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Unusual New Zoantharian Species Is the First Described Solitary Species in Over 100 Years

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A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus.

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Policy Makers and Ecologists Must Develop a More Constructive Dialogue to Save the Planet

Dublin, Ireland, Tuesday July 19, 2016 - An international consensus demands human impacts on the environment "sustain", "maintain", "conserve", "protect", "safeguard", and "secure" it, keeping it within "safe ecological limits". But, a new Trinity College Dublin-led study that assembled an international team of environmental scientists shows that policy makers have little idea what these terms mean or how to connect them to a wealth of ecological data and ideas.

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Landsat -- the Watchman That Never Sleeps

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In western North America, mountain pine beetles infest and ravage thousands of acres of forest lands. Landsat satellites bear witness to the onslaught in a way that neither humans nor most other satellites can.

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The Pains and Strains of a Continental Breakup

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Every now and then in Earth's history, a pair of continents draws close enough to form one. There comes a time, however, when they must inevitably part ways.

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Researchers Find More Aggressive Behavior in City Birds Than Rural Ones

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The researchers' observations shed light on the effects of human population expansion on wildlife.

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To Save Water on Lawns, Throw Some Shade

How much water does your lawn really need? A University of Utah study re-evaluated lawn watering recommendations by measuring water use by lawns in Los Angeles. The standard model of turfgrass water needs, they found, lacked precision in some common urban southern California conditions, like the Santa Ana winds, or in the shade.

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Scavenger Crows Provide Public Service, Research Shows

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Crows are performing a useful function and keeping our environment free from rotting carcasses, research carried out at the University of Exeter in Cornwall has discovered.

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Gulf Stream Slowdown to Spare Europe From Worst of Climate Change

Europe will be spared the worst economic impacts of climate change by a slowing down of the Gulf Stream, new research predicts.

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Researchers Reveal First Sightings of Rare Whales Off New Zealand Coast

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For the first time in New Zealand waters an extremely rare grouping of Shepherd's Beaked Whales has been spotted from a University of Otago research vessel off the coast of the city of Dunedin in the South Island.

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Dam Good! Beavers May Restore Imperiled Streams, Fish Populations

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Utah State, Eco Logical Research, NOAA, Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, South Fork Research Publish in Nature's Scientific Reports.

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Breeding Populations of White-Naped Cranes on Decline in Eastern Mongolian Stronghold

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A new study by WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) says that breeding populations of white-naped cranes have decreased by 60 percent in Ulz River basin – an important stronghold for the species in Eastern Mongolia.

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Understanding Tourists’ Preferences for Nature-Based Experiences May Help with Conservation

Charismatic species—such as felines and primates or whales, sharks, and turtles—are attractive to tourists, and the opportunity of seeing them in the wild motivates tourists to visit protected areas. New research indicates that tourists’ preferences are not restricted to charismatic species, however, and they extend to less charismatic biodiversity, as well as to landscapes.

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Climate Change’s Effect on Rocky Mountain Plant Is Driven by Sex

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For the valerian plant, higher elevations in the Colorado Rocky Mountains are becoming much more co-ed. And the primary reason appears to be climate change.

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UGA Expert: Don’t Let Ticks Scare You

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Boost Needed to Keep World Below 2°C or 1.5°C: Study

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The latest comprehensive analysis of national plans to address climate change after 2020 shows the world will not reach its target of keeping warming to below 2C off pre-industrial levels.

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Microbial Community Dynamics Dominate Greenhouse Gas Production in Thawing Permafrost

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A single microbe dominated thawed permafrost sites, with its relative abundance strongly correlating with the magnitude and specific type of methane produced at any given site.

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New Understanding of One of Nature’s Best Biocatalysts for Biofuels Production

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C. thermocellum uses a previously unknown mechanism to degrade cellulose, in addition to other known degradation mechanisms.

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New Clues About the Aging Brain's Memory Functions

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A European study led by Umeå University Professor Lars Nyberg, has shown that the dopamine D2 receptor is linked to the long-term episodic memory, which function often reduces with age and due to dementia. This new insight can contribute to the understanding of why some but not others are affected by memory impairment. The results have been published in the journal PNAS.

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Baby Fish Lose Poisonous Protectors in Acidified Oceans

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A common close partnership which sees baby fish sheltering from predators among the poisonous tentacles of jellyfish will be harmed under predicted ocean acidification, a new University of Adelaide study has found.

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World's First Successful Artificial Insemination of Southern Rockhopper Penguin

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DNA tests have confirmed that one of the three southern rockhopper penguin chicks born at Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan between June 4 and 6 was conceived through artificial insemination. This is the result of a project led by Kaiyukan with the collaboration of Associate Professor KUSUNOKI Hiroshi (Kobe University Graduate School of Agricultural Science). It is the world's first successful case of a southern rockhopper penguin being conceived through artificial insemination.