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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Jul-2014 3:00 PM EDT

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Childhood Friendships Crucial in Learning to Value Others

Friends play an extremely important role in a person’s life. From infancy on, we have a desire to connect and those early relationships help to mold and develop our adult character. Through interactions with one another, we learn to think beyond ourselves to understand the needs and desires of others.

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Background TV Can Be Bad for Kids

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Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children's learning and development, according to a new study from the University of Iowa. Researchers found that background television can divert a child’s attention from play and learning. Results appear in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.

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Large Twin Study Suggests That Language Delay Due More to Nature Than Nurture

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A study of 473 sets of twins followed since birth found twins have twice the rate of language delay as do single-born children. Moreover, identical twins have greater rates of language delay than do non-identical twins, strengthening the case for the heritability of language.

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Measuring Nurture: Study Shows How "Good Mothering" Hardwires Infant Brain

By carefully watching nearly a hundred hours of video showing mother rats protecting, warming, and feeding their young pups, and then matching up what they saw to real-time electrical readings from the pups’ brains, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have found that the mother’s presence and social interactions — her nurturing role — directly molds the early neural activity and growth of her offsprings’ brain.

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Months Before Their First Words, Babies' Brains Rehearse Speech Mechanics

University of Washington research in 7- and 11-month-old infants shows that speech sounds stimulate areas of the brain that coordinate and plan motor movements for speech. The study suggests that baby brains start laying down the groundwork of how to form words long before they actually begin to speak.

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Chimpanzee Intelligence Determined by Genes

A chimpanzee’s intelligence is largely determined by its genes, while environmental factors may be less important than scientists previously thought, according to a Georgia State University research study.

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Study Cracks How the Brain Processes Emotions

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Although feelings are personal and subjective, the human brain turns them into a standard code that objectively represents emotions across different senses, situations and even people, reports a new study by Cornell University neuroscientist Adam Anderson.

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Doing Something is Better Than Doing Nothing for Most People, Study Shows

People are focused on the external world and don’t enjoy spending much time alone thinking, according to a new study led by University of Virginia psychologist Timothy Wilson and published in the journal Science.

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Insect Diet Helped Early Humans Build Bigger Brains, Study Suggests

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Figuring out how to survive on a lean-season diet of hard-to-reach ants, slugs and other bugs may have spurred the development of bigger brains and higher-level cognitive functions in the ancestors of humans and other primates, suggests research from Washington University in St. Louis.

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