Feature Channels: Gender Issues

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9-Jul-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Black Women Often Ignored by Social Justice Movements
American Psychological Association (APA)

Prospective teachers appear more likely to misperceive Black children as angry than white children, which may undermine the education of Black youth, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Mothers’ paid work suffers during pandemic, study finds
Washington University in St. Louis

New research from Washington University in St. Louis finds early evidence that the pandemic has exacerbated -not improved - the gender gap in work hours, which could have enduring consequences for working mothers.

Newswise: Is COVID-19 widening the gender gap in academic medicine?
Released: 9-Jul-2020 11:35 AM EDT
Is COVID-19 widening the gender gap in academic medicine?
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new study finds that fewer women were first authors on COVID-19-related research papers published in the first half of this year. The findings suggest a worsening gender gap in academic medicine, where women were already underrepresented among authors of medical research.

Newswise: Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Released: 2-Jul-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Johns Hopkins Medicine Media Relations is focused on disseminating current, accurate and useful information to the public via the media. As part of that effort, we are distributing our “COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins” every Tuesday throughout the duration of the outbreak.

Released: 2-Jul-2020 10:10 AM EDT
Gender gaps in STEM college majors emerge in high school
Cornell University

Although studies have shown that women are more likely than men to enter and complete college in U.S. higher education, women are less likely to earn degrees in science, technology, engineering and math fields. In new research, Kim Weeden, the Jan Rock Zubrow ’77 Professor of the Social Sciences in the College of Arts and Sciences at Cornell University, traces the discrepancy in college majors back to gender differences that emerge early in high school.

29-Jun-2020 7:10 AM EDT
Men More Likely than Women to be Seen as Brilliant
New York University

Men are more likely than are women to be seen as “brilliant,” finds a new study measuring global perceptions linked to gender. The work concludes that these stereotyped views are an instance of implicit bias, revealing automatic associations that people cannot, or at least do not, report holding when asked directly.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Even when women outnumber men, gender bias persists among science undergrads
Colorado State University

Increasing gender diversity has been a long-sought goal across many of the sciences, and interventions and programs to attract more women into fields like physics and math often happen at the undergraduate level.

Released: 25-Jun-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Confrontation May Reduce White Prejudices, Rutgers Study Finds
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Confronting a white person who makes a racist or sexist statement can make them reflect on their words and avoid making biased statements about race or gender in the future, Rutgers researchers find.

Newswise: Women Underrepresented in Academic Hospital Medicine Leadership Roles, Study Finds
Released: 25-Jun-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Women Underrepresented in Academic Hospital Medicine Leadership Roles, Study Finds
Johns Hopkins Medicine

In recent years, the number of women who entered U.S. medical school surpassed the number of men. But gender inequities still exist in many areas of medicine. Of academic hospital medicine programs, 79% are run by men, Johns Hopkins researchers report in a new paper published March 3 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, and male hospitalist leaders are more likely to have attained the rank of full professor than women leaders.

Released: 25-Jun-2020 1:10 AM EDT
Are you a hugger? It might be hereditary
University of Arizona

A new study of twins finds that genetics play a significant role in how affectionate women are, but the same can't be said for men.

Released: 24-Jun-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Rutgers Program Elevates Women of Color in the Worker Justice Movement
Rutgers School of Management and Labor Relations (SMLR)

The Rutgers Center for Innovation in Worker Organization (CIWO), with support from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, today expanded a nationwide initiative to elevate more women and people of color—especially women of color—to leadership positions in unions, worker centers, and community-based organizations.

Newswise: UIC named Illinois' best college for LGBTQ students
Released: 22-Jun-2020 11:55 AM EDT
UIC named Illinois' best college for LGBTQ students
University of Illinois at Chicago

The University of Illinois at Chicago has been named Illinois’ best college and university for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students, according to the 2020 edition of rankings from BestColleges, in partnership with Campus Pride.

Newswise:Video Embedded academic-achievement-isn-t-the-reason-there-are-more-men-than-women-majoring-in-physics-engineering-and-computer-science
VIDEO
16-Jun-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Academic Achievement isn’t the Reason There are More Men than Women Majoring in Physics, Engineering and Computer Science
New York University

While some STEM majors have a one-to-one male-to-female ratio, physics, engineering and computer science (PECS) majors consistently have some of the largest gender imbalances among U.S. college majors – with about four men to every woman in the major. In a new study published today in the peer-reviewed research journal, Science, NYU researchers find that this disparity is not caused by higher math or science achievement among men. On the contrary, the scholars found that men with very low high-school GPAs in math and science and very low SAT math scores were choosing these math-intensive majors just as often as women with much higher math and science achievement.

Released: 18-Jun-2020 10:45 AM EDT
Age discrimination laws don’t protect older women as they do older men
University at Buffalo

Older women in the workforce should be considered collectively as a unique demographic group that includes both gender and age if they’re to receive adequate protection against workplace discrimination, according to a new paper published by a University at Buffalo economist.

Newswise: Most Gender Dysphoria Established by Age 7, Study Finds
Released: 16-Jun-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Most Gender Dysphoria Established by Age 7, Study Finds
Cedars-Sinai

Gender dysphoria manifests early in childhood and can persist for years before patients undergo counseling and treatment, a Cedars-Sinai study has found. The findings also reveal that untreated gender dysphoria can result in poor quality of life for transgender people, beginning in childhood and lasting throughout adolescence and adulthood.

Newswise: Weird Science
Released: 8-Jun-2020 8:05 PM EDT
Weird Science
University of South Australia

White lab coats and dangerous experiments all epitomise the ‘mad scientist’ from many a Hollywood blockbuster but, even beyond the silver screen, the stereotype lives on, and according to new research, it could mar the next generation of potential scientists.

Released: 8-Jun-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Racial, Gender Disparities Observed in Heart Transplant Recipients with COVID-19 Infection
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Researchers suggest focusing on disparities to help identify which patients with a heart transplant may be at higher risk for a worse course of COVID-19 infection.

Released: 1-Jun-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Study finds gender differences in active learning classrooms
Cornell University

Men participated more in an active learning course in science, technology, engineering and math, while women reported lower perceptions of their scientific abilities, were more aware of gender identity and more likely to feel judged based on gender, a new Cornell-led study has found.

Released: 1-Jun-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Female college students more affected academically by high alcohol use than men
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Female college students appear to be more affected by high alcohol use than men, which may lead to less interest in academics, according to new research including by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Released: 29-May-2020 3:35 PM EDT
Judges who’ve served with women more likely to hire women
Cornell University

Federal appellate judges are more likely to hire women to prestigious court clerkships after serving on panels with female colleagues, new Cornell research shows.

Released: 27-May-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Study uncovers gender roles in physics lab courses
Cornell University

Men are overrepresented not only in number but in high-ranking positions within the physics community, according to a new study published May 26 in the journal Physics Education Research. A research team led by Katherine Quinn, Ph.D. ’19, and Natasha Holmes, the Ann S. Bowers Assistant Professor of Physics in the College of Arts and Sciences, examined gender roles in undergraduate physics lab classes as a step toward removing systematic gender biases in the field.

Released: 26-May-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Study Finds Gender Disparities in Financial Relationships Between Orthopedic Surgeons and Industry
Hospital for Special Surgery

A new study adds to a growing body of evidence showing gender inequities in payments that surgeons in various specialties receive from industry in the form of royalties, licensing and consulting fees. The latest research, conducted by investigators at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) and other medical institutions, finds such disparities pervasive in the field of orthopedic surgery. This study is available online as part of the AAOS 2020 Virtual Education Experience. The results were also published in The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery in February 2020.

Released: 21-May-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Life at Home During the Pandemic
USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

While many Americans agree that the coronavirus is changing life at home on an unprecedented scale, men and women report significant differences in their views and behavior, according to the first comprehensive study of the social and cultural impact of the pandemic conducted by the USC Center for the Digital Future and the Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB).

Released: 19-May-2020 10:05 AM EDT
Women told more white lies in evaluations than men: study
Cornell University

Women are more likely to be given inaccurate performance feedback, according to new research by Lily Jampol, Ph.D. ’14, and Vivian Zayas, associate professor of psychology in the College of Arts and Sciences, published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Released: 11-May-2020 2:45 PM EDT
Young men most likely to break lockdown rules, mental health study shows
University of Sheffield

More than half of young men aged 19-24 have breached the UK’s lockdown rules by meeting with a group of friends, according to a study showing they are far less compliant than other young people.

Newswise:Video Embedded sex-genes-and-vulnerability
VIDEO
8-May-2020 9:55 AM EDT
Sex, Genes and Vulnerability
Harvard Medical School

New work led by researchers in the Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School and at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard provides a clear genetic explanation behind the long-standing yet mysterious observation that some diseases occur more often, hit harder or elicit different symptoms in men or women.

Newswise: Gender identity plays a role in the amount of pain experienced by individuals with chronic pain
Released: 1-May-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Gender identity plays a role in the amount of pain experienced by individuals with chronic pain
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Gender identity and genetic sex are distinctly variable when it comes to pain tolerance, according to a study published in the Journal of Pain Research.

Released: 29-Apr-2020 2:40 PM EDT
COVID-19 study shows that men have over double the death rate of women
Frontiers

The COVID-19 pandemic has exploded across the globe, leaving healthcare staff, policy makers and ordinary people struggling. We still don't completely understand why some people are more severely affected by the virus than others.

Released: 29-Apr-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Women in IT More Likely To Be Promoted Than Men
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Women are underrepresented in leadership positions throughout the information technology industry. While more and more women are earning degrees in science, technology, engineering, and math — or STEM — fields, they don’t necessarily pursue careers in IT, because they don’t see opportunities for growth. New research from the Lally School of Management at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute published in Information Systems Research examines how gender affects the likelihood of promotions in the context of the IT industry.

20-Apr-2020 8:40 AM EDT
Children Who Hold “Benevolent” Sexist Views are Also Likely to Possess “Hostile” Ones
New York University

Children who hold seemingly positive, “benevolent” views about women are also likely to hold negative ones, a team of psychology researchers has found. Their results also show differences between boys and girls in how these views change over time.

Newswise: Daddy day-care: new-look flexible work options, thanks to pandemic
Released: 16-Apr-2020 8:25 AM EDT
Daddy day-care: new-look flexible work options, thanks to pandemic
University of South Australia

The COVID-19 pandemic is putting flexible work on the table for thousands of fathers as they prove that working from home can be just as viable as working in a traditional office environment.

Newswise: UgPLjutjReB-5ZuBYsC4i8RNPKVxj2uUQrIzxUFgEBwJAI4GkuLtzxULLbH23tQRTihr0T9xPYXOFXCPoY_afP41w_i4AIjp9tcdxFcPe0SaU9DRc_-PnA5BBE10xl-Epp0dK0kR6U9AvoJB18ofwKBk4fy-7t5uzorEpW6qIQl_8DEfD37B-0lt--qSJfBSNxUS1NvSKvZdI9k7-dk=s0-
26-Mar-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Shining a Spotlight on the History of Gender Imbalance in Hollywood
PLOS

A new analysis reveals long-term trends in female representation in the U.S. movie industry, including a sharp decline associated with the “Studio System” era that dominated Hollywood from 1922 to 1950. Luís A. Nunes Amaral of Northwestern University, Illinois, and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on April 1, 2020.

26-Mar-2020 12:10 PM EDT
Transgender teens have high rates of depression, suicidal thoughts
Endocrine Society

Two-thirds of transgender teens have depression, and many also have suicidal thoughts and self-injuring behavior, according to research accepted for presentation at ENDO 2020, the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting, and publication in a special supplemental section of the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

Newswise: The pros and cons of radiotherapy: will it work for you?
Released: 30-Mar-2020 8:45 AM EDT
The pros and cons of radiotherapy: will it work for you?
University of South Australia

Women undergoing radiotherapy for many cancers are more likely than men to be cured, but the side effects are more brutal, according to one of Australia’s most experienced radiation oncology medical physicists.

Released: 25-Mar-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Video game experience, gender may improve VR learning
Cornell University

Students who used immersive virtual reality (VR) did not learn significantly better than those who used two more traditional forms of learning, but they vastly preferred the VR to computer-simulated and hands-on methods, a new Cornell study has found

Released: 25-Mar-2020 10:05 AM EDT
Scientists investigate why females live longer than males
University of Bath

An international team of scientists studying lifespans of wild mammals have found that, just like humans, females tend to live significantly longer than their male counterparts.

Released: 24-Mar-2020 10:15 AM EDT
More men more problems? Not necessarily, FSU study finds
Florida State University

Men are more prone to competitive risk taking and violent behavior, so what happens when the number of men is greater than the number of women in a population?  According to research by Florida State University Professor of Psychology Jon Maner, the answers might not be what you expect.

Released: 10-Mar-2020 10:50 AM EDT
Toxic Masculinity Is Unsafe… for Men
Michigan State University

The belief that “real men” must be strong, tough and independent may be a detriment to their social needs later in life. A study co-authored by a Michigan State University sociologist found that men who endorse hegemonic ideals of masculinity — or “toxic masculinity” — can become socially isolated as they age, impacting their health, well-being and overall happiness.

Released: 5-Mar-2020 10:45 AM EST
Men and Women Live Longer in Countries with Higher Gender Parity
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

In advance of International Women’s Day (Sunday, March 8), new research from the WORLD Policy Analysis Center at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health (WORLD) shows that in countries where gender parity is high, both men and women live longer than in countries where equality is low.

Released: 3-Mar-2020 6:00 AM EST
Gender & Ethnic Diversity Still Lacking in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Professional Ranks
Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Women and members of various ethnic groups are still significantly underrepresented in the medical field of physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), with only 39.23 percent of current residents being women and 10.59 percent identifying as Hispanic or Black. Diversity gaps must be addressed in recruitment efforts in the future, according to a new study presented this week at the Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting in Orlando.

Released: 27-Feb-2020 10:00 AM EST
‘Dramas of desperation’: Book examines naked protest in Africa
Cornell University

In July 2002, hundreds of female protestors in Nigeria occupied properties owned by Chevron Texaco. By threatening to take off their clothes, the women convinced corporate authorities to negotiate with them for better resource management and for environmental justice.

17-Feb-2020 9:20 AM EST
Half of Transgender Youth Have Avoided Disclosing Gender Identity to a Health Care Provider, Study Shows
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Researchers surveyed 153 transgender youths receiving gender-affirming care at a specialty clinic, and even in this relatively "out" population, nearly half reported intentionally hiding their gender identity from a health care provider outside the clinic.

Newswise: Research reveals teachers’ biases when rating first-graders’ academic skills based on learning behavior
Released: 11-Feb-2020 8:45 AM EST
Research reveals teachers’ biases when rating first-graders’ academic skills based on learning behavior
University of Notre Dame

The results of the study suggest that racial and gender biases regarding students’ noncognitive skills affect teachers’ overall perception of students’ academic abilities, a previously overlooked area of consideration.

Newswise: Why males pack a powerful punch
Released: 5-Feb-2020 12:55 PM EST
Why males pack a powerful punch
University of Utah

Elk have antlers. Rams have horns. In the animal kingdom, males develop specialized weapons for competition when winning a fight is critical. Humans do too, according to new research from the University of Utah. Males’ upper bodies are built for more powerful punches than females’, says the study, published in the Journal of Experimental Biology, suggesting that fighting may have long been a part of our evolutionary history.

Released: 3-Feb-2020 12:25 PM EST
Occupational Gender Bias Prevalent in Online Images, Rutgers Study Finds
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers researchers say gender bias and stereotypes corresponding to certain occupations are prevalent on digital and social media platforms.

Released: 30-Jan-2020 2:30 PM EST
Companies Innovate More When Their Boards Include Women
University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Corporate innovation is crucial for value creation. What does that have to do with gender diversity? A new global study shows the real influence and impact of gender diversity on boards; when it comes to greater balance, so come greater innovation outcomes. And the effects may be evident sooner than you think.


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