Feature Channels: Speech & Language

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Released: 9-Jun-2021 4:20 PM EDT
Language extinction triggers loss of unique medicinal knowledge
University of Zurich

Language is one of our species' most important skills, as it has enabled us to occupy nearly every corner of the planet.

3-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Potential Vocal Tracking App Could Detect Depression Changes
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

According to the World Health Organization, more than 264 million people worldwide have Major Depression Disorder and another 20 million have schizophrenia. During the 180th ASA Meeting, Carol Espy-Wilson from the University of Maryland,will discuss how a person's mental health status is reflected in the coordination of speech gestures. The keynote lecture, "Speech Acoustics and Mental Health Assessment," will take place Tuesday, June 8.

Newswise: Voice Acting Unlocks Speech Production, Therapy Knowledge
3-Jun-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Voice Acting Unlocks Speech Production, Therapy Knowledge
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Many voice actors use a variety of speech vocalizations and patterns to create unique and memorable characters. How they create those amazing voices could help speech pathologists better understand the muscles involved for creating words and sounds. During the 180th ASA Meeting, Colette Feehan from Indiana University will talk about how voice actor performances can lead to better understanding about the speech muscles under our control. The session, "Articulatory and acoustic phonetics of voice actors," will take place Tuesday, June 8.

Newswise: Variabilities in Children's Speech Perhaps Not So Concerning
3-Jun-2021 10:20 AM EDT
Variabilities in Children's Speech Perhaps Not So Concerning
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Variations in children's speech has traditionally been attributed to developmental delays. Recent work suggests the reasons for variability are not so clear, and an immediate call for treatment may need to be reconsidered. During the 180th ASA Meeting, Margaret Cychosz from the University of Maryland will discuss the need to better understand these variations. Her presentation, "Reconsidering variability in child speech production," will take place Tuesday, June 8.

Newswise: Balancing Speech Intelligibility, Face Covering Effectiveness in Classrooms During the Pandemic
3-Jun-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Balancing Speech Intelligibility, Face Covering Effectiveness in Classrooms During the Pandemic
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

A better understanding of the impacts of face masks and shields on acoustic transmission in classrooms could help optimize educational settings. During the 180th ASA Meeting, Laura and Rich Ruhala from Kennesaw State University will talk about how various types of face coverings may affect students' understanding of their teacher. Their presentation, "Acoustical transmission of face coverings used to reduce coronavirus transmission in a classroom environment," will take place Tuesday, June 8.

Newswise: Acoustics in Focus: Virtual Press Conference Schedule for 180th Meeting of Acoustical Society of America
Released: 7-Jun-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Acoustics in Focus: Virtual Press Conference Schedule for 180th Meeting of Acoustical Society of America
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Press conferences at the 180th ASA Meeting will cover the latest in acoustical research during the Acoustics in Focus meeting. The virtual press conferences will take place each day of the meeting and offer reporters and outlets the opportunity to hear key presenters talk about their research. To ensure the safety of attendees, volunteers, and ASA staff, Acoustics in Focus will be hosted entirely online.

Released: 7-Jun-2021 6:30 AM EDT
Older Chinese Americans Can Improve Family Relationships and Cognitive Function Through Acculturation
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Older Chinese immigrants who adjust to their new cultural environment by learning the language, following the country’s media and socializing with local residents can reduce acculturation gap with their adult children and protect their cognitive function, according to a Rutgers study.

Released: 4-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Computer simulations of the brain can predict language recovery in stroke survivors
Boston University

At Boston University, a team of researchers is working to better understand how language and speech is processed in the brain, and how to best rehabilitate people who have lost their ability to communicate due to brain damage caused by a stroke, trauma, or another type of brain injury.

Released: 26-May-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Adult roles build skills for children of Latinx immigrants
University of Georgia

Children of Latinx immigrants who take on adult responsibilities exhibit higher levels of political activity compared with those who do not, according to University of Georgia researcher Roberto Carlos.

Released: 24-May-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Effective Coaching Using the Enneagram and Metaphorical Language
Lewis University

The Enneagram is a powerful psychometric assessment that can shed light on the core beliefs which influence an individual’s view of the world around them.

Newswise: The Medical Minute: Getting to the root cause of hoarseness
Released: 19-May-2021 2:25 PM EDT
The Medical Minute: Getting to the root cause of hoarseness
Penn State Health

Is that raspy voice a sign of seasonal allergies, or could it be something else? Speech language pathologist Carrie Ruggiero explains the causes of hoarseness – and the health conditions it might be masking.

Released: 14-May-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Understanding how people make sense of the news they consume
University of Missouri, Columbia

How people consume news and take actions based on what they read, hear or see, is different than how human brains process other types of information on a daily basis, according to researchers at the University of Missouri School of Journalism.

Released: 14-May-2021 8:40 AM EDT
Save-the-Date: Acoustics in Focus, June 8-10, Offers New Presentation Options
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

The Acoustical Society of America will hold its 180th meeting June 8-10. To ensure the safety of attendees, volunteers, and ASA staff, the June meeting, "Acoustics in Focus," will be hosted entirely online with new features to ensure an exciting experience for attendees. Reporters are invited to attend the meeting at no cost and participate in a series of virtual press conferences featuring a selection of newsworthy research.

Released: 12-May-2021 4:25 PM EDT
Ancestors may have created 'iconic' sounds as bridge to first languages
University of Birmingham

The 'missing link' that helped our ancestors to begin communicating with each other through language may have been iconic sounds, rather than charades-like gestures - giving rise to the unique human power to coin new words describing the world around us, a new study reveals.

Newswise: Tweet and re-tweet: songbird stuttering allows researchers to pinpoint causes in the brain
7-May-2021 4:25 PM EDT
Tweet and re-tweet: songbird stuttering allows researchers to pinpoint causes in the brain
Tufts University

Biologists have identified specific neural firing patterns that can induce stuttering and stammering in songbirds. The discovery offers a model system that could enable researchers to uncover the origins of speech dysfunction in humans, and possible treatment to restore normal speech.

Newswise: University of Miami Hearing Professionals Present Latest Research at American Cochlear Implant Alliance Conference
Released: 4-May-2021 3:45 PM EDT
University of Miami Hearing Professionals Present Latest Research at American Cochlear Implant Alliance Conference
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

From the impact of COVID-19 on parents, to speech differences between English- and Spanish-learners, and advanced ear surgery techniques, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine hearing professionals presented their latest studies at CI2021, the annual conference of the American Cochlear Implant (ACI) Alliance, from April 28 to May 1.

Released: 3-May-2021 8:00 AM EDT
The science behind how literature improves our lives
Ohio State University

If you really want to understand literature, don’t start with the words on a page – start with how it affects your brain.

Released: 29-Apr-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Study finds US Twitter users have strongly supported face coverings amid the pandemic
University of Oregon

An analysis of Twitter activity between March 1 and Aug. 1, 2020, found strong support by U.S. users for wearing face coverings and that a media focus on anti-mask opinions fueled the rhetoric of those opposed, report University of Oregon researchers.

Newswise: judykroll_lowres-768x512.jpg
Released: 22-Apr-2021 4:10 PM EDT
Judith Kroll is named a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., April 22, 2021 — Judith Kroll, Distinguished Professor of language science at the University of California, Irvine, has been elected a fellow by the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. The 241st class of inductees includes more than 250 extraordinary people across America and around the world who help solve the world’s most urgent challenges, create meaning through art, and contribute to the common good from every field, discipline and profession.

Released: 16-Apr-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Research shows to disrupt online extremism freewill is key
University of Texas at San Antonio

Douglas Wilbur '14, a visiting Ph.D. scholar in the Department of Communication at UTSA, has published a study that shows how researchers can craft message campaigns to protect individuals from adopting extremist views.

Released: 8-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
New test to study language development in youth with Down syndrome
UC Davis Health

A team led by UC Davis Health researchers tested and validated elaborated language sampling (ELS) as a set of procedures for collecting, measuring and analyzing the spoken language of youth with Down syndrome in a naturalistic setting. They found that ELS is a reliable and feasible tool that can be used to detect meaningful changes in communication skills of individuals with Down syndrome.

Newswise:Video Embedded deep-learning-networks-prefer-the-human-voice-just-like-us
Released: 7-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Deep Learning Networks Prefer the Human Voice--Just Like Us
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

The digital revolution is built on a foundation of invisible 1s and 0s called bits. As decades pass, and more and more of the world’s information and knowledge morph into streams of 1s and 0s, the notion that computers prefer to “speak” in binary numbers is rarely questioned.

Released: 1-Apr-2021 3:15 PM EDT
Multilingual people have an advantage over those fluent in only two languages
University of Tokyo

Multilingual people have trained their brains to learn languages, making it easier to acquire more new languages after mastering a second or third.

Released: 1-Apr-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Poor judgment of autistic adults
Flinders University

Autistic adults can be wrongly perceived as deceptive and lacking credibility, Flinders University researchers say, with this working against many caught in the legal system.

Released: 30-Mar-2021 4:15 PM EDT
How to talk to people about climate change
University of British Columbia

As our planet warms, seas rise and catastrophic weather events become more frequent, action on climate change has never been more important.

Released: 30-Mar-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Infants' language skills more advanced than first words suggest
University of Edinburgh

Babies can recognise combinations of words even before they have uttered their first word, a study suggests, challenging ideas of how children learn language.

Released: 26-Mar-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Measurable changes in brain activity during first few months of studying a new language
University of Tokyo

A study with first-time learners of Japanese has measured how brain activity changes after just a few months of studying a new language. The results show that acquiring a new language initially boosts brain activity, which then reduces as language skills improve.

Released: 23-Mar-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Babies prefer baby talk, whether they're learning one language or two
University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

It can be hard to resist lapsing into an exaggerated, singsong tone when you talk to a cute baby.

Released: 19-Mar-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Study shows stronger brain activity after writing on paper than on tablet or smartphone
University of Tokyo

A study of Japanese university students and recent graduates has revealed that writing on physical paper can lead to more brain activity when remembering the information an hour later.

Newswise: Chula’s Award-Wining App Offers Us a Fun Way to Learn English Anytime, Anywhere
Released: 18-Mar-2021 8:55 AM EDT
Chula’s Award-Wining App Offers Us a Fun Way to Learn English Anytime, Anywhere
Chulalongkorn University

"MALLO” mobile application endorsed by a silver medal from the 2020 Taiwan Kaohsiung International Invention and Design Expo that curates a variety of English- learning applications that users can add or delete at will is a great answer to digital-age learners who wish to set their own fun study plans.

12-Mar-2021 8:05 AM EST
FoMO Nudges Students Toward Future Happiness
State University of New York at Geneseo

A new study found that college students are challenging traditional ideas of where and how they invest their time. They are preparing for the future by investing in relationships and leveraging the “fear of missing out,” or FoMO, as a reminder to seize the day.

Newswise: Teaching Students About Deaf Culture
Released: 16-Mar-2021 12:20 PM EDT
Teaching Students About Deaf Culture
SUNY Buffalo State College

Amy Crockford, the coordinator of Buffalo State College's American Sign Language program, will soon have the opportunity to introduce students to the intricacies of deaf and hard-of-hearing life through a new elective, SLP 330: Deaf Culture in America.

Released: 15-Mar-2021 4:30 PM EDT
Researchers propose early stroke sign and symptom recognition tool for Spanish-speakers
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Researchers with The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have created an acronym, RAPIDO™, to move forward much-needed efforts to address stroke sign and symptom awareness among at-risk Spanish-speaking individuals.

Released: 15-Mar-2021 10:05 AM EDT
New report: Pre-pandemic literacy has improved but will students be retained?
Michigan State University

Third grade literacy has improved in Michigan according to a new report on Michigan’s Read by Grade 3 law from Michigan State University’s Education Policy Innovation Collaborative, the strategic research partner of the Michigan Department of Education. But progress is threatened because of insufficient targeted funding and concerns that students have fallen behind during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Released: 9-Mar-2021 10:05 AM EST
To Reach Human-Level Intelligence, AI Systems Must Truly Understand Language
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

The original goal of human-like artificial intelligence was abandoned long ago in favor of less ambitious approaches, two cognitive scientists argue in a new book. If that initial vision is to be realized, they say, AI systems will require a full understanding of language and meaning.

Newswise: Chula’s “MALLIE” English-Learning Chatbot Wins a Gold Medal from Taiwan
Released: 3-Mar-2021 8:55 AM EST
Chula’s “MALLIE” English-Learning Chatbot Wins a Gold Medal from Taiwan
Chulalongkorn University

MALLIE, a complete English–learning game chatbot, the latest innovation from Chula’s Faculty of Education received Gold Award from the “2020 Kaohsiung International Invention and Design EXPO, Taiwan.

Released: 2-Mar-2021 4:20 PM EST
Human instinct can be as useful as algorithms in detecting online 'deception'
University of York

Travellers looking to book a hotel should trust their gut instinct when it comes to online reviews rather than relying on computer algorithms to weed out the fake ones, a new study suggests.

Newswise: Rutgers Female Professors Reflect on Past Year of Racial Unrest, Pandemic
Released: 1-Mar-2021 11:45 AM EST
Rutgers Female Professors Reflect on Past Year of Racial Unrest, Pandemic
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

After a year of racial unrest due to the killing of unarmed Black men and women and the upending of our regular lives due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many have forged a new outlook on life. Two Black Rutgers female faculty share their reflections on the past year and their hopes for the future.

Newswise:Video Embedded neandertals-had-the-capacity-to-perceive-and-produce-human-speech
26-Feb-2021 1:55 PM EST
Neandertals had the capacity to perceive and produce human speech
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Neandertals -- the closest ancestor to modern humans -- possessed the ability to perceive and produce human speech, according to a new study published by an international multidisciplinary team of researchers including Binghamton University anthropology professor Rolf Quam and graduate student Alex Velez.

Released: 25-Feb-2021 4:05 PM EST
AI identifies social bias trends in Bollywood, Hollywood movies
Carnegie Mellon University

Babies whose births were depicted in Bollywood films from the 1950s and 60s were more often than not boys; in today's films, boy and girl newborns are about evenly split. In the 50s and 60s, dowries were socially acceptable; today, not so much.

Released: 24-Feb-2021 11:35 AM EST
Changes in writing style provide clues to group identity
University of Exeter

Small changes to people's writing style can reveal which social group they "belong to" at a given moment, new research shows.

Released: 18-Feb-2021 1:00 PM EST
AI may mistake chess discussions as racist talk
Carnegie Mellon University

"The Queen's Gambit," the recent TV mini-series about a chess master, may have stirred increased interest in chess, but a word to the wise: social media talk about game-piece colors could lead to misunderstandings, at least for hate-speech detection software.

Released: 18-Feb-2021 12:55 PM EST
Study finds no gender discrimination when leaders use confident language
Washington State University

People tend to listen to big talkers, whether they are women or men. Still, more women prefer not to use assertive language, according to a new study led by Washington State University economist Shanthi Manian.

Released: 1-Feb-2021 4:05 PM EST
Use of Pronouns May Show Signs of an Impending Breakup
University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Evidence of an impending breakup may exist in the small words used in everyday conversations months before either partner realizes where their relationship is heading, according to new psychology research.

Released: 25-Jan-2021 2:55 PM EST
ISIS and the Taliban use different strategies to appeal to women in English-language magazines
University of Exeter

ISIS, Al Qaeda, and the Taliban use their English-language magazines to encourage women to support jihad in different ways, according to new research.

Released: 25-Jan-2021 2:45 PM EST
Stimulating brain pathways shows origins of human language and memory
Newcastle University

Scientists have identified that the evolutionary development of human and primate brains may have been similar for communication and memory.

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