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Fast-Growth Cyanobacteria Have Allure for Biofuel, Some E-Cigarettes Emit More Harmful Chemicals Than Others, New Nontoxic Process Promises Larger Ultrathin Sheets of 2D Nanomaterials, and More in the DOE Science News Source

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Abundant and Diverse Ecosystem Found in Area Targeted for Deep-Sea Mining

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In a study published in Scientific Reports, scientists discovered impressive abundance and diversity among the creatures living on the seafloor in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (CCZ)--an area in the equatorial Pacific Ocean being targeted for deep-sea mining. The study, lead authored by Diva Amon, a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), found that more than half of the species they collected were new to science, reiterating how little is known about life on the seafloor in this region.

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Researchers Pinpoint Abrupt Onset of Modern Day Indian Ocean Monsoon System

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A new study by an international team of scientists reveals the exact timing of the onset of the modern monsoon pattern in the Maldives 12.9 million years ago, and its connection to past climate changes and coral reefs in the region. The analysis of sediment cores provides direct physical evidence of the environmental conditions that sparked the monsoon conditions that exist today around the low-lying island nation and the Indian subcontinent.

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Start-Up Company Uses Novel Technology to Mitigate Risks From Sea-Level Rise, Flooding

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Coastal Risk Consulting, a new start-up company formed by an FAU professor, has developed novel technology to assist coastal homeowners, businesses, and government to evaluate and mitigate risks from encroaching seas along Florida’s southeast coast as well as other vulnerable areas in the United States and overseas.

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Cod and Climate

In recent decades, the plight of Atlantic cod off the coast of New England has been front-page news. Since the 1980s in particular, the once-seemingly inexhaustible stocks of Gadus morhua -- one of the most important fisheries in North America -- have declined dramatically.

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Count Seals in Antarctica From the Comfort of Your Couch

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A new citizen science project uses satellite images to get first-ever, comprehensive count of Weddell seals in Antarctica. Counting seals will help scientists better protect and conserve the pristine Ross Sea and wildlife in the area.

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Nova Southeastern University Researcher Discovers Unique Anatomical Characteristic in Barnacle Study

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NSU research scientist collaborated with colleague to study the male sexual organ of barnacles, which it turns out is a marine creature that has been studied dating all the way back to Charles Darwin.

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Japanese Tadpoles Relax in Hot Springs

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Japanese tadpoles can live and grow in natural hots springs, or onsen, with water temperatures as high as 46.1oC (115oF). Living in onsen may benefit the tadpoles' immune systems, speed their growth, and allow the tadpoles to survive on small volcanic islands where there are few other natural sources of fresh water.

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Marine Carbon Sinking Rates Confirm Importance of Polar Oceans

Polar oceans pump organic carbon down to the deep sea about five times as efficiently as subtropical waters, because they can support larger, heavier organisms. The finding helps explain how the oceans may function under climate change.

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Before Animals, Evolution Waited Eons to Inhale

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Time to smash the beaker when thinking about oxygen concentrations in water, at the time when animal life first evolved. Oceans stacked O2 here and depleted it there, as this novel model demonstrates. It may well toss a wrench into the way we have dated the evolution of the earliest animals.

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Unusual New Zoantharian Species Is the First Described Solitary Species in Over 100 Years

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A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus.

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Scorpionfish Too Deep for SCUBA Divers Caught by Submersible Turns Out to Be a New Species

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Discovered by scientists using the manned submersible Curasub in the deep-reef waters of the Caribbean island of Curaçao, a new scorpionfish species is the latest one captured with the help of the sub's two robotic arms.

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Policy Makers and Ecologists Must Develop a More Constructive Dialogue to Save the Planet

Dublin, Ireland, Tuesday July 19, 2016 - An international consensus demands human impacts on the environment "sustain", "maintain", "conserve", "protect", "safeguard", and "secure" it, keeping it within "safe ecological limits". But, a new Trinity College Dublin-led study that assembled an international team of environmental scientists shows that policy makers have little idea what these terms mean or how to connect them to a wealth of ecological data and ideas.

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Oceanographers Grow, Sequence Genome of Ocean Microbe Important to Climate Change

A University of Washington team has shed new light on a common but poorly understood bacteria known to live in low-oxygen areas in the ocean. By culturing and sequencing the microbe's entire genome, the oceanographers found that it significantly contributes to the removal of life-supporting nitrogen from the water in new and surprising ways.

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For Ancient Deep-Sea Plankton, a Long Decline Before Extinction

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A study of nearly 22,000 fossils finds that ancient plankton communities began changing in important ways as much as 400,000 years before massive die-offs ensued during one of Earth’s great mass extinctions. This turmoil, in a time of ancient climate change, could hold lessons for the modern world.

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Researchers Build a Crawling Robot From Sea Slug Parts and a 3-D Printed Body

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Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have combined tissues from a sea slug with flexible 3-D printed components to build “biohybrid” robots that manage different tasks than animals or purely manmade robots could.

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How Are Beaches Restored?

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Erosion, human activities challenge beach ecosystems

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Calcification – Does It Pay Off in the Future Ocean?

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An international research team has calculated the costs and benefits of calcification for phytoplankton and the impact of climate change on their important role in the world’s oceans.

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Researchers Find Exceptional Species Diversity on Island in Philippines

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The largest island in the Philippines may be home to the greatest concentration of mammal diversity in the world, according to a research team that has been exploring the island for the past 15 years.

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Measuring Oceans of Activity in One Drop of Water

You'll never look at a drop of water the same way. By measuring a water droplet with a resolution comparable with the scale of a single atom, scientists have determined that the droplet interface behaves like a miniature stormy sea even when it appears to be at rest.