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Released: 22-Jun-2021 10:05 AM EDT
Self-Reported Declines in Cognition May be Linked to Changes in Brain Connectivity
Wayne State University Division of Research

A team from Wayne State University recently published the results of a three-year study of cognitive changes in older adults who complained that their cognitive ability was worsening though clinical assessments showed no impairments. MRIs at 18-month intervals showed significant changes in functional connectivity in two areas of the brain.

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Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Jun-2021 10:00 AM EDT

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21-Jun-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Mount Sinai Researchers Discover a Novel Class of Drugs That May Help Treat a Deadly Type of Lymphoma
Mount Sinai Health System

A new class of drugs that inhibits a “master switch” involved in the vast majority of cases of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), a fatal subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, has been discovered by researchers at Mount Sinai.

18-Jun-2021 2:55 PM EDT
Size Matters: Higher Licensed Venue Capacity Linked to Greater Risk of Alcohol-Related Violence
Research Society on Alcoholism

Disproportionately more assaults occur in higher-capacity licensed venues than in their smaller counterparts, according to an Australian study reported in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Licensed premises are high-risk settings for violent incidents, and a sizeable proportion of all alcohol-related violence occurs within them. Factors linked to aggressive in-venue behavior include inadequate seating, inconvenient bar access, crowded spaces, and drunkenness – which are all more likely in venues with more people (and hence in higher-capacity premises). However, although venue capacity had been proposed as a risk factor for on-premises violence, most previous research has focused on the relationship between crowding and aggression, and on the impact of longer trading hours. In the current study, therefore, researchers investigated the association between venue capacity and the number of violent incidents on-premises; the impact of longer opening hours was also assessed.

Released: 22-Jun-2021 9:55 AM EDT
Intelligence-Sharing Tools Will Enable Smarter Devices
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

In the not-so-distant future, artificial intelligence and machine learning tasks will be carried out among connected devices through wireless networks, dramatically enhancing the capabilities of future smartphones, tablets, and sensors, and achieving what’s known as distributed intelligence. As technology stands right now, however, machine learning algorithms are not efficient enough to be run over wireless networks and wireless networks are not yet ready to transmit this type of intelligence.

Newswise: PNNL AI Expert Harnesses Open-Source Data to Understand Human Behavior
Released: 22-Jun-2021 9:55 AM EDT
PNNL AI Expert Harnesses Open-Source Data to Understand Human Behavior
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL researchers used natural language processing and deep learning techniques to reveal how and why different types of misinformation and disinformation spread across social platforms. Applied to COVID-19, the team found that misinformation intended to influence politics and incite fear spreads fastest.

Released: 22-Jun-2021 9:05 AM EDT
Mental Well-Being Higher in the Summer vs. Fall
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Mental distress tends to be lower in the summer when compared to the fall, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Released: 22-Jun-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Transgender Teenagers Deserve Same Access To Medical Care As Other Youth
Endocrine Society

The Endocrine Society and a coalition of LGBTQ+ youth and reproductive health organizations argued in a joint submission to the High Court of England and Wales that transgender teenagers should be able to give informed consent to treatment the same way teenagers with other medical conditions can.

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Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Jun-2021 9:00 AM EDT

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Released: 22-Jun-2021 8:30 AM EDT
Engineering Nanobodies As Lifesavers When SARS-CoV-2 Variants Attack
Ohio State University

Scientists are pursuing a new strategy in the protracted fight against the SARS-CoV-2 virus by engineering nanobodies that can neutralize virus variants in two different ways.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 22-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Jun-2021 8:30 AM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 5:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Jun-2021 8:05 AM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 5:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT

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Newswise: UH First in Northeast Ohio to Treat Patient with Heart Failure Using Cardiac Contractility Modulation
Released: 22-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
UH First in Northeast Ohio to Treat Patient with Heart Failure Using Cardiac Contractility Modulation
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

A University Hospitals (UH) patient is the first in Northeast Ohio to undergo a new, innovative procedure called CCM® therapy.

Newswise: Molecular Connections from Plants to Fungi to Ants
Released: 22-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Molecular Connections from Plants to Fungi to Ants
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Leaf-cutter ants tend fungal gardens that convert lipids in leaves into lipids the ants can use for energy, building cells, and communication between organisms. New research has found that different regions of the ants’ fungal gardens were enriched with different lipids. This helps scientists understand communications between organisms in different kingdoms of life.

Newswise: Solar energy from the deep repository
Released: 22-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Solar energy from the deep repository
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

During the winter months, renewable energy is in short supply throughout Europe. An international project is now considering an unconventional solution: Renewable hydrogen and carbon dioxide are pumped into the ground together, where naturally occurring microorganisms convert the two substances into methane, the main component of natural gas.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 28-Jun-2021 12:15 AM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT

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Released: 22-Jun-2021 6:05 AM EDT
The Humidity of Flowers Acts As An Invisible Attractor For Bumblebees
University of Bristol

As well as bright colours and subtle scents, flowers possess many invisible ways of attracting their pollinators, and a new study shows that bumblebees may use the humidity of a flower to tell them about the presence of nectar, according to scientists at the Universities of Bristol and Exeter.

Released: 22-Jun-2021 5:05 AM EDT
What Facebook Can Tell Us About Dietary Choices
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

A new IIASA-led study set out to understand the full potential of behavior change and what drives such changes in people’s choices across the world using data from almost two billion Facebook profiles.

Newswise: New Crab Species with Asymmetrical Reproductive Units Identified by NUS Researchers and Their Japanese Collaborators
Released: 21-Jun-2021 10:05 PM EDT
New Crab Species with Asymmetrical Reproductive Units Identified by NUS Researchers and Their Japanese Collaborators
National University of Singapore

Researchers from the National University of Singapore and University of the Ryukyus have recently identified and described a new genus and species of xanthid crab found in Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Named Mabui calculus, it is the first among the 7,800 species of known crabs to have strongly asymmetrical male and female reproductive structures.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 7:00 PM EDT
Kasm Technologies Announces Kasm Workspaces v1.9
KASM Technologies

Kasm Technologies, a software provider of container streaming platforms, has released Kasm Workspaces v1.9 for delivering browser, desktop and application workloads to the web browser.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 6:05 PM EDT
Researchers trace dust grain's journey through newborn solar system
University of Arizona

A research team led by the University of Arizona has reconstructed in unprecedented detail the history of a dust grain that formed during the birth of the solar system more than 4.5 billion years ago.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 6:05 PM EDT
UCLA Health to celebrate PRIDE with dazzling online drag queen performance event June 24 from 6-7:30 pm
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA Health is proud to present an online pride celebration and drag revue featuring iconic drag performers Ongina, Moi Moi Moi, Sunset Blush and others, each of whom will lip sync a song promoting community, inclusion and diversity.

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Embargo will expire: 23-Jun-2021 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 21-Jun-2021 6:00 PM EDT

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 5:55 PM EDT
UCI-led study finds that cancer immunotherapy may self-limit its efficacy
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., June 21, 2021 — Cancer immunotherapy involving drugs that inhibit CTLA-4 also activates an unwanted response that may self-limit its efficacy in fighting tumors, according to a new study led by Francesco Marangoni, Ph.D., assistant professor of physiology & biophysics and member of the Institute for Immunology at the University of California, Irvine.

Newswise: MITRE Engenuity Forms Alliance to Define Strategy for U.S. Investment in Semiconductor Innovation
Released: 21-Jun-2021 5:10 PM EDT
MITRE Engenuity Forms Alliance to Define Strategy for U.S. Investment in Semiconductor Innovation
MITRE

MITRE Engenuity has established a semiconductor alliance to help define strategy for U.S. investment in this critical area.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:35 PM EDT
How do developing spinal cords choose 'heads' or 'tails'?
Gladstone Institutes

The progression from a round ball of cells to an embryo with a head and a tail is one of the most critical steps in an organism's development.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:25 PM EDT
The Science of tsunamis
University of California, Santa Barbara

The word "tsunami" brings immediately to mind the havoc that can be wrought by these uniquely powerful waves.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:10 PM EDT
Study examines how breast implant surfaces affect immune response
Rice University

Rice University bioengineers collaborated on a six-year study that systematically analyzed how the surface architecture of breast implants influences the development of adverse effects, including an unusual type of lymphoma.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:05 PM EDT
American University Inaugurates First Ladies Association for Research and Education (FLARE)
American University

The nation’s first association dedicated to the study of the evolving roles and history of America’s First Ladies has been announced by American University.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Poaching Affects Behavior Of Endangered Capuchin Monkeys In Brazilian Biological Reserve
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

A study conducted in the Una Biological Reserve in the state of Bahia, Brazil, shows that in a habitat with high hunting pressure the risk of predation has such a significant impact on the behavior of the Yellow-breasted capuchin monkey Sapajus xanthosternos that it even avoids areas offering an abundant supply of plant biomass and invertebrates, its main sources of food.

Newswise: IMG_1266-Ocotillo-Coyote-Mt-and-Santa-Rosa-Mountains-FB-copy-768x513.jpg
Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:50 PM EDT
Climate Change Is Driving Plant Die-Offs In Southern California, UCI Study Finds
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., June 21, 2021 – A shift is happening in Southern California, and this time it has nothing to do with earthquakes. According to a new study by scientists at the University of California, Irvine, climate change is altering the number of plants populating the region’s deserts and mountains. Using data from the Landsat satellite mission and focusing on an area of nearly 5,000 square miles surrounding Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, the research team found that between 1984 and 2017, vegetation cover in desert ecosystems decreased overall by about 35 percent, with mountains seeing a 13 percent vegetation decline.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:45 PM EDT
Rare Neurological Disorder Documented Following COVID-19 Vaccination
American Neurological Association (ANA)

In two separate articles in the Annals of Neurology, clinicians in India and England report cases of a rare neurological disorder called Guillain-Barré syndrome after individuals were vaccinated against COVID-19.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Modeling A Circular Economy For Electronic Waste
University of Pittsburgh

Think about how many different pieces of technology the average household has purchased in the last decade.

Newswise: ‘Pack Ice’ Tectonics Reveal Venus’ Geological Secrets
Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
‘Pack Ice’ Tectonics Reveal Venus’ Geological Secrets
North Carolina State University

A new analysis of Venus’ surface shows evidence of tectonic motion in the form of crustal blocks that have jostled against each other like broken chunks of pack ice.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:30 PM EDT
New method for molecular functionalization of surfaces
University of Münster

One vision that is currently driving material scientists is to combine organic molecules (and their diverse functionalities) with the technological possibilities offered by extremely sophisticated semiconductor electronics.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:05 PM EDT
Unifying Research: DHS S&T Hosts Virtual Whole-of-Government R&D Showcase
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T is convening U.S. government research organizations for the Virtual Whole-of-Government R&D Showcase, a unique four-part virtual content series that kicks off today and will run through August.

Newswise: In Lonely Desert Landscapes, Hunting For Clues About Pyroclastic Surges
Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:05 PM EDT
In Lonely Desert Landscapes, Hunting For Clues About Pyroclastic Surges
University at Buffalo

The history of pyroclastic surges is written in the landscapes they ravage. Volcanic dunes and other deposits hold debris from ancient eruptions, as do craters marking sites of ancient blasts. This study focuses on Ubehebe and El Elegante.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 2:05 PM EDT
New Diagnostic Method May Predict Relapse Risk for Those Recovering from Prescription Opioid Addiction
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers scientists have used a diagnostic technique for the first time in the opioid addiction field that they believe has the potential to determine which opioid-addicted patients are more likely to relapse.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 1:55 PM EDT
ACR Releases Position Statement on Patient Safety and Site of Service for Biologics
American College of Rheumatology (ACR)

The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has released an updated position statement on patient safety and site of service for biologics outlining several reasons why the ACR strongly believes infusions should be administered in a monitored health care setting with onsite supervision by a provider with appropriate training in biologic infusions.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 1:40 PM EDT
NAU Geochemist on New Study Confirming Cause of Greatest Mass Extinction Event
Northern Arizona University

Associate professor Laura Wasylenki co-authored a new paper in Nature Communications that presents the results of nickel isotope analyses on Late Permian sedimentary rocks. The results demonstrate the power of nickel isotope analyses, which are relatively new, to solve long-standing problems in the geosciences.

Newswise:Video Embedded nurse-inspires-young-amputee-with-surprise-visitor-and-hope
VIDEO
Released: 21-Jun-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Nurse Inspires Young Amputee With Surprise Visitor and Hope
Cedars-Sinai

Nurses aren’t just heroes at the bedside. Some have a lasting impact long after a patient goes home. Consider orthopaedic nurse Sandra (Sandy) Nahom—and the young amputee patient she helped inspire after a tragic accident.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 12:40 PM EDT
UCI-led Meta-analysis Identifies Hypertension Medications That Help Ward Off Memory Loss
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., June  21, 2021 — A large-scale meta-analysis led by University of California, Irvine researchers provides the strongest evidence yet of which blood pressure medications help slow memory loss in older adults: those that can travel out of blood vessels and directly into the brain. The findings, published in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension, will be of interest to the 91 million Americans whose blood pressure is high enough to warrant medication, as well as the doctors who treat them.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 24-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 21-Jun-2021 12:30 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: Study Suggests that Smoother Silicone Breast Implants Reduce Severity of Immune System Reactions
Released: 21-Jun-2021 12:15 PM EDT
Study Suggests that Smoother Silicone Breast Implants Reduce Severity of Immune System Reactions
Johns Hopkins Medicine

According to researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Rice University in Houston, silicone breast implants with a smoother surface design have less risk of producing inflammation and other immune system reactions than those with more roughly textured coatings. Results of the experiments using mice, rabbits and samples of human breast tissue advance knowledge of how the body responds to such implants, providing new information to physicians and affirming the benefits of certain smoother surfaces, the researchers say.

Newswise: Access to peer support combined with telehealth being studied for its effectiveness in helping individuals combat PTSD
Released: 21-Jun-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Access to peer support combined with telehealth being studied for its effectiveness in helping individuals combat PTSD
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

The military mantra of "no man left behind" is being applied to help veterans complete treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using evidence-based psychotherapy, paired with peer support, in a study led by trauma researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

Newswise: Insomnia Awareness Night to Shed Light on Impact of Sleeplessness
Released: 21-Jun-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Insomnia Awareness Night to Shed Light on Impact of Sleeplessness
American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM)

The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine are working to raise awareness of one of the most common sleep problems with Insomnia Awareness Night on June 22, 2021.

Newswise: UAlbany Announced as Partner on $208 Million NOAA Severe Weather Research Institute
Released: 21-Jun-2021 11:05 AM EDT
UAlbany Announced as Partner on $208 Million NOAA Severe Weather Research Institute
University at Albany, State University of New York

The institute will be led by the University of Oklahoma and comprised of a number of partnering institutions including UAlbany, Howard University, Penn State and Texas Tech.


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