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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-Sep-2014 12:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Changing the Emotional Association of Memories

By manipulating neural circuits in the brain of mice, scientists have altered the emotional associations of specific memories. The research, led by Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Susumu Tonegawa at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), reveals that the connections between the part of the brain that stores contextual information about an experience and the part of the brain that stores the emotional memory of that experience are malleable.

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Medicine

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Train Your Heart to Protect Your Mind

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Exercising to improve our cardiovascular strength may protect us from cognitive impairment as we age, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Montreal and its affiliated Institut universitaire de gératrie de Montréal Research Centre.

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Learning by Watching, Toddlers Show Intuitive Understanding of Probability

Most people know children learn many skills simply by watching people around them. Without explicit instructions youngsters know to do things like press a button to operate the television and twist a knob to open a door. Now researchers have taken this further, finding that children as young as age 2 intuitively use mathematical concepts such as probability to help make sense of the world around them.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Home Sweet Home: Does Where You Live Impact Student Success?

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Where you live doesn’t have to determine your school success, according to a recent study by Dr. Tracy Alloway, UNF assistant professor of psychology. Instead, your working memory—your ability to remember and process information—is a much better predictor of learning outcomes.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Influenced by Self-Interest, Humans Less Concerned About Inequity to Others, Researchers Find

Strongly influenced by their self-interest, humans do not protest being overcompensated, even when there are no consequences, researchers in Georgia State University’s Brains and Behavior Program have found.

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Learning to Play the Piano? Sleep on It!

According to researchers at the University of Montreal, the regions of the brain below the cortex play an important role as we train our bodies’ movements and, critically, they interact more effectively after a night of sleep. While researchers knew that sleep helped us the learn sequences of movements (motor learning), it was not known why.

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Hand Gestures Improve Learning in Both Signers and Speakers

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Spontaneous gesture can help children learn, whether they use a spoken language or sign language, according to a new report.

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Education

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Study Finds Range of Skills Students Taught in School Linked to Race and Class Size

Pressure to meet national education standards may be the reason states with significant populations of African-American students and those with larger class sizes often require children to learn fewer skills, finds a University of Kansas researcher.

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Memories of Errors Foster Faster Learning

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Using a deceptively simple set of experiments, researchers at Johns Hopkins have learned why people learn an identical or similar task faster the second, third and subsequent time around. The reason: They are aided not only by memories of how to perform the task, but also by memories of the errors made the first time.

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