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Largest Populus SNP Dataset Holds Promise for Biofuels, X-Ray Imaging at Argonne Captures Material Defect Process, Flexible Ferroelectrics Bring Two Material Worlds Together, and More in the DOE Science News Source

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Climate Change, Sea-level rise, Climate Science, Global Warming, Flooding, Floods, Tidal flooding, Environment, Coasts, Coastal, Shoreline, Rutgers, Rutgers University, New Jersey, Jersey Shore, Northeast, United States, Resilience, Preparedness, Risk Management, Science, Greenland, Antarcica, Antarctic, Ice Sheets, Gulf Of Mexico, Atlantic, Pacific, Oceans, Alaska, Ha

Regional Sea-Level Scenarios Will Help Northeast Plan for Faster-Than-Global Rise

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Sea level in the Northeast and in some other U.S. regions will rise significantly faster than the global average, according to a report released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Moreover, in a worst-case scenario, global sea level could rise by about 8 feet by 2100. Robert E. Kopp, an associate professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers University, coauthored the report, which lays out six scenarios intended to inform national and regional planning.

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Climate Change

Climate Change Prompts Alaska Fish to Change Breeding Behavior

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A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska’s most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.

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oceanic troughs, Ice Sheets, West Antarctica, Glaciers

UCI Researchers Map Oceanic Troughs Below Ice Sheets in West Antarctica

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Irvine, Calif., Jan. 18, 2017 – University of California, Irvine glaciologists have uncovered large oceanic valleys beneath some of the massive glaciers flowing into the Amundsen Sea in West Antarctica. Carved by earlier advances of ice during colder periods, the subsurface troughs enable warm, salty water to reach the undersides of glaciers, fueling their increasingly rapid retreat.

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Vitamin B-12, and a Knockoff Version, Create Complex Market for Marine Vitamins

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Vitamin B-12 exists in two different, incompatible forms in the oceans. An organism thought to supply the essential vitamin B-12 in the marine environment is actually churning out a knockoff version.

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Conditions Right for Complex Life May Have Come and Gone in Earth's Distant Past

Conditions suitable to support complex life may have developed in Earth's oceans — and then faded — more than a billion years before life truly took hold, a new University of Washington-led study has found.

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Genomics, Environment, Antarctic, Ocean, Diatoms, Evolution, Ecosystem, Genetics, Phytoplankton, Adaptation, Eukaryotes, eukaryotic biology, Population Genetics

Tracking Antarctic Adaptations in Diatoms

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An international team of researchers conducted a comparative genomic analysis to gain insights into the genome structure and evolution of the diatom Fragillariopsis cylindrus, as well as its role in the Southern Ocean.

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Diversification Key to Resilient Fishing Communities

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Fishing communities can survive ― and even thrive ― as fish abundance and market prices shift if they can catch a variety of species and nimbly move from one fishery to the next, a new University of Washington study finds.

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Exeter Research Helps Protect Loggerhead Turtles

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A long-running research and conservation project is helping save an at-risk species of turtle.

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Ocean Acidification to Hit West Coast Dungeness Crab Fishery, New Assessment Shows

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The acidification of the ocean expected as seawater absorbs increasing amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere will reverberate through the West Coast’s marine food web, but not necessarily in the ways you might expect, new research shows.

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Earthquakes, Tonga Trench, hydrous minerals, wastewater injection, intermediate-depth earthquakes

Release of Water Shakes Pacific Plate at Depth

A team of seismologists analyzing the data from 671 earthquakes that occurred between 30 and 280 miles beneath the Earth's surface in the Pacific Plate as it descended into the Tonga Trench were surprised to find a zone of intense earthquake activity in the downgoing slab. The pattern of the activity along the slab provided strong evidence that the earthquakes are sparked by the release of water at depth.

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Rapid Arctic Warming Has in the Past Shifted Southern Ocean Winds

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Ice core records from the two poles show that during the last ice age, sharp spikes in Arctic temperatures triggered shifts in the winds around Antarctica.

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Surf and Earth: How Prawn Shopping Bags Could Save the Planet

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Bioengineers at The University of Nottingham are testing how to use shrimp shells to make biodegradable shopping bags, as a ‘green’ alternative to oil-based plastic, and as a new food packaging material to extend product shelf life.

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Massive Genetic Study of Humpback Whales to Inform Conservation Assessments of Ocean Giants

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Scientists have published one of the largest genetic studies ever conducted on the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) for the purpose of clarifying management decisions in the Southern Hemisphere and supporting calls to protect unique and threatened populations, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), the American Museum of Natural History, Columbia University, and other organizations.

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Changing Antarctic Waters Could Trigger Steep Rise in Sea Levels

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Current changes in the ocean around Antarctica are disturbingly close to conditions 14,000 years ago that led to the rapid melting of the Antarctic ice sheets and a three metre rise in global sea levels.

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Fish physiology , Gene Expression, Fishes, Ocean Acidification, rockfish

Study Examines Ocean Acidification Effects on Rockfish, a Key CA Marine Prey Base

A new study led by researchers from Moss Landing Marine Labs of San Jose State University, California State University Monterey Bay and University of California Santa Cruz examines how ocean acidification may negatively affect some juvenile rockfish, a key marine prey base to the Calif. ecosystem.

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Arctic Sea Ice Loss Impacts Beluga Whale Migration

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A new University of Washington study has found the annual migration of some beluga whales in Alaska is altered by sea ice changes in the Arctic, while other belugas do not appear to be affected.

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Corals, coordinated behaviour

Corals May Show Complex, Coordinated Behavior

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The individual and the group: insignificant alone, awesome together. Like ants in a colony or neurons of a brain, the collective action of single actors can beautifully coalesce into something more complex than the parts.

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Puget Sound

Eelgrass in Puget Sound is stable overall, but some local beaches suffering

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Eelgrass, a marine plant crucial to the success of migrating juvenile salmon and spawning Pacific herring, is stable and flourishing in Puget Sound, despite a doubling of the region's human population and significant shoreline development over the past several decades.

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Typhoon Haiyan, Typhoon, Hurricane, Meteorology, Climate Change, Ocean, ocean salinity

Increasing Rainfall in a Warmer World Will Likely Intensify Typhoons in Western Pacific

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An analysis of the strongest tropical storms over the last half-century reveals that higher global temperatures have intensified the storms via enhanced rainfall. Rain that falls on the ocean reduces salinity and allows typhoons to grow stronger.







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