Fortified Chocolate Is Good for the Heart, but There Is a Catch

Released: 1/26/2006 12:00 PM EST
Source Newsroom: Harvard Health Publications
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Newswise — Chocolate is typically not part of a heart-healthy diet. But what if chocolate delivered substances that are good for the heart? Mars, the maker of M&M's and other treats, is rolling out CocoaVia, a line of chocolates laced with plant sterols and flavanols for what Mars calls "real chocolate pleasure, real heart health benefits." But there's a big catch, reports the February issue of the Harvard Heart Letter.

Eating plant sterols can lower cholesterol, and flavanols may keep healthy arteries flexible. But you must eat two portions of CocoaVia every day to get the amounts necessary to do this. That means a daily dose of sterols and flavanols comes with an extra 200 calories and 36% of the daily recommended limit for saturated fat. If you don't cut back 200 calories somewhere else — or walk an extra 45 minutes — that would translate into a 20- pound weight gain over the course of a year. That's more than enough to counteract any benefits from sterols and flavanols.

The Harvard Heart Letter notes that there are easier ways to get plant sterols and flavanols. Since sterols must be taken every day in a fixed dose to reap their benefit, it makes sense to buy them in capsule form. Capsules don't deliver extra calories or saturated fat. You can get flavanols from tea, apples, raspberries, red wine, and other foods, or from flavanol supplements.

The bottom line: CocoaVia may nudge the guilt out of eating chocolate, but it isn't a health food, says the Harvard Heart Letter.

Also in this issue:
"¢ New recommendations make CPR easier to learn and to do.
"¢ Coffee may be good for the heart.
"¢ To protect your heart, the lower your cholesterol, the better.
"¢ A doctor answers: How can I protect my heart if low back pain keeps me from exercising?

The Harvard Heart Letter is available from Harvard Health Publications, the publishing division of Harvard Medical School, for $28 per year. Subscribe at http://www.health.harvard.edu/heart or by calling 1-877-649-9457 (toll free).


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