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Mini-Brain Model of Idiopathic Autism Reveals Underlying Pathology of Neuronal Overgrowth

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The majority of cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are unknown. In a paper published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues across the nation and world, have created a “mini-brain” model, derived from persons with a particular form of idiopathic ASD characterized by over-sized brains, revealing a defective molecular pathway during brain development that results in early neuronal overgrowth and dysfunctional cortical networks.

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Insurance Mandates Lead to More Children Diagnosed and Treated for Autism Spectrum Disorder, Penn Study Finds

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State mandates requiring commercial health plans to cover the cost of services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have resulted in an increased number of children being diagnosed and treated for ASD, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The findings will be published in the July 11th issue of JAMA Pediatrics.

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Helping Kids with Brain Tumors Recover Beyond the Disease

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Social strains and lack of social competence are common in children recovering from malignant brain tumors. A Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey behavioral scientist and colleagues from across the U.S. and Canada, examined a peer-mediated intervention at the survivor’s school and found it was feasible to carry out in the public school setting and was acceptable to the survivor’s family.

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New Grant From Department of Education Will Support 45 Teachers to Advance Their Careers in High-Needs Disability Education

GW’s Online Master’s Program Will Increase Number of Special Education Teachers Focused on Brain Injury and Autism Education

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Research: Watching Right TV Shows Can Help Kids Develop Social Skills

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Researchers in mass media and autism education found young children who watch “Daniel Tiger’s Neighborhood” learn empathy and other school readiness skills.

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Norton Healthcare Grants $1.25 Million to University of Louisville for Pediatric Research

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Norton Healthcare has awarded grants to six researchers at the University of Louisville to further pediatric research in a variety of areas.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-Jul-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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Julia Saflarski, PsyD, Available to Discuss Sibling Involvement in the Treatment of Autism

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Sharing Treatment Decisions Is a Challenge for Doctors and Parents of Young Children with Autism

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Parents of young children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may experience significant difficulties in discussing treatment options with the child’s pediatrician, according to new research. Among the barriers are problems with communication, physicians’ lack of knowledge about specific ASD treatments and community resources, and uncertainty about the pediatrician’s role in making treatment recommendations for a child with ASD.

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Having a Relative with Epilepsy May Increase Your Risk of Being Diagnosed with Autism

Having a first-degree relative with epilepsy may increase a person’s risk of being diagnosed with autism, according to a study published in the June 15, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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Apparel Causes Additional Barriers for People Living with Disabilities

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The U.S. clothing industry is a multi-billion dollar industry, but for the millions of Americans with disabilities and their families, a lack of options in the apparel industry presents daily challenges. Now researchers from the University of Missouri are looking at the relationship between apparel and marginalization for people with disabilities. Allison Kabel, assistant professor of health sciences in the School of Health Professions, found that the lack of adequate, accessible apparel created barriers for people with disabilities from engaging in their communities. She identified the need for innovation in design, production, distribution and sale of adaptive clothing. The U.S. clothing industry is a multi-billion dollar industry, but for the millions of Americans with disabilities and their families, a lack of options in the apparel industry presents daily challenges. Now researchers from the University of Missouri are looking at the relationship between apparel and marginalization

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The Center for Autism & Neurodevelopmental Disorders to Study Link Between Exercise and Anxiety Reduction in Children with Autism

The Center for Autism & Neurodevelopmental Disorders will begin a research study using physical exercise to reduce anxiety in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among underserved populations.

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Salk Recruits Rising Star to Study Neurology of Mental Disorders

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The Salk Institute is pleased to announce the appointment of Sung Han as an assistant professor in the Clayton Foundation Peptide Biology Laboratories. Han will study small molecules, called neuropeptides, which affect the brain’s defense response and contribute to sensory hypersensitivity in neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and autism.

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Researchers Awarded $2.4M NIH Grant to Study Leading Genetic Cause of Autism

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Ten-year study of the effect of parenting on the development and behavior of children with Fragile X Syndrome will continue into their adolescence and will continue to include their mothers.

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Stress Exposure During Pregnancy Observed in Mothers of Children with Autism

Stress during pregnancy has been linked to several conditions, including some instances of autism spectrum disorder. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine have observed a variant of a stress-sensitive gene and exposure to stress during pregnancy among two groups of mothers of children with autism. The researchers believe the finding could be a step toward helping identify women who have greater risks for having children with autism when exposed to stressors during a specific time window during pregnancy.

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Novel Mouse Model Sheds New Light on Autism Spectrum Disorder

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A new mouse model, developed by researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, is the first to show that when more of a specific biological molecule moves between different parts of nerve cells in the mouse brain, it can lead to behaviors that resembles some aspects of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in humans.

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Children with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder Show Unique Handwriting Patterns; The Integrative Education System Should Consider This Factor

The new study found that children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder integrated in regular schools find it difficult to perform writing tasks. This can impair their academic achievements, social availability, and self-confidence. Prof. Sara Rosenblum, who authored the study, comments: “The education system addresses reading skills, but there is insufficient attention to writing skills

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Autism Care Improved, Diagnosis Time Shortened by New MU Program

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Wait lists for a specialist to confirm an autism diagnosis can be agonizing and last months. As the prevalence of autism and autism spectrum disorders increase, so does the demand for a health care system that is fully equipped to respond to the complex needs associated with autism. Now, Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) Autism, a new program from the University of Missouri, is training primary care providers in best-practice care for autism spectrum disorders. Initial results of the pilot program found significant improvements in primary care provider confidence in screening and management of autism and in utilization of specific tools and resources.

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TSRI Researchers Show Experience Plays Powerful Role in Early Stages of Brain Circuit Development

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A study from The Scripps Research Institute suggests external stimulation guides certain neurons’ early development so that inhibitory neurons split into two different types of neurons, each with a different job, adding another level of complexity and regulation to the brain’s circuitry.

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Autism Research Is Personal for Lisa Ruble

Discover the personal connection that motivates UK College of Education Professor Lisa Ruble each and every day as she works to help students with autism succeed in school … and beyond.