Feature Channels: Speech & Language

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Newswise: Building a Better Sarcasm Detector #ASA186
8-May-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Building a Better Sarcasm Detector #ASA186
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Sarcasm is notoriously tricky to convey through text, and the subtle changes in tone that convey sarcasm often confuse computer algorithms as well, limiting virtual assistants and content analysis tools.

Newswise: Machine Listening: Making Speech Recognition Systems More Inclusive
25-Apr-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Machine Listening: Making Speech Recognition Systems More Inclusive
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

One group commonly misunderstood by voice technology are individuals who speak African American English, or AAE.

Newswise:  twist on theatre sports could counteract a stutter
Released: 14-Mar-2024 5:00 PM EDT
twist on theatre sports could counteract a stutter
University of South Australia

Mock ‘Ninja knife throwing’, ‘Gibberish’, or the fast and furious ‘Zap’ – they’re all favourite theatre games designed to break ice and boost confidence. But add speech therapy to theatre sports and you get a brand-new experience that’s hoping to deliver positive changes for people with a stutter.

25-Feb-2024 8:00 PM EST
Similar Genetic Elements Underlie Vocal Learning in Bats, Whales, and Seals
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center

In a paper in the prestigious journal Science to appear on Feb. 29, 2024, a multi-institutional team led by scientists at Carnegie Mellon University and University of California at Berkeley found parts of the genome, both within genes and outside of them, that evolved and are associated with vocal learning across mammals. These elements have been linked to autism in humans.

Released: 21-Feb-2024 2:05 PM EST
Long COVID can happen to anyone. Keep up with the latest research on Long COVID on Newswise
Newswise

Stay informed! These are the latest research articles on "Long COVID" from the Coronavirus News Source on Newswise.

Newswise: To Boost a Preschooler’s Language Skills, Consider Reminiscing
Released: 19-Feb-2024 8:30 AM EST
To Boost a Preschooler’s Language Skills, Consider Reminiscing
Florida Atlantic University

Book sharing is a popular way parents engage young children in conversation. Not all parents are comfortable with book sharing and not all children like having books read to them. Research provides an alternative. To boost the quality of a preschooler’s language experience and skills, consider reminiscing with them. Findings show reminiscing is very good at eliciting high quality speech from parents, and in many ways, is just as good as book sharing (wordless picture books).

Released: 13-Feb-2024 11:05 AM EST
Life doesn't stop at age 65. Get the latest on seniors and healthy aging in the Seniors channel
Newswise

Below are some of the latest research and features on this growing population of older adults in the Seniors channel on Newswise.

Newswise: Migrant and refugee children need early education supports too
Released: 13-Feb-2024 12:05 AM EST
Migrant and refugee children need early education supports too
University of South Australia

Early childhood educators need more support to deliver positive outcomes for Australia’s most vulnerable children – including migrant and refugee children – say early childhood experts at the University of South Australia.

Released: 8-Feb-2024 3:05 PM EST
How emotions affect word retrieval in people with aphasia
Ohio State University

People with aphasia have more trouble coming up with words they want to use when they’re prompted by images and words that carry negative emotional meaning, new research suggests.

Released: 2-Feb-2024 11:05 AM EST
Speech Accessibility Project begins recruiting people who have had a stroke
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The Speech Accessibility Project has begun recruiting U.S. and Puerto Rican adults who have had a stroke.

   
Newswise: AI learns through the eyes and ears of a child
Released: 2-Feb-2024 5:05 AM EST
AI learns through the eyes and ears of a child
New York University

AI systems, such as GPT-4, can now learn and use human language, but they learn from astronomical amounts of language input—much more than children receive when learning how to understand and speak a language.

Released: 25-Jan-2024 3:30 AM EST
Unlocking the Secrets Behind Advanced Artificial Intelligence Language Models in Deidentifying Chinese-English Mixed Clinical Text: Development and Validation Study
Journal of Medical Internet Research

Background: The widespread use of electronic health records in the clinical and biomedical fields makes the removal of protected health information (PHI) essential to maintain privacy. However, a significant portion of information is...

Released: 22-Jan-2024 4:00 AM EST
Uncovering Language Disparity of ChatGPT on Retinal Vascular Disease Classification: Cross-Sectional Study
Journal of Medical Internet Research

Background: Benefiting from rich knowledge and the exceptional ability to understand text, large language models like ChatGPT have shown great potential in English clinical environments. However, the performance of ChatGPT in non-Eng...

Released: 19-Jan-2024 4:00 AM EST
Redefining Virtual Assistants in Health Care: The Future With Large Language Models
Journal of Medical Internet Research

This editorial explores the evolving and transformative role of large language models (LLMs) in enhancing the capabilities of virtual assistants (VAs) in the health care domain, highlighting recent research on the performance of VAs and LLMs in healt...

Released: 16-Jan-2024 7:05 AM EST
ChatGPT has read almost the whole internet. That hasn't solved its diversity issues
University of British Columbia

AI language models are booming. The current frontrunner is ChatGPT, which can do everything from taking a bar exam, to creating an HR policy, to writing a movie script.

Released: 9-Jan-2024 1:05 PM EST
Increasing levels of "hype" language in grant applications and publications
University of Tsukuba

The success of scientific endeavors often depends on support from public research grants. Successful applicants increasingly describe their proposed research using promotional language ("hype"); however, it remains unclear whether they use hype in their subsequent research publications.

Released: 9-Jan-2024 1:05 PM EST
Q&A: UW researchers answer common questions about language models like ChatGPT
University of Washington

A team University of Washington researchers have published a guide explaining language models, the technology that underlies chatbots.

Released: 9-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
Voice recognition project recruiting adults with cerebral palsy
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The Speech Accessibility Project is now recruiting U.S. and Puerto Rican adults with cerebral palsy.

     
Newswise: Research explores how children with dyslexia, developmental language disorder can build vocabulary
Released: 8-Jan-2024 8:05 AM EST
Research explores how children with dyslexia, developmental language disorder can build vocabulary
Binghamton University, State University of New York

NIH-funded research at Binghamton University, State University of New York explores how children with dyslexia and developmental language disorder can build their vocabulary.

Released: 5-Jan-2024 10:05 AM EST
Speech Accessibility Project begins recruiting people with ALS
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The Speech Accessibility Project has expanded its recruitment and is inviting U.S. and Puerto Rican adults living with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to participate.

       
Released: 3-Jan-2024 5:05 PM EST
Complex, unfamiliar sentences make the brain’s language network work harder
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

With help from an artificial language network, MIT neuroscientists have discovered what kind of sentences are most likely to fire up the brain’s key language processing centers.

Released: 3-Jan-2024 8:05 AM EST
Why all languages have words for ‘this’ and ‘that’
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

New research shows that languages make the same spatial distinctions using words like ‘this’ or ‘that’ based on whether they can reach the object they are talking about.

Newswise: SLU Graduate Student Improving Barriers to Language Sample Analysis
Released: 22-Dec-2023 12:05 PM EST
SLU Graduate Student Improving Barriers to Language Sample Analysis
Saint Louis University

Lucy Heller believes language sample analysis difficulties can be measurably improved by automatic transcription or speech-to-text programs.

Released: 19-Dec-2023 11:05 AM EST
Lexical simplification via single-word generation
Higher Education Press

Lexical simplification (LS) aims to simplify a sentence by replacing complex words with simpler words without changing the meaning of the sentence,which can facilitate comprehension of the text for people with non-native speakers and children.

Released: 13-Dec-2023 1:05 PM EST
‘Tis the season to get vaccinated: How to stay healthy through the holidays
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

With virus cases rising and the holidays nigh, three expert from University of Michigan Health give their top 12 tips for avoiding or reducing the impact of COVID-19, flu, RSV, pneumonia and whooping cough in adults and kids.

Released: 12-Dec-2023 12:05 PM EST
You can always become a better reader
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

A number of factors affect how we learn to read for the first time. Some of these factors benefit girls more than boys

Released: 7-Dec-2023 12:05 PM EST
ChatGPT often won’t defend its answers – even when it is right
Ohio State University

ChatGPT may do an impressive job at correctly answering complex questions, but a new study suggests it may be absurdly easy to convince the AI chatbot that it’s in the wrong.

Released: 30-Nov-2023 11:00 AM EST
To safely deploy generative AI in health care, models must be open source
University Health Network (UHN)

Large-language models could soon become essential tools for diagnosing diseases. To protect people’s privacy, medical professionals must drive the development and deployment of such models.

   
Released: 29-Nov-2023 12:05 PM EST
Workplace culture is very different these days. Find out how different by exploring the "In the Workplace" channel
Newswise

The latest articles on occupational medicine, workplace culture, and the labor market are in the "In the Workplace" channel on Newswise.

       
Released: 27-Nov-2023 4:05 PM EST
Aston University research shows extra tuition on blending letter sounds helps struggling readers
Aston University

The use of synthetic phonics to teach reading to children in reception classes has improved attainment. Children who struggle with learning to read are often given extra help with learning letter sounds.

 
Released: 21-Nov-2023 2:05 PM EST
The bilingual brain may be better at ignoring irrelevant information
University of Florida

Results showed that bilinguals seem to be more efficient at ignoring information that's irrelevant, rather than suppressing — or inhibiting information

Newswise:Video Embedded ai-for-academia-digital-science-acquires-writefull-to-empower-researchers-and-publishers
VIDEO
Released: 21-Nov-2023 8:30 AM EST
AI for academia: Digital Science acquires Writefull to empower researchers and publishers
Digital Science and Research Solutions Ltd

Digital Science announces it has fully acquired the AI-based academic language service Writefull, which assists users worldwide with all aspects of their scholarly writing.

     
Released: 15-Nov-2023 2:05 PM EST
Columbia Nursing Study Demonstrates the Need for Verbal Communication Data in Home Health Care
Columbia University School of Nursing

A new Columbia Nursing study reveals the importance of integrating patient-nurse verbal communication data into patient risk identification models for home health care.

Newswise: When languages collide, which survives?
8-Nov-2023 11:05 AM EST
When languages collide, which survives?
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

In Chaos, researchers in Spain incorporate language ideologies, along with the impact of interaction between individuals with opposing preferences, on the language shift process. The team chose a quantitative approach based on a society in which only one language with two varieties, the standard and the vernacular, existed. The resulting mathematical model can predict the conditions that allow for the coexistence of different languages, presenting a comprehensive view of how language varieties are distributed within societies.

Released: 9-Nov-2023 3:05 PM EST
Speech Accessibility Project now recruiting adults with Down syndrome
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The Speech Accessibility Project is now recruiting U.S. adults with Down syndrome. The project aims to make voice recognition technology more useful for people with diverse speech patterns and different disabilities.

   
Newswise: Language Barriers May Cause Some Children to be Underdiagnosed for Allergic Conditions
3-Nov-2023 8:00 AM EDT
Language Barriers May Cause Some Children to be Underdiagnosed for Allergic Conditions
American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)

A new study being presented at this year’s ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting in Anaheim, Calif. shows that language difficulties may cause some children to be underdiagnosed for allergic conditions such as food allergy, asthma and eczema. In addition, a new medically challenging case illustrates it is possible for pharmacy translation software to mistakenly interfere with a prescription being filled.

Newswise: Las barreras lingüísticas pueden ser la causa por la que a algunos niños se les infradiagnostiquen afecciones alérgicas
3-Nov-2023 8:00 AM EDT
Las barreras lingüísticas pueden ser la causa por la que a algunos niños se les infradiagnostiquen afecciones alérgicas
American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)

Un nuevo estudio que se presentará en la Reunión Científica Anual ACAAI de este año en Anaheim (California) muestra que las dificultades lingüísticas pueden ser la causa de que a algunos niños se les infradiagnostiquen afecciones alérgicas, como las alergias alimentaria, el asma y el eccema. Además, un nuevo caso médicamente desafiante ilustra que es posible que un programa informático de traducción para farmacias interfiera por error en el surtido de una receta.

Released: 8-Nov-2023 4:05 PM EST
SLU, St. Louis Arc Hosts Adapted Toy Distribution Event
Saint Louis University

SLU students in the occupational therapy, physical therapy, and speech, language and hearing sciences programs worked interprofessionally to adapt off-the-shelf toys and distribute them to children with disabilities and their families.

Released: 6-Nov-2023 10:05 AM EST
Brain implant may enable communication from thoughts alone
Duke University

Prosthetic decodes signals from brain’s speech center to predict what sound someone is trying to say.

Released: 25-Oct-2023 5:05 PM EDT
Zooming in on our brains on Zoom
Yale University

When Yale neuroscientist Joy Hirsch used sophisticated imaging tools to track in real time the brain activity of two people engaged in conversation, she discovered an intricate choreography of neural activity in areas of the brain that govern social interactions.

Released: 25-Oct-2023 11:05 AM EDT
Empowering Families in Kissimmee: Supermatt and LaundryCares Foundation Host Free Laundry and Literacy Day
LaundryCares Foundation

LaundryCares Foundation announce a collaborative initiative with Supermatt

 
Newswise: Brain-Computer Interface Restores Control of Home Devices for Johns Hopkins Patient with ALS
Released: 25-Oct-2023 9:00 AM EDT
Brain-Computer Interface Restores Control of Home Devices for Johns Hopkins Patient with ALS
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Tim Evans is participating in a clinical trial at Johns Hopkins Medicine, in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, that is looking at a series of studies using the device in patients with severe speech and movement difficulties to regain some of the abilities lost due to neurological diseases.

23-Oct-2023 9:30 AM EDT
Security threats in AIs such as ChatGPT revealed by researchers
University of Sheffield

Artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as ChatGPT can be tricked into producing malicious code, which could be used to launch cyber attacks, according to research from the University of Sheffield.

Released: 23-Oct-2023 5:05 PM EDT
People who communicate more, show expertise are more likely to be seen as essential team members
Carnegie Mellon University

A new study sheds light on the vital role of communication and expertise within organizations, revealing their impact on group performance.

Released: 17-Oct-2023 4:05 AM EDT
New study reveals similarities between chimpanzee and human language development
University of Portsmouth

Scientists from the University of Portsmouth examining the evolutionary roots of language say they’ve discovered chimp vocal development is not far off from humans.

Newswise:Video Embedded breakthrough-discovery-made-from-within-2-000-year-old-herculaneum-scrolls
VIDEO
Released: 13-Oct-2023 7:05 AM EDT
BREAKTHROUGH: Discovery made from within 2,000 year-old Herculaneum scrolls
University of Kentucky

LEXINGTON, Ky. (Oct. 12, 2023) — The Herculaneum scrolls are among the most iconic and inaccessible of the world’s vast collection of damaged manuscripts.  Since being burned and carbonized by the catastrophic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 CE, they’ve been deemed “unreadable.” For more than 2,000 years, wisdom from the only library to survive from ancient times remained locked away.

Newswise: Study Reveals Shyness Could Impact Young Children’s Performance on Language Tests
Released: 12-Oct-2023 10:00 AM EDT
Study Reveals Shyness Could Impact Young Children’s Performance on Language Tests
Southern Methodist University

A recent study from SMU psychologist Sarah Kucker and a student she mentored at Oklahoma State University suggests shyness can influence a child’s performance in language assessments, depending on the level of social interaction required to complete the test.

Newswise: A Comprehensive Survey of ChatGPT and Its Applications Across Domains
Released: 5-Oct-2023 7:00 AM EDT
A Comprehensive Survey of ChatGPT and Its Applications Across Domains
Chinese Academy of Sciences

This paper offers an extensive review of ChatGPT-related research, encompassing large language models like GPT-3.5 and GPT-4, with a particular emphasis on their cross-domain applications. The study highlights the increasing interest in research related to ChatGPT, which has potential across various domains.

Released: 2-Oct-2023 12:05 PM EDT
UC Irvine to host ‘conversations across the divide’ during its Year of Free Speech
University of California, Irvine

Free speech and academic freedom are foundational matters that drive the important discourse and learning that take place on a college campus.

Released: 2-Oct-2023 8:05 AM EDT
New insights into how the human brain organises language
Universität Leipzig

Language is the most important tool for human communication and essential for life in our society. “Despite a great deal of neuroscientific research on the representation of language, little is known about the organisation of language in the human brain.



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