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genetics and autism

Landmark Autism Genetic Study Seeking Participants

Families with a loved one on the autism spectrum now have an opportunity to participate in a landmark study researching the genetics of autism. The national study is the largest autism research project to date.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Autism, autism advocacy, Air Travel, Children with autism, Autism Spectrum, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Aer Lingus and Kinney Center for Autism Education and Support Announce Visual Guide for Air Travel That Assists Individuals with Autism

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Aer Lingus and the Kinney Center for Autism Education and Support at Saint Joseph’s University have partnered to develop a visual guide that helps individuals with autism and related disorders prepare for and experience air travel.

Medicine

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GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Journal Of Neuroscience, Neuroscience, Autism, Epilepsy, Schizophrenia, Fetal Development, Neural Development, Brain Waves

GW Researcher Develops Mouse Model for Studying Development of Visual Cortex

Matthew Colonnese, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology and physiology at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, published a paper in the Journal of Neuroscience establishing a mouse model for human fetal electrographic development.

Science

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phenotyping, Genotype, Neurology, Autism, Schizophrenia, Disease Risk, C. Elegans, Hang Lu, sorting instrument, Algorithm, Computational Genetics

Secret Phenotypes: Disease Devils in Invisible Details

The human eye often falls short in the hunt for faint genetic drivers that raise the risk of devastating neurological diseases such as autism and schizophrenia. But little eludes a microscope optic attached to a computer, and algorythms that can relate previously hidden phenotypes to subtle genetic mutations. The computational screening developed by Georgia Tech researchers has the potential to reveal webs of genetic dangers that produce disease risk by compounding tiny traits that, when take alone, may appear trivial and harmless.

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Vitamin D Supplements May Benefit Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Vitamin D supplementation improved symptoms of autism in a recent trial.

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Study Brings Undiagnosed Adults Living With Autism Out of the Shadows

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For most of his life, Kevin Hughes has felt like an outsider. A loner as a child, the 65-year-old comedian struggled socially as a teenager and lacked friends as an adult, often offending people without knowing why. That changed one night when a physician told him he had autism after one of his comedy shows sending him on a painful three-year journey of self-diagnosis experienced by millions of Americans with ASD

Medicine

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ADHD, Autism, maternal allergies

Allergies During Pregnancy Contribute to Changes in the Brains of Rat Offspring

A new study in rats could begin to explain why allergies during pregnancy are linked to higher risks for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism in children.

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Autism and Human Evolutionary Success

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A subtle change occurred in our evolutionary history 100,000 years ago which allowed people who thought and behaved differently - such as individuals with autism - to be integrated into society, academics from the University of York have concluded.

Medicine

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Sesame Street, Sesame Workshop, Children, Survey, Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Volunteers Needed to Evaluate Sesame Street’s Autism Initiative

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Parents of children with autism under the age of six are invited to participate in a new study designed to evaluate “Sesame Street and Autism: See Amazing in All Children.”

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Scripps Florida Scientists Discover Clues to Altered Brain Wiring in Autism

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Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered that mutations in PTEN affect the assembly of connections between two brain areas important for the processing of social cues: the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain associated with complex cognitive processes such as moderating social behavior, and the amygdala, which plays a role in emotional processing.

Medicine

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Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder, smartphone apps, Biomedical, computer science and engineering, medical apps, Student Research, Mobile App Development

Smartphone App for Early Autism Detection Being Developed by UB Undergrad

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Early detection of autism can dramatically improve the benefits of treatment, but often the disability is not suspected until a child enters school. A new smartphone app being developed by a University at Buffalo undergraduate and her advisor could change that by giving parents a reliable, easy-to-use tool for at home use to determine if there is a need for clinical examination.

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Study to Explore Detection of Learning Disabilities Through Physical Movement

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An Indiana University physicist and neuroscientist who studies how physical movement can be used to detect autism in children and adults has received support from the National Science Foundation. The $750,000 NSF grant to IU scientist Jorge V. José and collaborators will be used to apply analytical methods pioneered at IU and Rutgers University toward diagnosing, and possibly treating, a wider range of learning disabilities.

Medicine

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Autism, Mitochondrial Dna, DNA

Study Shows Link Between Mitochondrial DNA and Autism

Cornell University researchers have confirmed a genetic link between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is passed on from the mother, and some forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Medicine

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Autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD

New Study: Children with Autism May Be Over-Diagnosed with ADHD

Pediatric researchers report that children with ASD may mistakenly be diagnosed with ADHD because they have autism-related social impairments rather than problems with attention. This is important for understanding what are the right services and treatments for a child.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Can Therapy Dogs Assist in Motivating Children on the Autism Spectrum?

Research by a Texas Tech University behavioral analyst who works with therapy dogs suggests using canines as a reward for completed tasks could be useful.

Medicine

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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Neurofibromatosis 1, Neurofibromatosis, Nf1 Gene

Scientists Link Single Gene to Some Cases of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Scientists, led by a team of researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, have linked mutations in a single gene to autism in people who have a rare tumor syndrome typically diagnosed in childhood. The findings, in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), may lead to a better understanding of the genetic roots of autism in the wider population.

Science

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Psychiatry, Autism, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Neuroscience, Wnt Signaling, Dendritic Spines

Gene Links Risk of Psychiatric Disease to Reduced Synapse Numbers

New research led by UC San Francisco scientists has revealed that mutations in a gene linked with brain development may dispose people to multiple forms of psychiatric disease by changing the way brain cells communicate.

Science

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Schizophrenia, Autism, Cooperation, Social Interaction, Neuroscience, rats, Maze, mazes, Israel, Avital, Brain Research, Alzheimer

Building a Better Rat Maze Could Help Us All Cooperate

A fully-automated rat maze built by Technion researchers could help scientists better understand how individuals cooperate, and how this process may go awry in the brains of people with disorders ranging from autism to schizophrenia.

Medicine

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Childhood Obesity, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Developmental Disabilities, health disparaties

Study Finds Differences in Obesity Rates Between Children/Teens with and Without Autism

A new study finds that children and teens with autism spectrum disorder may be more likely to be obese and stay obese during adolescence than their peers without autism spectrum disorder.

Medicine

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Ut Southwestern, utsw, Ut Southwestern Medical Center, Rett Syndrome, Brain Research, Nature Neuroscience, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Autism Spectrum Disorder, Autism

Study: Gene Regulation in Brain May Explain Repetitive Behaviors in Rett Syndrome Patients

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Naomi was diagnosed at age 2 with Rett syndrome, a rare, debilitating disease in which patients progressively lose brain function and the ability to walk. While she laughs, smiles and toddles around like most 3-year-olds, Naomi’s repetitive hand behaviors offer clues to her condition.







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