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Article ID: 700809

DNA testing of illegal ivory seized by law enforcement links multiple ivory shipments to same dealers

University of Washington

An international team led by scientists at the University of Washington reports that DNA test results of large ivory seizures made by law enforcement have linked multiple ivory shipments over the three-year period to the same network of dealers operating out of a handful of African ports.

Released:
19-Sep-2018 4:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 700771

Crime, Not Money, Drives Migration From El Salvador and Honduras

Vanderbilt University

A new analysis of data from the Latin American Public Opinion Project's AmericasBarometer survey shows that immigration policies designed to deter economic migrants do not dissuade migrants fleeing crime from seeking asylum.

Released:
19-Sep-2018 10:05 AM EDT

Law and Public Policy

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Article ID: 700541

Study Confirms Adopting Truth Commissions and Justice Measures in Post-Authoritarian Regimes Lowers Homicide Rates

University of Notre Dame

According to new research led by Notre Dame Associate Professor Guillermo Trejo, nations that adopt transitional justice measures, such as truth commissions and judicial prosecutions for past human rights violations, experience lower homicide rates and lower levels of criminal violence.

Released:
13-Sep-2018 4:45 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 700316

WashU Expert: Threatening the International Criminal Court could further isolate the U.S.

Washington University in St. Louis

The Trump administration’s national security adviser John Bolton, a longtime critic of the International Criminal Court (ICC), threatened Sept. 10 to impose sanctions on court personnel if the court continues with an investigation into alleged U.S. war crimes in Afghanistan.Bolton’s speech is likely to act as a boomerang, upsetting the 123 countries that are States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, most of which are close U.

Released:
11-Sep-2018 11:05 AM EDT

Law and Public Policy

Article ID: 700014

Does Neuroscience Hold the Key to Understanding the Criminal Mind?

Cornell University

A new study shows a difference between how risk is cognitively processed by self-reported law-abiding citizens and self-reported lawbreakers, allowing researchers to better view and understand the criminal mind.

Released:
5-Sep-2018 11:35 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 700000

People Who Embrace Traditional Masculinity Beliefs Less Likely to Report Rape to Authorities

Binghamton University, State University of New York

Even in cases where a rape has clearly taken place, traditional beliefs and assumptions about masculinity can cause both witnesses and victims to be uncertain about reporting it, according to new research conducted at Binghamton University, State University at New York.

Released:
5-Sep-2018 10:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 699920

AI speeds effort to protect endangered elephants

Cornell University

Cornell University’s Elephant Listening Project tracks African forest elephants with acoustic sensors, but the forests are so remote and the sound files so huge it takes months to collect and analyze the data – too long to rescue the animals from poachers or other threats. Now scientists can learn critical information about the elephants’ habits and patterns in a fifth of the time. A startup, Conservation Metrics, developed a tool that uses artificial intelligence to distinguish the low-frequency, long-duration elephant calls from other rainforest sounds.

Released:
4-Sep-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 699812

UA Research to Study Impact ‘War on Drugs’ Has on Smuggling Routes

University of Alabama

Researchers at The University of Alabama are bringing together their expertise in geography, modeling and criminal activity to better understand how enforcement activity influences drug trafficking in Central America.

Released:
30-Aug-2018 11:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences


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