Feature Channels: Psychology and Psychiatry

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Released: 20-May-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Children who play adventurously have better mental health, research finds
University of Exeter

Children who spend more time playing adventurously have lower symptoms of anxiety and depression, and were happier over the first Covid-19 lockdown, according to new research.

Newswise: Fear, Social Context (Not Mental Illness) Fuel Violent Extremist Views
Released: 20-May-2022 11:15 AM EDT
Fear, Social Context (Not Mental Illness) Fuel Violent Extremist Views
DePaul University

Christine Reyna is director of the Social and Intergroup Perception Lab at DePaul University, where researchers examine how individuals and groups legitimize and leverage prejudice and discrimination to maintain status, cultural values and systems that benefit one's own groups — often at the expense of others.

Released: 20-May-2022 9:20 AM EDT
Treat Implicit Bias as a Public Health Problem, New Report Recommends
Association for Psychological Science

To turn the tide on the biases that perpetuate social injustice, the latest issue of Psychological Science in the Public Interest recommends that governments and institutions treat implicit bias as a public-health problem.

Released: 20-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Mindfulness as a key to success in psychotherapy
University of Vienna

Mindfulness is the ability to focus one’s attention on the present moment and to approach the resulting impressions, thoughts, and feelings with curiosity, openness, and acceptance.

Released: 19-May-2022 4:25 PM EDT
How a cognitive bias is blocking the rise of electric cars
Université de Genève (University of Geneva)

What are the barriers to the adoption of electric cars? Although the main financial and technological obstacles have been removed, their market share still needs to increase.

Released: 19-May-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Medication treatment of pediatric psychiatric disorders reduces the later onset of substance use problems
Massachusetts General Hospital

One half of psychiatric and substance use disorders start by the age of 18; three-quarters by age 24.

Newswise: Johns Hopkins Medicine Experts Available to Discuss Importance of Mental Well-Being
Released: 19-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Johns Hopkins Medicine Experts Available to Discuss Importance of Mental Well-Being
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nearly 20% of adults — about 50 million American people — are experiencing a mental illness, and about one in five children are affected by a mental disorder each year. There are many types of mental illness, including mood, anxiety and personality disorders.

Released: 19-May-2022 2:45 PM EDT
Online Video Teletherapy Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Using Exposure and Response Prevention: Clinical Outcomes From a Retrospective Longitudinal Observational Study
Journal of Medical Internet Research

Background: Exposure and response prevention, a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy, is an effective first-line treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Despite extensive evidence of the efficacy of exposure and response p...

Released: 19-May-2022 8:30 AM EDT
Diet plays key role in ADHD symptoms in children
Ohio State University

Here’s a good reason for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to eat their fruits and vegetables: It may help reduce inattention issues, a new study suggests.

Released: 18-May-2022 5:05 PM EDT
New research maps how the brain changes during depression treatment
University of British Columbia

For the first time, researchers have shown what happens to the brain when a person receives a depression treatment known as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). The results were published today in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Embargo will expire: 23-May-2022 9:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-May-2022 4:05 PM EDT

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Released: 18-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
How Dysfunction Spreads at Work
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Dysfunction is highly contagious. Two Rutgers-led studies examine how counterproductive behaviors and bottom-line thinking spread through the workplace, ultimately hurting productivity.

Released: 17-May-2022 4:35 PM EDT
COVID-19’s devastating toll: An rise in adolescent mental health crises and suicidality
Boston Children's Hospital

The past decade has seen a worrisome increase in mental health crises among adolescents. A new study led by Patricia Ibeziako, MD, associate chief of clinical services in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Services at Boston Children’s Hospital, shows that the situation worsened with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Released: 17-May-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Virtual News Briefings and Research Highlights, APS 2022 Convention
Association for Psychological Science

Journalists are invited to attend two virtual news briefing that will cover the latest research and discoveries from the field of psychological science. Topics will include the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education, tools to support ethnic and gender minorities, fake news and misinformation, romance and relationships, and more. Register:

Released: 17-May-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Stress could make us more likable, and other Behavioral Science news tips
Newswise

Here are some of the latest articles added to the Behavioral Science channel on Newswise.

Released: 17-May-2022 11:25 AM EDT
Predictable Home Environment Protects Against Development of Heart Disease Risk Factors After Child Abuse
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Studies have demonstrated that exposure to physical and psychological abuse in childhood is associated with cardiovascular risk factors in adulthood, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and type 2 diabetes. A new study shows for the first time that well-organized households protect children who have experienced abuse from developing some precursors to heart disease.

Released: 17-May-2022 11:05 AM EDT
The war in Ukraine impacts patients with mental disorders
Aarhus University

Danish patients with mental disorders seem to have experienced a worsening of symptoms in connection with the invasion of Ukraine. This is shown by a new study from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital – Psychiatry.

Newswise: Researchers Reveal Moral Distress Impact, Actions to Support Doctors During Pandemic
Released: 16-May-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Researchers Reveal Moral Distress Impact, Actions to Support Doctors During Pandemic
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare organizations, leaders, researchers, and practitioners have attempted on the fly to deal with the inherent stresses, strains, and struggles related to an unprecedented healthcare crisis in modern times.

Released: 16-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
If you stand like Superman or Wonder Woman, would you feel stronger?
Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Dominant or upright postures can help people feel - and maybe even behave - more confidently.

Released: 16-May-2022 1:35 PM EDT
The Gun Violence Research Center Research Day
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The Rutgers Gun Violence Research Center – one of few state-funded centers in the nation – hosts its first research day with presentations focused on gun violence and trauma in the Black community, suicide risk, purchasing, non-fatal gun violence, and interpersonal violence in the LBGTQ community.

Newswise: Suicide Prediction Method Combines AI and Face-to-Face Screening
Released: 16-May-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Suicide Prediction Method Combines AI and Face-to-Face Screening
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

A new observational study from Vanderbilt University Medical Center points to solutions for efficient clinical prediction of suicide attempt or suicidal thinking in adults. Reported May 13 in JAMA Open by Drew Wilimitis, Colin Walsh, MD, MA, and colleagues, the study compares an artificial intelligence algorithm with face-to-face screening.

12-May-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Facebook Users’ Language Predicts Who’s at Risk for Dangerous Drinking
Research Society on Alcoholism

The language used in Facebook posts can identify people at risk of hazardous drinking and alcohol use disorders (AUDs), according to a new study. Social media platforms are a “low-cost treasure trove” of data, researchers claim, expanding the options for studying, screening, and helping people at risk. Social media content in recent years has been used to explore various public health phenomena. For example, language and “likes” have predicted depression, hospital visits, low birthweight, obesity, and life expectancy. Social media language has also been linked to patterns of alcohol consumption and related problems. For the study in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, investigators explored how convincingly the language of Facebook could be used to identify risky drinking. They compared the accuracy of multiple predictive tools, including a new technique for processing language that has rarely been applied to health research.

Released: 16-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Humans May Have Evolved to Show Signs of Stress to Evoke Support From Others
University of Portsmouth

Showing signs of stress could make us more likeable and prompt others to act more positively towards us, according to a new study by scientists at Nottingham Trent University and the University of Portsmouth.

Newswise: Pharmacists at Higher Risk of Suicide than General Population, Study Finds
Released: 13-May-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Pharmacists at Higher Risk of Suicide than General Population, Study Finds
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego study shows suicide rates were higher in pharmacists than in the general population between 2003 and 2018, with job problems being the most significant feature associated with the suicides.

Released: 13-May-2022 1:10 PM EDT
New Advances in Brain Region Targeting May Support Future Research in Treating Visual Hallucinations in Psychiatric Patients
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

A literature review in Harvard Review of Psychiatry indicates that, while transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) has rarely been used in treating visual hallucinations (VH) among patients with psychiatric disorders, recent advances in neuroimaging technology show promise in helping tES to more effectively treat VH in psychiatric disorders where VH are a core symptom. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 13-May-2022 11:35 AM EDT
Asking for ideas boosts collective action
University of Exeter

Members of minority groups can boost collective action by seeking the ideas and perspectives of fellow group members, new research shows.

Released: 11-May-2022 4:55 PM EDT
Miscarriage Can Increase Suicide Risk Among Teenagers
University of Oregon

Vulnerable teens who lose a pregnancy are at increased risk for suicide, new research from University of Oregon’s Prevention Science Institute shows.

9-May-2022 12:45 PM EDT
Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy Not Linked to Epilepsy in Children
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A new study suggests that antidepressant use by mothers during the first trimester of pregnancy does not increase the chances of epilepsy and seizures in babies. The research is published in the May 11, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 11-May-2022 2:35 PM EDT
Effects of stress on adolescent brain’s “triple network”
Elsevier

Stress and trauma during adolescence can lead to long-term health consequences such as psychiatric disorders, which may arise from neurodevelopmental effects on brain circuitry.

Released: 11-May-2022 2:15 PM EDT
Same-Race Friends Help Teens Connect to School
Cornell University

In diverse schools, friends of the same race or ethnicity are influential in shaping teenagers’ sense of belonging, finds new research by a multidisciplinary team including Cornell’s Adam Hoffman, an expert in psychology and human development.

Released: 11-May-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Wendy Wood Incoming President-Elect of Association for Psychological Science
Association for Psychological Science

Wendy Wood, provost professor of psychology and business at the University of Southern California, has been elected to serve as President-Elect of the Association for Psychological Science (APS).

Newswise:Video Embedded mental-health-assessments-often-fail-to-identify-suicidal-ideation-with-gun-owners
VIDEO
11-May-2022 9:15 AM EDT
Mental Health Assessments Often Fail to Identify Suicidal Ideation with Gun Owners
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

More people are willing to talk about their mental health struggles, including thoughts of suicide. Now, a new study by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and College of Medicine aims to ensure medical professionals are asking the right questions to prevent a tragedy.

Released: 11-May-2022 10:20 AM EDT
Multiple diagnoses are the norm for mental illness; A new genetic analysis helps explain why
University of Colorado Boulder

More than half of people diagnosed with one psychiatric disorder will be diagnosed with a second or third in their lifetime. About a third have four or more.

Released: 11-May-2022 9:35 AM EDT
Research Shows the Role Empathy May Play in Music
Southern Methodist University

Can people who understand the emotions of others better interpret emotions conveyed through music? A new study by an international team of researchers suggests the abilities are linked.

Released: 10-May-2022 4:55 PM EDT
What makes some more afraid of change than others?
Louisiana State University

Humans are undoubtedly altering the natural environment. But how wild animals respond to these changes is complex and unclear. In a new study published today, scientists have discovered significant differences in how the brain works in two distinct personality types: those who act fearless and those who seem afraid of new things.

Newswise: Nurse-Led Cedars-Sinai Study Leads to Creating ‘Serenity Lounges’
Released: 10-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Nurse-Led Cedars-Sinai Study Leads to Creating ‘Serenity Lounges’
Cedars-Sinai

A new Cedars-Sinai study shows that "Serenity Lounges"–break rooms equipped with massage chairs and other relaxation tools–reduced feelings of stress, anxiety and burnout among nurses.

Released: 10-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
A study confirms the relationship between an amino acid present in diet and depression
Universitat Pompeu Fabra- Barcelona

Researchers from the Girona Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBGI) and Pompeu Fabra University (UPF) in Barcelona, Spain, have identified the role of an amino acid in humans, mice and flies suffering depression.

Newswise: Parents’ mental health was worse during pandemic, study finds
Released: 10-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Parents’ mental health was worse during pandemic, study finds
Washington University in St. Louis

While having a child attend a private school or school with above-average instructional quality was associated with better mental health of parents during the COVID-19 pandemic, hybrid school was associated with worse parental mental health, as was working from home, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Released: 10-May-2022 2:05 PM EDT
New study reveals older people support right to die, regardless of terminal illness
Edith Cowan University

An Australian-first study is delving into the contentious issue of what older people think about voluntary assisted death (VAD), regardless of any health condition.

Released: 10-May-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Study finds psychopathic individuals are more likely to have larger striatum region in the brain
Nanyang Technological University

Neuroscientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore), University of Pennsylvania, and California State University, have established the existence of a biological difference between psychopaths and non-psychopaths.

Released: 10-May-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Taking a ‘test drive’ with shelter dogs
Arizona State University (ASU)

A study published in the April issue of Frontiers in Veterinary Science has shown that the wave of fostering and subsequent pet adoptions in April 2020 was driven in part by people who first temporarily cared for a dog they thought they might want to adopt. The adoption rates associated with foster-to-adopt programs were high.

Released: 10-May-2022 11:30 AM EDT
Mental Health and Substance Use Among Adolescents Experiencing Homelessness in the United States
Beth Israel Lahey Health

In a new paper published in JAMA, researchers evaluated mental health and substance use among homeless and housed high school students surveyed voluntarily and anonymously in 2019.

Newswise: COVID-19 Severity Influences Preventive Measures More than Fear of Getting It
Released: 10-May-2022 8:30 AM EDT
COVID-19 Severity Influences Preventive Measures More than Fear of Getting It
Florida Atlantic University

A study of 719 members of a public social-media focused group examined various aspects of COVID-19 that included experience, perceptions and prevention aspects. Results revealed that while much of the media and policy makers have promoted the susceptibility of COVID-19 such as the number of cases, this study showed that it is potential severity that has a stronger influence on prevention practices. Increased emphasis on the severity of COVID-19 could lead to increased prevention practices.

Released: 10-May-2022 7:05 AM EDT
Exposing liars by distraction
University of Portsmouth

A new method of lie detection shows that lie tellers who are made to multi-task while being interviewed are easier to spot.

Released: 9-May-2022 3:10 PM EDT
Quantifying Cognitive Decline in Dogs Could Help Humans With Alzheimer’s Disease
North Carolina State University

A suite of complimentary tests can quantify changes in dogs suspected of suffering from cognitive decline. The approach could benefit dogs and serve as a model for evaluating cognitive decline progression in – and treatments for – humans with Alzheimer’s disease.

4-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
COVID-19 pandemic led to increase in loneliness around the world
American Psychological Association (APA)

People around the world experienced an increase in loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic, which, although small, could have implications for people’s long-term mental and physical health, longevity, and well-being, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Newswise: Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Released: 9-May-2022 7:05 AM EDT
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
University of Vienna

Individual traits seem to drive our learning success: for instance, conscientious individuals often show higher academic performance. A group of cognitive and behavioural biologists from University of Vienna conducted personality assessments and a battery of learning tests with common marmosets and found that such a link, intertwined with family group membership, exists in these monkeys, too. The study results were recently published in the journal “Scientific Reports”.

Released: 6-May-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Social media break improves mental health – new study
University of Bath

Asking people to stop using social media for just one week could lead to significant improvements in their wellbeing, depression and anxiety and could, in the future, be recommended as a way to help people manage their mental health say the authors of a new study.

Newswise: UCI Researchers Reveal Possible Molecular Blood Signature for Suicide in Major Depression
Released: 5-May-2022 2:15 PM EDT
UCI Researchers Reveal Possible Molecular Blood Signature for Suicide in Major Depression
University of California, Irvine

A University of California, Irvine-led team of researchers, along with members of the Pritzker Research Consortium, have developed an approach to identify blood biomarkers that could predict the suicide risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) patients.


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