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Newswise: Spirometry Clinical Trial Eligibility May Differ With Race-Neutral Equations
13-May-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Spirometry Clinical Trial Eligibility May Differ With Race-Neutral Equations
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Equations that don’t use racially and ethnically adjusted spirometry results to help determine eligibility for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) clinical trials may lead to higher percentages of Black patients enrolled, according to research published at the ATS 2024 International Conference.

Newswise: Strawberry fields fortified: new genetic insights combat devastating soilborne disease
Release date: 19-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Strawberry fields fortified: new genetic insights combat devastating soilborne disease
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Recent research has unveiled the genetic foundations of resistance in strawberries to Macrophomina, a formidable soilborne disease. Employing cutting-edge breeding strategies and genomic analysis, scientists have pinpointed crucial genetic loci responsible for resistance, heralding a new era of more robust strawberry varieties. This breakthrough has led to notable genetic advancements, with a significant increase in the proportion of resistant individuals within breeding populations.

Newswise: Peach Perfection: Advanced Gene Networks Reveal Fruit Traits
Release date: 19-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Peach Perfection: Advanced Gene Networks Reveal Fruit Traits
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A study has tapped into the peach genome, creating large-scale gene coexpression networks (GCNs) that predict gene functions and streamline the peach breeding process. This innovative approach addresses the complex task of identifying genes linked to desirable breeding traits in peaches.

Newswise: Warding off winter woes: advanced AI model shields grapevines from frost
Release date: 19-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Warding off winter woes: advanced AI model shields grapevines from frost
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A study introduces an automated machine learning (Auto-ML) model that predicts the freezing tolerance of grapevines in real-time, a critical advancement for sustainable grape production in cooler climates. This model leverages hourly temperature data and varietal specifics to forecast cold hardiness, a significant step towards precision viticulture.

Newswise: Measuring Lung Function More Accurately and More Equitably
16-May-2024 1:30 PM EDT
Measuring Lung Function More Accurately and More Equitably
Harvard Medical School

Race-based assessments of lung function have historically assumed different levels of “normal” for different patient groups. New analysis shows that removing from lung function estimates would increase the number of Black patients diagnosed with serious disease.Greater estimated disease severity would change a patient’s diagnosis, disability compensation, eligibility for certain jobs.

Newswise: Sweet trade-offs: unraveling the genetic puzzle of strawberry flavor and yield
Release date: 18-May-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Sweet trade-offs: unraveling the genetic puzzle of strawberry flavor and yield
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A recent study has unlocked the genetic secrets behind the sweetness of strawberries, a key factor in consumer preference. The research identifies key genetic markers that influence both the sugar content and yield of strawberries, offering a significant step forward in the breeding of sweeter, more productive varieties.

Newswise: Unlocking the genetic blueprint of apples: shape and size traits unveiled
Release date: 18-May-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Unlocking the genetic blueprint of apples: shape and size traits unveiled
Chinese Academy of Sciences

New genomic insights from researchers unveil critical genes influencing apple fruit size and shape. Through a comprehensive genome-wide association study, the study identifies several genetic markers linked to these traits, offering potential for enhanced breeding strategies.

Newswise: A new chapter in grape cultivation: non-transgenic plant regeneration technology
Release date: 18-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
A new chapter in grape cultivation: non-transgenic plant regeneration technology
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Biotechnological innovation meets horticulture as researchers unveil a cutting-edge genome editing protocol for grapes. This novel technique, integrating protoplast culture with CRISPR-Cas9, facilitates the regeneration of non-chimeric, transgene-free plants across a spectrum of grape varieties. This breakthrough stands to elevate agricultural practices and combat the challenges posed by climate change.

Newswise: Melon's molecular armor: new insights into crop protection
Release date: 18-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Melon's molecular armor: new insights into crop protection
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A new study has uncovered a genetic treasure trove within the melon genome that could revolutionize the plant's defense against pests and diseases. Researchers have identified a cluster of genes that bestow resistance to both powdery mildew and aphids, two of the most devastating threats to melon crops worldwide.

Newswise: STAR Sees a Magnetic Imprint on Deconfined Nuclear Matter
Released: 17-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
STAR Sees a Magnetic Imprint on Deconfined Nuclear Matter
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists have the first direct evidence that the powerful magnetic fields created in off-center collisions of atomic nuclei induce an electric current in “deconfined” nuclear matter. The study used measurements of how charged particles are deflected when they emerge from the collisions. The study provides proof that the magnetic fields exist and offers a new way to measure electrical conductivity in quark-gluon plasma.


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