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Rural Health, Healthcare, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National 4-H Council, Appalachia, Health Disparities, Racial Disparities, Prevention, Health Policy

Closing the Rural Health Gap: Media Update from RWJF and Partners on Rural Health Disparities

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Rural counties continue to rank lowest among counties across the U.S., in terms of health outcomes. A group of national organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National 4-H Council are leading the way to close the rural health gap.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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John Owen, Crawford Gribben , History, Puritan Revolution, Oliver Cromwell

Queen’s University Belfast Historian Releases Biography on Oliver Cromwell’s Advisor

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An historian from Queen’s is launching a new biography on John Owen, advisor to Oliver Cromwell and one of the most important religious leaders in the Puritan Revolution.

Science

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man's ancestors , earliest fossils of mammals from line that led to humans, eutherian mammals

Man's Earliest Ancestors Discovered In Southern England

The two teeth are from small, rat-like creatures that lived 145 million years ago in the shadow of the dinosaurs. They are the earliest undisputed fossils of mammals belonging to the line that led to human beings.

Science

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Teeth, Dental, dental x-ray, Archaeology, Rickets, Vitamin D, Vitamin D Deficiency, Bones

Archaeological Researchers Find That Dental X-Rays Can Also Reveal Serious Vitamin D Problems in Living Patients

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Human teeth hold vital information about Vitamin D deficiency, a serious but often hidden condition that can now be identified by a simple dental X-ray, McMaster anthropologists Lori D’Ortenzio and Megan Brickley have found.

Science

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Tsunami, Tsunami victim, Skull

Aitape Skull Likely Belongs to World’s Oldest Tsunami Victim

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Mark Golitko, assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Notre Dame, worked with colleagues from the Field Museum in Chicago and institutes in Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea to study the Aitape skull and the area it was found in.

Science

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Archaelogy, Neandertals, Disabled, DEAF

Older Neandertal Survived with a Little Help From His Friends

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An older Neandertal from about 50,000 years ago, who had suffered multiple injuries and other degenerations, became deaf and must have relied on the help of others to avoid prey and survive well into his 40s, indicates a new analysis published Oct. 20 in the online journal PLoS ONE.

Science

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Sdsc, Uc San Diego, CIPRES, NSF, Phylogenetics, xsede, Tree Of Life

Exploring Evolutionary Relationships Through CIPRES

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CIPRES, for CyberInfrastructure for Phylogenetic RESearch, is a web-based portal or “gateway” launched at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego that allows researchers to explore evolutionary connections among species using supercomputers provided by the National Science Foundation’s (NSF’s) XSEDE (eXtreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment) project.

Medicine

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Leprosy, Denmark, Middle Ages, Paleopathology

Morbidity and Mortality of Leprosy in the Middle Ages

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In the Middle Ages, did contracting leprosy necessarily increase a person's chances of dying? Yes, says a new paper. But it's complicated.

Science

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Anthropology, Evolution, Paleontology, Biochemistry, Glycobiology, Glycans

When Ancient Fossil DNA Isn’t Available, Ancient Glycans May Help Trace Human Evolution

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Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and collaborators discovered a new kind of glycan (sugar chain) that survives even in a 4 million-year-old animal fossil from Kenya, under conditions where ancient DNA does not. While ancient hominin fossils are not yet available for glycan analysis, this proof-of-concept study, published September 11 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, sets the stage for unprecedented explorations of human origins and diet.

Science

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Anthropocene Epoch, Astrobiology

Earth as Hybrid Planet: New Classification Scheme Places Anthropocene Era in Astrobiological Context

A team of researchers including Marina Alberti of the University of Washington has devised a new classification scheme for the evolutionary stages of worlds based on "non-equilibrium thermodynamics" — a planet's energy flow being out of synch, as the presence of life could cause.







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