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Pleasure at Another’s Misfortune Is Evident in Children as Young as Two

Even very young children will show signs of schadenfreude when an inequitable situation is rectified.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Dec-2014 5:00 PM EST

Medicine

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From Architect to Social Worker: Complex Jobs May Protect Memory and Thinking Later in Life

People whose jobs require more complex work with other people, such as social workers and lawyers, or with data, like architects or graphic designers, may end up having longer-lasting memory and thinking abilities compared to people who do less complex work, according to research published in the November 19, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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A Mother's Soothing Presence Makes Pain Go Away – and Changes Gene Activity in the Infant Brain

A mother’s “TLC” not only can help soothe pain in infants, but it may also impact early brain development by altering gene activity in a part of the brain involved in emotions, according to new study from NYU Langone Medical Center.

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Behavioral Flexibility Impaired After Exposure to Oxycodone

Brief usage of the painkiller oxycodone may impair behavioral flexibility even after that use ends, suggesting impaired decision-making as an enduring consequence of exposure, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published November 17 in the journal Learning and Memory.

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Education

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Focusing on Executive Functions in Kindergarten Leads to Lasting Academic Improvements

An educational approach focused on the development of children’s executive functions – the ability to avoid distractions, focus attention, hold relevant information in working memory, and regulate impulsive behavior – improved academic learning in and beyond kindergarten, according to a new study by NYU researchers.

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Playing Action Video Games Can Boost Learning

A new study shows for the first time that playing action video games improves not just the skills taught in the game, but learning capabilities more generally.

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Statins Reverse Learning Disabilities Caused by Genetic Disorder

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UCLA scientists have discovered that statins, a popular class of cholesterol drugs, reverse the learning deficits caused by a mutation linked to a common genetic cause of learning disabilities. Published in the Nov. 10 advance online edition of Nature Neuroscience, the findings were studied in mice genetically engineered to develop the disease, called Noonan syndrome.

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Consensus Statement Questions Science Behind Brain-Training Claims

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New Insight Into the Neuroscience of Choking Under Pressure

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Recent research from The Johns Hopkins University suggests that in situations like this, performance depends on two factors: the framing of the incentive in terms of a loss or a gain, and a person’s aversion to loss.

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