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Good Long-Term Quality of Life after 'DIEP Flap' Breast Reconstruction

For women who have undergone mastectomy for breast cancer, breast reconstruction using the abdominal "DIEP flap" provides good long-term quality of life (QOL)—similar to that of women without breast cancer, reports a study in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-May-2016 5:00 PM EDT

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'Machine Learning' May Contribute to New Advances in Plastic Surgery

With an ever-increasing volume of electronic data being collected by the healthcare system, researchers are exploring the use of machine learning—a subfield of artificial intelligence—to improve medical care and patient outcomes. An overview of machine learning and some of the ways it could contribute to advancements in plastic surgery are presented in a special topic article in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-May-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Surgery for Chronic Temporal Headaches—Simplified Approach Shows Good Results

A modified surgical technique may provide a simpler approach to the surgical treatment for one type of chronic headache, according to an "Ideas and Innovations" paper in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

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Unique Fragment From Earth's Formation Returns After Billions of Years in Cold Storage

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In a paper to be published today in the journal Science Advances, lead author Karen Meech of the University of Hawai`i's Institute for Astronomy and her colleagues conclude that C/2014 S3 (PANSTARRS) formed in the inner Solar System at the same time as the Earth itself, but was ejected at a very early stage.

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HPV Infection Can Be Identified in Self-Collected Vaginal Swabs

High risk, potentially cancer causing human papillomavirus infections are common among women in Papua New Guinea. But self sampling with vaginal swabs may provide materials that screen as accurately as the more labor-intensive approach using cervical samples obtained by clinicians. This finding is critical to developing same day screening and treatment, which is key to ensuring that women with precancerous lesions are treated in this largely unconnected (electronically) country, and in others like it. The research appeared online April 13, 2016 in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, which is published by the American Society for Microbiology.

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Fred Hutch Hires Steve Stadum as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

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Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center today announced the hiring of Steve Stadum as executive vice president and chief operating officer. Stadum, currently the COO of Oregon Health & Science University’s Knight Cancer Institute, in July will join Fred Hutch as a key member of President and Director Dr. Gary Gilliland’s staff.

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Possible Extragalactic Source of High-Energy Neutrinos

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Nearly 10 billion years ago in a galaxy known as PKS B1424-418, a dramatic explosion occurred. Light from this blast began arriving at Earth in 2012. Now, an international team of astronomers, led by Prof. Matthias Kadler, professor for astrophysics at the university of Würzburg, and including other scientists from the new research cluster for astronomy and astroparticle physics at the universities of Würzburg and Erlangen-Nürnberg, have shown that a record-breaking neutrino seen around the same time likely was born in the same event. The results are published in Nature Physics.

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Ebola Virus Genome Provides Clues to Repeated Disease 'Flare-Ups' in Western Africa

Ebola virus samples taken from patients in Liberia in June 2015 are strikingly similar in their genetic makeup to other Ebola virus sequences from Western Africa, according to research published online today in the journal Science Advances. The study sheds light on several aspects of the "flare-ups" that have occurred in Liberia since the country was initially declared free of Ebola virus disease.

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Influence of Religion and Predestination on Evolution and Scientific Thinking

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Generally seen as antithetical to one another, evolution and religion can hardly fit in a scientific discourse simultaneously. However, biologist Dr Aldemaro Romero Jr., Baruch College, USA, devotes his latest research article, now published in the open access Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO), to observing the influences a few major religions have had on evolutionists and their scientific thinking over the centuries.

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Rare Cancer Brings Two Young Women Together as Lifelong Friends

Two young Alabama women formed a bond over a rare germ cell cancer affecting only 1,000 women across the United States.

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Expert Can Comment on Common Core

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Northwestern University professor James Spillane is available to talk about the ongoing debate over Common Core, including the decision by some states to drop the standards altogether.

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Pauline Camacho, MD, Named President of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists

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Loyola Medicine endocrinologist Pauline Camacho, MD, FACE, will be inaugurated as president of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) at its 25th Annual Scientific and Clinical Congress in Orlando on May 16.

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East Asian Art Prof Documents Early Chinese Mosques

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Research by Nancy Steinhardt, chair of the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, shows that mosques, and ultimately Islam, have survived in China because the Chinese architectural system is adaptable.

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Scientists Turn Back the Clock on Blood Cells, Reprogram Them Into Blood Stem Cells in Mice

Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital have reprogrammed mature blood cells from mice into blood-forming hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), using a cocktail of eight genetic switches called transcription factors. The reprogrammed cells, which the researchers have dubbed induced HSCs (iHSCs), have the functional hallmarks of HSCs, are able to self-renew like HSCs, and can give rise to all of the cellular components of the blood like HSCs.

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Trauma in a Bee

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Entomologists of the universities of Jena and Kiel shed light on bizarre mating mechanisms of native twisted-winged parasites.

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McMaster University Ancient Coins Expert Available to Discuss Trove of Roman Coins Unearthed in Spain.

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What’s Behind the Heartbreaking Risk of Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

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Researchers have known for more than a decade that the risk of heart disease and stroke increases when people take pain relievers like ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. Now, scientists from the University of California, Davis, have uncovered some of the reasons why these drugs can harm heart tissue.

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New Data Improve Techniques for Determining Whether a Jaw Bone Comes From a Man or Woman

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The scientific breakthrough, carried out by researchers at UGR and the Spanish National Research Council, is of great significance to the field of biological anthropology. It also has further implications for paleoanthropology, paleodemographics, forensic science and orthodontics, among other disciplines.