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Trending Stories Report for 21 May 2015

Trending news releases with the most views in a single day. Topics include: gun regulation, psychology and altruism, big data, threats to coral reefs, extra-terrestrial life, personalized diets, metabolic syndrome and heart health, new drug target to treat arthritis, and archeologists find oldest tools.

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FAU Researchers Say 'Personality Does Matter'

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“Why do people behave the way they do? “Why do people feel the way they do? In one of the largest studies to employ experience sampling methods to measure the effects of situations on human behavior in real-time and outside of a lab setting, researchers at Florida Atlantic University have shown that personality predicted behavior across a lot of different situations over time, confirming that personality really does matter.

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Study Findings Linking Ovulation, Racial Bias Questioned

In four studies, documented in their paper "In Search of an Association Between Conception Risk and Prejudice," Carlee Beth Hawkins, a University of Chicago Booth School of Business doctoral student, and her co-authors were unable to find any evidence that there is an increase in racial bias related to conception risk.

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Thinking Alike Changes the Conversation

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As social creatures, we tend to mimic each other’s posture, laughter, and other behaviors, including how we speak. Now a new study shows that people with similar views tend to more closely mirror, or align, each other’s speech patterns. In addition, people who are better at compromising align more closely.

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Temple University Psychologist Examines Why BASE Jumpers Jump

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Awe Promotes Altruistic Behavior

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Inducing a sense of awe in people can promote altruistic, helpful and positive social behavior, according to new research led by UC Irvine psychologist Paul Piff.

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Awe May Promote Altruistic Behavior

Inducing a sense of awe in people can promote altruistic, helpful and positive social behavior according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

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Sleep Apnea Linked to Depression in Men

Severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and excessive daytime sleepiness are associated with an increased risk of depression in men, according to a new community-based study of Australian men, which was presented at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

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Concussion in Former NFL Players Related to Brain Changes Later in Life

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In the first study of its kind, former National Football League (NFL) players who lost consciousness due to concussion during their playing days showed key differences in brain structure later in life.

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Hard to Understand, Harder to Remember

Studies have shown that individuals with hearing loss or who are listening to degraded speech – think of a loud room -- have greater difficulty remembering and processing the spoken information than individuals who heard more clearly. Now researchers are investigating whether listening to accented speech similarly affects the brain's ability to process and store information. Their preliminary results suggest that foreign-accented speech, even when intelligible, may be slightly more difficult to recall than native speech.