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Newswise: Do Stickleback Fish Provide a Roadmap of Rapid Species Evolution?
Released: 18-Jun-2021 5:25 PM EDT
Do Stickleback Fish Provide a Roadmap of Rapid Species Evolution?
Stony Brook University

The Threespine stickleback fish is known to have evolved independently from its marine ancestors, a process called parallel evolution. A new study details the genomic changes that drive their rapid evolution, the findings from which may shed light on the process of natural selection in other species.

16-Jun-2021 12:55 PM EDT
Study Examines Symptoms Before and After Kidney Transplantation
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• In a study of patients waiting for a kidney transplant, those who experienced various symptoms had a higher risk of dying while on the waitlist. • Symptoms tended to increase or remain unchanged between transplant evaluation and transplantation; however, at 3 months after transplantation, 9 of 11 symptoms lessened.

15-Jun-2021 5:15 PM EDT
Study Examines Heart and Kidney Outcomes of Adults with Nephrotic Syndrome
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• Primary nephrotic syndrome is characterized by high urinary excretion of protein, low protein in the blood, high cholesterol, and swelling in the arms and legs. • A new analysis highlights the high risk of kidney failure and different cardiovascular complications in patients with primary nephrotic syndrome.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Earlier flood forecasting could help avoid disaster in Japan
University of Tokyo

In Japan, thousands of homes and businesses and hundreds of lives have been lost to typhoons. But now, researchers have revealed that a new flood forecasting system could provide earlier flood warnings, giving people more time to prepare or evacuate, and potentially saving lives.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Surprising spider hair discovery may inspire stronger adhesives
Frontiers

Just how do spiders walk straight up -- and even upside-down across -- so many different types of surfaces? Answering this question could open up new opportunities for creating powerful, yet reversible, bioinspired adhesives.

Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:30 PM EDT
There's a good reason online retailers are investing in physical stores
American Marketing Association (AMA)

Researchers from Colorado State University, Amazon, and Dartmouth College published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that examines the role of physical stores for selling "deep" products.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:15 PM EDT
How childhood exercise could maintain and promote cognitive function in later life
Kobe University

A research group including Professor MATSUDA Tetsuya of Tamagawa University's Brain Science Institute (Machida City, Tokyo; Director: SAKAGAMI Masamichi) and Assistant Professor ISHIHARA Toru from Kobe University's Graduate School of Human Development and Environment has illuminated the changes in the brain's neural network and cortex structure that underlie the positive association between childhood exercise and the maintenance and promotion of cognitive function in later life.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:55 PM EDT
Climate Warming Can Influence Fungal Communities on Oak Leaves Across the Growing Season
Stockholm University

Climate warming plays a larger role than plant genes in influencing the number and identity of fungal species on oak leaves, especially in autumn.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Imaging at the tip of a needle
University of Exeter

Scientists have developed a new technique that could revolutionise medical imaging procedures using light.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:35 PM EDT
Orphaned Chimpanzees Do Not Suffer From Chronic Stress
CNRS (Centre National de Recherche Scientifique / National Center of Scientific Research)

The loss of a loved one can be a defining moment, even in the animal world. In chimpanzees, for example, individuals whose mothers die when they are young are smaller than their counterparts, reproduce less and are also more likely to die at a young age.

Newswise:Video Embedded undiagnosed-and-untreated-disease-identified-in-rural-south-africa
VIDEO
Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:10 PM EDT
Undiagnosed and Untreated Disease Identified in Rural South Africa
University of Alabama at Birmingham

A comprehensive health-screening program in rural northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, has found a high burden of undiagnosed or poorly controlled non-communicable diseases, according to a study published in The Lancet Global Health.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 21-Jun-2021 3:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 3:10 PM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 22-Jun-2021 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 2:55 PM EDT

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Newswise: Accelerating the Speed of Science
Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Accelerating the Speed of Science
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Researchers will be able to design their own computer accelerators for faster analysis of large datasets

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:30 PM EDT
VIMS study uncovers new cause for intensification of oyster disease
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

A new paper in Scientific Reports led by researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science challenges increased salinity and seawater temperatures as the established explanation for a decades-long increase in the prevalence and deadliness of a major oyster disease in the coastal waters of the mid-Atlantic.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:10 PM EDT
The Earth has a pulse -- a 27.5-million-year cycle of geological activity
New York University

Geologic activity on Earth appears to follow a 27.5-million-year cycle, giving the planet a "pulse," according to a new study published in the journal Geoscience Frontiers.

Newswise:Video Embedded newswise-expert-panels-on-covid-19-pandemic-notable-excerpts-quotes-and-videos-available
VIDEO
Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:10 PM EDT
Newswise Expert Panels on COVID-19 Pandemic: Notable excerpts, quotes and videos available
Newswise

Newswise is hosting a series of Expert Panels discussion on unique aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. This tip sheet includes some notable quotes from the panelists.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 21-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 1:50 PM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 21-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 1:25 PM EDT

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 1:00 PM EDT
Does Cannabis Affect Brain Development in Young People with ADHD? Too Soon To Tell, Reports Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

At least so far, the currently limited research base does not establish that cannabis has additional adverse effects on brain development or functioning in adolescents or young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), concludes a review in the July/August issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 18-Jun-2021 12:10 PM EDT
New Artificial Heart Shows Promising Results in 'Auto-Mode' – Initial Clinical Experience Reported in ASAIO Journal
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

An experimental artificial heart includes an autoregulation control mechanism, or Auto-Mode, that can adjust to the changing needs of patients treated for end-stage heart failure. Outcomes in the first series of patients managed with the new heart replacement pump in Auto-Mode are presented in the ASAIO Journal, official journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Newswise: Study Reveals New Therapeutic Target for C. Difficile Infection
Released: 18-Jun-2021 12:05 PM EDT
Study Reveals New Therapeutic Target for C. Difficile Infection
University of California, Irvine

A new study paves the way for the development of next generation therapeutics for the prevention and treatment of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), the most frequent cause of healthcare-acquired gastrointestinal infections and death in developed countries.

Newswise: Will Reduction in Tau Protein Protect Against Parkinson’s and Lewy Body Dementias?
Released: 18-Jun-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Will Reduction in Tau Protein Protect Against Parkinson’s and Lewy Body Dementias?
University of Alabama at Birmingham

A study suggests that reducing tau protein in brain neurons will not protect against Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body dementias. If borne out, this result differs from Alzheimer’s disease, where reducing endogenous tau levels in brain neurons is protective for multiple models of the disease.

Newswise: BET Inhibitors Show Promise in Overcoming Lineage Plasticity, A Newly Recognized Form of Resistance to Prostate Cancer Drugs
Released: 18-Jun-2021 11:45 AM EDT
BET Inhibitors Show Promise in Overcoming Lineage Plasticity, A Newly Recognized Form of Resistance to Prostate Cancer Drugs
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

In a new study, a team of researchers uncovered new mechanisms underlying an important type of resistance to modern prostate cancer drugs called lineage plasticity, where castration-resistant prostate cancers undergo a deadly identity switch. They also outline a promising path to overcoming this form of resistance: BET bromodomain inhibitors.

Released: 18-Jun-2021 11:25 AM EDT
Biju Samkutty nomeado Diretor de Operações da Mayo Clinic International
Mayo Clinic

Biju Samkutty foi nomeado Diretor de Operações da Mayo Clinic International. Samkutty trabalhará em parceria com G. Anton Decker (M.B., B.Ch), presidente da Mayo Clinic International, para aumentar o alcance dos serviços da Mayo Clinic em todo o mundo.

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Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 11:25 AM EDT

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 11:15 AM EDT
Biju Samkutty, nuevo director de operaciones para Mayo Clinic Internacional
Mayo Clinic

Biju Samkutty recibió el nombramiento de director de operaciones para Mayo Clinic Internacional. Samkutty colaborará con el Dr. G. Anton Decker, presidente de Mayo Clinic Internacional para ampliar los servicios de Mayo Clinic a todo el mundo.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT

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Newswise: Researchers Dig Deeper into How Cells Transport their Waste for Recycling
15-Jun-2021 12:55 PM EDT
Researchers Dig Deeper into How Cells Transport their Waste for Recycling
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys have gained a deeper insight into the intricacies of autophagy, the process in which cells degrade and recycle cellular components.

Newswise:Video Embedded virtual-event-for-june-17-11am-edt-covid-19-vaccines-and-male-fertility
VIDEO
Released: 18-Jun-2021 8:55 AM EDT
VIDEO AND TRANSCRIPT AVAILABLE: Vaccines and Male Fertility Event for June 17, 2021
Newswise

This upcoming JAMA-published study examined whether the COVID-19 vaccine impacts male fertility.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 22-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 18-Jun-2021 8:30 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Released: 18-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Personalized Medicine, Not X-rays, Should Guide Common Forearm Fracture Treatments in Older Adults
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A decade-long study of distal radius fracture in older adults revealed that personalized medicine catering to a patient’s individual needs and environment, not age or X-rays, should guide treatment options. The federally funded study is the most collaborative, intense effort to try and answer a 200-year puzzle about how to treat one of the most common fractures in older adults.

Newswise: Study Identifies a Neural Signal that May Help Explain Social-Cognitive Ability in Autism
Released: 18-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Study Identifies a Neural Signal that May Help Explain Social-Cognitive Ability in Autism
Stony Brook University

An electroencephalogram (EEG) study of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) identified a neural signal that may help explain the variation of how those with ASD perceive or understand the mental states of others (called “Theory of Mind”).

Released: 18-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Teamwork saves lives: COVID-19 hospital network shares key findings to improve care
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Data sharing among 40 Michigan hospitals about the care and outcomes for thousands of inpatients with COVID-19 has led to reduced variation and findings that could inform care anywhere, including approaches for preventing blood clots and reducing overuse of antibiotics, as well as a risk prediction tool.

Released: 18-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
One-third of older Americans delayed health care over COVID concerns
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Nearly one in three Americans between the ages of 50 and 80 put off an in-person appointment for medical care in 2020 because they were worried about exposure to the novel coronavirus, new national poll data show.

Newswise: Bio-inspired hydrogel protects the heart from post-op adhesions
17-Jun-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Bio-inspired hydrogel protects the heart from post-op adhesions
University of California San Diego

A hydrogel that forms a barrier to keep heart tissue from adhering to surrounding tissue after surgery was developed and successfully tested in rodents by a team of University of California San Diego researchers. The team of engineers, scientists and physicians also conducted a pilot study on porcine hearts, with promising results. They describe their work in the June 18, 2021 issue of Nature Communications.

Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:05 AM EDT
Atomic-scale tailoring of graphene approaches macroscopic world
University of Vienna

Properties of materials are often defined by imperfections in their atomic structure, especially when the material itself is just one atom thick, such as graphene. Researchers at the University of Vienna have now developed a method for controlled creation of such imperfections into graphene at length scales approaching the macroscopic world. These results, confirmed by atomically resolved microscope images and published in the journal Nano Letters, serve as an essential starting point both for tailoring graphene for applications and for the development of new materials.

15-Jun-2021 12:25 PM EDT
Depression in Dads of Preemies Deserves More Attention
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

While postpartum depression in new mothers is well recognized and known to increase if the newborn requires intensive care, depression in new fathers has not received much attention. A large study, published in the journal Pediatrics, found that both parents with a baby in the NICU are at risk, with depression symptoms identified in 33 percent of mothers and 17 percent of fathers. Strikingly, the probability of reporting depression symptoms declined significantly for mothers but not for fathers after the baby came home.

Newswise: If You Ride an E-Scooter, Take Safety Precautions
Released: 17-Jun-2021 6:00 PM EDT
If You Ride an E-Scooter, Take Safety Precautions
Henry Ford Health System

DETROIT – As pandemic restrictions begin to loosen around the country and summer temperatures rise, more people will be moving about on public rideshare electric scooters. With that comes this warning: Ride with safety.A Henry Ford Health System study published in The Laryngoscope, shows that head and neck injuries caused by use of e-scooters have been on the rise since rideshare systems were introduced to the public in late 2017.

Newswise: Driving clean-energy research in the right direction
Released: 17-Jun-2021 5:50 PM EDT
Driving clean-energy research in the right direction
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Fuel cells, part of a promising path toward zero-emission vehicles, are making progress at overcoming some specific challenges on the road to powering heavy-duty vehicles.

11-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Many U.S. Patients with High Priority for Kidney Transplants Are Not Placed on the Transplant Waiting List
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• Among U.S. adults with kidney failure, many of those who have the longest expected post-transplant survival are not being placed on the kidney transplant waiting list. • African Americans, patients lacking commercial health insurance, and those residing in lower income communities are less likely to be waitlisted.

Newswise: Mercy Medical Center’s Nursing Excellence Once Again Honored with Prestigious Magnet® Recognition
Released: 17-Jun-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Mercy Medical Center’s Nursing Excellence Once Again Honored with Prestigious Magnet® Recognition
Mercy Medical Center

Mercy Medical Center nurses and executive staff have received word that the 147-year-old Catholic hospital has re-earned the coveted “Magnet®” recognition from the American Nurses Credentialing Center® (ANCC).

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Released: 17-Jun-2021 4:40 PM EDT
When tyrannosaurs dominated, medium-sized predators disappeared
University of Maryland, College Park

New UMD study suggests that everywhere tyrannosaurs rose to dominance, their juveniles took over the ecological role of medium-sized carnivores

Released: 17-Jun-2021 4:15 PM EDT
UNC Researchers Lead Study of Diabetes Treatment of COVID-19 Patients
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Diabetes is one of the comorbidities most strongly associated with severe COVID-19 in the US, and data from early in the pandemic suggested individuals with type 2 diabetes faced twice the risk of death from COVID-19 and a greater risk of requiring hospitalization and intensive care. A new study shows best treatment options.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 4:10 PM EDT
Vaccination, Previous Infection, Protect Against COVID-19 gamma/P.1 Variant in Animal Model
University of Wisconsin-Madison

In a new study using variant virus recovered from one of the original travelers, researchers in the U.S. and Japan have found that vaccination with an mRNA vaccine induces antibody responses that would protect humans from infection with the gamma/P.1 variant.


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