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Article ID: 706684

Orchards in natural habitats draw bee diversity, improve apple production

Cornell University

Apple orchards surrounded by agricultural lands are visited by a less diverse collection of bee species than orchards surrounded by natural habitats, according to a new Cornell University-led study.

Released:
17-Jan-2019 2:05 PM EST

Article ID: 706653

Fruit fly promiscuity alters the evolutionary forces on males

University of Oxford

Results, published in Nature Communications, have shown that the nature of the evolutionary forces which act on male fruit flies depend on how many mates a females has.

Released:
17-Jan-2019 11:50 AM EST
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Article ID: 706467

Big genome found in tiny forest defoliator

UT Southwestern Medical Center

Drs. Don Gammon and Nick Grishin of UT Southwestern have sequenced the genomes of the European gypsy moth and its even more destructive cousin, the Asian gypsy moth.

Released:
14-Jan-2019 6:05 PM EST

Article ID: 706446

UCI/JPL: Antarctica losing six times more ice mass annually now than 40 years ago

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Monday, Jan. 14, 2019 – Antarctica experienced a sixfold increase in yearly ice mass loss between 1979 and 2017, according to a study published today in  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Glaciologists from the University of California, Irvine, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Netherlands’ Utrecht University additionally found that the accelerated melting caused global sea levels to rise more than half an inch during that time.

Released:
14-Jan-2019 3:05 PM EST

Article ID: 706423

Research reveals strategies for combating science misinformation

Yale School OF Forestry & Environmental Studies

Just as the scientific community was reaching a consensus on the dangerous reality of climate change, the partisan divide on climate change began to widen.

Released:
14-Jan-2019 12:40 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    14-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST

Article ID: 706287

Zip Code or Genetic Code?

Harvard Medical School

• Analysis of insurance records of more than 56,000 twin pairs assesses the influence of genes and environment in 560 diseases • Going beyond the usual one-disease-at-a-time approach, the new method analyzes heritable and environmental factors across hundreds of common conditions • Insights can propel genetic and epidemiological research for a range of diseases, inform clinical decisions, health policy

Released:
10-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 706346

Connection of children to nature brings less distress, hyperactivity and behavioral problems

University of Hong Kong

City lifestyle has been criticised for being an important reason for children being disconnected from nature. This has led to an unhealthy lifestyle in regards to active play and eating habits. Even worse, many young children do not feel well psychologically - they are often stressed and depressed. 16 per cent of pre-schoolers in Hong Kong and up to 22% in China show signs of mental health problems (Kwok SY, Gu M, Cheung AP, 2017; Zhu J, et al. 2017).

Released:
11-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 706201

Beech Trees Are Dying, and Nobody’s Sure Why

Ohio State University

A confounding new disease is killing beech trees in Ohio and elsewhere, and plant scientists are sounding an alarm while looking for an explanation. In a study published in the journal Forest Pathology, researchers and naturalists from The Ohio State University and metroparks in northeastern Ohio report on the emerging “beech leaf disease” epidemic, calling for speedy work to find a culprit so that work can begin to stop its spread.

Released:
9-Jan-2019 10:05 AM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    7-Jan-2019 12:00 AM EST

Article ID: 706006

Meet the world’s most fashionable caterpillars

Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

Scientists at Tufts University have designed special LED “suits” that help them understand how caterpillars crawl. Versace might dress the likes of Shakira and Beyoncé, but Guy Levy designs for a far more unusual – and wriggly – client: the tobacco hornworm caterpillar (Manduca sexta).

Released:
4-Jan-2019 12:05 AM EST
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Article ID: 705963

Melting ice sheets release tons of methane into the atmosphere, study finds

University of Bristol

Melting ice sheets release tons of methane into the atmosphere, study finds The Greenland Ice Sheet emits tons of methane according to a new study, showing that subglacial biological activity impacts the atmosphere far more than previously thought.

Released:
3-Jan-2019 11:40 AM EST

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