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Socioeconomic Differences in Adolescent Health Getting Wider

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Health inequalities in young people have grown alongside socioeconomic disparities between the rich and poor. In a paper published Tuesday in The Lancet, an international team of researchers led by McGill University psychologist Frank Elgar said that rising income inequality in Europe and North America coincides with wider disparities in the mental and physical health of 11- to 15-year-olds.

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Standardization and Simplification is Key to Helping NICU Babies Feed and Grow

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A new standardized approach for feeding infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) helps babies attain full oral feeds sooner, improves their growth and sends them home sooner. The guidelines, developed by clinician-scientists at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and published in the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, also reduces the cost of care for these babies by shortening their stays in the NICU by as much as two weeks.

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Conservative Treatment Normalizes Head Shape in Most Infants with Skull Flattening, Reports Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

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More than three-fourths of infants with skull flattening related to sleep position achieve normal head shape with conservative treatment—without the need for helmet therapy, reports a study in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

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Warning on Use of Drug for Children's Sleep

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Sleep researchers at the University of Adelaide are warning doctors and parents not to provide the drug melatonin to children to help control their sleep problems.

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Do Genes Play a Role in Peanut Allergies? New Study Suggests Yes

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Researchers have pinpointed a region in the human genome associated with peanut allergy in U.S. children, offering strong evidence that genes can play a role in the development of food allergies.

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Peanut Allergy Expert Available to Speak on New Study

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Early Consumption of Peanuts Prevents Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants

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A study reported today in the New England Journal of Medicine demonstrates that consumption of a peanut-containing snack by infants who are at high-risk for developing peanut allergy prevents the subsequent development of allergy. The “Learning Early About Peanut allergy” (LEAP) study, designed and conducted by the Immune Tolerance Network and led by Gideon Lack at Kings College London, is the first randomized trial to prevent food allergy in a large cohort of high-risk infants.

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Hair Sample Tests Reveal Underreported Exposure to Tobacco Smoke Among Preemies with Lung Disease

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Public health experts have long known that tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) can be harmful for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a lung disease that often accompanies premature birth.

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Breastfeeding, Other Factors Help Shape Immune System Early in Life

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Henry Ford Hospital researchers say that breastfeeding and other factors influence a baby’s immune system development and susceptibility to allergies and asthma by what’s in their gut.

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PTSD Can Affect Sick Kids? Your Medical PTSD Questions Answered

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PTSD. Four letters we immediately associate with soldiers and horrific wartime tragedies. But unfortunately, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can affect anyone who has experienced a traumatic event—including children with serious medical diagnoses. To learn more about this devastating disorder in kids, we talked to Jeffrey I. Gold, PhD, director of the Pediatric Pain Management Clinic at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA).