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Satellite Data Reveal Serious Decline in Georgia Salt Marsh Health

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Scientists at the University of Georgia’s Marine Institute at Sapelo Island have found that the amount of vegetation along the Georgia coast has declined significantly in the last 30 years, spurring concerns about the overall health of marshland ecosystems in the area.

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Teasing Out the Microbiome of the Kansas Prairie

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PNNL scientists have untangled a soil metagenome – all the genetic material recovered from a sample of soil – more fully than ever before, reconstructing portions of the genomes of 129 species of microbes. While it’s only a tiny proportion of the species in the sample, it’s a leap forward for scientists who have had only a fraction of that success to date.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-Aug-2016 5:05 AM EDT

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UF/IFAS Study: Few People Know Mushrooms’ Health Benefits

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The study revealed many other consumer preferences about mushrooms. For instance, consumers prefer fresh mushrooms over processed ones, but their choice to buy and eat mushrooms may also be a matter of taste, texture, price and nutritive values.

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Bizarre Bacteria Causing Major Cattle Disease Named by UC Davis Researchers

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After more than 50 years of research, the tick-borne bacterium responsible for one of the most troubling and economically devastating cattle diseases in the Western United States has been named and genetically characterized by researchers at the University of California, Davis.

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UF/IFAS Researcher Wins Global Award for Space Life Sciences

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Robert Ferl, who researches how plants can grow in space, won the award. Specifically, Ferl was cited for conducting cutting-edge space biology research and for mentoring others in spaceflight research, pushing the boundaries of where biology can travel.

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Before Animals, Evolution Waited Eons to Inhale; Discovery of a New Extinct Carnivorous Marsupial; Research Could Lead to More and Healthier Sorghum, and More in the Environment News Source

Click here to go directly to the Environment News Source.

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Happy Hormone’s Calcium Connection May Make Cows and Humans Healthier

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MADISON — Serotonin is best known for eliciting feelings of happiness in the human brain, but scientists at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have found the hormone plays a role in milk production in dairy cows — and may have health implications for breastfeeding women.

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Salad Days – Tomatoes That Last Longer and Still Taste Good

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The precise mechanisms involved in tomato softening have remained a mystery until now. Research led by Graham Seymour, Professor of Plant Biotechnology in the School of Biosciences at The University of Nottingham, has identified a gene that encodes an enzyme which plays a crucial role in controlling softening of the tomato fruit.

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WSU Students Work to Save the Destruction of the Iconic Palm Tree

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When a monster beetle arrived in Hawaii and began chomping down palm trees, students with Wichita State University's Bug Lab took action.

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UF/IFAS Research Could Lead to More and Healthier Sorghum

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A UF/IFAS scientist has identified two areas of the sorghum genome that could boost the plant’s resistance to the anthracnose disease. Sorghum is a grain known to produce feed for livestock and biofuel.

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U.S. Land Capacity for Feeding People Could Expand with Dietary Changes

A new “food-print” model that measures the per-person land requirements of different diets suggests that, with dietary changes, the U.S. could feed significantly more people from existing agricultural land.

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New Method Could Quash Squash Pests

Florida grows more zucchini squash than anywhere else in America – to the tune of $70 million a year. To help improve production, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences are developing a method to keep squash pests at bay.

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Can Palm Oil Be Sustainable?

A new study shows to where and to what extent palm oil plantations could be expanded, while avoiding further deforestation in pristine and carbon-rich tropical forests.

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More for Less in Pastures

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Research comparing pastures with multiple types of plants to those with less variety shows surprising results in land productivity and soil health.

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After the Age of Dinosaurs Came the Age of Ant Farmers

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A group of South American ants has farmed fungi since shortly after the dinosaurs died out, according to an international research team including Smithsonian scientists. The genes of the ant farmers and their fungal crops reveal a surprisingly ancient history of mutual adaptations. This evolutionary give-and-take has led to some species--the leafcutter ants--developing industrial-scale farming that surpasses human agriculture in its efficiency.

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Energy Department Grants $2.5M for Biorefinery Waste Use, Renewable Bioproduct Study

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The US DOE grants $2.5 million to Texas A&M AgriLife Research to turn biorefinery waste into new products. "It's said anything but money can be made of lignin. Yet, that is the majority of what's left in the biorefinery plants," said Dr. Joshua Yuan, project leader. "Until we resolve this problem, biorefinery is not going to become economically viable."

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UF/IFAS-Developed Web Tool Saves Money for Strawberry Growers in Several States

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The Strawberry Advisory System, which tells growers when to spray fungicide, has been shown to save Florida strawberry growers $1.7 million a year. It is now being used in several other states, including Maryland, Georgia, South Carolina and California.

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UF/IFAS Scientist Digging Into Artichokes as Alternative Crop

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Shinsuke Agehara, a UF/IFAS assistant professor of horticultural sciences, thinks he can overcome the chill requirements of growing artichokes. Based at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Balm, Florida, Agehara recently received a nearly $90,000 federal grant to study how to establish an artichoke system for Florida growers.

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The Power of Scientific Meetings

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Researchers begin collaboration on research as a result of 2013 Fukushima symposium