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cellular communication, Mobile Phone, Mobile device, terahertz band, Terahertz, Modulator, THz, Engineering

Chip-Sized, High-Speed Terahertz Modulator Raises Possibility of Faster Data Transmission

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Tufts University engineers have invented a chip-sized, high-speed modulator that operates at terahertz (THz) frequencies and at room temperature at low voltages without consuming DC power. The discovery could help fill the “THz gap” that is limiting development of new and more powerful wireless devices that could transmit data at significantly higher speeds than currently possible.

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Florida State University, FSU, Professor Henry Fuelberg, Tristan Hall, weather balloons, St. Maarten, Caribbean, Teamwork, Science

Young Scientists Soar with Help of Florida State Meteorology Professor

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FSU Professor Henry Fuelberg joined a research project spearheaded by high school students on a tiny Caribbean island. Fuelberg helped them build and launch a weather balloon.

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Climate Change

Climate Change Prompts Alaska Fish to Change Breeding Behavior

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A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska’s most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.

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Research Trials Focus on Winter Pasture Stocking Strategies

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Profits in stocker production can be as green as winter pastures when conditions are right and producers apply correct stocking strategies, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Research expert. And research trials at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Overton are focusing on identifying optimal strategies and stocking rates for producers.

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hypomorphic mutants, Genetic Engineering, poly adenylation

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 20-Jan-2017 5:00 AM EST

Science

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oceanic troughs, Ice Sheets, West Antarctica, Glaciers

UCI Researchers Map Oceanic Troughs Below Ice Sheets in West Antarctica

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Irvine, Calif., Jan. 18, 2017 – University of California, Irvine glaciologists have uncovered large oceanic valleys beneath some of the massive glaciers flowing into the Amundsen Sea in West Antarctica. Carved by earlier advances of ice during colder periods, the subsurface troughs enable warm, salty water to reach the undersides of glaciers, fueling their increasingly rapid retreat.

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astronomy education, stem

Applications Accepted for 2017 Astronomy in Chile Educator Ambassadors Program

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Applications are now being accepted for the 2017 Astronomy in Chile Educator Ambassadors Program (ACEAP). This program, in its third year, brings amateur astronomers, planetarium personnel, and astronomy educators of all levels to U.S.-funded astronomy facilities in Chile.

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Climate Change, Global Warming, Politics, Nature, Arctic, Greenhouse Gases

Laws of Nature Trump Politics When It Comes to Climate Change

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Michigan Tech, Jeremy Bos, atmospheric optics, Optics, Electrical Engineering, Turbulence, Atmosphere

Prepare for Turbulence: Improving Long-Range Optics

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Jeremy Bos is a 2016 recipient of the Young Investigator Program (YIP) through the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Bos, an assistant professor of electrical engineering studying atmospheric optics at Michigan Technological University, wants to help the Air Force see better. The problem is turbulence.

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Physics, particle physcis, Bottom quark, Large Hadron Collider, ATLAS Collaboration, ATLAS experiment, Higgs Boson, High Energy Physics, U.S. Department Of Energy, Big Bang

A Quark Like No Other

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A University of Iowa physicist is at the forefront of the search to confirm the existence of a particle believed to give mass to all matter. Her group helped build and operates a sub-detector to search for bottom quarks, which are thought to appear when a Higgs boson decays.

Medicine

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Reading Disabilities, Specific Language Impairment, Word Learning, Book reading, Reading impairment treatment

Reading Picture Books with Children Holds Promise for Treating a Common Language Disorder

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A clinical trial of interactive book reading finds that children with Specific Language Impairment need to hear a word 36 times to learn it vs. 12 times for typically-developing children. Treatment materials are freely available to speech-language pathologists.

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The Tasmanian Tiger Had a Brain Structure Suited to a Predatory Life Style

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Brain scans suggest the action-planning part of the cortex was large in these extinct predators.

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Mississippi River, Nitrogen, Dead Zone, Pollutants, Microbes, Wetlands, floodplain

Mighty River, Mighty Filter

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Researchers are reviving one of the Mississippi River's main filters: the floodplain. The result is a unique environment that removes nitrogen, a contributor to the Gulf of Mexico's dead zone.

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Joint Genome Institute, Department of Energy Office of Science

Six From DOE JGI on 2016 Highly Cited Researchers List

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Six of the DOE Joint Genome Institute’s researchers are among the most highly cited in the world.

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Biology, Brain, Hippocampus, Neuron, Dendrite, Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders

Study Identifies Molecular Signal for Maintaining Adult Neuron

Research in mice points to better understanding of how the structure of nerve cells in the adult hippocampus may deteriorate, which can lead to Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological disorders.

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Presidential Early Career Awards , Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers, PECASE 2017, President Obama, White House

LLNL Researchers Win Presidential Early Career Awards

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Two Lawrence Livermore National Lab researchers were among the recipients of the prestigious Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), announced in Washington D.C. on Jan. 9.

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Vitamin B-12, and a Knockoff Version, Create Complex Market for Marine Vitamins

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Vitamin B-12 exists in two different, incompatible forms in the oceans. An organism thought to supply the essential vitamin B-12 in the marine environment is actually churning out a knockoff version.

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Chicago Community Trust, Terry Mazany, Chicago Biomedical Consortium, Searle Funds, Biomedicine

Support for Chicago Biomedical Consortium Renewed

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The Searle Funds at The Chicago Community Trust has renewed its funding commitment to the Chicago Biomedical Consortium (CBC), an innovative research and education collaboration of Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Chicago that has helped establish the Chicago area as a leader in biomedical sciences.

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Cell Division Regulation

Study Finds New Target for Controlling Cell Division

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Modern genome sequencing methods used to measure the efficiency of synthesis of individual protein during cell division has found that the enzymes that make lipids and membranes were synthesized at much greater efficiency when a cell is ready to split.

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Plate Techtonics, Mid Ocean Ridges, East Pacific Rise

Heat From Earth’s Core Could Be Underlying Force in Plate Tectonics

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For decades, scientists have theorized that the movement of Earth’s tectonic plates is driven largely by negative buoyancy created as they cool. New research, however, shows plate dynamics are driven significantly by the additional force of heat drawn from the Earth’s core. The new findings also challenge the theory that underwater mountain ranges known as mid-ocean ridges are passive boundaries between moving plates. The findings show the East Pacific Rise, the Earth’s dominant mid-ocean ridge, is dynamic as heat is transferred.







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