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Science

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NSLS-II, Fungus, Plants

Investigating the Benefits of Cooperation

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Tiny strands of fungi weave through the roots of an estimated nine out of 10 plants on Earth, an underground symbiosis in which the plant gives the fungus pre-made sugars and the fungus sends the plant basic nutrients in return. Scientists are interested in enhancing this mechanism as a way to help plants grow on nutrient-poor lands.

Science

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ants, Mulch, soil moisture, soil aggregate

Making “Mulch” Ado of Ant Hills

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Research undertaken by scientists in China reveals that ants are hardworking and beneficial insects. In the activities of their daily lives, ants help increase air, water flow, and organic matter in soil. The work done by ants even forms a type of mulch that helps hold water in the soil.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Agricultural Production, Economics, Earth Science, policy ethics, Agriculture, coffee farmers

Unforeseen Impacts of the Fair Trade Movement

The University of Delaware's Lindsay Naylor studied fair trade in the southernmost Mexican state of Chiapas and found that the marketing practice hasn't done much for indigenous Mayas working on coffee plots. Naylor found that labor prices have been flat and producers have been marching in place.

Science

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Wet ‘Dry Season’ Damaged Valuable Ornamental Plants

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Florida’s winters are usually dry, but the wet winter of 2015-2016 helped spread pathogens that destroyed ornamental plants in Miami-Dade County. That’s a problem in an area where the industry generated an estimated $998 million annually in sales in 2015, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researchers say.

Science

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Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, drought resistance, drought-resistant crops, crop yields, Drought, rhizobacteria, Desertification, Salme Timmusk, Agriculture

NAU Study Finds Drought-Quenching Bacteria Protects Plants From Climate Stress

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The study, led by doctoral student Rachel Rubin, determined bacteria could play a significant role in increasing crop yields in the future, even in times of drought

Science

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Chemistry/Physics/Materials Sciences; Biology (Biodiversity; Ecology/Environment; Fisheries/Aquaculture; Marine/Freshwater Biology); Technology/Engineering/Computer Science

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Apr-2017 5:00 AM EDT

Science

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Research Trial Serves as Grounds to Plant Coffee

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The Department of Plant Science has planted 13 different varieties of coffee from Honduras and El Salvador in a secluded spot on campus as part of a research trial to see which types can tolerate the range of temperatures in the Pomona area.

Science

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sugarcane mosaic virus, Virus, Iowa State University, CORN, Maize, Sugarcane, Sorghum

International Research Team Discovers Resistance Gene to Fight Global Viral Threat in Corn

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A corn gene identified in a new study resists a virus that has led to steep yield losses in most corn-cultivating countries. An Iowa State University agronomists said the research could lead to corn varieties that can fight off sugarcane mosaic virus.

Science

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soil, forest fire, Prescribed burns, Forest Service, Forest

How Do Forests Recover From Fire?

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Forest fires can be frightening, destructive events. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) March 15 Soils Matter blog post explains the effects of forest fires on soil ecosystems—and how they bounce back.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Agriculture (Food/Food Science)

Oral Health Key to Understanding Humanity's Past, Study Says

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Oral health of modern day African tribe transitioning from hunting and gathering to agricultural diet challenges long held presumptions about our Stone Age ancestors.







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