Unraveling Paddy Soil Secrets: Surprising Contribution of Nonmicrobial Mechanisms to CO2 EmissionsChinese Academy of Sciences
Paddy soil, found in wetlands, is a big source of global CO2 emissions, sometimes even more than what humans produce.
Paddy soil, found in wetlands, is a big source of global CO2 emissions, sometimes even more than what humans produce.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), can hide in the body for many years before symptoms appear.
O HIV (vírus da imunodeficiência humana) que causa a AIDS (síndrome de imunodeficiência adquirida) pode ficar oculto no corpo por muitos anos antes da manifestação dos sintomas.
At the University of Kentucky’s Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER), scientists’ innovative research to turn Kentucky waste coal into high-value carbon products has been published in the journal Carbon.The publication titled “Isotropic pitch-derived carbon fiber from waste coal” is the work of CAER’s Carbon Materials Research Group.
“Just like any other parent who out of nowhere their child is suddenly ill, it pretty much takes your breath away. It is not something you know how to fix,” remembers Cindy Farmer. At just 11 years old, Cindy and Mike Farmer’s daughter, Leslie, was diagnosed with diabetes.
El VIH (virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana), el virus que causa el SIDA (síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida), se puede esconder en el organismo durante muchos años antes de que aparezcan los síntomas.
During missions into space, astronauts are exposed to high levels of galactic cosmic radiation and weightlessness. Simulation experiments in male rats indicated that these aspects of spaceflight can negatively affect vascular tissues relevant to erectile dysfunction, even after a period of long-term recovery.
The latest issue of SLAS Discovery is a joint Special Collection between SLAS and the Society of Biomolecular Imaging and Informatics (SBI2) to celebrate the 10th Annual SBI2 High-Content Imaging and Informatics meeting
Despite advancements, cancer remains a major global health challenge, taking millions of lives every year. Traditional treatments such as chemotherapy, while effective, often have severe side effects and don't consistently guarantee a complete cure. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), recently spotlighted in scientific research, have been identified as key players behind cancer's tenacity, recurrence, and resistance to treatments.
Digital payment platforms such as Venmo work great for sharing a dinner bill with friends, buying gifts at a pop-up shop or making payments without cash or credit cards.
University of Sussex researchers have developed a more energy-efficient alternative to transmit data that could potentially replace Bluetooth in mobile phones and other tech devices.
Forest modeling by Oregon State University scientists shows that a site’s productivity – an indicator of how fast trees grow and how much biomass they accumulate – is the main factor that determines which time period between timber harvests allows for maximum above-ground carbon sequestration.
On his way to class, an unsuspecting student at Tates Creek High School stumbles onto a shocking scene. In an empty hallway, a figure lies motionless on the floor. The student quickly knocks on the door of the nearest classroom and informs the teacher there’s an unresponsive person who needs help.
What is the mechanism that allows our brains to incorporate new information about the world, and form memories?
There’s a popular saying in some circles that “a calorie is a calorie,” but science shows that it may not be true. In fact, it may be possible to eat more of some kinds of calories while also improving your health.“We like to say a calorie is not just a calorie,” says Dudley Lamming, a professor and metabolism researcher at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.
U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) researchers have discovered solar-wind hydrogen in lunar samples, which indicates that water on the surface of the Moon may provide a vital resource for future lunar bases and longer-range space exploration.
Despite public perception, the Antarctic ozone hole has been remarkably massive and long-lived over the past four years, University of Otago researchers believe chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) aren’t the only things to blame.
Faced with images that break the expected pattern, like a do not enter sign where a stop sign is expected, how does the brain react and learn compared to being shown images which match what was predicted?
Several studies have investigated the effect of parental age on biological parameters such as reproduction, lifespan, and health; however, the results have been inconclusive, largely due to inter-species variation and/or modest effect sizes.
The Wnt signaling pathway, a system present in living organisms, plays a pivotal role in cell growth, differentiation, and migration. It has a long history dating back to 1982 when the first Wnt gene, which is essential for cellular growth, was discovered.
The CAIRT satellite mission is becoming increasingly likely. The European Space Agency (ESA) has now selected the concept, that was coordinated by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), as one of two remaining candidates for an Earth observation mission. The final decision for implementation will be made in 2025.
روتشستر، مينيسوتا – إن فيروس نقص المناعة البشري، الذي يسبب الإيدز (مرض نقص المناعة البشري المكتسب) بإمكانه أن يختفي في الجسم عدة سنوات قبلما تظهر الأعراض. وخلال هذا الوقت، فإنه يقضي على جزء من الجهاز المناعي دون أن نشعر. لذا فإن هدفنا هو اكتشاف فيروس نقص المناعة البشري قبلما تظهر الأعراض، مما يجعل الاختبارات الروتينية ضروريةً كي يعرف المرضى أنهم مصابون وكي يتسنى علاجهم، وهذا ما أوضحته الدكتورة ستيسي ريزا خبيرة الأمراض المُعدية والباحثة في فيروس نقص المناعة البشري لدى مايو كلينك.
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Eating more ultra-processed foods (UPFs) may be associated with a higher risk of developing cancers of upper aerodigestive tract (including the mouth, throat and oesophagus), according to a new study led by researchers from the University of Bristol and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).
Striped skunks are less likely to evolve with their famous and white markings where the threat of predation from mammals is low, scientists from the University of Bristol, Montana and Long Beach, California have discovered.
Researchers create transistors combining silicon with biological silk, using common microprocessor manufacturing methods. The silk protein can be easily modified with other chemical and biological molecules to change its properties, leading to circuits that respond to biology and the environment
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While earlier studies found a link between threats experienced in early life and epigenetic age acceleration in children, the study led by Schmitz shows that this relationship may not persist into adulthood. On the other hand, the researchers found that experiences of deprivation in childhood may lead to age acceleration later in life.
Guided by machine learning, chemists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory designed a record-setting carbonaceous supercapacitor material that stores four times more energy than the best commercial material.
A new artificial intelligence computer program created by researchers at the University of Florida and NVIDIA can generate doctors’ notes so well that two physicians couldn’t tell the difference, according to an early study from both groups.
The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET) has selected 16 individuals as 2023 ASPET Fellows.
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University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB) President Bruce Jarrell, MD, FACS, and University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) Dean Mark Gladwin, MD, announced today that the university has received a four-year, $4 million Research Evaluation and Commercialization Hubs (REACH) grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
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A national network of researchers, educators and undergraduate students will help bridge the communication gap between agriculture scientists and nonscientists.
We all know the holidays can be hectic — and even science backs this up. A 2020 study by the American Psychological Association found that a quarter of all Americans consider themselves "extremely stressed" during the holiday season. Triggering that stress? According to the study: things like not having enough time, money and the incessant pressure to give or receive gifts.
Recognizing the unique challenges and increasing incidence of trauma in the geriatric population, the American College of Surgeons (ACS) has announced a comprehensive set of guidelines designed to optimize trauma care for older adults.
Results showed that bilinguals seem to be more efficient at ignoring information that's irrelevant, rather than suppressing — or inhibiting information
The Mass Eye and Ear Eaton-Peabody Laboratory Associate Professor Zheng-Yi Chen speaks about his efforts to develop gene therapies for hearing loss and his recent success in rescuing hearing loss in aging mice
Michael Antoniades, Interim President of UChicago Medicine Ingalls Memorial Hospital, will assume the role permanently in January 2024.
Glaucoma is a disease that damages the optic nerve, the cable that connects the eye to the brain. This can lead to blindness. There are currently no symptoms for early glaucoma, but later on patients may experience difficulty seeing in the dark or difficulty reading
Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies that could be critical tools to combat climate change have developed in line with other technologies from the last century. However, according to new studies led by Gregory Nemet, a professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, these technologies need to develop faster to meet policy targets aimed at limiting global warming.
Sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) are making news as a way to potentially reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from the aviation industry. Now, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has teamed up with DOE’s Idaho National Laboratory on a new project funded by DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) called BRIDGES: the Bioenergy Research & Education Bridge.
Innovators often point to failure as their inspiration for success. Tongchao Liu can relate.That’s because his groundbreaking research on why rechargeable lithium batteries eventually fail — and how to extend their life expectancy — has earned him a place on MIT Technology Review’s list of “35 Innovators Under 35” for 2023.
Sara L. Douglas, the Gertrude Perkins Oliva Professor in Oncology Nursing at Case Western Reserve University’s Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, will study the variables that determine high-quality end-of-life care for both patients and their caregivers.
Astronomers at the University of Leeds have discovered that massive Be stars, thought to exist in double stars, could in fact be "triples". This could revolutionize our understanding of these stars and the formation of black holes and neutron stars
To demonstrate this point, Professor Chong Shu and his colleagues Matthew Kahn and John Matsusaka from the University of Southern California examined the 30 largest state pension funds benefiting public employees, with a total of $5 trillion in assets under management. Funds were defined as “green” and “not green” according to the political party of the state’s governor or the fund’s board of trustees.