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Released: 19-Apr-2021 5:40 PM EDT
Supplement treats schizophrenia in mice, restores healthy "dance" and structure of neurons
University of Tokyo

A simple dietary supplement reduces behavioral symptoms in mice with a genetic mutation that causes schizophrenia.

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 5:30 PM EDT
Army researchers create pioneering approach to real-time conversational AI
U.S. ARMY Research Laboratory

Spoken dialogue is the most natural way for people to interact with complex autonomous agents such as robots

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Embargo will expire: 20-Apr-2021 5:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-Apr-2021 5:25 PM EDT

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 5:20 PM EDT
Patients who are obese or overweight are at risk for a more severe course of COVID-19
Radboud University

COVID-19 patients who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop a more severe infection than patients of healthy weight, and they require oxygen and invasive mechanical ventilation more often.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 5:10 PM EDT
Mayo study finds colon cancer driven by hereditary gene mutations in 1 in 6 patients
Mayo Clinic

A new Mayo Clinic study bolsters evidence that colorectal cancer is often imprinted in family genes and passed on from one generation to the next.

Newswise: New pulsed magnet reveals a new state of matter in Kondo insulator
Released: 19-Apr-2021 5:05 PM EDT
New pulsed magnet reveals a new state of matter in Kondo insulator
Los Alamos National Laboratory

A recent series of experiments at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (National MagLab) at Los Alamos National Laboratory leveraged some of the nation’s highest-powered nondestructive magnets to reveal an exotic new phase of matter at high magnetic fields.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 5:05 PM EDT
Solving Laboratory Professional Burnout: How Personality Traits Can Better Recruit and Retain
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers study shows how understanding personality types in hiring aids in recruiting and retaining of laboratory personnel

Newswise: Research shows race is a factor in disparities of symptom prevalence and response to treatment in multiple sclerosis treatment
Released: 19-Apr-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Research shows race is a factor in disparities of symptom prevalence and response to treatment in multiple sclerosis treatment
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Black and Hispanic patients develop more disabilities from multiple sclerosis (MS) and respond to treatments for the disease differently compared to white patients who also have the disease, according to recent findings by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) at the Americans Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis Forum 2021.

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 3:45 PM EDT
Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Mark Pimentel, MD
Cedars-Sinai

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common gastrointestinal disorder, affecting 10-15% of the world’s population. Approximately two-thirds of those who suffer from IBS are women. The disease can have mild forms or cause severe debilitation as diarrhea alternates with constipation. Severe cramping and bloating also are common. Because chronic IBS is so debilitating, it often disrupts the daily lives of people with this disorder.

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Embargo will expire: 21-Apr-2021 4:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 19-Apr-2021 3:30 PM EDT

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Can magnitude 4 earthquake rates be used to forecast large earthquake events?
Seismological Society of America (SSA)

Boston College seismologist John Ebel and his colleagues have noted a pattern for some large California earthquakes: magnitude 4 or larger earthquakes occur at a higher rate along a fault in the two decades or more prior to a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake on the fault.

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 3:20 PM EDT
Finding What Makes Catalysts Tick
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Computational chemist Samantha Johnson, who is searching for combinations to bolster energy future, is among the PNNL scientists preparing to move into the Energy Sciences Center. The new $90 million, 140,000-square-foot facility, is under construction on the PNNL campus and will accelerate innovation in energy research using chemistry, materials science, and quantum information sciences to support the nation’s climate and clean energy research agenda.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 3:15 PM EDT
How much time and money do commuters save working from home?
University of Sydney

Commuters could save an average of 90 hours (or two-and-a-half working weeks) each year if work from home continues at current rates, according to preliminary findings of a University of Sydney survey.

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:55 PM EDT
The May 2021 Issue of Diseases of the Colon and Rectum is out! Find out what's new
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum Journal

The May 2021 Issue of Diseases of the Colon and Rectum is out! Find out what's new

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:40 PM EDT
Penn Study Finds Reassuring Data on Common Heart Valve Procedure, MitraClip
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A retrospective study led by researchers from Penn Medicine found that with MitraClip for treatment of secondary mitral regurgitation (MR), a heart disease associated with problems in the left ventricle, there was no negative effect of having a slightly smaller mitral valve opening as long as there was good reduction of the mitral regurgitation.

Newswise: HSS Hand Surgeon Performs First Surgery with FDA-Cleared Wrist Replacement Implant He Designed
Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:35 PM EDT
HSS Hand Surgeon Performs First Surgery with FDA-Cleared Wrist Replacement Implant He Designed
Hospital for Special Surgery

A hand surgeon at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City performed the first total wrist replacement with an implant he designed. The device, known as KinematX™, received 510(k) clearance from the FDA in 2020.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Updated advice for safe COVID-19 vaccination in people with high-risk allergy histories
Massachusetts General Hospital

At the end of 2020, experts led by allergists at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) examined all information related to possible allergic reactions to COVID-19 vaccinations.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Albany Law School Exceeds Campaign Goal Early
Albany Law School

Despite the challenges of raising funds during a pandemic, Albany Law School, the nation's oldest independent law school, exceeded their $30M campaign goal months earlier than expected.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Pursuing Best Practices in STEM Education: The Peril and Promise of Active Learning
Association for Psychological Science

The latest issue of Psychological Science in the Public Interest examines a promising yet loosely defined STEM instructional technique known as “active learning.”

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:20 PM EDT
Mellon grant boosts collaborative projects for equity, social justice
Cornell University

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has approved a grant of $1.2 million to extend the Mellon Collaborative Studies in Architecture, Urbanism and the Humanities (AUH) interdisciplinary seminar series at Cornell University for three years with a focus on social justice.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Microplastics and human health: FSU researchers find exposure to microplastics may alter cellular function
Florida State University

Pollution from miniscule pieces of plastic, or microplastics, have been a growing concern for scientists, public health advocates and environmentalists as these nondegradable items have increasingly made their way into waterways and even the air we breathe. Now, scientists are showing that they might be altering cellular function.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Rutgers’ Eagleton Institute of Politics Launches First Public Database of Scientists in State Politics
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The Science and Politics Initiative at Rutgers’ Eagleton Institute of Politics has launched the first publicly accessible national database of elected state legislators with scientific, engineering and health care training.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Fetal intervention research team studies new regenerative patch as treatment for spina bifida
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

A fetal intervention team led by Ramesha Papanna, MD, MPH, of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) has received a $3.2 million award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for preclinical research on a new approach to repair spina bifida in utero.

Newswise: Delaying cardiovascular surgeries due to COVID-19 has serious psychological effects on patients, study finds
Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Delaying cardiovascular surgeries due to COVID-19 has serious psychological effects on patients, study finds
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Postponing procedures during the pandemic sparked anxiety and fear among patients, with many concerned about dying of their conditions before getting surgery.

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Dan Melconian: Then and Now / 2011 Early Career Award Winner
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Dan Melconian is developing new techniques and new equipment to test our current theory of electroweak interactions. Comparison of these precision measurements to theoretical predictions will either confirm the Standard Model to a higher degree or point to a New Standard Model.

Newswise: New AI tool tracks evolution of COVID-19 conspiracy theories on social media
Released: 19-Apr-2021 1:30 PM EDT
New AI tool tracks evolution of COVID-19 conspiracy theories on social media
Los Alamos National Laboratory

A new machine-learning program accurately identifies COVID-19-related conspiracy theories on social media and models how they evolved over time—a tool that could someday help public health officials combat misinformation online.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 1:15 PM EDT
Without major changes, gender parity in orthopaedic surgery will take two centuries
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

At the current rate of change, it will take more than 200 years for the proportion of women in orthopaedic surgery to reach parity with the overall medical profession, according to a study in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® (CORR®), a publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 12:10 PM EDT
DNA robots designed in minutes instead of days
Ohio State University

Researchers have developed a new tool that can design much more complex DNA robots and nanodevices than were ever possible before in a fraction of the time.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Gene Therapy Shows Promise in Initial Trial for Patients with Childhood Blindness
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A new gene therapy for one of the most common forms of congenital blindness was safe and improved patients’ vision, according to initial data from a clinical trial.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:55 AM EDT
A Single Injection Reverses Blindness in Patient with Rare Genetic Disorder
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A Penn Medicine patient with a genetic form of childhood blindness gained vision, which lasted more than a year, after receiving a single injection of an experimental RNA therapy into the eye.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Living in a Majority-Black Neighborhood Linked to Severe Maternal Morbidity
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Residents in majority-Black neighborhoods experience higher rates of severe pregnancy-related health problems than those living in predominantly-white areas, according to a new study of pregnancies at a Philadelphia-based health system.

Newswise: New Approach Helps Determine How Much Microbial Community Composition Is Driven by Selection and How Much by Chance
Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:45 AM EDT
New Approach Helps Determine How Much Microbial Community Composition Is Driven by Selection and How Much by Chance
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Quantifying the relative importance of natural selection, migration, and random shifts to a species is a major challenge in ecology research, especially for microbes. This study develops an approach named iCAMP that is based on the concept that different processes can govern different groups of species in a diverse community. Applied to grassland microbial communities, iCAMP revealed that environmental changes altered the relative importance of the ecological processes.

Newswise: Vineet Arora, MD, Appointed Dean for Medical Education at the University of Chicago
Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:45 AM EDT
Vineet Arora, MD, Appointed Dean for Medical Education at the University of Chicago
University of Chicago Medical Center

Vineet Arora, MD, has been appointed Dean for Medical Education of the University of Chicago Biological Sciences Division, succeeding Halina Brukner, MD, who is retiring.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:40 AM EDT
Gender-affirming hormone therapy may increase risk of high blood pressure
Beth Israel Lahey Health

In the largest and longest observational study of its kind, physician-researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) found that gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) was associated with blood pressure changes in both transgender men and women.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:40 AM EDT
Attacking Aortic Aneurysms Before They Grow
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

New basic science research shows what happens to the development of abdominal aortic aneurysms when you inhibit JMJD3 through both genetics and pharmacology.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:35 AM EDT
Two Blood Thinners at Once: More Risk with the Same Reward
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

For some patients, adding aspirin to a direct oral anticoagulant is an equation that rarely adds up.

Newswise: Finding Gene Neighbors Leads to New Protein Functions
Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Finding Gene Neighbors Leads to New Protein Functions
Department of Energy, Office of Science

As scientists have developed new technologies for gene sequencing, the availability of sequenced genes has grown exponentially, but scientists’ ability to decipher the functions encoded in these sequences has not kept pace. In this study, researchers working with green algae discovered that physically clustered genes in eukaryotic genomes can be maintained over hundreds of millions of years. This phenomenon can help predict function.

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:20 AM EDT
Who is Selling and Trafficking Africa’s Wild Meat?
Wildlife Conservation Society

A new study classifies different types of wildlife traffickers and sellers in two of Central Africa’s growing urban centers, providing new insight into the poorly understood urban illegal wildlife trade.

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Embargo will expire: 23-Apr-2021 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-Apr-2021 11:20 AM EDT

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Released: 19-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
New Urine-based Test Holds Promise for Detecting Aggressive Prostate Cancer
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new, urine-based test for aggressive prostate cancer being developed at the University of Michigan uses next-generation sequencing to assess 15 biomarkers to find cancer that can be missed by biopsies or imaging tests.

Released: 19-Apr-2021 10:50 AM EDT
Sleep disorders and surgery: Anesthesia & Analgesia marks first decade of the Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

An estimated 50 million people undergo surgery each year in the United States, and a significant proportion of them have undiagnosed or untreated sleep disorders (SD) or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Issues at the intersection of anesthesiology and sleep medicine are the focus of the Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine (SASM) whose 10th anniversary is commemorated in the special theme May issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia.

Newswise: Global composite temperature  -0.01 C (-0.02 °F) below seasonal average
Released: 19-Apr-2021 10:45 AM EDT
Global composite temperature -0.01 C (-0.02 °F) below seasonal average
University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: March 2021 (New Reference Base, 1991-2020)

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Embargo will expire: 22-Apr-2021 7:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-Apr-2021 10:30 AM EDT

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Newswise: Once-A-Week Insulin Treatment Could Be Game-Changing For Patients With Diabetes
Released: 19-Apr-2021 10:25 AM EDT
Once-A-Week Insulin Treatment Could Be Game-Changing For Patients With Diabetes
UT Southwestern Medical Center

DALLAS – April 19, 2021 – Treating people with Type 2 diabetes with a new once-a-week injectable insulin therapy proved to be safe and as effective as daily insulin injections, according to the results of two international clinical trials published online today in Diabetes Care. The studies suggest that the once-weekly treatment could provide a convenient alternative to the burden of daily insulin shots for diabetes patients.

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Embargo will expire: 23-Apr-2021 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 19-Apr-2021 10:25 AM EDT

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