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Archaeology and Anthropology

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Science

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Amazon Basin, forest and wildlife ecology, Tropical Forests, rain forests, Archeaology, Climate, Satellite Archaeology, soil, terra preta, Amazonian Dark Earths

UNH Researchers Find Human Impact on Forest Still Evident After 500 Years

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Tropical forests span a huge area, harbor a wide diversity of species, and are important to water and nutrient cycling. Researchers used high-tech tools to more precisely view where these cleared sites were and the lasting impact they had on the rainforest in the South American Amazon Basin.

Medicine

Science

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Hepatitis, Small Pox, Mummy, DNA, Sequencing, Italy, Medieval, Archaeology

DNA Analysis of Ancient Mummy, Thought to Have Smallpox, Points to Hepatitis B Infection Instead

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Scientists have sequenced the complete genome of an ancient strain of Hepatitis B, shedding new light on a pathogen that today kills nearly one million people every year. The findings, based on data extracted from the mummified remains of a small child buried in Naples, Italy, confirm the idea that HBV has existed in humans for centuries.

Science

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Archaeology, China, Irrigation, Desert, Silk Road

Did Ancient Irrigation Technology Travel Silk Road?

 Using satellite imaging and drone reconnaissance, archaeologists from Washington University in St. Louis have discovered an ancient irrigation system that allowed a farming community in arid northwestern China to raise livestock and cultivate crops in one of the world’s driest desert climates.Lost for centuries in the barren foothills of China’s Tian Shan Mountains, the ancient farming community remains hidden in plain sight — appearing little more than an odd scattering of round boulders and sandy ruts when viewed from the ground.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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New Archeological Exhibition Tells the Story of Hippos During the Transition From Paganism to Christianity in the Land of Israel

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What is a pagan amulet against indigestion doing in a Byzantine church at Hippos? Did the processions of debauchery and drinking honoring the god of wine Dionysus continue during the Christian period? And did the goddess of good fortune Tyche still protect Hippos centuries after the disappearance of belief in the Greco-Roman gods? A new exhibition at the University of Haifa’s Hecht Museum summarizes 18 years of exploration in the ancient city of Hippos

Life

Arts and Humanities

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Easter Island, stone hats, rapa nui, Cooperation, Ancient Civilization, Statues, pukao, moai, volcanic rock, Polynesians, Islands, Computer Models, Archaeology, Archeology, Communities, Carl Lipo, Ancestors, Ancestry, Binghamton, Binghamton University, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton

Easter Island Had a Cooperative Community, Analysis of Giant Hats Reveals

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Analysis of giant stone hats found on Rapa Nui, Chile (Easter Island) provides evidence contrary to the widely held belief that the ancient civilization had a warrior culture. According to a new study conducted by a team of researchers, including a professor at Binghamton University, State University of New York, these stone hats suggest that the people of Rapa Nui were part of a supportive and inclusive community.

Science

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Archaeology, Archeology, Fossils, life on Earth, Geology, Microbiology, Earth, Earth Science

Oldest Fossils Ever Found Show Life on Earth Began Before 3.5 Billion Years Ago

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Researchers at UCLA and the University of Wisconsin–Madison have confirmed that microscopic fossils discovered in a nearly 3.5 billion-year-old piece of rock in Western Australia are the oldest fossils ever found and indeed the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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Anthropocene Epoch

A Literary View of the Human Era: 'Anthropocene Reading'

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The Anthropocene epoch — the proposed name for this time of significant human effect on the planet and its systems — represents a new context in which to study literature. A new book of essays co-edited by a University of Washington English professor argues that literary studies, in turn, also can help us better understand the Anthropocene.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Violence, War

Violence a Matter of Scale, Not Quantity, Researchers Show

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Researchers at the University of Notre Dame studying violence found the larger the population of a society, the smaller its war group size, proportionally — which means fewer casualties in a conflict.

Science

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Archaeology, Middle East, AMS, Natufian culture, Shubayqa , Boaretto

Uncovering Varied Pathways to Agriculture

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Weizmann Institute and colleagues at the University of Copenhagen identify new dates for a 15,000-year-old site in Jordan, challenging some prevailing assumptions about the beginnings of permanent settlements

Science

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Mummies, Mummy, X-Ray

First-of-Its-Kind Mummy Study Reveals Clues to Girl’s Story

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Who is she, this little mummy girl? Northwestern University scientists and students are working to unravel some of her mysteries, including how her body was prepared 1,900 years ago in Egypt, what items she may have been buried with, the quality of her bones and what material is present in her brain cavity. As part of a comprehensive scientific investigation, the mummy traveled from Evanston to Argonne National Laboratory on Nov. 27 for an all-day X-ray scattering experiment. It was the first study of its kind performed on a human mummy.







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