Warm U.S. West, Cold East: A 4,000-Year Pattern

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Last winter’s curvy jet stream pattern brought mild temperatures to western North America and harsh cold to the East. A University of Utah-led study shows that pattern became more pronounced 4,000 years ago, and suggests it may worsen as Earth’s climate warms.

– University of Utah|4/16/2014 5:00 AM EDT

Masculine Boys, Feminine Girls More Likely to Engage in Cancer Risk Behaviors

Boston, MA—The most “feminine” girls and “masculine” boys are more likely than their peers to engage in behaviors that pose cancer risks, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers.

– Harvard School of Public Health|4/16/2014 12:00 AM EDT

Prolonged and Heavy Bleeding During Menopause Is Common

Women going through menopause most likely think of it as the time for an end to predictable monthly periods. Researchers at the University of Michigan say it's normal, however, for the majority of them to experience an increase in the amount and duration of bleeding episodes, which may occur at various times throughout the menopausal transition.

– University of Michigan |4/15/2014 7:00 PM EDT

Antibiotics Improve Growth in Children in Developing Countries

Antibiotics improve growth in children at risk of undernourishment in low and middle income countries, according to researchers at McGill University who have just conducted a research literature review on the subject. Their results, published in the British Medical Journal, suggest that the youngest children from the most vulnerable populations benefit most and show significant improvements toward expected growth for their age and sex, particularly for weight.

– McGill University|4/15/2014 6:30 PM EDT

Blacks with Financial Worries Have Lower Health Scores

Black adults who reported feeling more financial strain also rated their health more poorly than those with less financial strain, finds a new study in the American Journal of Health Behavior.

– Health Behavior News Service|4/15/2014 4:00 PM EDT

Study Demonstrates That Antibacterial Soaps Can Reduce Risk of Foodborne Illness

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Newly published research shows that the use of antibacterial soaps can reduce the spread of harmful bacteria – that often leads to foodborne illness – more effectively than using non-antibacterial soaps. “This research provides strong evidence that antibacterial soaps are significantly more effective than non-antibacterial soaps in reducing Shigella on the hands and its subsequent transfer to ready-to-eat foods,” the researchers wrote in the Journal of Food Protection.

– American Cleaning Institute |4/15/2014 3:00 PM EDT

Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes Nearly Double Over the Past Two Decades

Cases of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the United States have nearly doubled since 1988, suggests new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, with obesity apparently to blame for the surge. The researchers also found that the burden of the disease has not hit all groups equally, with alarming increases in diabetes in blacks, Hispanics and the elderly.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|4/15/2014 3:00 PM EDT

Study Finds Association Between SSRI Use During Pregnancy and Autism and Developmental Delays in Boys

In a study of nearly 1,000 mother-child pairs, researchers from the Bloomberg School of Public health found that prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a frequently prescribed treatment for depression, anxiety and other disorders, was associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and developmental delays (DD) in boys. The study, published in the online edition of Pediatrics, analyzed data from large samples of ASD and DD cases, and population-based controls, where a uniform protocol was implemented to confirm ASD and DD diagnoses by trained clinicians using validated standardized instruments.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|4/15/2014 3:00 PM EDT
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