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Released: 7-Aug-2020 11:55 AM EDT
COVID recovery choices shape future climate
University of Leeds

A post-lockdown economic recovery plan that incorporates and emphasises climate-friendly choices could help significantly in the battle against global warming, according to a new study.

Newswise: Pinpointing The Cells That Keep The Body’s Master Circadian Clock Ticking
5-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
Pinpointing The Cells That Keep The Body’s Master Circadian Clock Ticking
UT Southwestern Medical Center

DALLAS – Aug. 7, 2020 – UT Southwestern scientists have developed a genetically engineered mouse and imaging system that lets them visualize fluctuations in the circadian clocks of cell types in mice. The method, described online in the journal Neuron, gives new insight into which brain cells are important in maintaining the body’s master circadian clock. But they say the approach will also be broadly useful for answering questions about the daily rhythms of cells throughout the body.

Newswise: Scientists use CRISPR to knock down gene messages early in development
3-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT
Scientists use CRISPR to knock down gene messages early in development
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research in Kansas City, Missouri, and the Andalusian Center of Developmental Biology at Pablo de Olavide University in Seville, Spain, have harnessed the technology to target gene messages (messenger RNA) involved in early vertebrate development.

Newswise: Florida Current is Weaker Now Than at Any Point in the Past Century
Released: 7-Aug-2020 10:50 AM EDT
Florida Current is Weaker Now Than at Any Point in the Past Century
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

A key component of the Gulf Stream has markedly slowed over the past century—that’s the conclusion of a new research paper in Nature Communications published on August 7.

Newswise: New Sugar-based Signature Identifies T Cells Where HIV Hides and Persists Despite Antiretroviral Therapy
Released: 7-Aug-2020 10:30 AM EDT
New Sugar-based Signature Identifies T Cells Where HIV Hides and Persists Despite Antiretroviral Therapy
Wistar Institute

Wistar scientists may have discovered a new way of identifying and targeting hidden HIV viral reservoirs during treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Newswise: 239503_web.jpg
Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:50 AM EDT
New Zealand's Southern Alps glacier melt has doubled
University of Leeds

Glaciers in the Southern Alps of New Zealand have lost more ice mass since pre-industrial times than remains today, according to a new study.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Potentially predictive humoral immune response markers in COVID-19 patients
Massachusetts General Hospital

Galit Alter, PhD, Group Leader at the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and Helen Chu, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington School of Medicine, and UW Medicine physician, have recently published a paper which identifies five immune response markers which, collectively, were able to correctly classify both convalescent COVID-19 patients and those who did not survive the disease

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Study finds parents can help kids eat healthier by knowing their own sense of self-control
University of Oregon

Young children naturally like sugar and salt in food and develop food preferences based on what their parents serve them, but new research suggests that how parents view self-regulation also is a contributing factor.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
ACSM Publishes Call to Action Addressing COVID-19 and Return to Sports and Physical Activity
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM published a call to action statement addressing COVID-19 and safely returning to sports and exercise. Authored by ACSM subject matter experts, the statement highlights the current science around COVID-19 and provides 12 action steps to consider. “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity” is ACSM’s first call to action statement and published in the August issue of Current Sports Medicine Reports.

Newswise: University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

To address and overcome the challenges so Americans can return to or sustain physical activity safely, Thomas M. Best, M.D., Ph.D., FACSM, professor of orthopedic surgery at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and research director of the UHealth Sports Medicine Institute, and sports medicine colleagues from around the U.S. wrote “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity,” published August 7 in Current Sports Medicine Reports, an American College of Sports Medicine journal.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Supports Senate Introduction of Medical Nutrition Therapy Act
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics thanks U.S. Sens. Susan Collins (Maine) and Gary Peters (Mich.) for their commitment to America’s health and their introduction of the Medical Nutrition Therapy Act. This bicameral, bipartisan legislation would provide coverage for Medicare beneficiaries to obtain treatment from registered dietitian nutritionists and other qualified nutrition experts for many common and costly chronic diseases.

Newswise: Test accurately IDs people whose gonorrhea can be cured with simple oral antibiotic
4-Aug-2020 7:10 PM EDT
Test accurately IDs people whose gonorrhea can be cured with simple oral antibiotic
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A test designed by UCLA researchers can pinpoint which people with gonorrhea will respond successfully to the inexpensive oral antibiotic ciprofloxacin, which had previously been sidelined over concerns the bacterium that causes the infection was becoming resistant to it.

Newswise: Heavier smoking linked to skyrocketing health risks
Released: 6-Aug-2020 9:05 PM EDT
Heavier smoking linked to skyrocketing health risks
University of South Australia

Each cigarette smoked a day by heavier smokers increases the risk of contracting some diseases by more than 30 per cent, according to a new international study published today.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:50 PM EDT
DHS S&T Innovation Programs Share Partnership With Oakland-Based Start-Up
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T SVIP and the DHS SBIR program are leveraging their innovative funding mechanisms to further develop a critical cybersecurity technology from CryptoMove, Inc., a start-up based in Oakland, California.

Newswise: UAH gets $1.1 million grant as lead in research on safe use of drones in disasters
Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:45 PM EDT
UAH gets $1.1 million grant as lead in research on safe use of drones in disasters
University of Alabama Huntsville

The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) will receive $1.1 million of the $3.3 million in research, education and training grants awarded to universities that comprise the Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence (ASSURE).

Newswise: China-sunset-600x400.jpg
Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:30 PM EDT
Social work’s role in the health, well-being of LGBTQ people in China
Washington University in St. Louis

As China’s government seeks solutions to social problems related to an evolving society, professional social work is increasingly entering new areas, including migrant and aging services, and is poised to take on a larger role in assisting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people, said two experts from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:00 PM EDT
People Who Feel Dizzy When They Stand Up May Have Higher Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Some people who feel dizzy or lightheaded when they stand up may have an increased risk of developing dementia years later, according to a new study published in the August 12, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The condition, called orthostatic hypotension, occurs when people experience a sudden drop in blood pressure when they stand up.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:50 PM EDT
How Technological, Socioeconomic and Geopolitical Forces are Altering Everything We Know about Marketing
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

A new study examines technological, socioeconomic and geopolitical forces altering the marketing industry -- including deepening consumer relationships -- and the implications for marketing managers, educators and researchers.

Newswise: Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Florida Atlantic University

Researchers examined toxins in tissue concentrations and pathology data from 83 stranded dolphins and whales from 2012 to 2018. They looked at 11 different animal species to test for 17 different substances. The study is the first to report on concentrations in blubber tissues of stranded cetaceans of atrazine, DEP, NPE and triclosan. It also is the first to report concentrations of toxicants in a white-beaked dolphin and in Gervais’ beaked whales.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
AANA Supports Improvements to Rural Health Access
American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)

To provide high-quality, value-based healthcare for millions of patients living in the nation’s rural communities, the White House issued an executive order on Aug. 3 that calls on the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to report on ways to eliminate regulatory burdens. The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) is encouraged by the order which, if considered, could increase access to quality care for patients by removing costly supervision requirements of nurse anesthetists.

Newswise: Consumers find third-party use of personal location data privacy violations, study shows
Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Consumers find third-party use of personal location data privacy violations, study shows
University of Notre Dame

New research from the University of Notre Dame showed that people are nuanced about how their location is tracked.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Placebos prove powerful...even when people know they're taking one
Michigan State University

A team of researchers from Michigan State University, University of Michigan and Dartmouth College is the first to demonstrate that placebos reduce brain markers of emotional distress even when people know they are taking one.

Newswise: New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
University of California San Diego

UC San Diego researchers formulated polyurethane foams, made from algae oil, to meet commercial specifications for midsole shoes and the foot-bed of flip-flops. Their latest result, in a series of recent research publications, offers a complete solution to the plastics problem—at least for polyurethanes.

Newswise: New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in  ocean
6-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in ocean
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Ten years after the Tohoku-oki earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan’s Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, radiation levels have fallen in all but the waters closest to the plant. But a new hazard exists and is growing every day in the number of storage tanks on land surrounding the power plant that hold contaminated wastewater.

Newswise: Take a guided ‘tour’ of SuperCam on the new Mars rover
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Take a guided ‘tour’ of SuperCam on the new Mars rover
Los Alamos National Laboratory

NASA’s new Perseverance rover, which just started its seven-month journey to Mars, carries on board what is likely the most versatile instrument ever created to understand the planet’s past habitability: SuperCam—and a new podcast will tell listeners all about it.

4-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
DNA from an ancient, unidentified ancestor was passed down to humans living today
PLOS

A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor.

Newswise: Horizon31 startup licenses ORNL global communication system for drones
Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Horizon31 startup licenses ORNL global communication system for drones
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Horizon31, LLC, of Knoxville, Tenn., has exclusively licensed a novel communication system that allows users to reliably operate unmanned vehicles such as drones from anywhere in the world using only an internet connection.

Newswise:Video Embedded targeted-ultrasound-for-noninvasive-diagnosis-of-brain-cancer
VIDEO
Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Targeted ultrasound for noninvasive diagnosis of brain cancer
Washington University in St. Louis

Brain tumors are typically diagnosed using MRI imaging, as taking a sample for a tissue biopsy is risky and may not be possible due to tumor location or a patient's health. Researchers are developing a method to diagnose brain tumors without any incisions.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health faculty awarded grant by National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

A team led by UCLA Fielding School of Public Health professors Ninez Ponce and Michael Rodriguez has received a $596,000 grant from the National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research to address data gaps about gun use and improve firearms policies.

Newswise: Tracy Onega Named Senior Director of Population Sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Tracy Onega Named Senior Director of Population Sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute
Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

Tracy Onega, PhD, has been appointed senior director of population sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute and professor of population sciences at the University of Utah. Onega began her service at HCI on August 1.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:50 PM EDT
COVID-19 Disrupts Important Research Projects, Shutters Labs Indefinitely
American Physiological Society (APS)

The coronavirus has halted critical physiological research and shuttered labs across the nation.

Newswise: Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA researchers have found that chemotherapy is not commonly used when treating adults with localized sarcoma, a rare type of cancer of the soft tissues or bone. In a nationwide analysis of nearly 20,000 patients whose cancer had not yet spread to other organs, the scientists learned that only 22% were treated with some form of chemotherapy.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Outside Looking In: Study Shows Variation in Hospital Visitor & ICU Communication Policies Due to COVID-19
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new study documents how 49 hospitals in a state hit hard by COVID-19 changed their visitor policies and communications with families of intensive care unit patients in the first months of the pandemic -- and how those efforts varied. Virtually all hospitals put in place a “no visitors” blanket policy, but 59% of them did allow some exceptions to this rule.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Nanoparticle system captures heart-disease biomarker from blood for in-depth analysis
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have developed a method combining sticky nanoparticles with high-precision protein measurement to capture and analyze a common marker of heart disease to reveal details that were previously inaccessible.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Credible assumptions replace missing data in COVID analysis
Cornell University

How contagious is COVID-19, and how severe is the virus for those who’ve caught it?

Newswise: Natalie Roe Named Berkeley Lab’s Associate Director for Physical Sciences
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Natalie Roe Named Berkeley Lab’s Associate Director for Physical Sciences
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Natalie Roe, who joined Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) as a postdoctoral fellow in 1989 and has served as Physics Division director since 2012, has been named the Lab’s Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for the Physical Sciences Area. Her appointment was approved by the University of California. The announcement follows an international search.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Digital buccaneers boost box office bang
University of Georgia

Pirated movies circulated online after their theatrical release saw about 3% higher box office receipts because of the increase in word-of-mouth advertising.

Newswise: coronavirus-image1-300x300.jpg
Released: 6-Aug-2020 11:20 AM EDT
WashU Expert: Pandemic lessons from 2-1-1
Washington University in St. Louis

There have been more than 3.5 million requests for assistance to 2-1-1 help lines around the United States since the coronavirus pandemic hit this spring. The impact was immediate and dramatic, said a Brown School researcher who tracks calls to 2-1-1 help lines across the U.S.During COVID-19, the volume of requests to 2-1-1s has increased exponentially, said Matthew Kreuter, the Kahn Family Professor of Public Health at Washington University in St.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab Partners in New $40 M Research Center to Convert Sunlight to Liquid Fuels
Brookhaven National Laboratory

UPTON, NY--The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has announced $40M in funding over five years for a new research center aimed at developing hybrid photoelectrodes for converting sunlight into liquid fuels. Chemists from DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory will be key partners in this effort, dubbed the Center for Hybrid Approaches in Solar Energy to Liquid Fuels (CHASE), which will be led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) and includes additional collaborators at Emory University, North Carolina State University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Yale.

Newswise:Video Embedded delay-in-breast-cancer-operations-due-to-covid-19-pandemic-appears-to-be-non-life-threatening-for-women-with-early-stage-disease
VIDEO
5-Aug-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Delay in breast cancer operations due to COVID-19 pandemic appears to be non-life-threatening for women with early-stage disease
American College of Surgeons (ACS)

A new breast cancer study brings reassuring findings for women with early-stage breast cancer who were forced to delay their cancer operations because of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Newswise: Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
5-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A team of researchers interviewed physicians and patients at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic to identify eight scenarios impacting cancer care. Using communication strategies, they created examples of language to help oncologists respond to patients empathetically.


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