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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 8-Oct-2014 2:00 PM EDT

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Improving Babies’ Language Skills Before They’re Even Old Enough to Speak

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In the first months of life, when babies begin to distinguish sounds that make up language from all the other sounds in the world, they can be trained to more effectively recognize which sounds “might” be language, accelerating the development of the brain maps which are critical to language acquisition and processing, according to new by April Benasich and colleagues of Rutgers University-Newark -- published in the October 1 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

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Strategic or Random? How the Brain Chooses

Scientists at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Research Campus have shown that the brain can temporarily disconnect information about past experience from decision-making circuits, thereby triggering random behavior.

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Novel Mechanism Involved in Memory Discovered by UAB Researchers

Researchers at UAB report in Nature the discovery of a novel mechanism in the brain involved in the formation of memory and learning. The discovery could have therapeutic ramifications for conditions including dementia, age-related memory loss or even post-traumatic stress disorder.

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New Study Out of Villanova University Finds Release of Violent Video Games May Actually Reduce Real-World Violence

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Artworks Are People!

We see art more as a person than an object, according to new research from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. And in some cases, we make distinctions between artworks — say, an exact replica of a piece created by the artist, versus one created by a different artist. Art, in other words, is an extension of the creator, write Professor Daniel M. Bartels of Chicago Booth, and Professor George E. Newman and Rosanna K. Smith, a doctoral student, both of Yale University School of Management.

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Study First to Use Brain Scans to Forecast Early Reading Difficulties

UC San Francisco researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving clinicians a possible tool to spot children with dyslexia and other reading difficulties before they experience reading challenges.

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Slow to Mature, Quick to Distract: ADHD Brain Study Finds Slower Development of Key Connections

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A peek inside the brains of more than 750 children and teens reveals a key difference in brain architecture between those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and those without.

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Delay in Age of Walking Can Herald Muscular Dystrophy in Boys with Cognitive Delays

The timing of a toddler’s first steps is an important developmental milestone, but a slight delay in walking is typically not a cause of concern by itself. Now a duo of Johns Hopkins researchers has found that when walking and cognitive delays occur in concert, the combination could comprise the earliest of signals heralding a rare but devastating disorder known as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).

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Owls Provides Clues on How Humans Focus Attention

Research with barn owls reveals how the brain decides what it should pay attention to among competing external events.

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