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New Study Finds Atrial Fibrillation Patients Treated With Warfarin Have Higher Rates of Dementia

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Study of more than 10,000 patients treated long term with the blood thinner, warfarin, reveals higher rates of dementia for patients with atrial fibrillation versus non-AF patients

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Statin Treatment Before Heart Surgery Does Not Prevent Heart Damage or Atrial Fibrillation

Giving daily doses of statins for a few days before and after heart surgery does not prevent heart muscle damage or the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), according to an international clinical trial led by the University of Oxford and funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF).

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LifeBridge Health Cardiovascular Institute Studies Wireless Remote Monitoring System Benefits for Heart Failure Patients

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The LifeBridge Health Cardiovascular Institute has launched a pilot study to evaluate the potential benefits of a wireless heart monitoring system for patients with moderate to severe heart failure. The system tracks weight, blood pressure and other measures, and automatically sends the information to doctors and staff at the Cardiovascular Institute. The study is looking at whether this approach, designed to be simple and easy-to-use, can result in better outcomes for patients with heart failure.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 5-May-2016 12:00 PM EDT

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Study Assesses ACC/AHA Pooled Cohort Risk Equation For ASCVD Events

In a "real-world" analysis, the ACC/American Heart Association (AHA) Pooled Cohort Risk Equation for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events was shown to overestimate the five-year risk in adults without diabetes, according to a study published May 2 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 5-May-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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Nearly Half of Heart Bypass Patients Skip Medications That Keep Blood Flowing

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Statins and aspirin together are needed to keep lifesaving bypass grafts open, but Jefferson researchers found patients are not taking these medications long-term.

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$2 Million in New Funding From Canadian Institutes of Health Research Will Help Ontario Team Study Metabolic Syndromes

The award will fund the study of the role of both genes and the environment on the development of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of medical conditions that are common in aging adults, including obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, high blood sugar and insulin resistance.

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First Patients in Central Pennsylvania Received New Aortic Valve Reconstruction Procedures at PinnacleHealth

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Three PinnacleHealth patients recently underwent a new procedure for aortic valve reconstruction using the patients’ own heart tissue (pericardium) to create the new valves. Aortic valve reconstruction patients benefit from using their own pericardial tissue as it has fewer tendencies to scar and calcify, which is the main reason for failure of tissue valves obtained from animals. The body also is less likely to mount an immune response against the patient’s own tissue. In addition, these patients do not need lifelong blood thinners, which are required when mechanical aortic valves are used.

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What’s Behind the Heartbreaking Risk of Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

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Researchers have known for more than a decade that the risk of heart disease and stroke increases when people take pain relievers like ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. Now, scientists from the University of California, Davis, have uncovered some of the reasons why these drugs can harm heart tissue.

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In Older Adults, Frailty and Depression Symptoms Are Linked and Can Affect Spouses

Frailty, a condition that affects 10 percent of people aged 65 and older, can make older adults more prone to disability, falls, hospitalization and a shorter lifespan. Recently, researchers writing in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society examined the effects of frailty and depression on married couples. Although we know much about the effects of frailty and depression on individuals, up until now, little has been uncovered about how these two conditions may be connected within couples.

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More Than Just Eyes and Skin: Vitamin A Affects the Heart

Vitamin A is important for heart development in embryos, but whether it has a role in maintaining heart health is unclear. A new study in American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology finds that the heart is able to respond to vitamin A and the amount of vitamin A present has an effect. However, whether the effects are beneficial or harmful is still a mystery.

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Study Shows How Different People Respond to Aspirin — an Important Cardioprotective Drug

Researchers have learned new information about how different people respond to aspirin, a globally prescribed drug in cardioprotection. The team identified more than 5,600 lipids in blood platelets and gained new insights into how these cells respond to aspirin.

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Gene Therapy Halts Progression of Pulmonary Hypertension in a Large Animal Pre-Clinical Study

Scientists have used a novel gene therapy to halt the progression of pulmonary hypertension, a form of high blood pressure in the lung blood vessels that is linked to heart failure.

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First Implantable Hemodynamic Monitoring Device in Single Ventricle Fontan Anatomy

While the Fontan procedure has improved the short- and mid-term outcomes for patients born with single ventricle anatomy, long-term complications of Fontan circulation include heart failure. These complications are thought to be secondary to elevated central venous pressure, chronic venous congestion and low cardiac output.

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Eating Chocolate Each Day Could Reduce Heart Disease and Diabetes Risk

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A new study published in the British Journal of Nutrition appears to back up the adage that a little of what you fancy does you good. Including a small amount of chocolate each day could help prevent diabetes and insulin resistance. That’s one of the research findings from the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH), the University of Warwick Medical School, the University of South Australia and the University of Maine.

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Sedentary Lifestyle Associated with Coronary Artery Calcium, UT Southwestern Dallas Heart Study Researchers Find

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Cardiologists at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that sedentary behavior is associated with increased amounts of calcium deposits in heart arteries, which in turn is associated with a higher risk of heart attack.

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Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

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Time Spent Working Rotating Night Shift and Risk of Heart Disease

Among female registered nurses, working a rotating night shift for 5 years or more was associated with a small increase in the risk of coronary heart disease, according to a study appearing in the April 26 issue of JAMA.

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Sleep Loss Detrimental to Blood Vessels

Lack of sleep has previously been found to impact the activation of the immune system, inflammation, carbohydrate metabolism and the hormones that regulate appetite. Now University of Helsinki researchers have found that sleep loss also influences cholesterol metabolism.