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Science

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ocean acidifcation, Arctic Ocean, Global Warming, Sea Ice

Acidification of Arctic Ocean May Threaten Marine Life, Fishing Industry

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An international research team found a rapid rise in acidification in the western Arctic Ocean, a potential threat to shellfish, the marine ecosystem and the fishing industry. Since the 1990s, acidified waters have expanded north about 300 nautical miles from Alaska to just below the North Pole.

Science

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Small Crystals, Extreme Waves, Fracking and Microbes, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

Science

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Winners, Losers Among Fish When Landscape Undergoes Change

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As humans build roads, construct buildings and develop land for agriculture, freshwater ecosystems respond ― but not always in the ways one might expect.

Science

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aquatic insects, fish, Ecology

New Studies Quantify the Impacts of Water Use on Diversity of Fish and Aquatic Insects in NC Streams

The health of fish and aquatic insects could be significantly affected by withdrawals of fresh water from the rivers and streams across North Carolina according to a new scientific assessment.

Science

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Marine Life, Shellfish, Coral Reefs

URI Professor Examines Effects of Climate Change on Coral Reefs, Shellfish

Professor is studying how a variety of marine organisms are responding to changes in their environment. Focusing on reef-building corals and other shelled creatures that are threatened by increasing temperatures and ocean acidification, she is testing them to determine how species may acclimatize to the new circumstances.

Medicine

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An Alternative to Opioids? Compound From Marine Snail Is Potent Pain Reliever

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A tiny snail may offer an alternative to opioids for pain relief. Scientists at the University of Utah have found a compound that blocks pain by targeting a pathway not associated with opioids. Research in rodents indicates that the benefits continue long after the compound have cleared the body.

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Warming Ponds Could Accelerate Climate Change

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Rising temperatures could accelerate climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide stored in ponds and increasing the methane they release, new research shows.

Science

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Congo River Fish Evolution Shaped by Intense Rapids

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Genomic study in lower Congo reveals microscale diversification.

Science

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Pollution, Environment, Health, seagrass, Seaweed

Underwater Seagrass Beds Dial Back Polluted Seawater

Seagrass meadows – bountiful underwater gardens that nestle close to shore and are the most common coastal ecosystem on Earth – can reduce bacterial exposure for corals, other sea creatures and humans.

Science

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Cell Biology, fish, Zebrafish, Development, Immune System, Macrophage, Cell Migration, tissue development, cell communication

Immune Cell Serves as an Essential Communications Link for Migrating Cells

Scientists at the University of Washington have discovered that macrophages, a common type of cell in the vertebrate immune system, can transmit messages between non-immune cells. Their paper, published online Feb. 16 in the journal Science, is the first reported instance of macrophages relaying messages over a long distance between non-immune cells.

Science

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Michigan Technological University, Michigan Tech, Deep Sea Pollution, Mariana Trench, PCBS, Pollution, Ocean Pollution

Environmental Engineer Helps Explain How Deep Sea Pollution Could Happen

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UN Addresses Issue of Ship-Whale Strikes

Scientists and government officials met at the United Nations today to consider possible solutions to a global problem: how to protect whale species in their most important marine habitats that overlap with shipping lanes vital to the economies of many of the world’s nations.

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Benchly, coastal resources, Coastal Management

URI’s Coastal Resources Center Wins 2017 Peter Benchley Ocean Award

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Jennifer McCann, director of U.S. coastal programs for the Coastal Resources Center at the University of Rhode Island and extension director of Rhode Island Sea Grant, has received an international award for her work in coastal and ocean planning.

Science

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climage change, Glaciers, Ice Melt, Canada

Canadian Glaciers Now Major Contributor to Sea Level Change, UCI Study Shows

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Ice loss from Canada’s Arctic glaciers has transformed them into a major contributor to sea level change, new research by University of California, Irvine glaciologists has found. From 2005 to 2015, surface melt off ice caps and glaciers of the Queen Elizabeth Islands grew by an astonishing 900 percent.

Science

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Lionfish, Reef Fishes, Coral Reefs, Invasive Species, Nova Southeastern University, Nova Southeastern Univer, Matthew Johnston, Ph.D., NSU Guy Harvey Research Institute, Guy Harvey Research Institute

Spread of Lionfish in Gulf of Mexico Is Threat to Reef Fisheries

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Continuing his research, NSU scientist Matthew Johnston, Ph.D., looks at the potential threat the invasive lionfish poses to reef fish in the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean.

Science

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hagfish, Slime, solid gel, Structure, Rheology, Randy Ewoldt, Society of Rheology

Special Properties of Hagfish's Defense 'Slime'

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Hagfish are marine fish shaped like eels, famous for releasing large quantities of “slime” that unfolds, assembles and expands into the surrounding water in response to a threat. Gaurav Chaudhary, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, will present his work on hagfish slime during the 88th Annual Meeting of The Society of Rheology, being held Feb. 12-16, in Tampa, Florida. The research explores the hagfish’s slime formation and the special properties allowing it to assemble into a solid gel without dissolving into the surrounding water.

Science

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Dolphin, Dolphins, Feeding, Provisioning, feeding wildlife, Entanglement, Marine Mammal, Human interaction, Stranding, stranded, bottlenose dolphins, Sarasota Florida, Sarasota Dolphin Research Program, Fishing

Feeding Wild Dolphins Can Hurt Them, New Study Says

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Wild dolphins are more likely to be injured if humans feed them — even through unintentional means like discarding bait — reports a new study based in Sarasota Bay, Florida, and published recently in the peer-reviewed journal Royal Society Open Science.

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Hidden Lakes Drain Below West Antarctica's Thwaites Glacier

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Drainage of four interconnected lakes below Thwaites Glacier in late 2013 caused only a 10 percent increase in the glacier’s speed. The glacier’s recent speedup is therefore not due to changes in meltwater flow along its underside.

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Scripps Institution Of Oceanography, Uc San Diego, James Day

First Nuclear Explosion Helps Test Theory of Moon’s Formation

Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego Professor James Day and colleagues examined radioactive glass found blanketing the ground after the first nuclear test bomb explosion is being used by scientists to test theories about the Moon’s formation some 4.5 billion years ago.

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Largest Undersea Landslide Revealed on the Great Barrier Reef

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James Cook University scientists have helped discover the remnants of a massive undersea landslide on the Great Barrier Reef.







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