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Released: 19-May-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Medication treatment of pediatric psychiatric disorders reduces the later onset of substance use problems
Massachusetts General Hospital

One half of psychiatric and substance use disorders start by the age of 18; three-quarters by age 24.

Released: 17-May-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Stress could make us more likable, and other Behavioral Science news tips
Newswise

Here are some of the latest articles added to the Behavioral Science channel on Newswise.

Released: 17-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
University Hospitals and UC Irvine Announce New Co-Leadership of BraveNet, a Practice-Based Integrative Medicine Research Network
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

University Hospitals (UH) Connor Whole Health and Susan Samueli Integrative Health Institute (SSIHI) at University of California, Irvine have joined in collaboration to lead BraveNet -- the first and largest whole health, practice-based research network in the U.S.

Released: 16-May-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Global study assesses teen vaping
Wiley

In a study published in Addiction that analyzed 2015–2018 information from 47 countries, approximately 1 in 12, or 8.6%, of adolescents reported vaping in the past 30 days. Countries with higher tobacco taxes tended to have higher adolescent vaping.

Released: 16-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Diverted Buprenorphine May Help Prepare People With Opioid-Use Disorder for Treatment
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

People addicted and dependent on opioids who used buprenorphine not prescribed by a physician at the time they enter a treatment center are more likely to remain in treatment for opioid use disorder, according to a Rutgers study.

Released: 16-May-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Diverted Buprenorphine May Help Prepare People With Opioid-Use Disorder for Treatment
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

New research finds people who were using buprenorphine obtained without a prescription were more likely to remain in treatment for opioid-use disorder, underscoring need to expand access to this medication.

Released: 12-May-2022 1:20 PM EDT
Smokers Who Switch to E-Cigarettes May Adopt Other Healthy Routines
University of Washington

A University of Washington study of adult smokers finds that those who switch to vaping some or all of the time may adopt other healthy behaviors.

Newswise: Medication that lowers risk of overdose underused
9-May-2022 4:30 PM EDT
Medication that lowers risk of overdose underused
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Saint Louis University found that less than half of Americans who received treatment for opioid use disorder over a five-year period were offered a potentially lifesaving medication. The numbers were even lower for those with what’s known as polysubstance use disorder — when opioid users also misuse other substances.

Released: 10-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Opioid Industry Archive Releases 1.4 Million Documents from Leading Opioid Maker Implicated in Drug Crisis
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Documents in the archive reveal the many ways opioid litigation defendants sought to increase sales of drugs they knew to be addictive and deadly.

4-May-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Program Issuing Mailed Kits Doubles Rate of Leftover Opioids Disposal
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Study finds that patients of orthopaedic and urologic procedures were more likely to dispose of their extra opioid tablets when they received kits in the mail to do so

Released: 5-May-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Penn Medicine, Philadelphia Department of Public Health Partner to Increase Virtual Care for Patients with Opioid Use Disorder
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Through a collaboration, a virtual “bridge clinic” will expand access to more extensive and personalized care for patients struggling with opioid use

Newswise: New UCI study reveals brain circuit responsible for cocaine withdrawal-induced anxiety and relapse-related behavior
Released: 3-May-2022 1:55 PM EDT
New UCI study reveals brain circuit responsible for cocaine withdrawal-induced anxiety and relapse-related behavior
University of California, Irvine

New research from the University of California, Irvine, finds that drug withdrawal-induced anxiety and reinstatement of drug seeking behaviors are controlled by a single pathway in the brain and centered around dopamine cells.

Released: 28-Apr-2022 2:10 PM EDT
FDA Action to Remove Menthol-Flavored Cigarettes Improves Health Equity, Says American Thoracic Society
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Today, the FDA announced its decision to “prohibit menthol as a characterizing flavor in cigarettes and all characterizing flavors in cigars.”

Released: 26-Apr-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Just over half of Michigan pharmacies offer overdose-fighting naloxone without prescription
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Despite the ability of any Michigan pharmacy to dispense medication to combat opioid overdose without writing prescriptions, slightly more than half of pharmacies in the state offer the drug in such a way.

Released: 20-Apr-2022 12:30 PM EDT
Witnessing parental domestic violence in childhood linked to mental illness in adulthood
University of Toronto

A new study from the University of Toronto found that one-fifth (22.5%) of adults who were exposed to chronic parental domestic violence during childhood developed a major depressive disorder at some point in their life.

Newswise: Project INTEGRA gives former opioid user purpose on his road to recovery
Released: 18-Apr-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Project INTEGRA gives former opioid user purpose on his road to recovery
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Frank Williams was raised in the church playing the keyboard, but by the age of 13, he was introduced to illegal substances and began selling marijuana by his freshman year of high school. A decade later, Williams was selling heroin and slowly became addicted to the substance through what he called a “shake habit” — which is when the substance seeps into your pores from touching it so much.

Newswise: University of Kentucky Experts Share Their Work Combating Nation’s Opioid Crisis at 2022 Rx Summit
Released: 18-Apr-2022 2:30 PM EDT
University of Kentucky Experts Share Their Work Combating Nation’s Opioid Crisis at 2022 Rx Summit
University of Kentucky

University of Kentucky experts on the front lines of the nation’s opioid and addiction crises will share their work in the field of opioid use disorder research, treatment and prevention this week at the 2022 Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit in Atlanta April 18-22.

Newswise: E-cigarettes Alter Inflammatory State of Brain, Heart, Lungs and Colon
Released: 12-Apr-2022 4:10 PM EDT
E-cigarettes Alter Inflammatory State of Brain, Heart, Lungs and Colon
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego study shows chronic JUUL use leads to inflammatory changes across the body, and may affect organs’ response to infection; results depend on e-cigarette flavor.

Released: 11-Apr-2022 10:45 AM EDT
Programs to reduce opioid use after urologic surgery work – Especially when led by physicians
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Current evidence supports the effectiveness of interventions to reduce prescribing of opioid pain medications after urologic surgery, concludes a research review and meta-analysis in The Journal of Urology®, an Official Journal of the American Urological Association (AUA). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 5-Apr-2022 3:55 PM EDT
The latest news on clinical trials is here on Newswise
Newswise

Here are some of the latest articles that have been added to the Clinical Trials channel on Newswise.

31-Mar-2022 10:35 AM EDT
The Hidden Cost of Firearm Injuries
Harvard Medical School

Gunshot survivors experience serious increases in mental health disorders, substance use disorders, and pain in the year following a firearm injury Survivors’ family members also experience a rise in mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD in the year after loved ones’ injuries

30-Mar-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Majority of adolescents with severe substance use disorder don't grow out of it
University of Michigan

While it's estimated that 1 in 3 Americans will develop a substance use disorder in their lifetime, experts know little about the long-term outcomes for people with substance use disorder symptoms from adolescence through adulthood.

Released: 31-Mar-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Northeastern University and Copernicus Therapeutics, Inc. Awarded $14.7 Million NIDA/NIH Grant to Develop a Gene Therapy Approach for Treating Opioid Use Disorder
Copernicus Therapeutics

Dr. Barbara Waszczak, Professor of Pharmacology at Northeastern University's Bouvé College of Health Sciences, is the Principal Investigator and Project Director for the grant.

Newswise: Under 6 Percent of Criminal Justice Cases Get Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Released: 30-Mar-2022 8:30 AM EDT
Under 6 Percent of Criminal Justice Cases Get Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Florida Atlantic University

A study of a nationally representative database of 105,988 admissions referred to treatment by the criminal justice system who reported heroin or other opiate as their primary, secondary, or tertiary substance used showed that fewer than 6 percent of cases received opioid agonist treatment as part of the treatment plan. Those with daily substance use, comorbid psychiatric problems, prior treatment, females, Latinos, and those who were older and those who were living independently were more likely to receive this treatment, as were those living in the Northeast and with government health insurance.

Newswise: Iowa State researcher leads emerging field of trauma-informed environmental design
Released: 29-Mar-2022 3:25 PM EDT
Iowa State researcher leads emerging field of trauma-informed environmental design
Iowa State University

An Iowa State University researcher is an innovator in an emerging field: trauma-informed environmental design, in which designers work to understand their clients deeply and how their life experiences affect how they experience various environments today in order to better serve them in the design process.

Released: 24-Mar-2022 5:25 PM EDT
Therapy Can Support Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Receiving psychosocial and behavioral therapy alongside medications for opioid use disorder leads to better treatment engagement and continuity, according to Rutgers researchers.

22-Mar-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Only 1 in 4 People Needing Treatment Received Medication for Opioid Use Disorder in Past Year
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Despite strong evidence that medication is the most effective treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD), adolescents and most adults who might benefit from OUD treatment report no medication use, according to a study by researchers at the Rutgers School of Public Health and Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health.

Released: 22-Mar-2022 10:25 AM EDT
Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE) Announces $10.9 Million in New Grants to Prevent Opioid and Substance Use Disorder in Vulnerable Children and Families
Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE)

The Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts, a private 501(c)(3) national grant-making foundation focused on ending the nation’s opioid crisis, today announced nine new grants totaling $10.9 million over three years to fund prevention programs for vulnerable children and families across the country.

Released: 11-Mar-2022 12:05 PM EST
New UCI-led study finds links between circadian rhythms, metabolism and addiction
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., March 11, 2022 — A new University of California, Irvine-led study establishes important conceptual connections between the fields of circadian rhythms, metabolism, and addiction. Going beyond current studies on substance use disorders, which focus on the impact of addictive drugs on the brain, this new research highlights an existing connection between specific neurons and peripheral organs.

Released: 11-Mar-2022 10:30 AM EST
Addressing the Need to Train Primary Care Providers to Treat Opioid Use Disorder
Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE)

With overdoses at a record high, there's an urgent need to expand the capacity for primary care providers to treat people with opioid use disorder. Programs in Alabama and North Carolina have developed effective models for training primary care providers to provide life-saving treatment for OUD. Read about it in an Issue Brief from the Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE).

Released: 10-Mar-2022 3:15 PM EST
Study: School Clinicians Need More Training in Opioid Misuse Interventions
University at Albany, State University of New York

A new study finds that school-based health center providers lack the training and confidence to successfully deliver opioid misuse interventions.

2-Mar-2022 1:35 PM EST
Combination treatment is effective for treating smokers who drink heavily
University of Chicago Medical Center

A study on smokers who drink heavily finds that a combination treatment of the drug varenicline and nicotine replacement therapy is more effective for smoking cessation, and that efforts to quit smoking can indirectly lead to reduced drinking rates.

Newswise: Black overdose death rate exceeds white rate in U.S. for first time in 20 years
Released: 2-Mar-2022 3:45 PM EST
Black overdose death rate exceeds white rate in U.S. for first time in 20 years
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

In 2020, the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, the rate of drug overdose deaths among Black Americans surpassed that of whites for the first time since 1999 — a sharp reversal of the situation a decade earlier, when rates were twice as high for whites as for Blacks.

Released: 28-Feb-2022 8:05 AM EST
Why are Fentanyl Deaths Rising?
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

A Rutgers expert discusses the rise of fentanyl deaths nationwide—and how they can be averted

Released: 15-Feb-2022 5:05 PM EST
Commission on opioid crisis calls for urgent changes in marketing pharmaceuticals, managing care
Carnegie Mellon University

In the last 25 years, the United States and Canada have experienced an increasingly devastating opioid crisis that has cost more lives than World War I and II combined, with the cost to the United States alone estimated at $1 trillion.

Released: 15-Feb-2022 1:30 PM EST
Study of LSD Microdosing Doesn't Show a Therapeutic Effect
University of Chicago Medical Center

Research at the University of Chicago has found that while taking small amounts of the psychedelic drug LSD — a practice known as “microdosing” — appears to be safe, it does not appear to significantly affect mood or cognitive function.

Newswise: Complicating the Opioid Epidemic: The Many Faces of Fentanyl
Released: 11-Feb-2022 12:00 AM EST
Complicating the Opioid Epidemic: The Many Faces of Fentanyl
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL scientists are protecting first responders and others by expanding what’s known about fentanyl, the driver of the opioid epidemic. They’re expanding the library of known fentanyl analogs and predicting new forms that might exist someday.

Newswise: Alcohol Use Linked to Lower Connectivity in Brain Areas that Process Emotions
Released: 8-Feb-2022 12:45 PM EST
Alcohol Use Linked to Lower Connectivity in Brain Areas that Process Emotions
University of California San Diego Health

People at risk of developing alcohol use disorder show lower functional connectivity between brain regions involved in processing facial expressions. Future psychoeducation programs focused on improving social and emotional processing may help prevent alcohol use disorder.

4-Feb-2022 10:00 AM EST
Overdose Deaths Caused by Opioids in Combination with Stimulants Hit Black Communities the Hardest
NYU Langone Health

In the first study of its kind, researchers from NYU Grossman School of Medicine and Wake Forest University School of Medicine analyzed the trend of rising opioid/stimulant deaths by racial/ethnic groups and by state. Findings indicated that while overdose deaths from opioids and stimulants rose across all racial groups and across the country, opioid/stimulant deaths among Black Americans increased at more than three times the rate as non-Hispanic white people—particularly in eastern states.

Newswise: Adoption of E-cigarettes for Smoking Cessation in 2017 Low and Ineffective
4-Feb-2022 12:25 PM EST
Adoption of E-cigarettes for Smoking Cessation in 2017 Low and Ineffective
University of California San Diego

Smokers were not early adopters of high nicotine e-cigarettes as cessation aids despite the rapid growth of sales of these products in 2017, report Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science at University of California San Diego researchers.

Released: 4-Feb-2022 12:05 PM EST
New 10-year analysis indicates 48.9% increase in opioid-related hospital admissions
SAGE Publications UK

A new analysis of hospital patient data in England over 10 years, published by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, shows opioid-related admissions increased by 48.9 per cent, from 10,805 admissions in 2008 to 16,091 admissions in 2018, with total treatment costs of £137 million.

31-Jan-2022 9:10 AM EST
Men with sex addiction may have elevated levels of the “love hormone”
Endocrine Society

Men with hypersexual disorder may have higher levels of oxytocin in their blood than men without the disorder, according to a small study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Released: 1-Feb-2022 10:00 AM EST
Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE) Announces $4.8 Million in New Grants to Support Innovative Solutions to the Opioid and Overdose Crisis
Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts (FORE)

The Foundation for Opioid Response Efforts is announcing 11 new grants totaling $4.8 million to support innovative solutions to some of the opioid crisis’ most challenging problems.

Newswise:Video Embedded study-examines-years-of-life-lost-for-adolescents-young-adults-to-unintentional-drug-overdose
VIDEO
28-Jan-2022 5:00 PM EST
Study Examines Years Of Life Lost For Adolescents, Young Adults To Unintentional Drug Overdose
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

In a first-ever study, researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and College of Medicine examined the unintentional drug overdose mortality in Years of Life Lost among adolescents and young people in the United States. Study findings are published online in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.

Released: 26-Jan-2022 1:45 PM EST
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