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Study: Commercial air travel is safer than ever

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

It has never been safer to fly on commercial airlines, according to a new study by an MIT professor that tracks the continued decrease in passenger fatalities around the globe.

Channels: All Journal News, Aviation and Aeronautics, Behavioral Science, Travel and Transportation, Staff Picks,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 3:25 PM EST
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: UCI researchers identify a connection between early life adversity and opioid addiction

UCI researchers identify a connection between early life adversity and opioid addiction

University of California, Irvine

Individuals with a history of early life adversity (ELA) are disproportionately prone to opioid addiction. A new UCI-led study reveals why. Published in Molecular Psychiatry, the study titled, “On the early life origins of vulnerability to opioid addiction,” examines how early adversities interact with factors such as increased access to opioids to directly influence brain development and function, causing a higher potential for opioid addiction.

Channels: Addiction, All Journal News, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Genetics, Mental Health, Psychology and Psychiatry, Substance Abuse, Neuro, Staff Picks,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 2:25 PM EST
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‘Jumping genes’ help stabilize DNA folding patterns

Washington University in St. Louis

The DNA molecule inside the nucleus of any human cell is more than six feet long. To fit into such a small space, it must fold into precise loops that also govern how genes are turned on or off. New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis indicates that "jumping genes" play a surprising role in stabilizing the 3D folding patterns of the DNA molecule inside the cell’s nucleus.

Channels: All Journal News, Blood, Cell Biology, Genetics, National Institutes of Health (NIH),

Released:
24-Jan-2020 2:10 PM EST
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Embargo will expire:
27-Jan-2020 11:00 AM EST
Released to reporters:
24-Jan-2020 2:05 PM EST

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    24-Jan-2020 2:00 PM EST

High Air Pollution Exposure in One-Year-Olds Linked to Structural Brain Changes at Age 12

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

A new study suggests that significant early childhood exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) is associated with structural changes in the brain at the age of 12. The Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center study found that children with higher levels of TRAP exposure at birth had reductions at age 12 in gray matter volume and cortical thickness as compared to children with lower levels of exposure.

Channels: All Journal News, Children's Health, Cognition and Learning, Environmental Health, Neuro, Pollution, PLOS ONE,

Released:
23-Jan-2020 1:25 PM EST
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Newswise: Making the Homeless Count

Making the Homeless Count

Augustana University, South Dakota

On Tuesday, Jan. 28, volunteers will conduct the annual Point-in-Time Count, known as “We All Count” of the homeless in Sioux Falls. The Augustana Research Institute will be at the center of it.

Channels: Addiction, All Journal News, Budgets and Funding, Mental Health, Substance Abuse,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 1:30 PM EST
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Embargo will expire:
28-Jan-2020 12:05 AM EST
Released to reporters:
24-Jan-2020 1:20 PM EST

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Large Amounts of Oxygen Detected in Ancient Star’s Atmosphere

University of California San Diego

An international team of astronomers from the University of California San Diego, the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) and the University of Cambridge have detected large amounts of oxygen in the atmosphere of one of the oldest and most elementally depleted stars known—a primitive star scientists call “J0815+4729.”

Channels: All Journal News, Physics, Space and Astronomy, Grant Funded News,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 1:15 PM EST
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New coronavirus could lead to pandemic

University of Georgia

With news that the coronavirus called 2019-nCoV is capable of spreading from human to human, many are concerned about the possibility of a new pandemic, and that is not outside the realm of possibility, according to Jeff Hogan, a professor and infectious disease expert at the University of Georgia, who studied the SARS coronavirus extensively.

Channels: All Journal News, Infectious Diseases, Public Health, Respiratory Diseases and Disorders, China News, Southeast Asia News,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 1:10 PM EST
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Opioid Dependence Found to Permanently Change Brains of Rats

University of California San Diego Health

Approximately one-quarter of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain misuse them, with five to 10 percent developing an opioid use disorder or addiction. In a new study, UC San Diego researchers found that opioid dependence produced permanent changes in the brains of rats.

Channels: Addiction, All Journal News, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Mental Health, Neuro, Pain, Psychology and Psychiatry, Substance Abuse, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), PNAS, Staff Picks,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 1:05 PM EST
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