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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 25-Jan-2022 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 24-Jan-2022 3:00 AM EST

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Newswise: National Poll: 2 in 3 parents don’t make kids use helmets when sledding
18-Jan-2022 10:40 AM EST
National Poll: 2 in 3 parents don’t make kids use helmets when sledding
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Parents may overlook winter sport injury risks to children, a new national poll suggests.

20-Jan-2022 6:05 AM EST
Wearable Alcohol Sensors Facilitate Monitoring of Drinking Intensity and Risk in Young Adult Heavy Drinkers
Research Society on Alcoholism

Sensors that measure alcohol concentration through the skin can provide valid measures of drinking intensity and predict alcohol consequences among young adult drinkers, according to a study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Youth alcohol misuse is linked to many short- and long-term negative consequences, and finding ways to predict and prevent these consequences is an important goal for research and public health. In research studies, prediction of short-term consequences is typically based on the number of drinks that an individual reports consuming in a given drinking episode. Self-reports can be retrospective, in which the person reports on their consumption the previous day, or episodic, in which the individual provides real-time reports via smart devices. However, self-reported data have some limitations: number of drinks is an imperfect proxy for biologic alcohol concentrations (and therefore for alcohol-related risk), and self-report accuracy diminishes the mo

19-Jan-2022 7:05 AM EST
Brain Activity Helps Explain Response to Alcohol and How People Recognize Emotions Before Becoming Intoxicated
Research Society on Alcoholism

People who need to drink relatively high amounts of alcohol before feeling its effects, a genetically influenced risk factor for future heavy drinking and alcohol problems, may have differences in brain connectivity that impair their ability to interpret facial expressions and recognize their own intoxication, a new study suggests. The paper, in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, is believed to be the first to demonstrate differences in brain connectivity between people with low and high responses to alcohol. Varying levels of responses to alcohol — for example, how many drinks a person consumes before feeling intoxicated — are known to be related to neurobiological processing. Low responders, who drink more alcohol before feeling affected by it, are at greater risk of alcohol use disorder (AUD) than high responders, who feel the effects of fewer drinks. Scientists using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are exploring the possibility that low responders are less a

Newswise: Chula Economics Lecturer Receives International Anti-Corruption Award 2021
Released: 21-Jan-2022 8:55 PM EST
Chula Economics Lecturer Receives International Anti-Corruption Award 2021
Chulalongkorn University

Congratulations to Asst. Prof. Dr. Torplus Yomnak on becoming one of the 12 anti-corruption activists from around the world to receive the U.S. State Department’s International Anti-Corruption Champion Award 2021 on International Anti-corruption Day. Asst. Prof. Dr. Torplus, the Director of the Political Economics Studies Center, Faculty of Economics, Chulalongkorn University, was chosen as the academic award recipient from Southeast Asia.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 26-Jan-2022 4:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 21-Jan-2022 5:15 PM EST

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 26-Jan-2022 4:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 21-Jan-2022 5:15 PM EST

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19-Jan-2022 4:10 PM EST
How would eliminating race-based adjustments in estimates of kidney function impact clinical trials?
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• In an analysis of data from a recent clinical trial, researchers found that removing a race-based adjustment in the estimation of individuals’ kidney function had a small but potentially important impact on the inclusion of participants, with differing effects on Black and non-Black participants. • Removal of the race-based adjustment also influenced inclusion parameters such as participants’ severity of kidney function impairment at baseline as well as their risk of developing cardiovascular- and kidney-related outcomes.

Newswise: Suffering from Surge Stress? 9 Things to Do Right Now
Released: 21-Jan-2022 4:45 PM EST
Suffering from Surge Stress? 9 Things to Do Right Now
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

For people who are "doing everything right" or who face a high risk of severe illness if they get COVID-19 during the current surge, this is a stressful time. A psychiatrist offers tips for recognizing the emotional effects and offers steps to help get through this time.

Newswise: Pacific, western Indian ocean island nations and culture face extinction in aftermath of undersea volcanic eruptions and climate change, WVU expert says
Released: 21-Jan-2022 4:40 PM EST
Pacific, western Indian ocean island nations and culture face extinction in aftermath of undersea volcanic eruptions and climate change, WVU expert says
West Virginia University

While the aftermath of an undersea volcanic eruption and the following tsunami garner much attention as the waves crash around inhabited islands, an expert at West Virginia University says the combination of those hard to predict eruptions and climate change will eventually erase island nations and their cultures in the Pacific and western Indian oceans.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 4:15 PM EST
Babies can tell who has close relationships based on one clue: saliva
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Learning to navigate social relationships is a skill that is critical for surviving in human societies. For babies and young children, that means learning who they can count on to take care of them.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 4:05 PM EST
Social media use tied to poor physical health
University at Buffalo

Social media use has been linked to biological and psychological indicators associated with poor physical health among college students, according to the results of a new study by a University at Buffalo researcher. Research participants who used social media excessively were found to have higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a biological marker of chronic inflammation that predicts serious illnesses, such as diabetes, certain cancers and cardiovascular disease. In addition to elevated CRP levels, results suggest higher social media use was also related to somatic symptoms, like headaches, chest and back pains, and more frequent visits to doctors and health centers for the treatment of illness.

Newswise: Monell Chemical Senses Center Announces Major Grant From The Ambrose Monell Foundation
Released: 21-Jan-2022 4:05 PM EST
Monell Chemical Senses Center Announces Major Grant From The Ambrose Monell Foundation
Monell Chemical Senses Center

The Monell Chemical Senses Center, a global leader in taste and smell research, announced today it has received a grant of up to $26 million from its founding benefactor, The Ambrose Monell Foundation. The funding represents the largest single donation the Center has received since its founding, securing its position as the premier independent basic research institute for taste, smell, and related senses.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 3:50 PM EST
Predicting Long COVID at initial point of COVID-19 diagnosis
Institute for Systems Biology

A significant portion of people who contract the SARS-CoV-2 virus – some estimates suggest more than 40 percent – suffer chronic effects known as Post Acute Sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC), commonly referred to as long COVID. PASC symptoms include fatigue, brain fog, the loss of taste and smell, shortness of breath, and more.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 3:40 PM EST
New footprinting technique helps answer questions about proteins in living systems
Washington University in St. Louis

Chemists demonstrated an innovative footprinting method to answer questions about proteins in biological systems with applications in drug design, binding and screening.

Newswise: Bacterial Carbon Cycling in Soil Is Not a Shared Effort
Released: 21-Jan-2022 3:05 PM EST
Bacterial Carbon Cycling in Soil Is Not a Shared Effort
Department of Energy, Office of Science

A tool called quantitative stable isotope probing (qSIP) lets scientists identity bacteria in a community and their demographic data. In a new qSIP study, scientists found that in many soil environments just a few types of bacteria use more than half of the available carbon. The results will help scientists focus future research on key soil functions such as carbon cycling.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 3:05 PM EST
CDC Director was referring to vaccinated people when she mentioned 75% of COVID deaths were among those with at least four comorbidities
Newswise

Welensky did not say 75% percent of all COVID-19 deaths in the U.S. had at least four comorbidities. The shared social media posts imply that deaths from COVID-19 are being over-counted. We find this claim to be misleading, having taken Walensky's interview out of context. It is clear from watching the full clip, Dr. Welensky was referring to the percentage of fully vaccinated people who died from COVID-19.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 2:50 PM EST
Optical imaging highlights metabolic interactions that make pancreatic tumor cells grow.
Morgridge Institute for Research

An advanced biomedical imaging techniques reveals how cancer cells can hijack the metabolic activity of certain non-cancer cells in the pancreas to fuel tumor growth.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 2:35 PM EST
Lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio is an exciting biomarker for colorectal surgeons
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum Journal

Clinicians are on a constant quest for simple markers of cancer disease status and prognostication. The lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are attractive measures. This study aims to determine if the LMR and PLR can provide clinicians and patients with informative data regarding rectal cancer outcomes.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 2:20 PM EST
Tug of sun, moon could be driving plate motions on ‘imbalanced’ Earth
Washington University in St. Louis

A study led by geophysicist Anne M. Hofmeister proposes that imbalanced forces and torques in the Earth-moon-sun system drive circulation of the whole mantle. The new analysis provides an alternative to the hypothesis that the movement of tectonic plates is related to convection currents in the Earth's mantle.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 2:15 PM EST
Scientists Find Predictors of Heart Disease Among Black Americans that are Shared Across Ethnicities
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Scientists find metabolites that were consistently linked with coronary heart disease among Black individuals.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 27-Jan-2022 2:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 21-Jan-2022 2:05 PM EST

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Released: 21-Jan-2022 2:05 PM EST
Vaccine used in much of the world no match for Omicron variant
Yale University

Millions of people around the world have received two shots of Sinovac, a Chinese-manufactured inactive vaccine that is used in 48 countries to help reduce transmission rates of COVID-19.

Newswise: AI light-field camera reads 3D facial expressions​
Released: 21-Jan-2022 2:05 PM EST
AI light-field camera reads 3D facial expressions​
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

A joint research team led by Professors Ki-Hun Jeong and Doheon Lee from the KAIST Department of Bio and Brain Engineering reported the development of a technique for facial expression detection by merging near-infrared light-field camera techniques with artificial intelligence (AI) technology.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 25-Jan-2022 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 21-Jan-2022 2:05 PM EST

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Newswise: Harnessing noise in optical computing for AI
20-Jan-2022 8:05 PM EST
Harnessing noise in optical computing for AI
University of Washington

A research team led by the University of Washington has developed an optical computing system for AI and machine learning that not only mitigates the noise inherent to optical computing but actually uses some of it as input to help enhance the creative output of the artificial neural network within the system.

20-Jan-2022 10:05 AM EST
First Public Health Survey of New Dads to Help Improve Outcomes for Entire Family
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Modeled on the annual surveillance tool that the CDC and public health departments have used for the past 35 years for new mothers called PRAMS (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System), PRAMS for Dads for the first time provides data on the unique needs of new fathers.

Newswise:Video Embedded lockdowns-during-early-pandemic-saved-lives-but-not-a-go-to-strategy-moving-forward
VIDEO
21-Jan-2022 9:00 AM EST
Lockdowns during early pandemic saved lives, but not a go-to strategy moving forward
University of Michigan

The U.S. pandemic lockdown in 2020 caused a $2.3 trillion economic downturn and split the nation politically, and now some European nations are locking down again as Omicron surges through the global population.

Newswise: Consistent asteroid showers rock previous thinking on Mars craters
Released: 21-Jan-2022 1:55 PM EST
Consistent asteroid showers rock previous thinking on Mars craters
Curtin University

New Curtin University research has confirmed the frequency of asteroid collisions that formed impact craters on Mars has been consistent over the past 600 million years.

Newswise:Video Embedded these-scientists-are-racing-to-beat-omicron
VIDEO
Released: 21-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
These Scientists Are Racing to Beat Omicron
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

As teams of researchers around the world race to piece together a picture of the Omicron variant, they’re fast-tracking discoveries and transforming the way science is done.

Newswise: How robots learn to hike
Released: 21-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
How robots learn to hike
ETH Zürich

Steep sections on slippery ground, high steps, scree and forest trails full of roots: the path up the 1,098-​metre-high Mount Etzel at the southern end of Lake Zurich is peppered with numerous obstacles.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
Telehealth Might Be Best as a Supplement to Office Visits, Not a Replacement
Tufts University

With the pandemic, there has been a rise in the use of virtual appointments for patients seeking health care. A new study by Tufts researchers, however, suggests that for many older and chronically ill patients, telehealth appointments may be most effective when they augment in-person health-care visits rather than fully replace them.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 12:55 PM EST
Gender bias in lab groups not rooted in personal preference
Cornell University

Gender bias in physics labs – where women typically work more on the computer and on communication tasks, while men more often handle equipment – is not rooted in personal preference, according to new Cornell research.

Newswise: Solving the ‘big problems’ via algorithms enhanced by 2D materials
Released: 21-Jan-2022 12:55 PM EST
Solving the ‘big problems’ via algorithms enhanced by 2D materials
Penn State Materials Research Institute

Important optimization algorithms that are designed to solve large-scale problems such as airline schedules and supply chain logistics may soon get a boost from 2D materials that will enable the algorithms to better solve the problems and use less energy, according to Penn State researchers.

Newswise: Speedy, on-site drug detection key to reducing impacts of addiction crisis
Released: 21-Jan-2022 12:55 PM EST
Speedy, on-site drug detection key to reducing impacts of addiction crisis
Penn State Materials Research Institute

Rapid, accessible and highly accurate detection of addictive substances such as opiates and cocaine is vital to reducing the adverse personal and societal impacts of addiction, something current drug detection systems can take too long to provide. However, on-site, real-time monitoring of abused drugs in a patient’s system could alert clinicians before dangerous levels are reached, and such an approach may not be far away.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 11:40 AM EST
Researchers led by UCLA Health call for more work to address overlooked issues affecting women with Parkinson’s disease
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Researchers in a multi-institution study led by UCLA Health call for more research as well as customized treatments, education and support to empower women living with Parkinson’s disease to address their unmet medical needs.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 11:00 AM EST
ACS partners with The John A. Hartford Foundation to enhance and expand its Geriatric Surgery Verification Program
American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Today the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Geriatric Surgery Verification (GSV) Program and The John A. Hartford Foundation (JAHF) announced their work on a new partnership to improve surgical care for older adults while serving diverse populations across the nation.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 25-Jan-2022 5:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 21-Jan-2022 11:00 AM EST

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19-Jan-2022 11:45 AM EST
Vaccine hesitance dropped faster among Blacks, study finds
Ohio State University

Black Americans who were initially hesitant about receiving a COVID-19 vaccine were more likely than whites to warm up to the idea as the pandemic wore on and to view vaccines as necessary for protection, a new study has found. The research highlights the importance of not making assumptions about race-based viewpoints regarding health care, and illustrates the likelihood that access — not just distrust or skepticism — is a significant obstacle to higher levels of COVID-19 protection among Black Americans, the study authors said.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 25-Jan-2022 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 21-Jan-2022 10:20 AM EST

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Released: 21-Jan-2022 9:50 AM EST
New guidelines on pelvic girdle pain in the postpartum period – Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy presents evidence-based recommendations
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a common condition causing pain and physical impairment, which can occur during and/or after pregnancy and delivery. A new clinical practice guideline for physical therapy practice for PGP in the postpartum period (PGP-PP) is presented in the Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy (JWHPT). The official journal of the Academy of Pelvic Health Physical Therapy (APHPT) of the American Physical Therapy Association, JWHPT is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 9:50 AM EST
A New Test Could Improve Diagnosis of Male Infertility and Advance Fertility Treatment
American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

Breaking research published today in AACC’s Clinical Chemistry journal shows that a new test can measure the amount of DNA damage in sperm with greater accuracy than current tests. This new method could significantly improve diagnosis of male infertility, which is more important than ever now that infertility rates are mounting.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 9:00 AM EST
State Laws About Prescribing May Limit Access to HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

State laws in the US that require medical doctors (MDs) to determine which medications a nurse practitioner (NP) or physician assistant (PA) can prescribe, and under what conditions, may limit the number of patients who use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), reports a study in The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (JANAC). The official journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, JANAC is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 8:05 AM EST
People Living with HIV Need Tailored COVID-19 Vaccination Information
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

While most people living with HIV have received at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, younger and Black individuals are hesitant to get vaccinated and have lower vaccination rates, according to a new study by Rutgers researchers.

Newswise: Lighted Nets Dramatically Reduce Bycatch of Sharks and Other Wildlife While Making Fishing More Efficient
Released: 21-Jan-2022 8:05 AM EST
Lighted Nets Dramatically Reduce Bycatch of Sharks and Other Wildlife While Making Fishing More Efficient
Wildlife Conservation Society

In a win-win for commercial fisheries and marine wildlife, researchers have found that using lighted nets greatly reduced accidental bycatch of sharks, rays, sea turtles, and unwanted finfish.

Released: 21-Jan-2022 7:05 AM EST
Team Delivers Innovative Care for Children With Colorectal and Pelvic Anomalies
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

A comprehensive, coordinated approach provides the latest treatments to help children optimize bowel and bladder function. The program—which sees approximately 200 patients—is one of only a few of its kind in the Western United States, bringing together experts from a wide variety of disciplines.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 25-Jan-2022 9:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 21-Jan-2022 6:05 AM EST

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