Curated News: Scientific Reports

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Released: 18-Jun-2024 5:00 AM EDT
The "Queen of the Night" does not whistle
University of Vienna

Opera singers have to use the extreme limits of their voice range. Many pedagogical and scientific sources suggest that the highest pitches reached in classical singing can only be produced with a so-called "whistle" voice register, in analogy to ultrasonic vocalizations of mice and rats.

   
Released: 16-May-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Ochsner Health Highlights Innovative Non-Opioid Pain Therapy Candidate Publication
Ochsner Health

A recent publication in Scientific Reports unveils a potentially groundbreaking non-opioid pain treatment developed by a team led by Dr. Hernan Bazan.

Released: 13-May-2024 12:05 PM EDT
New research challenges widespread beliefs about why we’re attracted to certain voices
McMaster University

New insights into how people perceive the human voice are challenging beliefs about which voices we find attractive. Previous studies have linked vocal averageness and attractiveness, finding that the more average a voice sounds, the higher it is rated in attractiveness.

Released: 8-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
UC Irvine study shows damaging impact of heat waves on vital organs
University of California, Irvine

Researchers from the University of California, Irvine have found evidence of the molecular causes of the damaging impact heat stress causes on the gut, liver and brain in the elderly. These findings point to the potential of developing precise prognostic and therapeutic interventions.

Released: 23-Apr-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Q&A: UW research shows neural connection between learning a second language and learning to code
University of Washington

New research from the University of Washington shows the brain’s response to viewing errors in both the syntax (form) and semantics (meaning) of code appeared identical to those that occur when fluent readers process sentences on a word-by-word basis, supporting a resemblance between how people learn computer and natural languages.

Released: 10-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
UC Irvine researchers find new origin of deep brain waves
University of California, Irvine

University of California, Irvine biomedical engineering researchers have uncovered a previously unknown source of two key brain waves crucial for deep sleep: slow waves and sleep spindles.

Newswise: Extreme views get more likes on social media, new research reveals
Released: 2-Apr-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Extreme views get more likes on social media, new research reveals
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Experts examine impact of 'eccentric' opinions on social networks, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Released: 1-Apr-2024 8:05 PM EDT
You're Not Alone, Science Shows Song Lyrics Getting Dumber
Newswise Review

A recent study published in Scientific Reports suggests that English-language song lyrics have undergone significant changes in complexity and repetition over the past 40 years.

 
Newswise: Taming the beast: FAMU-FSU researcher controls voltage response for safer electric grid
Released: 26-Mar-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Taming the beast: FAMU-FSU researcher controls voltage response for safer electric grid
Florida State University

In a study published in Scientific Reports, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering Professor Fang Peng shows how a semiconductor device he created, named a Z-source inverter, can rapidly reduce voltage and current in the case of a short-circuit or open-circuit fault.

Newswise: Say Hello to Biodegradable Microplastics
Released: 21-Mar-2024 5:00 AM EDT
Say Hello to Biodegradable Microplastics
University of California San Diego

Finding viable alternatives to traditional petroleum-based plastics and microplastics has never been more important. New research from scientists at UC San Diego and Algenesis shows that their plant-based polymers biodegrade — even at the microplastic level — in under seven months.

Released: 20-Mar-2024 5:00 AM EDT
New on the Job? Study Finds Men, Not Women, Are Rewarded for Getting to Know Their Co-Workers
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Building relationships with colleagues is critical when starting a new job, but a Rutgers-led study in the Journal of Management Scientific Reports suggests that only men are rewarded for their efforts.

Newswise:Video Embedded how-does-ai-work
VIDEO
Released: 12-Mar-2024 10:05 AM EDT
How does AI work?
Bar-Ilan University

In an article recently published in Scientific Reports, researchers from Bar-Ilan University reveal the mechanism underlying successful machine learning, which enables it to perform classification tasks with resounding success.

Newswise: Statisticians and Physicists Team Up to Bring a Machine Learning Approach to Mining of Nuclear Data
Released: 8-Mar-2024 4:05 PM EST
Statisticians and Physicists Team Up to Bring a Machine Learning Approach to Mining of Nuclear Data
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Theoretical models can fill the gaps in experimental physics, but using a single imperfect theoretical model can be misleading. To improve the quality of predictions, researchers created a machine learning method that combines the results of several imperfect models.

1-Mar-2024 10:00 AM EST
Scientists take closer look ‘underneath the hood’ of body’s response to combat wounds
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Advances in trauma care on the battlefield have drastically improved over the last few decades, but current surgical approaches to avoid further complications in extremity wounds have continued to delay wounds from healing. A new study led by researchers at the Uniformed Services University (USU), however, offers a better understanding of how the body responds to combat wounds, which could ultimately lead to further advancements in care.

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Released: 29-Feb-2024 2:05 PM EST
February Monthly Research Highlights Newsletter
Cedars-Sinai

A roundup of the latest medical discoveries and faculty news at Cedars-Sinai for February 2024.

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Released: 28-Feb-2024 4:05 AM EST
RUDN ecologists healed apples from fungus using eucalyptus
Scientific Project Lomonosov

RUDN University ecologists have discovered that eucalyptus leaves can cure apples from fungal diseases. They can be a natural alternative to toxic fungicides.

Newswise:Video Embedded the-west-is-best-to-spot-ufos
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Released: 27-Feb-2024 6:05 PM EST
The West is best to spot UFOs
University of Utah

Most sighting reports of Unidentified Anomalous Phenomena occur in the American West where proximity to public lands, dark skies and military installations afford more opportunities to see strange objects in the air. Understanding environmental context may help identify truly anomalous objects that are a legitimate threat.

Newswise: Plant seed and fruit analysis from the biblical home of Goliath sheds unprecedented light on Philistine ritual practices
Released: 26-Feb-2024 10:05 PM EST
Plant seed and fruit analysis from the biblical home of Goliath sheds unprecedented light on Philistine ritual practices
Bar-Ilan University

The enigmatic Philistine culture, which flourished during the Iron Age (ca. 1200-604 BCE), profoundly affected the southern Levant's cultural history, agronomy, and dietary customs.

Newswise: Researchers overestimate their own honesty
Released: 26-Feb-2024 8:05 PM EST
Researchers overestimate their own honesty
Linkoping University

The average researcher thinks they are better than their colleagues at following good research practice.

Released: 26-Feb-2024 2:05 PM EST
Microbiome studies explore why more women develop Alzheimer’s disease
University of Chicago Medical Center

Two new studies from the University of Chicago investigate the roles of the gut microbiome and estrogen in the differing rates of Alzheimer’s disease among women and men.

Newswise: How is deforested land in Africa used?
Released: 15-Feb-2024 7:05 PM EST
How is deforested land in Africa used?
GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam

Africa's forested areas – an estimated 14 % of the global forest area – are continuing to decline at an increasing rate – mostly because of human activities to convert forest land for economic purposes.

Newswise: New Research Reveals: The New York Bight Is an Important Year-Round Habitat for Endangered Fin Whales
Released: 15-Feb-2024 11:05 AM EST
New Research Reveals: The New York Bight Is an Important Year-Round Habitat for Endangered Fin Whales
Wildlife Conservation Society

Researchers aim to use their science to help inform best practices and strategies to better protect fin whales in waters off NY and NJ.

Newswise:Video Embedded magnetic-fields-kill-bacteria-that-infect-medical-implants
VIDEO
Released: 15-Feb-2024 10:05 AM EST
Magnetic fields kill bacteria that infect medical implants
UT Southwestern Medical Center

The same technology at work in induction cooktops cut the amount of bacteria present in a prosthetic joint infection when used in conjunction with antibiotics in a mouse model, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report in a new study.

Released: 13-Feb-2024 10:05 AM EST
Older adults rely more on trust in decision making. It could open them up to scams.
University of Florida

Elderly adults lose billions to financial scams by people they trust every year. New psychological research suggests this vulnerability could be linked to older adults' overreliance on initial impressions of trustworthiness.

Newswise: University of Kentucky scientists develop eco-friendly magnet to battle microplastics
Released: 12-Feb-2024 12:05 PM EST
University of Kentucky scientists develop eco-friendly magnet to battle microplastics
University of Kentucky

Plastic pollution is a pressing environmental issue, and University of Kentucky Martin-Gatton College of Agriculture, Food and Environment researchers are leading the charge with an innovative solution.

Newswise: Building a DNA nanoparticle to be both carrier and medicine
Released: 6-Feb-2024 4:05 PM EST
Building a DNA nanoparticle to be both carrier and medicine
Iowa State University

A pair of Iowa State University geneticists are among the first research teams in the world to construct DNA nanoparticles that can express their own built-in genetic instructions.

Newswise: Prehistoric mobility among Tibetan farmers, herders shaped highland settlement patterns, cultural interaction, study finds
1-Feb-2024 3:05 PM EST
Prehistoric mobility among Tibetan farmers, herders shaped highland settlement patterns, cultural interaction, study finds
Washington University in St. Louis

New research from Washington University in St. Louis and Sichuan University in China explores how and why ancient communities built social relationships and cultural identities across the extreme terrain in Tibet.

   
Newswise: How a walk in nature restores attention
Released: 29-Jan-2024 2:05 PM EST
How a walk in nature restores attention
University of Utah

Neural research conducted at Utah's Red Butte Garden uses EEG to measure brain activity on subjects after walks through nature and parking lots.

Released: 25-Jan-2024 3:05 PM EST
Chats with AI shift attitudes on climate change, Black Lives Matter 
University of Wisconsin–Madison

People who were more skeptical of human-caused climate change or the Black Lives Matter movement who took part in conversation with a popular AI chatbot were disappointed with the experience but left the conversation more supportive of the scientific consensus on climate change or BLM.

Released: 25-Jan-2024 3:05 PM EST
Palaeontology: Small dinosaurs flapped their feathers to scare prey
Scientific Reports

Small omnivorous and insectivorous dinosaurs may have flapped small, feathered primitive wings to scare prey out of hiding places, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.

Newswise: A salad space oddity: Lettuce more susceptible to bacterial infections away from Earth
Released: 25-Jan-2024 8:05 AM EST
A salad space oddity: Lettuce more susceptible to bacterial infections away from Earth
University of Delaware

University of Delaware researchers grew lettuce under conditions that imitated the weightless environment aboard the International Space Station and found those plants grown under the manufactured microgravity were more prone to infections from Salmonella.

Released: 24-Jan-2024 8:00 AM EST
Rutgers Health Researchers Develop Software to Predict Diseases
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

Rutgers Health researcher develops software that can analyze multigenomic and clinical data to discover biomarkers and predict diseases in individuals.

   
Released: 23-Jan-2024 11:05 AM EST
Rutgers Health Researchers Develop Software to Predict Diseases
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

IntelliGenes analyzes genomic data to discover biomarkers associated with health traits.

Newswise:  Cancer GPS method evaluates model tumor malignancy
18-Jan-2024 5:00 AM EST
Cancer GPS method evaluates model tumor malignancy
Hokkaido University

A water-soluble, luminescent europium complex enables evaluation of malignancy grade in model glioma tumor cells.

Newswise: Ancient chewing gum reveals stone age diet
Released: 19-Jan-2024 8:05 AM EST
Ancient chewing gum reveals stone age diet
Stockholm University

What did people eat on the west coast of Scandinavia 10 000 years ago? A new study of the DNA in a chewing gum shows that deer, trout and hazelnuts were on the diet.

Released: 18-Jan-2024 8:05 AM EST
Cases of chikungunya and zika fall in Brazil, but most risk clusters exhibit an upward trend
FUNDAÇÃO DE AMPARO À PESQUISA DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO

Analysis of occurrence and co-occurrence patterns shows the highest-risk clusters of chikungunya and zika in Brazil spreading from the Northeast to the Center-West and coastal areas of São Paulo state and Rio de Janeiro state in the Southeast between 2018 and 2021, and increasing again in the Northeast between 2019 and 2021.

Newswise: RUDN doctors made a nasal spray from secreted factors from stem cells to treat the consequences of brain injuries
Released: 18-Jan-2024 4:05 AM EST
RUDN doctors made a nasal spray from secreted factors from stem cells to treat the consequences of brain injuries
Scientific Project Lomonosov

RUDN University doctors were able to mitigate inflammation in the brain after a traumatic brain injury with the help of intranasal administration of the developed nootropic drug.

Released: 16-Jan-2024 11:05 AM EST
Cannabis activates specific hunger neurons in brain
Washington State University

While it is well known that cannabis can cause the munchies, researchers have now revealed a mechanism in the brain that promotes appetite in a set of animal studies at Washington State University.

   
Released: 15-Jan-2024 10:05 AM EST
Are bugs bugging humans or the other way around? Study reveals a few surprises
University of Southern California (USC)

Researchers uncover factors in urban areas that affect diversity in insects and spiders. The study — which also turned up dozens of previously unknown species — could help ensure the health of these crucial ecosystem contributors.

Newswise:Video Embedded chasing-the-light-sandia-study-finds-new-clues-about-warming-in-the-arctic
VIDEO
Released: 15-Jan-2024 9:00 AM EST
Chasing the light: Sandia study finds new clues about warming in the Arctic
Sandia National Laboratories

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories are taking a closer look at what’s causing a decrease in sunlight reflectivity, or albedo, in the Arctic.

Released: 11-Jan-2024 10:05 AM EST
A tiny tattoo for a tabby
Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo

In a study recently published in Scientific Reports, researchers from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo demonstrated an alternative “bio-tagging” method, in which a unique array of microneedles – with alphanumeric characters visible to the unaided eye - is directly inserted into the skin for permanent identification of animals.

Newswise: Scientists Develop Green Method for Producing Bactericidal Copper Oxide Nanoparticles From Noni Plant (Morinda citrifolia)
Released: 10-Jan-2024 3:05 AM EST
Scientists Develop Green Method for Producing Bactericidal Copper Oxide Nanoparticles From Noni Plant (Morinda citrifolia)
Scientific Project Lomonosov

RUDN University biologist described a green method for obtaining copper oxide nanoparticles from the noni plant (Morinda citrifolia), common in Asia. These nanoparticles have pronounced bactericidal and fungicidal properties.

Newswise: New reasons eating less fat should be one of your resolutions
Released: 3-Jan-2024 5:05 PM EST
New reasons eating less fat should be one of your resolutions
University of California, Riverside

A UC Riverside study to motivate your new year’s resolutions: it demonstrates that high-fat diets affect genes linked not only to obesity, colon cancer and irritable bowels, but also to the immune system, brain function, and potentially COVID-19 risk.

Released: 19-Dec-2023 11:05 PM EST
Toxic chemicals found in oil spills and wildfire smoke detected in killer whales
University of British Columbia

Toxic chemicals produced from oil emissions and wildfire smoke have been found in muscle and liver samples from Southern Resident killer whales and Bigg’s killer whales.

Newswise: What do Gifted dogs have in common?
Released: 14-Dec-2023 12:05 PM EST
What do Gifted dogs have in common?
Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE)

All dog owners think that their pup is special. Science now has documented that some rare dogs are…even more special! They have a talent for learning hundreds of names of dog toys.

Newswise:Video Embedded saving-endangered-species-new-ai-method-counts-manatee-clusters-in-real-time-saving-endangered-species-new-ai-method-counts-manatee-clusters-in-real-time-saving-endangered-species-new-ai-method-counts-manatee-clusters-in-real-time
VIDEO
Released: 13-Dec-2023 8:30 AM EST
Saving Endangered Species: New AI Method Counts Manatee Clusters in Real Time
Florida Atlantic University

Accurately counting manatee aggregations within a region is crucial yet challenging. Harnessing the power of AI, researchers are among the first to use a deep learning-based crowd counting approach to automatically count the number of manatees in a designated region, using images captured from CCTV cameras, which are readily available, as input.

Released: 29-Nov-2023 1:05 PM EST
Early humans hunted beavers, 400,000 years ago
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Evidence from eastern Germany shows that early humans had a more varied diet than previously known

Released: 28-Nov-2023 6:05 PM EST
Early Humans in the Paleolithic Age: More Than Just Game on the Menu
Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum

In a study published in the journal “Scientific Reports,” researchers from the Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment (SHEP) at the University of Tübingen show that early humans of the Middle Paleolithic had a more varied diet than previously assumed.

Newswise: Bacteria, stay out!
Released: 28-Nov-2023 3:05 AM EST
Bacteria, stay out!
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Hospital germs and pathogens are not always transmitted directly from person to person. They can also spread via germ-contaminated surfaces and objects.

Released: 22-Nov-2023 12:05 PM EST
This sea worm’s butt swims away, and now scientists know how
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO

Armed with its own eyes, antennae, and swimming bristles, the posterior body part detaches for spawning. UTokyo scientists revealed its developmental mechanism for the first time.



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