Feature Channels: Addiction

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Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:15 PM EDT
How vaping companies are using Instagram to market to young people
Aalto University

E-cigarettes are highly addictive nicotine products with unclear health impacts, particularly on young people. Instagram is a visual social media platform which is wildly popular, particularly with young people

Released: 1-Jul-2020 2:05 PM EDT
New study confirms high prevalence of depression during the menopause transition
North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Depression has been shown to be prevalent during menopause, affecting as many as 70% of women transitioning into menopause

29-Jun-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Barriers to addiction care fell because of COVID-19, experts say; now the challenge is keeping them down
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

The opioid epidemic didn’t go away when the coronavirus pandemic began. But rapid changes in regulations and guidance could also help many more people get care for addiction, experts say. They caution that it will take more changes to truly lower barriers that stand in the way of delivering evidence-based addiction care to more people via telemedicine.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 9:55 AM EDT
Clearing the Air on E-Cigarettes
University of Kansas Cancer Center

Researchers at The University of Kansas Cancer Center are studying vaping to better understand its effects on our health, as well as reduce vaping among adolescents.

Newswise: Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Released: 18-Jun-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Johns Hopkins Medicine Media Relations is focused on disseminating current, accurate and useful information to the public via the media. As part of that effort, we are distributing our “COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins” every Tuesday throughout the duration of the outbreak.

12-Jun-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Not All Is Lost for Alcohol Relapsers: Low Risk Drinking and Abstinence Have Similar Effects on Brain Health Measures After Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder
Research Society on Alcoholism

A study published in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research provides support for treatment goals based on reducing drinking, and not necessarily stopping completely, for people recovering from alcohol use disorder (AUD). AUD is linked to damaging reductions in the gray and white matter of certain brain regions. This tissue loss, particularly in the frontal brain lobes, can contribute to cognitive deficits and may increase the risk of relapse following treatment. In people with AUD who quit alcohol completely, brain tissue volumes can increase quite dramatically during abstinence, in parallel to cognitive improvements. Complete abstinence is also associated with improvements in general health and quality of life - therefore abstinence is the usual goal of treatment for AUD.

Released: 16-Jun-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Roth Leads $26.9 Million Project to Create Better Psychiatric Medications
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, a team of internationally acclaimed researchers led by UNC School of Medicine’s Bryan L. Roth, MD, PhD, aims to create new medications to effectively and rapidly treat depression, anxiety, and substance abuse without major side effects.

12-Jun-2020 1:00 AM EDT
Study Finds Evidence That Loneliness Makes It Harder to Quit Smoking
University of Bristol

In a study published today (15 June 2020) in Addiction, University of Bristol researchers have found evidence for a causal link between prolonged experience of loneliness and smoking.

Newswise: Researchers flush out worrying trend of designer drug use
Released: 15-Jun-2020 8:25 AM EDT
Researchers flush out worrying trend of designer drug use
University of South Australia

In a sign that designer drugs are becoming more prevalent in Australia, synthetic cathinones – commonly known as ‘bath salts’ – have been detected in the nation’s wastewater in the largest study of its kind in the country.

Released: 3-Jun-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Negative emotions cause stronger appetite responses in emotional eaters
Frontiers

Turning to a tub of ice cream after a break-up may be a cliché, but there's some truth to eating in response to negative emotions. Eating serves many functions - survival, pleasure, comfort, as well as a response to stress.

Newswise: Tulane social work professor awarded grant to reduce substance abuse and violence among Native American families
Released: 2-Jun-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Tulane social work professor awarded grant to reduce substance abuse and violence among Native American families
Tulane University

The $2.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will enable researchers to identify interventions that will lead to a healthier, more resilient Native American community.

26-May-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Older Adults at Higher Risk for Substance Use
New York University

Middle-aged and older adults who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual have higher rates of using certain substances in the past year than those who identify as heterosexual, according to a new study led by researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine and the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU School of Global Public Health.

Released: 1-Jun-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Female college students more affected academically by high alcohol use than men
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Female college students appear to be more affected by high alcohol use than men, which may lead to less interest in academics, according to new research including by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Released: 28-May-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Users of high-potency cannabis four times more likely to report associated problems
University of Bristol

Users of high-potency cannabis are four times more likely to report associated problems, and twice as likely to report anxiety disorder, than users of lower-potency strains, according to new research from the University of Bristol.

Released: 28-May-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Adolescent exposure to anesthetics may cause alcohol use disorder, new research shows
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Early exposure to anesthetics may make adolescents more susceptible to developing alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Newswise: Multi-partner programs serving moms in recovery focus of new UofL study
Released: 26-May-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Multi-partner programs serving moms in recovery focus of new UofL study
University of Louisville Health Science Center

A University of Louisville study will evaluate how health care, public health and social services organizations are working together to improve the health and well-being of individuals served through Freedom House programs in Louisville and Manchester, Ky.Freedom House, operated by Volunteers of America Mid-States (VOAMID), is a residential treatment program for alcohol and/or drug dependent pregnant women and women with young children.

Released: 19-May-2020 9:55 AM EDT
Exposure to TV alcohol ads linked to drinking behavior
Cornell University

New research from Cornell University shows the more alcohol ads someone was exposed to, the more likely they were to report consuming at least one alcoholic drink in the previous month. And among drinkers, exposure to more ads correlated to consuming more drinks.

Newswise: HEALing Communities Strategy Fast-Tracked Due to COVID-19
Released: 14-May-2020 10:25 AM EDT
HEALing Communities Strategy Fast-Tracked Due to COVID-19
University of Kentucky

When Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear announced the early release of some Kentucky inmates due to COVID-19 concerns, the team behind the HEALing Communities Study worked quickly to fast-track one of the evidence-based practices for preventing opioid deaths that was due to launch later this year: the distribution of naloxone to individuals at highest risk for overdose, particularly those being released from local jails.

Released: 13-May-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Job skills training leads to long-term reduction in drug abuse
Ohio State University

Job skills training for low-income youth does more than just help them get better jobs – it makes them significantly less likely than others to use some illicit drugs, even 16 years later.

Newswise: Planting seeds for a safe and healthy society
Released: 11-May-2020 11:35 AM EDT
Planting seeds for a safe and healthy society
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

A new West Virginia University research collaborative is working to address the many challenging conditions facing the state and Appalachia.

Newswise: Grant will fund pilot program to expand opioid use disorder treatment in Alabama
Released: 6-May-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Grant will fund pilot program to expand opioid use disorder treatment in Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham

UAB is launching a pilot program aimed at getting more opioid users into treatment, using telemedicine in three rural counties and emploing the Alabama One Health Record®, a statewide health information exchange, to track outcomes in these patients.

Released: 5-May-2020 2:45 PM EDT
Financial Incentives Boost Doctor Training in Opioid Treatment Medication
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Offering $750 to emergency medicine physicians exponentially increased those trained to prescribe buprenorphine.

Released: 4-May-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Addiction Campuses Launches Vertava Health: Nationwide Virtual Mental Health And Substance Misuse Treatment Platform
Addiction Campuses

Addiction Campuses, a leading provider of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment and recovery services, is proud to announce the launch of Vertava Health, a new nation-wide virtual care mental health and substance misuse treatment platform, offering services via smart mobile devices or personal computers.

Released: 4-May-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Study Shows Need for New Focus in Anti-Vaping Efforts for Teens & Young Adults
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

They know it’s addictive, linked to dangerous lung diseases, and delivers more nicotine than the cigarettes it’s supposed to replace. But the social aspects of vaping drives young people to use e-cigarettes, according to nearly two-thirds of teens and young adults in a new study.

Newswise:Video Embedded drug-overdose-epidemic-is-transmitted-from-old-to-young-study-shows
VIDEO
30-Apr-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Drug Overdose Epidemic is Transmitted from Old to Young, Study Shows
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

The generation a person was born into – Silent Generation, Baby Boomer, Generation X or Millennial – strongly predicts how likely they are to die from a drug overdose, and at what age. Within each generation, there was a steady march toward greater overdose risk at younger ages.

Newswise: Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Released: 30-Apr-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Johns Hopkins Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Johns Hopkins Medicine Media Relations is focused on disseminating current, accurate and useful information to the public via the media. As part of that effort, we are distributing our “COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins” every Tuesday throughout the duration of the outbreak.

Released: 29-Apr-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Nearly One-Third of Primary Care Providers Do Not View Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder as Effective
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A new survey of U.S. primary care physicians from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that nearly one-third, 32.9 percent, do not think treating opioid use disorder with medication is any more effective than treatment without medication.

Released: 28-Apr-2020 5:35 PM EDT
Researchers launch confidential helpline, 833-EMS-INTX, for Texas first responders to find help for substance use disorder
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

First responders in Texas can now call a confidential helpline to seek treatment for substance use and mental health disorders through a new clinical research program at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). The Heroes Helpline comes at a time when first responders are serving on the front lines of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Newswise: Study Reveals Pharmacy-level Barriers to Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Appalachian Kentucky
Released: 28-Apr-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Study Reveals Pharmacy-level Barriers to Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Appalachian Kentucky
University of Kentucky

A new study led by University of Kentucky researcher April Young and Emory University researcher Hannah Cooper shows that a number of pharmacies in the Appalachian region of Kentucky are limiting the dispensing of buprenorphine, a medication used to treat opioid use disorder (OUD).

Newswise: Gut Microbes Influence How Rat Brains React to Opioids
21-Apr-2020 12:15 PM EDT
Gut Microbes Influence How Rat Brains React to Opioids
University of California San Diego Health

Antibiotic treatment — which depletes gut microbes — drastically changes the parts of a rat’s brain that are activated during opioid addiction and withdrawal.

Released: 27-Apr-2020 11:15 AM EDT
Breastfeeding moms’ exposure to nicotine linked to infant skull defect
Ohio State University

Lactating mothers who use e-cigarettes or nicotine replacement therapies may be putting their breastfed babies at risk for skull defects, a new study in animals suggests.

Released: 27-Apr-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Less Addictive Form of Buprenorphine May Help Curb Cocaine Relapse
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

New research performed in mice suggests that chemical modifications to buprenorphine can improve its effectiveness to treat cocaine addiction while minimizing abuse potential.

Newswise: New study could lead to therapeutic interventions to treat cocaine addiction
Released: 22-Apr-2020 3:05 PM EDT
New study could lead to therapeutic interventions to treat cocaine addiction
University of California, Irvine

A new study explains how cocaine modifies functions in the brain revealing a potential target for therapies aimed at treating cocaine addiction. The study was published this week in Cell Reports.

Newswise: COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Released: 21-Apr-2020 12:50 PM EDT
COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas From Johns Hopkins
Johns Hopkins Medicine

For more information about coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from Johns Hopkins Medicine, visit hopkinsmedicine.org/coronavirus. For information on coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from around the Johns Hopkins enterprise, including from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and The Johns Hopkins University, visit coronavirus.jhu.edu.

Newswise: How Tweets May Influence Substance Abuse in Youth
Released: 21-Apr-2020 10:15 AM EDT
How Tweets May Influence Substance Abuse in Youth
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Substance use by youth remains a significant public health concern. While social media provides youth the opportunity to discuss and display substance use-related beliefs and behaviors, little is known about how posting drug-related content, or viewing posted content influences the beliefs and behaviors of youth relative to substance use.

Released: 20-Apr-2020 11:45 AM EDT
Rutgers Expert Discusses How to Manage Chronic Pain, Opioid Addiction During COVID-19
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Many people trying to manage their pain and addiction have lost their support programs due to COVID-19. A Rutgers expert in Emergency Medicine discusses how patients can manage the disease during the coronavirus crisis.

Newswise: Extra Payments Motivate Sobriety and Employment among People Recovering from Addiction
Released: 20-Apr-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Extra Payments Motivate Sobriety and Employment among People Recovering from Addiction
Johns Hopkins Medicine

After a yearlong study of people with opioid dependence, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report evidence that adding $8 an hour to their paychecks may help those in recovery stay drug free longer, as well as encourage them to get and hold regular jobs.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 12:45 PM EDT
New York Nightlife Venues Recruited in Effort to Prevent Overdoses Due to Fentanyl
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Bars and nightclubs are a promising site for efforts to increase awareness of the risk of opioid overdose due to fentanyl-laced cocaine, suggests a study in the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice (JPHMP). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 16-Apr-2020 8:45 AM EDT
无家可归者因在医院接受心脏病的治疗较少,而再入院率较高
Mayo Clinic

无家可归已经成为世界范围内的社会危机和公共卫生问题,影响着各个年龄段的人。大多数无家可归者处于资源匮乏的不利境地,可能拥有或者也可能没有足够的医疗保险。精神疾病和药物滥用是无家可归者群体的常见问题。流落街头的人罹患心脏病的几率很高,但是他们几乎没有能力照顾自己的身体健康。

13-Apr-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Prescribing an overdose: A chapter in the opioid epidemic
Mayo Clinic

Research indicates that widespread opioid overprescribing contributed to the opioid epidemic. New research shows that this dangerous trend has apparently been coupled with another: inappropriate use of high-potency opioids.

Newswise: Large majority of state’s heroin users want to reduce use; syringe programs helping during COVID-19 crisis
10-Apr-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Large majority of state’s heroin users want to reduce use; syringe programs helping during COVID-19 crisis
University of Washington

A new survey of people who inject illicit drugs in the state of Washington yields positive and important findings for policy makers as the world struggles to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, said authors of the survey by the University of Washington and Public Health-Seattle & King County.

8-Apr-2020 10:35 AM EDT
Mount Sinai Researchers Discover a Novel Role for Dopamine That Impacts Gene Expression Related to Cocaine Abuse
Mount Sinai Health System

Scientists at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have discovered a new role for the brain chemical dopamine that is independent of classic neurotransmission. The new role appears to be critical to changes in gene expression related to chronic exposure to, or abuse of, cocaine, according to a study published Friday, April 10, in the journal Science.

Newswise: hal-gatewood-AypaEmWVH8I-unsplash.jpg?mode=fit&width=2592
Released: 9-Apr-2020 1:25 PM EDT
People with substance abuse among the most vulnerable during pandemic
Texas State University

As the COVID-19 pandemic has rattled routines for both urban and rural residents, one group is fighting to gain ground while facing widespread shelter-in-place directives.

Released: 7-Apr-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Hangover drug shows wider benefits in USC research
University of Southern California (USC)

A well-known hangover drug not only helps soothe pounding headaches but also triggers profound changes that protect the liver, USC scientists report in new findings that could help prevent alcohol-related harm.

Released: 7-Apr-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Alleviating Confusion around Pain Management Recommendations
National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

New information from NCCN, ASCO, ASH, CDC, FDA, and others seeks to provide clear guidance on how to optimally manage cancer-related pain without exacerbating the ongoing opioid crisis—published jointly in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and JCO Oncology Practice.

Released: 6-Apr-2020 8:25 AM EDT
Las personas sin hogar que sufren un ataque cardíaco reciben menos tratamiento en el hospital y muestran tasas mayores de reingreso
Mayo Clinic

El sinhogarismo se ha convertido en una crisis social y un problema de la salud pública en todo el mundo y afecta a gente de toda edad. La mayoría de las personas sin hogar están en desventaja porque tienen menos recursos y, posiblemente, no cuentan con un buen seguro de salud.

Released: 3-Apr-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Anterior insula activation restores prosocial behavior in animal model of opioid addiction
Arizona State University (ASU)

Researchers in the Arizona State University Department of Psychology have shown that chemogenetic activation of the anterior insula restores prosocial behavior in an animal model of opioid addiction and empathy. The findings suggest an important role for the anterior insula in the brain response to addiction.

27-Mar-2020 3:20 PM EDT
Students Who Up Their Cannabis Use Face Increased Risk of Alcohol Problems
Research Society on Alcoholism

Cannabis use can worsen some consequences of alcohol use among young adult drinkers over time, according to a new study which tracked the frequency of cannabis use and negative drinking outcomes among college students over three years. More than one in five young drinkers use cannabis, often (but not always) at the same time as drinking alcohol. This is a concern because the effects of cannabis might combine with those of alcohol to increase negative outcomes of drinking, such as impaired driving or developing an alcohol use disorder Although previous research has suggested a link between cannabis use and alcohol consequences, there have been few long-term evaluations of the impact of fluctuations in cannabis use on alcohol consequences over time. The latest study, published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, was conducted by researchers in Toronto, Ontario, and Buffalo, New York.

Newswise: Teen marijuana use boosts risk of adult insomnia
Released: 31-Mar-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Teen marijuana use boosts risk of adult insomnia
University of Colorado Boulder

A new study of more than 1,800 adult twins found that individuals who started using cannabis regularly before age 18 were far more likely to suffer insomnia and sleep fewer than six hours per night as adults.


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