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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4/21/2014 4:00 PM EDT

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4/23/2014 4:00 PM EDT

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Toddlers ‘Surprisingly Sophisticated’ at Understanding Unfamiliar Accents

A new University of Toronto study has found that by two years of age, children are remarkably good at comprehending speakers who talk with accents the toddlers have never heard before.

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Study Examines Vitamin D Deficiency and Cognition Relationship

Study that looks at Vitamin D deficiency and cognition relationship in older adults adds to the existing literature on the subject.

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Babies Prefer Fairness – but Only if It Benefits Them – in Choosing a Playmate

Babies as young as 15 months preferred people with the same ethnicity as themselves -- a phenomenon known as in-group bias, or favoring people who have the same characteristics as oneself.

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What Songbirds Tell Us About How We Learn

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When you throw a wild pitch or sing a flat note, it could be that your basal ganglia made you do it. This area in the middle of the brain is involved in motor control and learning. And one reason for that errant toss or off-key note may be that your brain prompted you to vary your behavior to help you learn, from trial-and-error, to perform better. But how does the brain do this, how does it cause you to vary your behavior?

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Running, Cardio Activities in Young Adulthood May Preserve Thinking Skills in Middle Age

Young adults who run or participate in other cardio fitness activities may preserve their memory and thinking skills in middle age, according to a new study published in the April 2, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Middle age was defined as ages 43 to 55.

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Fast Food Giants’ Ads for Healthier Kids Meals Don’t Send the Right Message

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Children who viewed TV ads for Kids Meals were commonly unable to recall milk or apples, items added to make the meals healthier. Instead many kids thought apples were french fries.

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Computer Maps 21 Distinct Emotional Expressions—Even “Happily Disgusted”

Researchers at The Ohio State University have found a way for computers to recognize 21 distinct facial expressions—even expressions for complex or seemingly contradictory emotions such as “happily disgusted” or “sadly angry.” The study more than triples the number of documented facial expressions that researchers can now use for cognitive analysis.

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Brain Scans Link Concern for Justice with Reason, Not Emotion

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People who care about justice are swayed more by reason than emotion, according to new brain scan research from the University of Chicago Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience.

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