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Science

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Paleontology, Tumor, Fossil, Evolution, Disease, tooth, synapsid, Mammal

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 8-Dec-2016 11:00 AM EST

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Bethlehem Star May Not Be a Star After All, The "Eye" of Majoranas, Cloud in a Box, and MORE in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

Science

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University Of Texas At Austin, Anthropology, Lemur, Madagascar, Trichromacy, Dichromacy, Colorbind, Color Vision, Vision, Eyes, Rebecca Lewis

Female Lemurs with Color Vision Provide Advantages for Their Group

Female lemurs with normal color vision, as well as their cohabitating colorblind group members, may have selective advantage over lemur groups whose members are all colorblind, according to anthropologists at The University of Texas at Austin.

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Malaria Mystery: Researchers Find Overwhelming Evidence of Malaria’s Existence 2,000 Years Ago at the Height of the Roman Empire

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An analysis of 2,000-year-old human remains from several regions across the Italian peninsula has confirmed the presence of malaria during the Roman Empire, addressing a longstanding debate about its pervasiveness in this ancient civilization.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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University Of Haifa, Dr. Gil Gambash, Prof. Asaf Yasur Landau, Gargilius Antiques, Bar Kochba Revolt, Roman Prefect

Ancient Inscription Permits for the First Time the Definite Identification of Gargilius Antiques as the Roman Prefect During the Period Before the Bar Kochba Revolt

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“This is only the second time that the name Judea has appeared in any inscription from the Roman periods,” note Prof. Assaf Yasur-Landau and Dr. Gil Gambash of the University of Haifa

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Lucy, Australopithecus afarensis, Ethiopia, The University Of Texas At Austin, Anthropology

Human Ancestor ‘Lucy’ Was a Tree Climber, New Evidence Suggests

Evidence preserved in the internal skeletal structure of the world-famous fossil, Lucy, suggests the ancient human species frequently climbed trees, according to a new analysis by scientists from The Johns Hopkins University and The University of Texas at Austin.

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Lucy, Australopithecus afarensis

Bone Scans Suggest Early Hominin "Lucy" Spent Significant Time in Trees

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Australopithecus afarensis arm bones were strong relative to leg bones; walking gait was likely inefficient

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Lucy, Bones, Ancestor, Christopher Ruff, Skeleton

Human Ancestor 'Lucy' Was a Tree Climber, New Evidence Suggests

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Since the discovery of the fossil dubbed Lucy 42 years ago this month, paleontologists have debated whether the 3 million-year-old human ancestor spent all of her time walking on the ground or instead combined walking with frequent tree climbing.

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Black Death ‘Plague Pit’ Discovered at 14th-Century Monastery Hospital

48 skeletons discovered in ‘Plague Pit’ – 27 of them children; Extremely rare discovery suggests community was overwhelmed by the Black Death

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Dakota Access Pipeline, cultural anthropology, American Indian culture, American Indian Education

Looking at Dakota Access pipeline from American Indian perspective

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Medicine

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Modern Hunter-Gatherers Show Value of Exercise

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In a remote area of north-central Tanzania, men leave their huts on foot, armed with bows and poison-tipped arrows, to hunt for their next meal. Dinner could come in the form of a small bird, a towering giraffe or something in between. Meanwhile, women gather tubers, berries and other fruits.

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Antarctica Research, Antarctica, Antarctic, Space, DNA, Bacteria

Georgetown Team Sets Off to Antarctica in Search of Traces of Ancient Life

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A quest to understand if and how life can endure in extreme cold— on Earth and, perhaps one day, on Mars — is sending a team of Georgetown University researchers to Antarctica to search for, and then sequence, ancient bacteria.

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Anthropology, Mammoth, mammoth tusk, Mammoths

Wichita State University Anthropology Team Excavates, Studies New Mammoth Tusk Discovery

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A Wichita State University anthropology professor and his students are learning first-hand what it takes to painstakingly uncover what could be one of the oldest mammoth tusks ever found in Kansas.

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Turkeys, Anthropology, Native Americans

FSU Researchers Talk Turkey: Native Americans Raised Classic Holiday Bird Long Before First Thanksgiving

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Florida State University Associate Professor of Anthropology Tanya Peres and graduate student Kelly Ledford write in a paper published today that Native Americans were raising and managing turkeys far before the first Thanksgiving.

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Archaeology, New World, Earth Science, Geology & soil

UF Archaeologist Uses Chicxulub ‘Dinosaur Crater’ Rocks, Prehistoric Teeth to Track Ancient Humans

Where’s the best place to start when retracing the life of a person who lived 4,000 years ago? Turns out, it’s simple -- you start at the beginning.

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Autism and Human Evolutionary Success

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A subtle change occurred in our evolutionary history 100,000 years ago which allowed people who thought and behaved differently - such as individuals with autism - to be integrated into society, academics from the University of York have concluded.

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Evolution Purged Many Neanderthal Genes From Modern Humans

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Larger populations allowed humans to shed weakly deleterious gene variants that were widespread in Neanderthals.

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Archaeology, Chickens, Domestication, Africa, Ethiopia

How the Chicken Crossed the Red Sea

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The discarded bone of a chicken leg,  still etched with teeth marks from a dinner thousands of years ago, provides some of the oldest known physical evidence for the introduction of domesticated chickens to the continent of Africa, research from Washington University in St. Louis has confirmed.Based on radiocarbon dating of about 30 chicken bones unearthed at the site of an ancient farming village in present-day Ethiopia, the findings shed new light on how domesticated chickens crossed ancient roads — and seas — to reach farms and plates in Africa and, eventually, every other corner of the globe.

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Paleontology, Mammoths, Early Americans, Archaeology, pre-clovis sites

Stay Tuned: New U-M Bristle Mammoth Exhibit Highlights the 'Unfolding Process of Discovery'

On the fourth floor of the University of Michigan's Museum of Natural History, in a large gallery set aside for temporary exhibits, a room has been built to display the remains of an ice age mammoth pulled from a farmer's field near Chelsea on Oct. 1, 2015.

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Paleolithic, Caves, Lions, Upper Paleolithic, Hunt

Upper Paleolithic Humans May Have Hunted Cave Lions for Their Pelts

Upper Paleolithic humans may have hunted cave lions for their pelts, perhaps contributing to their extinction, according to a study published October 26, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Marián Cueto from the Universidad de Cantabria, Spain, and colleagues.







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