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Medicine

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Hypertension in children, High blood pressure in children, cognitive issues, Cognitive Skills, The Journal of Pediatrics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Sep-2016 12:00 AM EDT

Medicine

Science

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Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, University Of Haifa, Dr. Hadas Okon-Singer, Emotional Conflict

When We’re Unsure How to Respond, How Does Our Brain Decide whether a Situation is Pleasant or Not?

*Researchers from the Max Planck Institute in Germany and the University of Haifa used emotionally confusing video clips and revealed different neutral networks that operate when we perceive a situation as positive or negative*

Medicine

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Neuroscience, patient stories, Research, Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle Children's Hospital, Concussion, Study, Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Researchers Identify Concussion Treatment for Persistent Cases in Children

Researchers at Seattle Children’s Research Institute published a study in the journal Pediatrics showing a new intervention for adolescents with persistent post-concussive symptoms that improved health and wellness outcomes significantly. The approach combines cognitive behavioral therapy and coordinated care among providers, schools, patients and families.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Cognitive Sciences, Iconicity, Language evolution, Linguistics, Sound Symbolism

A Nose by Any Other Name Would Sound the Same, Study Finds

In a study that shatters a cornerstone concept in linguistics, an analysis of nearly two-thirds of the world’s languages shows that humans tend to use the same sounds for common objects and ideas, no matter what language they’re speaking.

Medicine

Science

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Linking Perception to Action

A neuroscientist maps brain cell activity that occurs during the delay between sensation and action.

Medicine

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Brain, Neurons, Learning, schadenfreude

UCLA–Caltech Study Identifies Brain Cells That Help Us Learn by Watching Others

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From infancy, we learn by watching other people, then use those memories to help us predict outcomes and make decisions in the future. Now a UCLA–Caltech study has pinpointed the individual neurons in the brain that support observational learning.

Science

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Intellectual and developemental disabilities, Cognitive Tests, National Institutes of Heal, UC Davis MIND Institute

Cognitive function tests reliable for people with intellectual disabilities, UC Davis research shows

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Researchers at the UC Davis MIND Institute have found that a battery of tests appears to have strong potential for measuring cognitive changes over time for people with intellectual disabilities. The work could open new doors to research into whether drugs and specialized educational programs or treatments can improve function in people with Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome and other causes of intellectual disabilities.

Life

Education

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Calculation, Problem Solving, Decision Making, Education, Intelligence, Science And Math, Cognitive Processes

Parents' Math Skills 'Rub Off' on Their Children

PITTSBURGH--Parents who excel at math produce children who excel at math. This is according to a recently released University of Pittsburgh study, which shows a distinct transfer of math skills from parent to child. The study specifically explored intergenerational transmission--the concept of parental influence on an offspring's behavior or psychology--in mathematic capabilities.

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Epilepsy

Newer Epilepsy Drugs Taken While Pregnant Not Associated with Lower IQs in Children

MINNEAPOLIS – Two epilepsy drugs, levetiracetam and topiramate, may not harm the thinking skills and IQs of school-age children born to women who took them while pregnant, according to a recent study. The research is published in the August 31, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. However, the drug valproate is associated with lower IQs in children, especially at higher dosages.

Medicine

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Aging, alzhiemer's disease, Medicine And Health, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Neurochemistry, Stress and Anxiety, Trauma Injury

First Study Examines PTSD & Cognitive Impairment in World Trade Center Responders

New research published by the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring confirms the connection between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and cognitive impairment - in this case, among those who helped with search, rescue and cleanup efforts following the 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) attacks.

Medicine

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Learning, Memory, Drosophila, Calcium, Mitochondria, Neuroscience, Cognition

Scripps Florida Scientists Shed New Light on the Role of Calcium in Learning and Memory

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In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute offer new insights how calcium in mitochondria—the powerhouse of all cells—can impact the development of the brain and adult cognition.

Medicine

Science

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Neuroscience, Brain, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Hippocampus, Reward-based learning, place cells

The Brain Uses Backward Instant Replays to Remember Important Travel Routes

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Neuroscientists believe they have figured out how rats solve certain navigational problems. If there’s a “reward” at the end of the trip, specialized neurons in the hippocampus of the brain “replay” the route taken to get it, but backward. And the greater the reward, the more often the rats’ brains replay it.

Medicine

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Epilelpsy

Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Receives Top Epilepsy Ranking From the National Association of Epilepsy Centers

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Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) has been recognized by the National Association of Epilepsy Centers (NAEC) as a Level 4 epilepsy center, providing the highest–level medical and surgical evaluation and treatment for patients with complex epilepsy.

Medicine

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alzheimer disease, Behaivor, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Neurology, Mental Health, personality and attitude, Social Behavioral Sciences

Too Much Activity in Certain Areas of the Brain Is Bad for Memory and Attention

Neurons in the brain interact by sending each other chemical messages, so-called neurotransmitters. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most common inhibitory neurotransmitter, which is important to restrain neural activity, preventing neurons from getting too trigger-happy and from firing too much or responding to irrelevant stimuli.

Medicine

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UCLA health, UCLA Health System, UCLA, UCLA DOCTORS, Back To School, bullied children, bullying in schools, Bully Prevention, Friendship Building, children activities, Emotional Development, Parenting, school anxiety, School Anxiety Disorders, Adolescent Anxiety Disorder, Depressed Adolescents, Eating Disorder, athletes and brain injury, Concussion, Concussi

UCLA Health experts advisory for September

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UCLA Health experts are available to discuss a wide variety of topics of interest, with a focus on back-to-school issues, for the month of September.

Science

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Language, Linguistic, Speech, perception and awareness, Social & Behavioral Sciences

Maternal Language Shapes Infants' Cry Melodies

Tonal languages sound rather strange to European ears: in contrast to German, French or English, their meaning is also determined by the pitch at which syllables or words are pronounced. A seemingly identical sound can mean completely different things - depending on whether it is pronounced with high pitch, low pitch or a specific pitch fluctuation.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Mathematics, Statistics, Education and Evolution, perception and awareness, Mental Health, technology and engineering, Computer Science

Babies' Spatial Reasoning Predicts Later Math Skills

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Spatial reasoning measured in infancy predicts how children do at math at four years of age, finds a new study published in Psychological Science.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences, Education

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Education, Hearing and Speech Sciences, Language, Linguistic, Speech

Most Adults Know More Than 42,000 Words

How many words do we know? It turns out that even language experts and researchers have a tough time estimating this.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Medicine And Health, parenting child care, Family, Pediatrics

Providers Face Cultural Challenges When Evaluating Refugee Children

Numerous challenges face providers who are administering developmental screenings for refugee children, including differences in cultural and religious beliefs, language barriers, and disparate education levels, according to new research from the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) published in the journal Pediatrics.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Behavior, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Mental Health, personality attitude, Social Behavioral Sciences

Heading for a Fall

The link between overconfidence and poor decision making is under the spotlight in an international study by scientists from Monash University and the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig.







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