Curated News: PLOS

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Newswise: Researchers Identify Priority Areas That Deliver on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Health
Released: 21-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Researchers Identify Priority Areas That Deliver on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Health
Wildlife Conservation Society

To meet the imperative of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework target, which seeks to protect at least 30 percent of the planet by 2030, researchers in an essay in PLOS Biology argue that “conservation areas need to be large enough to encompass functioning ecosystems and their associated biodiversity, and located in areas of high ecological integrity.”

   
Newswise: Laser technology offers breakthrough in detecting illegal ivory
23-Apr-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Laser technology offers breakthrough in detecting illegal ivory
University of Bristol

A new way of quickly distinguishing between illegal elephant ivory and legal mammoth tusk ivory could prove critical to fighting the illegal ivory trade. A laser-based approach developed by scientists at the Universities of Bristol and Lancaster, could be used by customs worldwide to aid in the enforcement of illegal ivory from being traded under the guise of legal ivory.

Released: 22-Apr-2024 12:05 PM EDT
In psychedelic therapy, clinician-patient bond may matter most
Ohio State University

Drug effects have dominated the national conversation about psychedelics for medical treatment, but a new study suggests that when it comes to reducing depression with psychedelic-assisted therapy, what matters most is a strong relationship between the therapist and study participant.

Released: 8-Apr-2024 2:00 PM EDT
Americans are bad at recognizing conspiracy theories when they believe they’re true
University of Illinois Chicago

New research shows this was true both for people who self-identified as liberal and conservative

Released: 4-Apr-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Around 10% of deaths from coronary stenting, balloon angioplasty are preventable
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Around 10% of all deaths following percutaneous coronary intervention are potentially preventable, a study led by Michigan Medicine finds.

Newswise: International Graduate and Postdoctoral Trainees in Biomedicine Are Struggling with Career Confidence, Study Says
Released: 21-Mar-2024 12:05 PM EDT
International Graduate and Postdoctoral Trainees in Biomedicine Are Struggling with Career Confidence, Study Says
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

A new study, led by researchers at the UNC School of Medicine and collaborators from the NIH Broadening Experiences in Scientific Training (NIH BEST) consortium, examined career confidence in graduate and postdoctoral trainees and explored how to better support international trainees across a diverse array of career paths.

Not for public release

This news release is embargoed until 20-Mar-2024 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 20-Mar-2024 9:00 AM EDT

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Released: 11-Mar-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Study Identifies Successful Methods to Recruit South Asian Women for Breast Cancer Research
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Health experts, conducting research during the COVID-19 pandemic, found that radio is an effective recruitment tool

Newswise: New Deep-Sea Worm Discovered at Methane Seep off Costa Rica
29-Feb-2024 5:05 PM EST
New Deep-Sea Worm Discovered at Methane Seep off Costa Rica
University of California San Diego

Greg Rouse, a marine biologist at UC San Diego’s Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and other researchers have discovered a new species of deep-sea worm living near a methane seep some 50 kilometers (30 miles) off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Rouse, curator of the Scripps Benthic Invertebrate Collection, co-authored a study describing the new species in the journal PLOS ONE that was published on March 6.

Newswise: Consuming refined carbs might be linked to perceived facial attractiveness
28-Feb-2024 12:50 PM EST
Consuming refined carbs might be linked to perceived facial attractiveness
PLOS

Acute and chronic consumption of high-glycemic food was associated with lower attractiveness ratings, independent of factors such as BMI and age.

   
Newswise: Biodiversity appears to strongly suppress pathogens and pests in many plant and animal systems, but this “dilution effect” can vary strikingly in magnitude
23-Feb-2024 2:40 PM EST
Biodiversity appears to strongly suppress pathogens and pests in many plant and animal systems, but this “dilution effect” can vary strikingly in magnitude
PLOS

This study uses forest inventory data from over 25,000 plots to show that the prevalence of tree pests is jointly controlled by the diversity and phylogenetic composition of forests.

Released: 23-Feb-2024 8:05 PM EST
Mindfulness at work protects against stress and burnout
University of Nottingham

A new study has revealed that employees who are more mindful in the digital workplace are better protected against stress, anxiety and overload.

Newswise: U of T-led study finds positive support from parents and clinicians for pediatric cancer pain management app
Released: 21-Feb-2024 2:05 AM EST
U of T-led study finds positive support from parents and clinicians for pediatric cancer pain management app
University of Toronto

A recent study led by Assistant Professor Lindsay Jibb of the Lawrence Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing and Scientist at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) found that parents of young children with cancer, along with pediatric cancer clinicians are in favour of an app-based solution that Jibb and her team are creating, to help parents manage their child’s cancer pain at home.

Newswise: Online digital data and AI for monitoring biodiversity
Released: 16-Feb-2024 9:05 PM EST
Online digital data and AI for monitoring biodiversity
University of Helsinki

The random information posted online could be used to generate information about biodiversity and its conservation.

Released: 16-Feb-2024 9:05 PM EST
Heart attack significantly increases risk of other health conditions
University of Leeds

Having a heart attack significantly increases the risk of developing other serious long-term health conditions, a major new study shows.

Newswise: Emojis are differently interpreted depending on gender, culture, and age of viewer
7-Feb-2024 11:40 AM EST
Emojis are differently interpreted depending on gender, culture, and age of viewer
PLOS

Gender, culture, and age all appear to play a role in how emojis are interpreted, according to a study published February 14, 2024 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Yihua Chen, Xingchen Yang and colleagues from the University of Nottingham, UK.

Newswise: Flu virus variants resistant to new antiviral drug candidate lose pathogenicity, study finds
Released: 6-Feb-2024 6:05 PM EST
Flu virus variants resistant to new antiviral drug candidate lose pathogenicity, study finds
Georgia State University

Influenza A viruses with induced resistance to a new candidate antiviral drug were found to be impaired in cell culture and weakened in animals, according to a study by researchers in the Center for Translational Antiviral Research at Georgia State University.

Released: 31-Jan-2024 5:05 PM EST
Archaeological evidence of seasonal vitamin D deficiency discovered
University of Otago

Rickets ran rife in children following the Industrial Revolution, but University of Otago-led research has found factory work and polluted cities aren’t entirely to blame for the period’s vitamin D deficiencies.

Released: 30-Jan-2024 10:05 AM EST
Oral health indirectly influences subjective psychological well-being in older adults
Okayama University

Researchers have found that oral condition affects psychological well-being through its influence on nutritional status and environmental characteristics.

Newswise: Fighting Viruses that Cause Cancer
Released: 29-Jan-2024 1:05 PM EST
Fighting Viruses that Cause Cancer
Tufts University

In research labs and clinical settings, faculty across Tufts School of Medicine and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences are investigating cancer caused by herpes, HIV, HPV, and other viruses

Newswise: New Study Reveals Adolescent Substance Use Recovery Prevalence
Released: 25-Jan-2024 2:05 PM EST
New Study Reveals Adolescent Substance Use Recovery Prevalence
School of Social Work, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

This pivotal research not only estimates the prevalence of adolescents identifying as being in recovery but also offers crucial perspectives on the landscape of substance use recovery among this demographic.

Newswise: Galápagos penguin is exposed to and may accumulate microplastics at high rate within its food web, modelling suggests
19-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
Galápagos penguin is exposed to and may accumulate microplastics at high rate within its food web, modelling suggests
PLOS

Modelling shows how microplastics may bioaccumulate in the Galápagos Islands food web, with Galápagos penguins most affected, according to a study published January 24, 2024 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.

Newswise: Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Researchers Find That a Standard Biomarker Can Measure the Impact of Early Development Disparities in Infants
Released: 23-Jan-2024 1:05 PM EST
Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Researchers Find That a Standard Biomarker Can Measure the Impact of Early Development Disparities in Infants
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

A joint exploratory study conducted by researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and Boston Children’s Hospital found that a standard biomarker could predict the risk of early toxic stress on the cognitive development and overall health of individual infants.

Released: 19-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
Climate change may reduce life expectancy by half a year, study suggests
PLOS Climate

On its own, a 1°C temperature rise might shave off about 5 months, with women and people in developing nations disproportionately affected.

Released: 19-Jan-2024 8:05 AM EST
Study sheds light on how viral infections interact with our bodies
Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

Much of what we know about viral respiratory infections like COVID-19 and influenza comes from studies of symptomatic patients.

Released: 19-Jan-2024 7:05 AM EST
Climate change linked to spread of diarrheal illness
University of Surrey

Temperature, day length and humidity have been found to be linked to the increased spread of a diarrhoeal illness a new study from the University of Surrey reveals.

Released: 19-Jan-2024 7:05 AM EST
FIFA World Cup ends with win for Argentina and COVID-19, new research finds
York University

The 2022 FIFA World Cup ended with a tight win for Argentina over France on penalties, but it was also a triumph for SARS-CoV-2 with a significant jump in the number of cases, some of which York University researchers say could have been prevented.

Newswise: Remodeling the immune system to fight tuberculosis
Released: 19-Jan-2024 7:05 AM EST
Remodeling the immune system to fight tuberculosis
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Tuberculosis, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) kills upwards of 1.6 million people a year, making it one of the leading causes of death by an infectious agent worldwide—and that number is only growing larger.

Newswise:Video Embedded how-late-rising-t-cells-combat-a-stubborn-virus
VIDEO
Released: 18-Jan-2024 3:05 PM EST
How 'late-rising' T cells combat a stubborn virus
La Jolla Institute for Immunology

“We found sort of a special ‘flavor’ of CD4+ T cells critical for clearing this chronic virus replication,”

16-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
Removing largest wine glass serving reduces amount of wine sold in bars and pubs
University of Cambridge

Taking away the largest serving of wine by the glass – in most cases the 250ml option – led to an average reduction in the amount of wine sold at pubs and bars of just under 8%, new research led by a team at the University of Cambridge has discovered

Newswise: UTEP Researchers Discover Compound that Fights Leukemia, Lymphoma
Released: 11-Jan-2024 7:05 PM EST
UTEP Researchers Discover Compound that Fights Leukemia, Lymphoma
University of Texas at El Paso

Renato Aguilera, Ph.D., a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at The University of Texas at El Paso, is the principal investigator on the project that identified the promising compound, called thiophene F-8.

Released: 11-Jan-2024 11:05 AM EST
Since Roe was overturned, fewer Michigan adults want to have children
Michigan State University

When the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade in 2022, it created uncertainty for Americans’ access to abortion and other forms of reproductive health care. This uncertainly may have led to an increase in the number of Michigan adults who said they never want to have children, according to Michigan State University researchers.

8-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
Feeling depressed linked to short-term increase in bodyweight among people with overweight or obesity, study finds
University of Cambridge

Increases in symptoms of depression are associated with a subsequent increase in bodyweight when measured one month later, new research from the University of Cambridge has found.

Newswise: Surgical teams put on notice for poor behaviour
Released: 3-Jan-2024 6:05 PM EST
Surgical teams put on notice for poor behaviour
University of South Australia

Australian researchers have successfully trialled a novel experiment to address offensive and rude comments in operating theatres by placing ‘eye’ signage in surgical rooms.

Newswise: Study Identifies 'Visual System' Protein for Circadian Rhythm Stability
Released: 27-Dec-2023 11:00 AM EST
Study Identifies 'Visual System' Protein for Circadian Rhythm Stability
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health have identified a protein in the visual system of mice that appears to be key for stabilizing the body’s circadian rhythms by buffering the brain’s response to light.

15-Dec-2023 12:05 PM EST
Sniffing women’s tears reduces aggressive behavior in men
PLOS

New research, publishing December 21st in the open access journal in PLOS Biology, shows that tears from women contain chemicals that block aggression in men.

     
Newswise: World’s smallest “fanged” frogs found in Indonesia
Released: 20-Dec-2023 3:05 PM EST
World’s smallest “fanged” frogs found in Indonesia
Field Museum

In general, frogs’ teeth aren’t anything to write home about—they look like pointy little pinpricks lining the upper jaw.

Released: 15-Dec-2023 7:05 AM EST
U.S. adults eat a meal’s worth of calories of snacks in a day
Ohio State University

Snacks constitute almost a quarter of a day’s calories in U.S. adults and account for about one-third of daily added sugar, a new study suggests.

Released: 14-Dec-2023 7:05 AM EST
Deep neural networks show promise as models of human hearing
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Computational models that mimic the structure and function of the human auditory system could help researchers design better hearing aids, cochlear implants, and brain-machine interfaces.

7-Dec-2023 3:05 PM EST
Beef farming that keeps cattle on lifelong grass diets may have higher carbon footprint
PLOS

Beef operations that keep cattle on lifelong grass-based diets may have an overall higher carbon footprint than those that switch cattle to grain-based diets partway through their lives. Daniel Blaustein-Rejto of the Breakthrough Institute, USA, and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on December 13.

7-Dec-2023 12:05 PM EST
Yoga nidra might be a path to better sleep and improved memory
PLOS

Two weeks of 20-minute yoga nidra sessions led to a higher percentage of delta-waves in deep sleep and better memory, decision-making, and abstraction.

   
5-Dec-2023 2:45 PM EST
Study exposes opportunities for strengthening cancer drugs trials in China
PLOS

More than one-eighth of the randomized trials of cancer drugs seeking regulatory approval in China in recent years used inappropriate controls to test the effectiveness and safety of the drugs, according to a new study published December 12th in the open access journal PLOS Medicine by Professor Xiaodong Guan of Peking University, China, and colleagues.

Newswise: Study reveals Zika’s shape-shifting machinery—and a possible vulnerability
Released: 8-Dec-2023 5:05 PM EST
Study reveals Zika’s shape-shifting machinery—and a possible vulnerability
Sanford Burnham Prebys

Viruses have limited genetic material—and few proteins—so all the pieces must work extra hard. Zika is a great example; the virus only produces 10 proteins.

Newswise: UMass Amherst researchers develop grassroots framework for managing environmental commons
Released: 6-Dec-2023 6:05 PM EST
UMass Amherst researchers develop grassroots framework for managing environmental commons
University of Massachusetts Amherst

A team of sustainability scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently announced in the journal PLOS ONE that they have developed a community-based framework, founded on extensive local and traditional knowledge, to help assess and respond to the kinds of ecological threats that are widely dispersed across a varied landscape and whose solutions are not immediately obvious.

Newswise: Jays jump in while crows hold out for the treat
Released: 6-Dec-2023 6:05 PM EST
Jays jump in while crows hold out for the treat
Anglia Ruskin University

New research has found that two similar species of birds – both capable of displaying self-control through delayed gratification – behave very differently around their favourite food when they have company.

Newswise: Pregnant women are missing vital nutrients needed for them and their babies – and situation could worsen with plant-based foods
Released: 6-Dec-2023 5:05 AM EST
Pregnant women are missing vital nutrients needed for them and their babies – and situation could worsen with plant-based foods
University of Southampton

Pregnant women are not getting the essential nutrients they and their babies need from modern diets say scientists, who have warned that the situation will likely worsen as more people turn to plant-based foods.

Released: 4-Dec-2023 6:05 PM EST
Study shows how ethical brands fare in a recession
University of East Anglia

A new study from the University of East Anglia reveals why some ‘eco goods’ may fare better than others as a UK recession looms.

Released: 29-Nov-2023 12:05 PM EST
Are healthy foods automatically sustainable, too?
University of Konstanz

Perceptions about sustainability and healthy food choices are closely linked, as a study at the University of Konstanz shows



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