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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 7-Sep-2015 7:00 AM EDT

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Revealed: Stunning Sea Sapphire’s Magic Trick

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The tiny, beautiful sea sapphire dazzles observers with its ability to turn various jewel-like colors – and become invisible. The Weizmann Institute’s Prof. Lia Addadi, Prof. Steve Weiner, and others reveal how Sapphirinidae pulls off its magic trick, which could have applications such as adaptive reflective coatings and optical mirrors.

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Saving Oysters by Digging Up Their Past

Restoring oyster reefs is not an easy task, but by digging deep and examining centuries-old reefs, marine restoration professionals may stand a better chance at bringing oysters back, said a new Cornell University and Paleontological Research Institution (PRI) study published in the August issue of the Journal of Shellfish Research.

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Fossil Specimen Reveals a New Species of Ancient River Dolphin to Smithsonian Scientists

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Smithsonian scientists and colleagues have discovered a new genus and species of river dolphin that has long been extinct. They made the discovery after carefully examining fossil fragments from Panama. The fossil fragments also shed new light on the evolution of today’s freshwater river dolphin species.

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Rare Nautilus Sighted for the First Time in Three Decades

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In early August, biologist Peter Ward returned from the South Pacific with news that he encountered an old friend, one he hadn’t seen in over three decades. The University of Washington professor had seen what he considers one of the world’s rarest animals, a remote encounter that may become even more infrequent if illegal fishing practices continue.

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Rare Shark Tagged Near Cuba "Phones Home" Near U.S. Coast

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A rare longfin mako shark satellite-tagged near Cuba recently “phoned home” off the U.S. Atlantic coast, say Mote Marine Laboratory scientists and colleagues who tagged the mako during the first-ever expedition to satellite-tag sharks off Cuba.

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Aquatic Hunger Games

A new WFU study on archerfish and spitting prowess shows for first time that there is little difference in the amount of force of water jets based on target distance.

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Female Fish Genitalia Evolve in Response to Predators, Interbreeding

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Female fish in the Bahamas have developed ways of showing males that “No means no.”

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Octopus Genome Sequenced

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The first whole genome analysis of an octopus reveals unique genomic features that likely played a role in the evolution of traits such as large complex nervous systems and adaptive camouflage. The findings are published in Nature on Aug 12, 2015.

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Researchers Find More Strategic Culling Needed to Reduce Lionfish Invasion

NSU researchers find that current efforts to reduce lionfish populations aren't enough - much more must be done.

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Non-Native Marine Species’ Spread, Impact Explained by Time Since Introduction

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The time since the introduction of a non-native marine species best explains its global range, according to new research by an international team of scientists led by University of Georgia ecologist James E. Byers. The study also contains a warning: The vast majority of marine invaders have not yet finished spreading.

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UGA Researcher Calls for More Natural Baseline Data Collection in World’s Oceans

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According to University of Georgia’s Samantha Joye, one of the biggest challenges in evaluating the environmental impacts of the Macondo blowout was the lack of baseline data. She argues in a new article in the journal Science that environmental monitoring data is desperately needed to establish natural baselines.

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Nova Southeastern University Researcher Discovers a New Deep-Sea Fish Species

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NSU researcher working in the deep Gulf of Mexico finds new species of anglerfish.

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New Fish Genus and Species Named for Its Red, Fingerlike Fins

University of Washington scientists recently announced the name of a new genus and species of frogfish, which are small, stocky creatures found in most tropical and subtropical oceans around the world.

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Are Fish Getting High on Cocaine?

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Both prescription and illegal drugs such as morphine, cocaine and oxycodone have been found in surface waters in Canadian rivers. New research from McGill shows that wastewater discharged from wastewater treatment plants in the Grand River watershed of southern Ontario has the potential to contaminate sources of drinking water with these drugs.

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Ocean Acidification, Fighting Wildfires, the Mediterranean Diet and more Top Stories 23 July 2015

Other topics include editing genes, cellular switchboards, treating menopause and more...

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Ocean Acidification to Lead the Way for Food Chain Changes

UAB research shows that phytoplankton, the foundation of all marine life, will experience varied growth rates due to ocean acidification levels during the next century.

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Marine Travellers Best Able to Adapt to Warming Waters

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Marine species that already roam far and wide throughout our oceans are extending their territories further and faster in response to climate change, according to new research involving the University of Southampton and an international team of biodiversity experts.

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How Clouds Get Their Brightness

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How clouds form and how they help set the temperature of the earth are two of the big remaining questions in climate research. Now, a study of clouds over the world's remotest ocean shows that ocean life is responsible for up to half the cloud droplets that pop in and out of existence during summer.

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Attention Beachgoers: Fecal Contamination Affects Sand More Than Water

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"No swimming" signs have already popped up this summer along coastlines where fecal bacteria have invaded otherwise inviting waters. Some vacationers ignore the signs while others resign themselves to tanning and playing on the beach. But should those avoiding the water be wary of the sand, too? New research in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology investigates reasons why the answer could be "yes."