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Tasty Fat: X-Rays Finding the Blueprint of Why Fat Is Yummy

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Over three years, a University of Guelph team has brought increasingly complex samples of edible fat to the APS for research. They are using the data from the APS USAXS facility to characterize the nanoscale structure of different kinds of edible fats and applying the data to a model that predicts the effect of processes like heating and mixing on fat structure. If food manufacturers understand the unique structures of different fat compositions, they can better mimic the desirable tastes and textures of unhealthy fats with healthier alternatives, potentially impacting diseases closely tied to diet.

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Restoring Chemotherapy Sensitivity by Boosting MicroRNA Levels

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By increasing the level of a specific microRNA (miRNA) molecule, researchers have for the first time restored chemotherapy sensitivity in vitro to a line of human pancreatic cancer cells that had developed resistance to a common treatment drug.

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Argonne-Developed Technology for Achieving Superlubricity Wins 2016 Techconnect National Innovation Award

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A Graphene-nanodiamond solution for achieving superlubricity that was developed at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory has won a 2016 TechConnect National Innovation Award. TechConnect is a global innovation prospecting company, delivering the most promising technologies to the world’s leading corporate, investment and government clients. Principal investigator and Argonne nanoscientist Ani Sumant accepted the award on May 22 at the TechConnect-National Innovation Summit in Washington, D.C. The technology received the award because it placed in the top 15% of all submitted technologies as ranked by the TechConnect Corporate & Investment Partner Committee.

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Graphene: A Quantum of Current, ORNL Demonstrates Large-Scale Technique to Produce Quantum Dots, Making Injectable Medicine Safer, and more in the Nanotechnology News Source

Graphene: A Quantum of Current, ORNL Demonstrates Large-Scale Technique to Produce Quantum Dots, Making Injectable Medicine Safer, and more in the Nanotechnology News Source

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Wayne State Researcher Receives NSF Grant to Improve the Quality of Imaging and Chemical Sensing of Disease Biomarkers

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With the help of a $341,694 grant from the National Science Foundation, “Establishing the Crystallochemical Principles Governing Energy-Transfer Processes in Upconversion Nanocrystals,” a Wayne State University researcher aims to improve upconversion nanocrystals’ composition and atomic structure to expand the library of bright and multicolor upconverters, while also generating fundamental understanding of light-matter interactions at the nanoscale.

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Graphene: A Quantum of Current

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When current comes in discrete packages: Viennese scientists unravel the quantum properties of the carbon material graphene.

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ORNL Demonstrates Large-Scale Technique to Produce Quantum Dots

ORNL demonstrates a method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications.

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Making Injectable Medicine Safer

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Bring the drugs, hold the suds. That summarizes a promising new drug-making technique designed to reduce serious allergic reactions and other side effects from anti-cancer medicine, testosterone and other drugs administered with a needle.

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A New Amp for 5G Cell Phones, New Ultrasound Method to Analyze Cancer Cells, Synthetic Heart Valves, Discovery of Rules for CRISPR Advance Metabolic Engineering and more in the Engineering News Source

A New Amp for 5G Cell Phones, New Ultrasound Method to Analyze Cancer Cells, Synthetic Heart Valves, Discovery of Rules for CRISPR Advance Metabolic Engineering and more in the Engineering News Source

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How Efficient Can Solar Cells Be? UNSW Nudges Closer to Physical Limits

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Australian engineers edge closer to the theoretical limits of sunlight-to-electricity conversion of photovoltaic cells with a device that delivers a new world efficiency record.

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Gone with the Wind: Argonne Coating Shows Surprising Potential to Improve Reliability in Wind Power

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A group of researchers from the Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Akron discovered that a particular form of carbon coating not necessarily designed for wind turbines may indeed prove a boon to the wind industry—a serendipitous finding that was recently highlighted in the journal Tribology International.

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Top Stories 5-17-2016

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Top Stories 5-16-2016

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Major Leap Toward a 'Perfect' Quantum Metamaterial, Seismic Response of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete, and more in the Material Science Channel

Major Leap Toward a 'Perfect' Quantum Metamaterial, Seismic Response of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete. and more in the Material Science Channel

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This “Nanocavity” May Improve Ultrathin Solar Panels, Video Cameras and More

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Recently, engineers placed a single layer of MoS molecules on top of a photonic structure called an optical nanocavity made of aluminum oxide and aluminum. The MoS nanocavity can increase the amount of light that ultrathin semiconducting materials absorb. In turn, this could help industry to continue manufacturing more powerful, efficient and flexible electronic devices.

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Top Stories 5-13-2016

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At Attention, Molecules!

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University of Iowa chemists have learned about a molecular assembly that may help create quicker, more responsive touch screens, among other applications. The researchers report the interfacial layer—when molecules interact with a surface—of electrically charged fluids called ionic liquids is thicker than previously known.

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Top Stories 5-11-2016

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Top Stories 5-10-2016

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Common Nanoparticle Has Subtle Effects on Oxidative Stress Genes

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A nanoparticle commonly used in food, cosmetics, sunscreen and other products can have subtle effects on the activity of genes expressing enzymes that address oxidative stress inside two types of cells, a new study shows.