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Biofuels Are Not Carbon Neutral, Predicting Jellyfish, Health Issues From Fracking, and More in the Environment News Source

Click here to go directly to the Environment News Source.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Professor Joins 'Next 100 Coalition' to Change the Future of America's National Parks

Carolyn Finney, University of Kentucky assistant professor of geography, is part of a national effort to assure that all people — regardless of race, religion, gender identification or national origin — are welcome in America’s national parks and all public lands. A significant portion of Americans say they simply don’t feel welcome in national parks. A 2008-09 survey by the University of Wyoming and NPS quantifies this feeling of unease among minorities. Non-Hispanic whites accounted for approximately 78 percent of the visitors to national parks; Hispanics, 9 percent; African Americans, 7 percent; Asian Americans, 3 percent; and Native Americans/Alaskans, 1 percent. Some minorities say they don’t see themselves among park employees and guests.

Science

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Plants, Food Security, CO2, Conservation

Molecular Signature Shows Plants Are Adapting to Increasing Atmospheric CO2

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Plants are adapting to increasing atmospheric CO2 according to a new study from the University of Southampton. The research provides insight into the long-term impacts of rising CO2 and the implications for global food security and nature conservation.

Science

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Earth Science, marine and freshwater biology, Oceanography

Darwin's Theory About 'Impassable' Marine Barrier Holds True for Coral Larvae in the Pacific

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MIAMI--An international team of scientists used a state-of-the-art computer model, a high-powered supercomputer, and five billion 'virtual' coral larvae to test Charles Darwin's 1880 hypothesis that marine species cannot cross the Eastern Pacific's "impassable" marine barrier. The team, which included University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Associate Professor Claire Paris, found that Darwin's theory still hold true today even under extreme El Niño conditions known to speed up ocean currents.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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national parks, , Conservation, Happiness

How National Parks Contribute to Gross National Happiness, According to UGA Experts

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Science

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Earth Science, Geology & soil, Geophysics, Gravity, Plate Techtonics

2014 Napa Earthquake Continued to Creep, Weeks After Main Shock

Nearly two years ago, on August 24, 2014, just south of Napa, California, a fault in the Earth suddenly slipped, violently shifting and splitting huge blocks of solid rock, 6 miles below the surface. The underground upheaval generated severe shaking at the surface, lasting 10 to 20 seconds. When the shaking subsided, the magnitude 6.0 earthquake -- the largest in the San Francisco Bay Area since 1989 -- left in its wake crumpled building facades, ruptured water mains, and fractured roadways.

Science

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Climate Change, Earth Science, Forestry Research, Plant Science, old world

Europe's Oldest Known Living Inhabitant

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A Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii) growing in the highlands of northern Greece has been dendrocronologically dated to be more than 1075 years old. This makes it currently the oldest known living tree in Europe. The millenium old pine was discovered by scientists from Stockholm University (Sweden), the University of Mainz (Germany) and the University of Arizona (USA).

Medicine

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medicine health, Nature, Parasitology, pets, Ethology, Zoology, veterinary science

Canine Babesiosis Outbreak in UK Under Control -- but Needs Monitoring

Scientists at the University of Liverpool are using the health records of dogs to monitor the status of a potentially fatal tick-borne disease that appears to have been imported into the UK

Science

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Earth Science, Evolution, Nature, Paleontology

Elbows of Extinct Marsupial Lion Suggest Unique Hunting Style

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Scientists from the Universities of Bristol and Málaga have proposed that the long extinct marsupial lion hunted in a very unique way - by using its teeth to hold prey before dispatching them with its huge claws.

Science

Business

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business economics, Collaboration, Group Organization, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Management Science, Operations, nature policy, pollution and remediation

In Right Balance, Environmental Regulations Increased Firms' Profits, New Study Finds

CEOs and corporate lobbyists often spend plenty of time decrying how potential government regulations will affect their bottom line, but a new University of Kansas study finds that the U.S. Clean Water Act, when implemented in the right balance, improves firms' profitability.

Science

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Biodiversity, Biology, Ecology and Environment, Pollution

Wildlife-Friendly Farming Shown to Benefit UK Moths

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Wildlife-friendly farming schemes can help boost the abundance of many UK moth species, a new study by the University of Liverpool has found.

Science

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astronomy & astrophysics, Planet, moon, Space And Planetary Science

NASA Climate Modeling Suggests Venus May Have Been Habitable

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Venus may have had a shallow liquid-water ocean and habitable surface temperatures for up to 2 billion years of its early history, according to computer modeling of the planet's ancient climate by scientists at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Can Nature Videos Help Improve Prisoner Behavior?

Researchers have identified a simple intervention that may help reduce levels of violence in maximum security prisons. Inmates who viewed nature videos showed reduced levels of aggression and were less likely to be disciplined than those in similar cellblocks, according to research presented at the American Psychological Association’s 124th Annual Convention.

Science

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Earth Science, Hydrology, saltwater intrusion, Pollution, Ocean, submarine groundwater discharge

Study Reveals Hidden Pollution Exchange Between Oceans and Groundwater

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Researchers have uncovered previously hidden sources of ocean pollution along more than 20 percent of America’s coastlines. The study, published online Aug. 4 in the journal Science, offers the first-ever map of underground drainage systems that connect fresh groundwater and seawater, and also pinpoints sites where drinking water is most vulnerable to saltwater intrusion now and in the future.

Science

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Climate Change, Earth Science, Geology & soil, geographics, Gravity, Oceanography

Researchers Pinpoint Abrupt Onset of Modern Day Indian Ocean Monsoon System

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A new study by an international team of scientists reveals the exact timing of the onset of the modern monsoon pattern in the Maldives 12.9 million years ago, and its connection to past climate changes and coral reefs in the region. The analysis of sediment cores provides direct physical evidence of the environmental conditions that sparked the monsoon conditions that exist today around the low-lying island nation and the Indian subcontinent.

Science

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soil, Microbiome, Gene Sequencing

Teasing Out the Microbiome of the Kansas Prairie

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PNNL scientists have untangled a soil metagenome – all the genetic material recovered from a sample of soil – more fully than ever before, reconstructing portions of the genomes of 129 species of microbes. While it’s only a tiny proportion of the species in the sample, it’s a leap forward for scientists who have had only a fraction of that success to date.

Business

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Flood Risk, Coastal Management, Emergency Preparedness, biodiversity issues, coastal homeowners, mitigate risks

Start-Up Company Uses Novel Technology to Mitigate Risks From Sea-Level Rise, Flooding

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Coastal Risk Consulting, a new start-up company formed by an FAU professor, has developed novel technology to assist coastal homeowners, businesses, and government to evaluate and mitigate risks from encroaching seas along Florida’s southeast coast as well as other vulnerable areas in the United States and overseas.

Science

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climate change action, Earth Science

Keep a Lid on It: Utah State University Geologists Probe Geological Carbon Storage

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Effective carbon capture and storage or "CCS" in underground reservoirs is one possible way to meet ambitious climate change targets demanded by countries and international partnerships around the world. But are current technologies up to the task of securely and safely corralling buoyant carbon dioxide (CO2) for at least 10,000 years - the minimum time period required of most agreements?

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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human preditor, behaviour science

Human ‘Super Predator’ More Terrifying Than Bears, Wolves and Dogs

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Bears, wolves and other large carnivores are frightening beasts but the fear they inspire in their prey pales in comparison to that caused by the human ‘super predator.’

Science

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Biodiversity, Biology, Ecology and Environment, freshwater ecology, marine and freshwater biology, Physiology, Population Biology, Zoology, veterinary science

Unusual New Zoantharian Species Is the First Described Solitary Species in Over 100 Years

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A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus.







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