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Marine Life, Shellfish, Coral Reefs

URI Professor Examines Effects of Climate Change on Coral Reefs, Shellfish

Professor is studying how a variety of marine organisms are responding to changes in their environment. Focusing on reef-building corals and other shelled creatures that are threatened by increasing temperatures and ocean acidification, she is testing them to determine how species may acclimatize to the new circumstances.

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Northwestern University, Nanotechnology

Nominations Invited for $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience

Northwestern University’s International Institute for Nanotechnology (IIN) is now accepting nominations for two prestigious international prizes: the $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine and the $10,000 Kabiller Young Investigator Award in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine.The deadline for nominations is May 15, 2017.

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An Alternative to Opioids? Compound From Marine Snail Is Potent Pain Reliever

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A tiny snail may offer an alternative to opioids for pain relief. Scientists at the University of Utah have found a compound that blocks pain by targeting a pathway not associated with opioids. Research in rodents indicates that the benefits continue long after the compound have cleared the body.

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, hydraulic fluids, Hydraulic Fracturing, hydraulic fracturing fluids, Fluids, Microbes, Microorganism, Microorganisms, Sustainability, Nature Microbiology, Microbiology, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Environmental Science, Ecosystem, ecosystem health, JGI, Joint Genome Institute, Ohio State University, The Ohio State University, Genome, Genetic Analysis, Subsurface, subsurface science, Metabolism, fracking, fracking analysis, University of Maine, Shale, shale oil, Appalachia, Appalachian, Appalachian Mountains

Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

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For the first time, scientists analyzed the genetic material of surface microbes that are colonizing the deep subsurface, where they are adapting and thriving.

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Nature, Nature (magazine), Peptides, Proteins, Protein, protein analysis, Drug Design, drug, Drugs, hyperstable constrained peptides, Peptide, peptide drugs, Computational Methods, custom drugs, Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Diseases, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PNNL, Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, Alcf, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Emsl, therapeutic agent, Therapuetic

Unlocking Peptide Potential

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Powerful new computational methods now enable scientists to design a virtually unlimited variety of hyperstable peptide structures not found in nature. This research opens a new frontier in drug discovery.

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Environmental Science, Environmental Research, Carbon, soil, soil carbon, soil carbon storage, Soil Science, soil sciences, Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Dioxide, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon dioxide capture, Carbon dioxide conversion, Science, Science (magazine), Radiocarbon, carbon uptake, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ORNL, Lawrence Berekely National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Terrestrial Ecosystems, Ecosystem, Ecosystem Function, University Of California, university of california at irvine, UCI, Earth Science, earth system science, earth system models, earth systems science, Carbon Sequestration

Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon Than Expected This Century

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Some global models underestimate the mean age of soil carbon. This underestimation results in an overestimation of soil’s carbon sequestration potential.

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Emsl, JGI, Joint Genome Institute, Proceedings Of The Natinal Academy Of Sciences, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Biogeochemistry, Geochemistry, Oceans, Oxygen, Oxygen Deprivation, Oxygen Minimum, Genetics, Enviroment, Environmental Science, Environmental Research, University Of British Columbia, Microbes, Microorganism, Microorganisms, Nutrients, Earth System, earth system models, Energy Cycles, Dead Zones, Dead Zone, Saanich Inlet, British Columbia

Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans

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New model reveals the significant role of microbes in oceanic nutrient and energy cycling. The results of this work significantly improve the crude models of microbial activity in important oceanic zones and provide holistic insights into how microbes drive nutrient and energy flow.

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bridges, transportation, infrastructure, roads, , Civil Engineering, Robotics, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Transportation Safety Expert Available to Discuss New Study on Deficient U.S. Roads and Bridges

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Solar Energy

Dream of Energy-Collecting Windows Is One Step Closer to Reality

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Researchers at the University of Minnesota and University of Milano-Bicocca are bringing the dream of windows that can efficiently collect solar energy one step closer to reality thanks to high tech silicon nanoparticles.

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Why Are There Different 'Flavors' of Iron Around the Solar System?

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New work shows that interactions between iron and nickel under the extreme pressures and temperatures similar to a planetary interior can help scientists understand the period in our Solar System's youth when planets were forming and their cores were created.

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Warming Ponds Could Accelerate Climate Change

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Rising temperatures could accelerate climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide stored in ponds and increasing the methane they release, new research shows.

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Meteors, photoacoustic effect

Origin of Spooky Meteor Noises Reappraised by Sandia Researchers

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Sound travels more slowly than light. Then why do sounds of meteors entering earth's atmosphere precede or accompany the sight of them? Sandia researchers believe they have an answer.

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Solar System, Planets, Astronomy, Geoscience, Geology

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 1:00 PM EST

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Computation Institute, Institute for Molecular Engineering , Northwestern-Argonne Institute for Science and Engineering , Environmental Science, Technology, Integrated environmental assessments, Water Quality

Breakthrough Wireless Sensing System Attracts Industry and Government Agency Interest

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Top experts in environmental sensing explored existing and potential applications for Waggle and other sensing technologies during a two-day workshop held at Argonne last year. From researching deforestation in the Amazon to improving air quality for manned space missions, attendees revealed unique ways to apply sensing technology to improve our understanding of Earth and human health – and a number of these applications employed Waggle.

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MARS, planetary geology, Insight

Geneseo Planetary Geologist Involved in Determining Next Mars Rover Landing Site

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Nicholas Warner, assistant professor of geology, was among planetary geologists recently presenting evidence to NASA scientists on the best Mars landing sites for the next rover mission, scheduled to launch in 2020.

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Energy, Renewable Energy, FUEL, coal, Power Generation, Energy Sources, Power Plant, Higher Education, Universities and Colleges, Green Energy

University of Iowa Announces It Will Be Coal-Free by 2025

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The University of Iowa will divest fully from coal as a campus energy source by 2025. UI officials, led by President Harreld, announced the goal, which will come from the university increasing its use of biomass and other renewable energy sources.

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quantum critical point, quantum criticality, quantum behavior, Absolute Zero, ultrathin systems, ultralow temperatures, measuring specific heat, thermal phase transition, quantum phase transition

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 5:00 AM EST

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Forest, urban forests, rural forests, Migration, Ecosystem, Mapping, forest dynamics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 2:00 PM EST

Medicine

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GBSI, Global Biological Standards Institute , Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, Reproducibility2020, Reproducible, AAAS Annual Meeting, NIH, Standards

GBSI Report Shows Encouraging Progress Towards Addressing Reproducibility to Significantly Improve Quality of Preclinical Biological Research by Year 2020

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One year after the Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) issued its Reproducibility2020 challenge and action plan for the biomedical research community, the organization reports encouraging progress toward the goal to significantly improve the quality of preclinical biological research by year 2020. “Reproducibility2020 Report: Progress and Priorities,” posted today on bioRxiv, identifies action and impact that has been achieved by the life science research community and outlines priorities going forward. The report is the first comprehensive review of the steps being taken to improve reproducibility since the issue became more widely known in 2012.

Medicine

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GBSI, Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, Reproducibility, Reproducibility2020, NIH, Rigor and Reproducibility, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), Michael S. Lauer, M.D, William G. Kaelin Jr., M.D, Judith Kimble

Rigor and Reproducibility Policy One Year Later: How Has the Biomedical Community Responded?

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Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, president of Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) will lead a panel discussion convened by GBSI, titled “Rigor and Reproducibility One Year Later: How Has the Biomedical Community Responded?” Freedman will also introduce a new GBSI report on the life science community’s multiple years of progress toward improved reproducibility by 2020. “Reproducibility2020 Report: Progress and Priorities,” also tracks the GBSI Reproducibility2020 challenge issued February 2016.







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