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Pocket-Sized Anthrax Detector AIDS Global Agriculture

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A credit-card-sized anthrax detection cartridge developed at Sandia National Laboratories and recently licensed to a small business makes testing safer, easier, faster and cheaper.

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Kansas State Professor Leads Group Making Recommendations on Climate Change Mitigation

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Changing agricultural practices and ending food waste around the world are among recommendations made by scientists charged with looking at ways to mitigate global climate change. The scientists were authors who contributed to a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

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Shade Grown Coffee Shrinking as a Proportion of Global Coffee Production

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According to a new study, over the past couple of decades, global coffee production has been shifting towards a more intensive, less environmentally friendly style. That's pretty surprising if you live in the U.S. and you've gone to the grocery store or Starbucks, where sales of environmentally and socially conscious coffees have risen sharply and now account for half of all U.S. coffee sales by economic value.

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Significant Baseline Levels of Arsenic Found in Soil Throughout Ohio Are Due to Natural Processes

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Geologic and soil processes are to blame for significant baseline levels of arsenic in soil throughout Ohio, according to a new study. Every sample had concentrations higher than the screening level of concern recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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First Metritis Vaccine Protects Dairy Cows

Cornell scientists have created the first vaccines that can prevent metritis, one of the most common cattle diseases. The infection not only harms animals and farmers’ profits, but also drives more systemic antibiotic use on dairy farms than any other disease. The new vaccines prevent metritis infection of the uterus from taking hold and reduce symptoms when it does, a prospect that could save the United States billions of dollars a year and help curb the growing epidemic of antibiotic resistance.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4/21/2014 3:00 PM EDT

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Researchers Hope New Tests Will Prevent an Endemic in Pork Industry

Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory develops tests to identify pig viruses, hoping to prevent the further spread of diseases that have already killed almost 6 million pigs.

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Corralling Milk Microbes That Survive Pasteurization

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Corralling desperados with names like bacillus and paenibacillus will require ingenuity and an arsenal of weapons. These outlaws aren’t rustling cattle—they’re making milk sour and cheese soft and crumbly. For more than a century, milk has been heated to kill any bacteria or pathogens that can affect consumer health and shorten the shelf life of the product. However, microbes-- known as thermoduric--can survive pasteurization, according to South Dakota State University dairy science professor Sanjeev Anand. The Agricultural Experiment Station researcher has begun developing ways to combat heat-resistant microorganisms, a major challenge for the world’s dairy industry. His work is also supported by the Dairy Research Institute and the Midwest Dairy Food Research Center.

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Swine Specialist Studying Spread of PED in Pig Feed

Swine specialist and team of researchers investigating how porcine epidemic diarrhea virus may be infecting pigs' feed.

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Ancient Nomads Spread Earliest Domestic Grains Along Silk Road

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Charred grains of barley, millet and wheat deposited nearly 5,000 years ago at campsites in the high plains of Kazakhstan show that nomadic sheepherders played a surprisingly important role in the early spread of domesticated crops throughout a mountainous east-west corridor along the historic Silk Road, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.

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