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Soil Carbon Sinks, Coral Adaptation, Earth's Oxygen History, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

Medicine

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The One Gene, Menu Labeling, Holiday Food Stress, and More in the Obesity News Source

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source

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climate adaptation, Oxygenation, Ordovician Period, Biodiveristy

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 20-Nov-2017 11:00 AM EST

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Plant Sciences, green fuel production, mass spectometry, photosystem II, Cyanobacteria

Water World

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Following the paths of radicals and finding many damaged residues because of incredibly accurate, fast and sensitive mass spectrometry, three Washington University scientists studied the great granddaddy of all photosynthetic organisms — a strain of cyanobacteria — to develop the first experimental map of that organism’s water world.

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Fishing

When to Fish: Timing Matters for Fish That Migrate to Reproduce

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A new University of Washington study points to yet another human factor that is hampering the ability of fish to reproduce: the timing of our fishing seasons. The study considers how the timing of fishing efforts might disproportionately target certain fish and change the life history patterns of entire populations.

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Applied Mathematics, Japanese tree frogs, Swarmalators, Cornell University

Cornell Mathematician's Study of ‘Swarmalators’ Could Direct Future Science

How does the Japanese tree frog figure into the latest work of noted mathematician Steven Strogatz? As it turns out, quite prominently. Cornell researchers used the curious mating ritual of male Japanese tree frogs as inspiration for their exploration of “swarmalators” – their term for systems in which both synchronization and swarming occur together.

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Climate Science, Journal of Geophysical Research, biogeosciences, Geosciences, Geoscience, Alaska, soil carbon, Climate, ANL, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne Nat'l Laboratory, Environmental Science, Environmental Sciences, Ecosystem, Ecosystems, soil, Carbon, carbon source, Carbon Sink, carbon sinks, Permafrost, permafrost thaw, geospatial data, Carbon Dioxide, carbon dioxide (CO2), Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere, CO2, co2 and soil, Coastal, Alaska Airlines

The Challenge of Estimating Alaska’s Soil Carbon Stocks

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A geospatial analysis determined the optimal distribution of sites needed to reliably estimate Alaska’s vast soil carbon.

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Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), Information architectures, Supercomputing & high-performance computing, Systems architecture & design

Argonne to Install Comanche System to Explore ARM Technology for High-Performance Computing

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Argonne National Laboratory is collaborating with Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) to provide system software expertise and a development ecosystem for a future high-performance computing (HPC) system based on 64-bit ARM processors.

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Researchers Expect New Fish Passage Will Help Restore Migratory Fish Populations

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The addition of a nature-like fish passage to a Susquehanna River dam in Pennsylvania should allow migrating fish to more easily reach spawning grounds, according to Penn State researchers.

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Germanium, MICA, van der Waals, Epitaxy, Semiconductor, Thin Film, Aaron J. Littlejohn, Yu Xiang, Elma Rauch, Toh-Ming Lu, Gwo-Ching Wang, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Journal of Applied Physics

Strain-Free Epitaxy of Germanium Film on Mica

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Germanium was the material of choice in the early history of electronic devices, and due to its high charge carrier mobility, it’s making a comeback. It’s generally grown on expensive single-crystal substrates, adding another challenge to making it sustainably viable for most applications. To address this aspect, researchers demonstrate an epitaxy method that incorporates van der Waals’ forces to grow germanium on mica. They discuss their work in the Journal of Applied Physics.







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