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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-Feb-2015 11:00 AM EST

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Concentrating on Word Sounds Helps Reading Instruction and Intervention

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A neuroimaging study by a University at Buffalo psychologist suggests that phonics shouldn’t be overlooked in favor of a whole-language technique, a finding that could help improve treatment and diagnosis of common reading disorders.

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Psychopathic Violent Offenders’ Brains Can’t Understand Punishment

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Psychopathic violent offenders have abnormalities in the parts of the brain related to learning from punishment, according to an MRI study led by Sheilagh Hodgins and Nigel Blackwood.

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Brain’s On-Off Thirst Switch Identified

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Neurons that trigger our sense of thirst—and neurons that turn it off—have been identified by Columbia University Medical Center neuroscientists. The paper was published today in the online edition of Nature.

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Use It or Lose It

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Older adults who learn a new, mentally demanding skill can improve their cognitive function, according to research by Jennifer Lodi-Smith, PhD, psychology professor at Canisius College.

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Study Finds Lead Negatively Impacts Cognitive Functions of Boys More than Girls

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The female hormones estrogen and estradiol may help ward off the effects of lead exposure for young girls, explaining why boys, are shown to suffer more often from the cognitive disabilities linked to lead.

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Sleep Tight and Stay Bright? Invest Now, Baylor Researcher Says

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Sound sleep in young and middle-aged people helps memory and learning, but as they hit their seventh, eighth and ninth decades — and generally don’t sleep as much or as well — sleep is not linked so much to memory, a Baylor University researcher says.

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Classic Psychedelic Use Found to Be Protective with Regard to Psychological Distress and Suicidality, Study Finds

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Classic psychedelic drugs include LSD, psilocybin and mescaline. This new School of Public Health research is published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology.

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Rescuing Memories of Past Events: NYU Researchers Reveal How the Mundane Can Be Meaningful--and Remembered

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It’s not surprising that our memories of highly emotional events, such as 9/11 or the birth of a child, are quite strong. But can these events change our memories of the past? NYU researchers report that emotional learning can lead to the strengthening of older memories.

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Humanity Has Exceeded 4 of 9 ‘Planetary Boundaries,’ According to Researchers

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An international team of researchers says climate change, the loss of biosphere integrity, land-system change, and altered biogeochemical cycles like phosphorus and nitrogen runoff have all passed beyond levels that put humanity in a “safe operating space.” Civilization has crossed four of nine so-called planetary boundaries as the result of human activity, according to a report published today in Science by the 18-member research team.