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Marine Carbon Sinking Rates Confirm Importance of Polar Oceans

Polar oceans pump organic carbon down to the deep sea about five times as efficiently as subtropical waters, because they can support larger, heavier organisms. The finding helps explain how the oceans may function under climate change.

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When Tasting a Favorite Beer, Are You in Your ‘Right’ Mind?

According to researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine, you might be. Drug-seeking behavior can be prompted or cued by certain kinds of drug-associated stimuli. Prior research shows that this behavior likely depends on interactions between the brain’s frontal activity and release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the ventral striatum (a structure deep inside the brain that is related to motivated behavior and reward). Previously, the authors of this study, using positron emission tomography (PET), found that beer flavor alone (from small, non-intoxicating amounts of beer) elicited dopamine release in beer drinkers. Here, the authors examined a subset of the previous group, using a similar design, but with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) – a technique that reveals brain activation.

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A Novel Way to Produce Two-Dimensional Nanosheets, New Material Property May Lead to High Temp Superconductivity, Scientists Harness CO2 to Consolidate Biofuel Production Process, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

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American Physical Society Names ORNL's Holifield Facility Historic Physics Site

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The American Physical Society (APS) on Monday honored the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility, located at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, as an APS Historic Physics Site.

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Network Physicist Sheds Light on Alzheimer’s, Schizophrenia

Researchers comparing mouse and macaque brains have found evidence of an evolutionary universal brain structure in mammals that enables comparisons of cortical networks between species. A new study from a researcher at the University of Notre Dame could provide insights into brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s and schizophrenia.

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Before Animals, Evolution Waited Eons to Inhale

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Time to smash the beaker when thinking about oxygen concentrations in water, at the time when animal life first evolved. Oceans stacked O2 here and depleted it there, as this novel model demonstrates. It may well toss a wrench into the way we have dated the evolution of the earliest animals.

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New Nontoxic Process Promises Larger Ultrathin Sheets of 2D Nanomaterials

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Scientists have developed a novel way to produce two-dimensional nanosheets by separating bulk materials with nontoxic liquid nitrogen. The environmentally friendly process generates a 20-fold increase in surface area per sheet, which could expand the nanomaterials’ commercial applications.

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Study With Aye-Ayes and Slow Loris Finds That Prosimians Prefer Alcohol

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Study Sheds New Light on the Origins of Human Alcohol Consumption

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Happy Hormone’s Calcium Connection May Make Cows and Humans Healthier

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MADISON — Serotonin is best known for eliciting feelings of happiness in the human brain, but scientists at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have found the hormone plays a role in milk production in dairy cows — and may have health implications for breastfeeding women.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jul-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Ames Laboratory Scientists Receive DOE Award to Help Commercialize Promising Technology

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Ames Laboratory senior metallurgist Iver Anderson and postdoctoral research associate Emma White have been awarded a $325,000 grant from the DOE’s Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF).

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Jul-2016 2:00 PM EDT

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First Discovery From 'New Riversleigh' -- a New Extinct Carnivorous Marsupial

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A new species of extinct flesh-eating marsupial that terrorised Australia's drying forests about 5 million years ago has been identified from a fossil discovered in remote northwestern Queensland.

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Unusual New Zoantharian Species Is the First Described Solitary Species in Over 100 Years

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A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus.

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Virginia Tech Awarded $2.5 Million From NSF to Advance Future Wireless Technologies

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The National Science Foundation has awarded more than $2.5 million in research funding to Wireless@Virginia Tech, aligning with the recently announced White House initiative on advanced wireless research in efforts to provide faster wireless networks.

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Nottingham Researchers Show Novel Technique That Can ‘Taste’ DNA

Scientists at The University of Nottingham have demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to selectively sequence fragments of DNA in real time, greatly reducing the time needed to analyse biological samples.

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Salad Days – Tomatoes That Last Longer and Still Taste Good

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The precise mechanisms involved in tomato softening have remained a mystery until now. Research led by Graham Seymour, Professor of Plant Biotechnology in the School of Biosciences at The University of Nottingham, has identified a gene that encodes an enzyme which plays a crucial role in controlling softening of the tomato fruit.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Jul-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Jul-2016 5:00 PM EDT

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Geospatial Expert Available to Comment on Greenhouse Gas Inventories

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