Feature Channels: Addiction

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 2:05 PM EDT
New Diagnostic Method May Predict Relapse Risk for Those Recovering from Prescription Opioid Addiction
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers scientists have used a diagnostic technique for the first time in the opioid addiction field that they believe has the potential to determine which opioid-addicted patients are more likely to relapse.

14-Jun-2021 9:45 AM EDT
Primary Care-based Resources Can Successfully Address Alcohol-use Problems
Research Society on Alcoholism

Few patients with alcohol-use problems who might benefit from either pharmacotherapy or specialized addiction treatment typically receive care. That may now change owing to a pilot study which examined the feasibility of providing a real-time video consultation resource in primary care. The study’s findings will be shared at the 44th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA), which will be held virtually this year from the 19th - 23rd of June 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Released: 14-Jun-2021 1:30 PM EDT
Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs superior to codeine for managing outpatient postoperative pain
Canadian Medical Association (CMA)

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen provide better pain control and have fewer adverse effects than codeine, a commonly prescribed opioid, when prescribed after outpatient surgery, according to new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) https://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.201915.

Released: 14-Jun-2021 12:45 PM EDT
UIC Research Identifies Potential Pathways to Treating Alcohol Use Disorder, Depression
University of Illinois at Chicago

A discovery from researchers at the University of Illinois Chicago may lead to new treatments for individuals who suffer from alcohol use disorder and depression. The study, “Transcriptomics identifies STAT3 as a key regulator of hippocampal gene expression and anhedonia during withdrawal from chronic alcohol exposure,” is published in the journal Translational Psychiatry by researchers at UIC’s Center for Alcohol Research in Epigenetics.

Released: 10-Jun-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Beyond Remission: From Alcohol Dependence to Optimal Mental Health
University of Toronto

New research published online in the journal Substance Use & Misuse is good news for those struggling with alcohol dependence: the possibility of ending this dependency gets easier with age.

Newswise: Researchers Test Model to Predict Drug Overdose Deaths in U.S.
Released: 10-Jun-2021 10:40 AM EDT
Researchers Test Model to Predict Drug Overdose Deaths in U.S.
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at UC San Diego, San Diego State University, and international collaborators have designed and validated a prediction model to signal counties at risk of future overdose death outbreaks.

Released: 9-Jun-2021 4:15 PM EDT
Predisposition to Addiction May Be Genetic
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

People who have a high sensation-seeking personality trait may be more likely to develop an addiction to cocaine, according to a Rutgers study.

Released: 3-Jun-2021 10:50 AM EDT
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Announces Fifth Class of Bloomberg Fellows
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The Bloomberg American Health Initiative at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health announces its 2021 cohort of Bloomberg Fellows.

27-May-2021 6:30 PM EDT
A Technique for Regulating Emotion May be Effective in Disrupting Compulsive Cocaine Addiction, a Mount Sinai Study Has Found
Mount Sinai Health System

An emotion regulation strategy known as cognitive reappraisal helped reduce the typically heightened and habitual attention to drug-related cues and contexts in cocaine-addicted individuals, a study by Mount Sinai researchers has found.

Released: 27-May-2021 11:25 AM EDT
Why is it so hard to withdraw from some antidepressants?
University of Illinois at Chicago

Researchers at the University of Illinois Chicago are a step closer to discovering why it is so difficult for people to withdraw from some antidepressant medications.  The paper “Antidepressants produce persistent Gαs associated signaling changes in lipid rafts following drug withdrawal,” published in the journal Molecular Pharmacology, addresses the molecular and cellular mechanisms that cause antidepressant withdrawal syndrome.

Released: 24-May-2021 10:20 AM EDT
AANA Joins Bipartisan Congressional Movement to Expand Use of Non-Opioid Pain Management
American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)

o help increase access to the availability of non-opioid pain management treatments, the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) supports the recent introduction of the Non-Opioids Prevent Addiction in the Nation (NOPAIN) Act introduced by U.S. Rep. Terri Sewell (D-AL), along with Reps. David McKinley (R-WV), Ann Kuster (D-NH), and Brian Fitzpatrick (R-PA). The Senate version of this legislation (S. 589) was previously introduced.

Released: 21-May-2021 9:55 AM EDT
A treatment barrier falls, but more remain, for people with opioid issues
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Now that a key policy regarding prescription of a medication for opioid use disorder has been changed, experts reflect on the remaining challenges standing in the way of more people getting effective medication-assisted treatment, and discuss efforts to overcome those barriers.

Newswise: Older Adults with Functional Impairments Linked to Prescription Drug Use/Misuse
Released: 20-May-2021 11:20 AM EDT
Older Adults with Functional Impairments Linked to Prescription Drug Use/Misuse
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that functional impairments among adults aged 50 and older are associated with a higher risk of medical cannabis use; and prescription opioid and tranquilizer/sedative use and misuse.

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Released: 19-May-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Single fingerprint at a crime scene detects class A drug usage
University of Surrey

The latest findings show that with clever science, a single fingerprint left at a crime scene could be used to determine whether someone has touched or ingested class A drugs.

Released: 17-May-2021 4:20 PM EDT
New study of how US recreational cannabis legalization could change illegal drug markets
Society for the Study of Addiction

A study published in the scientific journal Addiction provides the most comprehensive evidence to date of the association between recreational cannabis laws (RCLs) in US states and responses in the illegal markets for cannabis, heroin, and other drugs in those states.

Released: 17-May-2021 2:00 PM EDT
Civil commitment for substance use disorder treatment – What do addiction medicine specialists think?
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Amid the rising toll of opioid overdoses and deaths in the U.S., several states are considering laws enabling civil commitment for involuntary treatment of patients with substance use disorders (SUDs). Most addiction medicine physicians support civil commitment for SUD treatment – but others strongly oppose this approach, reports a survey study in Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

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Released: 14-May-2021 11:50 AM EDT
Virtual reality warps your sense of time
University of California, Santa Cruz

Grayson Mullen was playing a virtual reality game at a friend’s house when, suddenly, he noticed that something very strange was happening.

Released: 14-May-2021 11:25 AM EDT
Access to overdose-reversing drugs declined during pandemic, researchers find
Beth Israel Lahey Health

In a new study, clinician-researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) analyzed naloxone prescription trends during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and compared them to trends in opioid prescriptions and to overall prescriptions.

Newswise: Researchers Find Link Between ABCB1 Gene and Long-Term Opioid Use
10-May-2021 9:20 AM EDT
Researchers Find Link Between ABCB1 Gene and Long-Term Opioid Use
American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA)

In a study of hundreds of patients undergoing total knee or hip replacement, researchers identified a gene called ABCB1 that may predict long-term pain and opioid use.

10-May-2021 10:20 AM EDT
Model Pinpoints Predictive Factors for Long-Term Opioid Use
American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA)

Researchers have developed a statistical model to predict the use of long-term opioids after total joint replacement.

10-May-2021 12:40 PM EDT
‘Opioid treatment deserts’ abound, study finds
Ohio State University

Neighborhoods without opioid treatment providers likely serve as a widespread barrier to care for those who are ready to seek help, a new study has found. Nearby access, including by public transit, is essential to treatment success, researchers say.

Newswise: Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain
Released: 11-May-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain
University of Washington School of Medicine

Researchers successfully used a protein called parapinopsin to turn off brain circuits. This protein is found in lamprey – an ancient lineage of jawless fish similar to eel. Researchers said the ability to inhibit neurons could eventually lead to turning off mood disorders and unwanted behaviors like depression and addiction.

Newswise: New study examines neighborhood and social network's relation to binge drinking among adults
Released: 7-May-2021 3:20 PM EDT
New study examines neighborhood and social network's relation to binge drinking among adults
Indiana University

Study examines how neighborhood and social network characteristics relate to adult binge drinking.

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Released: 3-May-2021 2:50 PM EDT
WashU Expert: FDA menthol ban would benefit Black, younger Americans
Washington University in St. Louis

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s proposed ban on menthol-flavored cigarettes and all flavored cigars could be particularly beneficial for Black and young people, says an expert on tobacco control at Washington University in St. Louis.“Around 80% of adult Black smokers and more than half of people age 18-34 use menthol brands,” said Todd Combs, research assistant professor at the Brown School who works on the Advancing Science & Practice in the Retail Environment (ASPiRE) project, which uses agent-based modeling to test the potential impact of retail tobacco policies.

Released: 3-May-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Need to vent? Turn to real-life support, not social media
Michigan State University

Social media may make it easier for people to engage online, but I does not provide certain benefits of real-life human interactions, says a Michigan State University researcher.

Newswise: PsychLight Sensor to Enable Discovery of New Psychiatric Drugs
Released: 28-Apr-2021 12:35 PM EDT
PsychLight Sensor to Enable Discovery of New Psychiatric Drugs
UC Davis Health

UC Davis researchers develop PsychLight, a sensor that could be used in discovering new treatments for mental illness, in neuroscience research and to detect drugs of abuse.

Released: 27-Apr-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Impact of COVID-19 on racial-ethnic minorities among persons with opioid use disorder
University of Connecticut

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted health disparities for people of color, who have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic.

Released: 26-Apr-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Two Novel Biobanks Offer Investigatory Targets for Cocaine and Oxycodone Addiction
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers have created to novel biobanks of diverse tissues from animals to further explore the biological bases and consequences of addiction to cocaine and oxycodone.

Newswise: Cannabis Use Disorder Rate Rose among Pregnant Women between 2001-2012
20-Apr-2021 2:20 PM EDT
Cannabis Use Disorder Rate Rose among Pregnant Women between 2001-2012
University of California San Diego Health

Babies born to mothers diagnosed with cannabis use disorder are more likely to experience negative health outcomes, such as preterm birth and low birth weight, than babies born to mothers without a cannabis use disorder diagnosis, report UC San Diego researchers.

Newswise: IU researchers tackle the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance
Released: 22-Apr-2021 9:25 AM EDT
IU researchers tackle the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance
Indiana University

IU researchers tackle the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance and find accessing county and municipal laws challenging in Indiana.

Released: 20-Apr-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Efforts to reduce opioid prescriptions may be hindering end-of-life pain management
Oregon State University

Policies designed to prevent the misuse of opioids may have the unintended side effect of limiting access to the pain-relieving drugs by terminally ill patients nearing the end of their life, new research led by the Oregon State University College of Pharmacy suggests.

Released: 15-Apr-2021 4:00 PM EDT
June 2021 Issue of AJPH Comprises the Effects of COVID-19 on Drug Overdoses, E-cigarette Use, and Public Health Measures and Strategies
American Public Health Association (APHA)

June 2021 AJPH Issue highlights COVID-19 concerns in relation to fatal drug overdoses, drops in youth e-cigarette use, importance of public health measures, and strategies to protect correctional staff.

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Released: 15-Apr-2021 3:20 PM EDT
COVID-19 reduces access to opioid dependency treatment for new patients
Princeton University

COVID-19 has been associated with increases in opioid overdose deaths, which may be in part because the pandemic limited access to buprenorphine, a treatment used for opioid dependency, according to a new study led by Princeton University researchers.

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Released: 14-Apr-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Scientists put the stopwatch on cannabis intoxication
University of Sydney

A comprehensive analysis of 80 scientific studies has identified a 'window of impairment' of between three and 10 hours caused by moderate to high doses of the intoxicating component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Newswise: IU study finds efforts to increase nurse practitioners prescribing buprenorphine falls short
Released: 12-Apr-2021 11:05 AM EDT
IU study finds efforts to increase nurse practitioners prescribing buprenorphine falls short
Indiana University

Since 2016, a federal regulation has allowed nurse practitioners and physician assistants to obtain a waiver to prescribe buprenorphine, a medication used to treat opioid use disorder as a medication assisted treatment.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 12:50 PM EDT
Pandemic-Related Anxiety Associated with Women Drinking More
Iowa State University

In a new study, nearly two-thirds of female participants reported drinking more since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, including increases in daily drinking, drinking earlier in the day, and binge drinking.

1-Apr-2021 2:00 PM EDT
Medication Access for Opioid Use Disorder Lower Among Those Involved with Criminal Justice System
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Among people with opioid use disorder (OUD), more than half have reported contact with the criminal justice system. A new study published today in Health Affairs reveals that Medicaid expansion is associated with substantial improvements in access to medications for OUD. However, the study also reveals that individuals referred for treatment by the criminal justice system were substantially less likely to receive medications for OUD as part of the treatment plan.

Released: 30-Mar-2021 10:40 AM EDT
Researchers find large trade of opioids on the dark web
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

A string of opioid trade sites on the dark web have been uncovered by researchers with The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Biomedical Informatics.

Released: 25-Mar-2021 2:55 PM EDT
Carrying Naloxone Can Save Lives but Newly Abstinent Opioid Users Resist
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego School of Medicine researchers report that opioid users who participated in a 12-step abstinence program and recently stopped using drugs refused to take home naloxone, even if having it on hand might save lives.

23-Mar-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Text Message Program Shows 60 Percent of Opioid Tablets Unused After Common Procedures
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A Penn Medicine new study of how text messaging could inform opioid prescribing practices showed that 60 percent of opioids are left over after orthopaedic and urologic procedures

Newswise: Starting Smoking Cessation in Hospitalized Patients Would Reduce Many Premature Deaths
Released: 25-Mar-2021 8:30 AM EDT
Starting Smoking Cessation in Hospitalized Patients Would Reduce Many Premature Deaths
Florida Atlantic University

Each year in the U.S., about 30 million hospitalizations occur in individuals 18 and older. Of these, more than 7 million are current cigarette smokers whose average hospital stay is several days. Researchers say that starting smoking cessation therapy during hospitalization and maintaining high adherence post-discharge can markedly improve permanent quit rates in these patients with minimal to no side effects. Cessation therapy also should include long-term counseling and at least 90 days of a prescription drug, specifically, varenicline.

Newswise: Initiative to Get COVID-19 Vaccines to People with Substance Use Disorder Launched by Addiction Policy Forum (APF) and Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE)
Released: 23-Mar-2021 3:10 PM EDT
Initiative to Get COVID-19 Vaccines to People with Substance Use Disorder Launched by Addiction Policy Forum (APF) and Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE)
Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts and Addiction Policy Forum

The Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE) and the Addiction Policy Forum (APF) are launching a program to assist people with substance use disorder obtain COVID-19 vaccinations.

Released: 18-Mar-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Arkansas Society of Anesthesiologists and American Society of Anesthesiologists Applaud Arkansas Senate Public Health Committee on Passing SB 505 Giving Protection to Patients Prescribed Opioids
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

The Arkansas Society of Anesthesiologists (ARSA) and the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) today applaud bill sponsor Sen. Cecile Bledsoe and the Arkansas Senate Public Health, Labor and Welfare Committee for helping to ensure the safety of patients prescribed opioids. Arkansas State Drug Director Kirk Lane and Jonathan Goree, M.D., a physician anesthesiologist and pain medicine specialist, testified for the bill.


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