different fat compositions, they can better mimic the desirable tastes and textures of unhealthy fats with healthier alternatives, potentially impacting diseases closely tied to diet.

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UF/IFAS Researchers to Present Forest Biotechnology Promise at National Conference

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Jiri Hulcr, an assistant professor of forest resources and conservation at UF/IFAS, sees this conference as an opportunity for the UF/IFAS forest entomology team to disseminate innovative solutions to maintain tree health. “Exploring the use of biotechnology in tree health protection is important to us, because we are increasingly running out of other options,” he said.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-May-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Media Telebriefing: NTP Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation Study: Partial Release of Findings

The associate director of the National Toxicology Program (NTP) will provide an update and answer questions about a series of rodent studies on potential cancer risks from cell phone radiofrequency radiation. NTP is releasing a report of its findings in rats. These findings are available at http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/05/26/055699. The report is titled, “Report of Partial Findings From the National Toxicology Program Carcinogenesis Studies of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation in Hsd: Sprague Dawley SD Rats (Whole Body Exposure).” Studies in mice are still underway. NTP is an interagency program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services headquartered at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health.

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Cyborgs Closer to Becoming a Reality of Human Evolution

Our excitement with and rapid uptake of technology – and the growing opportunities for artificial brain enhancement – are putting humans more firmly on the path to becoming cyborgs, according to evolution experts from the University of Adelaide.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-May-2016 11:00 AM EDT