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A Flawed Measure

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BMI is not an accurate measure of health, according to research by UCSB psychologist Jeffrey Hunger and colleagues.

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New Kelley School Study Finds Psychological Toll of Madoff Fraud Case Went Far Beyond the Victims

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In a new paper, an Indiana University professor and two co-authors study where Bernie Madoff’s fraud case left its deepest impact and on whom — not just among his direct victims, but also on how others viewed the trustworthiness of financial markets.

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Practice Makes Perfect: Switching Between Languages Pays Off

The results of a study recently published by the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology show that bilingual children are better than monolinguals at a certain type of mental control, and that those children with more practice switching between languages have even greater skills.

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Fallen Off the Resolution Wagon? Vanderbilt Expert Offers Four Steps to Get Back On

A Vanderbilt expert on lifestyle changes says that those who have come up short on their resolutions should take heart.

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Riverview Medical Center and Bayshore Community Hospital Welcome New Rehabilitation Physiatrist

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Riverview Medical Center and Bayshore Community Hospital are pleased to welcome Javier I. Soares-Velez, M.D. to the medical staff. Dr. Soares-Velez joins following his fellowship in Polytrauma/Amputee/MSK Rehab at Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center in Richmond, VA.

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Study: Vacations Can Lead to Weight Gain, Contribute to ‘Creeping Obesity’

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A faculty member in the University of Georgia’s College of Family and Consumer Sciences found that adults going on a one- to three-week vacation gained an average of nearly 1 pound during their trips. With the average American reportedly gaining 1-2 pounds a year, the study’s findings suggest an alarming trend.

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UC San Diego Researchers Cited Among “World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds”

Twenty-two University of California, San Diego scientists and physicians are among the 2015 listing of “The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds,” an annual compendium of “Highly Cited Researchers” by Thomson Reuters, a multinational mass media and information company.

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Once a Risk-Taker, Always a Risk-Taker, Study Suggests

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People who are risk-takers in their youth also tend to take relatively more risks than their peers as they age, according to an analysis of more than 44,000 German citizens.

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Blood Pressure Medicine May Improve Conversational Skills of Individuals with Autism

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An estimated 1 in 68 children in the United States has autism. The neurodevelopmental disorder, which impairs communication and social interaction skills, can be treated with medications and behavioral therapies, though there is no cure. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found that a medication commonly used to treat high blood pressure and irregular heartbeats may have the potential to improve some social functions of individuals with autism.

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Study Suggests Different Written Languages Are Equally Efficient at Conveying Meaning

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A study led by the University of Southampton has found there is no difference in the time it takes people from different countries to read and process different languages.

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Teen Suicide: ADHD Medication as Prevention

Black-box warnings about the dangers of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications are confusing and could have serious consequences for the risk of youth suicide, according to researchers at the Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal (CIUSSS de l'Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal) and the University of Montreal.

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Good Boss? Bad Boss? Study Says Workers Leave Both

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When fast-rising employees quit their jobs for better pay or more responsibility at another organization, the knee-jerk reaction may be to blame their leaving on a bad boss. Although the common perception is that workers join companies but leave managers, new research by a University of Illinois business professor shows that workers leave good bosses, too -- and for companies, there may be a silver lining to their departure.

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UMD Study Finds College Students Whose Friends Text & Drive are More Likely to Do it Themselves

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Texting while driving is a significant risk factor for automobile collisions, and cell phone use while driving is especially prevalent among young people. More than half (52 percent) of a sample of 861 college students surveyed by the University of Maryland School of Public Health reported that they had texted while driving at least once in the past month.

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Use of Psychosocial Treatments in Conjunction with Medication for Opioid Addiction—Recommended, but Supporting Research Is Sparse

Psychosocial interventions, used together with effective medications, are a key part of recommended treatment for opioid addiction. But while research generally supports the effectiveness of psychosocial treatments, there are major gaps in the evidence on their use in conjunction with medications, according to a review and update in the January/February Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Web-Based Indoor Tanning Intervention Found Favorable by Users

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A web-based intervention targeted toward young, female users of indoor tanning beds has tested favorably among these users and may encourage cessation of this behavior. That is according to research by Rutgers Cancer Institute which tested an intervention that targeted users’ perceptions of the benefits and value of tanning

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Why Sports Wins and Sunshine May Lead You to Gamble

The fact that your favorite sports team unexpectedly won yesterday won’t improve your chances of winning the lottery—but it might increase the likelihood that you’ll buy a ticket, a team of neuroscientists has found.

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NYU Study Explains Why Mistakes Slow Us Down, But Not Necessarily for the Better

Taking more time to make decisions after a mistake arises from a mixture of adaptive neural mechanisms that improve the accuracy and maladaptive mechanisms that reduce it, neuroscientists at New York University have found. Their study also potentially offer insights into afflictions that impair judgments, such as Alzheimer’s Disease and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

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Study: Controlling Parents Create Mean College Kids

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College students whose parents lay on the guilt or try to manipulate them may translate feelings of stress into similar mean behavior with their own friends, a new study by a University of Vermont psychologist has found. The students’ physical response to stress, which the researchers measured in a laboratory test, influenced the way they carry out that hostility – either immediately and impulsively or in a cold, calculated way.

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Emotion-Processing Networks Disrupted in Sufferers of Depression

Regions of the brain that normally work together to process emotion become decoupled in people who experience multiple episodes of depression, neuroscientists report. The findings may help identify which patients will benefit from longterm antidepressant treatment to prevent the recurrence of depressive episodes.

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Rejection From 'American Idol' Provides Insights Into Perseverance

New research based on observations at American Idol auditions and in-depth interviews with 43 contestants reveals how contestants come to accept rejection after being cut from the competition.