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22-Nov-2022 7:05 PM EST
Laws Allowing Insurers to Deny Alcohol-Related Claims Do Not Deter Drinking, Study Suggests
Research Society on Alcoholism

State laws designed to prevent dangerous drinking behaviors do not appear to have that effect, according to a study published in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Alcohol exclusion laws allow insurance companies to deny payment for injuries caused by alcohol consumption and were adopted more than seventy years ago to prevent problem drinking and related insurance costs. But a rigorous analysis of drinking behaviors found no evidence that repealing these laws increases alcohol consumption or binge drinking. Previous reports have found these laws to be a barrier to screening and treatment for alcohol issues, resulting in billions of dollars in added healthcare costs.

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This news release is embargoed until 30-Nov-2022 7:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 25-Nov-2022 8:25 PM EST

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Newswise: For Protons and Neutrons, Things Aren’t the Same Inside Nuclei
Released: 25-Nov-2022 8:15 PM EST
For Protons and Neutrons, Things Aren’t the Same Inside Nuclei
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Quarks are distributed differently in free protons and neutrons versus those inside nuclei, something called “the EMC effect.” Scientists previously thought that the EMC effect treated the up and down quarks in protons and neutrons equally. New high-precision data from the MARATHON experiment indicates that the EMC effect may exert more influence on the distribution of down quarks compared to up quarks inside nuclei.

Newswise: Research shows crowds hold the cards in referees’ decisions
Released: 25-Nov-2022 8:30 AM EST
Research shows crowds hold the cards in referees’ decisions
University of Portsmouth

A team of university researchers have found that soccer crowds are influencing referees’ behaviour.

Newswise: Bloating Common Issue Among Americans, Study Reports
Released: 24-Nov-2022 4:05 PM EST
Bloating Common Issue Among Americans, Study Reports
Cedars-Sinai

Nearly 1 in 7 Americans experience bloating on a weekly basis, and most aren’t seeking professional care for it, according to a new study led by Cedars-Sinai investigators. The findings are published in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Released: 24-Nov-2022 11:45 AM EST
How COVID-19 school closures will affect inequalities in adult skills
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

School closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic affected learning to varying degrees in different countries. A new study sheds light on what this learning loss will mean for countries' human capital in the decades to come.

Newswise: Diagnostic marker found for deadly brain disease marked by dementia, movement problems
21-Nov-2022 5:45 PM EST
Diagnostic marker found for deadly brain disease marked by dementia, movement problems
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found a biomarker that identifies, with up to 89% accuracy, people with a rare, deadly, untreatable brain disease called corticobasal degeneration (CBD). The biomarker could accelerate efforts to develop treatments for CBD.

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This news release is embargoed until 28-Nov-2022 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 24-Nov-2022 7:00 AM EST

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Newswise: Science ahead of its time: Secret of 157-year old Darwin manuscript
Released: 24-Nov-2022 3:05 AM EST
Science ahead of its time: Secret of 157-year old Darwin manuscript
National University of Singapore

The Darwin Online project at the National University of Singapore (NUS) released an exceptional manuscript handwritten by Charles Darwin in 1865. The manuscript has been placed on auction at Sotheby’s auction house in New York City, making international news. To understand this unique document, historian of science Dr John van Wyhe from the NUS Department of Biological Sciences, and founder and Director of Darwin Online, sheds light on the origins of the 157-year old manuscript, and why Darwin chose to handwrite the selected passage from Origin of Species.

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This news release is embargoed until 28-Nov-2022 3:05 PM EST Released to reporters: 23-Nov-2022 11:10 PM EST

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Newswise: Physicist strikes gold, solving 50-year lightning mystery
Released: 23-Nov-2022 11:05 PM EST
Physicist strikes gold, solving 50-year lightning mystery
University of South Australia

An Australian physicist has solved a 50-year conundrum that has baffled the world's best science minds - why lightning zigzags.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 5:20 PM EST
Quarter of former Olympians suffer from osteoarthritis, study says
University of Edinburgh

One in four retired Olympians reported a diagnosis of osteoarthritis, the form of arthritis that causes changes in the joint and can lead to discomfort, pain and disability, the research found.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 5:15 PM EST
Do acquisitions harm the acquired brand? Identifying conditions that reduce the negative effect
American Marketing Association (AMA)

Researchers from University of Leeds, University of Vienna, and University of Pennsylvania published a new Journal of Marketing article that examines why consumers develop negative reactions towards acquired brands and explains conditions that attenuate that negative effect.

   
Newswise: Synthetic fibers discovered in Antarctic air, seawater, sediment and sea ice as the ‘pristine’ continent becomes a sink for plastic pollution
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:40 PM EST
Synthetic fibers discovered in Antarctic air, seawater, sediment and sea ice as the ‘pristine’ continent becomes a sink for plastic pollution
University of Oxford

As nations meet in Uruguay to negotiate a new Global Plastics Treaty, marine and forensic scientists publish new results this week that reveal the discovery of synthetic plastic fibres in air, seawater, sediment and sea ice sampled in the Antarctic Weddell Sea.

Newswise: Human evolution wasn’t just the sheet music, but how it was played
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:30 PM EST
Human evolution wasn’t just the sheet music, but how it was played
Duke University

A team of Duke researchers has identified a group of human DNA sequences driving changes in brain development, digestion and immunity that seem to have evolved rapidly after our family line split from that of the chimpanzees, but before we split with the Neanderthals.

   
Newswise: Spin correlation between paired electrons demonstrated
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:10 PM EST
Spin correlation between paired electrons demonstrated
University of Basel

Physicists at the University of Basel have experimentally demonstrated for the first time that there is a negative correlation between the two spins of an entangled pair of electrons from a superconductor.

Newswise: Plants employ chemical engineering to manufacture bee-luring optical devices
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:05 PM EST
Plants employ chemical engineering to manufacture bee-luring optical devices
University of Cambridge

While most flowers produce pigments that appear colourful and act as a visual cue to pollinators, some flowers also create microscopic three-dimensional patterns on their petal surfaces.

Newswise: Protein spheres protect the genome of cancer cells
Released: 23-Nov-2022 3:55 PM EST
Protein spheres protect the genome of cancer cells
University of Würzburg

MYC genes and their proteins play a central role in the emergence and development of almost all cancers.

Newswise: Tracking Explosions with Toughened-Up Tracers
Released: 23-Nov-2022 3:35 PM EST
Tracking Explosions with Toughened-Up Tracers
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL researchers created rugged, adaptable, mass-manufacturable luminescent particle tracers for use in harsh environments.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 3:25 PM EST
Vitamin D fails to reduce statin-associated muscle pain
Northwestern University

Patients who take statins to lower high cholesterol levels often complain of muscle pains, which can lead them to stop taking the highly effective medication and put them at greater risk of heart attack or stroke.

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This news release is embargoed until 28-Nov-2022 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 23-Nov-2022 3:10 PM EST

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Released: 23-Nov-2022 2:45 PM EST
Simple semiconductor solutions could boost solar energy generation and enable better space probes
University of Surrey

A 'simple' tweak to perovskite solar cells during the fabrication stage could help to unlock the untold potential of the renewable energy source, claims research from the University of Surrey.

Newswise: Genome studies uncover a new branch in fungal evolution
Released: 23-Nov-2022 2:10 PM EST
Genome studies uncover a new branch in fungal evolution
University of Alberta

About 600 seemingly disparate fungi that never quite found a fit along the fungal family tree have been shown to have a common ancestor, according to a University of Alberta-led research team that used genome sequencing to give these peculiar creatures their own classification home.

Newswise: Pocket feature shared by deadly coronaviruses could lead to pan-coronavirus antiviral treatment
Released: 23-Nov-2022 2:00 PM EST
Pocket feature shared by deadly coronaviruses could lead to pan-coronavirus antiviral treatment
University of Bristol

Researchers of the University of Bristol-led study, published in Science Advances today [23 November], say their findings could lead to the development of a pan-coronavirus treatment to defeat all coronaviruses.

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This news release is embargoed until 23-Nov-2022 2:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 22-Nov-2022 11:55 AM EST

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Newswise:Video Embedded gene-that-guides-earliest-social-behaviors-could-be-key-to-understanding-autism
VIDEO
20-Nov-2022 9:00 PM EST
Gene that guides earliest social behaviors could be key to understanding autism
University of Utah Health

A new animal study points to a gene that is important for the earliest development of basic social behaviors.

18-Nov-2022 12:40 PM EST
Witchcraft beliefs are widespread, highly variable around the world
PLOS

A newly compiled dataset quantitatively captures witchcraft beliefs in countries around the world, enabling investigation of key factors associated with such beliefs. Boris Gershman of American University in Washington, D.C., presents these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on November 23, 2022.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 1:45 PM EST
A Radical New Approach in Synthetic Chemistry
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Scientists measure how unpaired electrons in atoms at one end of a molecule can drive chemical reactivity on the molecule's opposite side. This work shows how molecules containing these so-called free radicals could be used in a whole new class of reactions.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 1:25 PM EST
UChicago Medicine’s Digestive Diseases and Heart & Vascular centers earn high marks on Newsweek’s 2023 World’s Best Specialized Hospitals list
University of Chicago Medical Center

Newsweek magazine ranked nine UChicago Medicine specialties as among the best in the world in its latest 2023 list of top global specialized hospitals. The publication also listed the University of Chicago Medical Center, based in Hyde Park, among the world's top smart hospitals.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 1:20 PM EST
Study finds picky eaters are put off by food depending on plateware colour
University of Portsmouth

Researchers examining the characteristics of picky eaters have found the colour of the bowl food is served in has an influence on taste

Released: 23-Nov-2022 12:15 PM EST
Nyra Medical Announces $20 Million Series A Financing for its Transcatheter Heart Valve Repair Technology
Nyra Medical, Inc

Nyra Medical, Inc., a medical device company that is developing a novel transcatheter mitral valve repair technology, today announced the closing of a $20 million Series A financing.

   
Newswise: Financial assistance programs improve outcomes for indigent patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Released: 23-Nov-2022 12:05 PM EST
Financial assistance programs improve outcomes for indigent patients with inflammatory bowel disease
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) who required treatment and were enrolled in a financial assistance program were less likely to need surgery after starting medication than those not enrolled in a program, a study by UT Southwestern researchers found.

Newswise: Major discovery about mammalian brains surprises researchers
Released: 23-Nov-2022 11:45 AM EST
Major discovery about mammalian brains surprises researchers
University of Copenhagen

In a new breakthrough to understand more about the mammalian brain, University of Copenhagen researchers have made an incredible discovery.

   
Newswise: Low-cost sensor records the level of rivers
Released: 23-Nov-2022 11:35 AM EST
Low-cost sensor records the level of rivers
University of Bonn

Researchers at the University of Bonn have developed a method that allows the water level of rivers to be monitored around the clock.

Newswise: Pair of Studies Uncover Surprising New Roles for Spinal Cord and Brainstem in Touch
18-Nov-2022 4:45 PM EST
Pair of Studies Uncover Surprising New Roles for Spinal Cord and Brainstem in Touch
Harvard Medical School

New research suggests spinal cord and brainstem are essential for processing touch signals as they travel to the brain

Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:55 AM EST
Scientists discover new mechanism associated with severe COVID-19
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

Researchers at the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil have found that severe COVID-19 is associated with an imbalance in an important immune system signaling pathway.

16-Nov-2022 1:00 PM EST
Using Vapes May Set the Stage for Dental Decay
Tufts University

Research by faculty from Tufts University School of Dental Medicine found patients who said they used vaping devices were more likely to have a higher risk of developing cavities.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:45 AM EST
A far-sighted approach to machine learning
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Picture two teams squaring off on a football field. The players can cooperate to achieve an objective, and compete against other players with conflicting interests.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:25 AM EST
What was the true human cost of the pandemic in Russia?
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

A new study assesses the number of lives lost to the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia and introduces a novel methodology that will help to get a clearer view of pandemics in the future.

   
Newswise: St. Joseph’s Health and Hackensack Meridian Health: 20th Anniversary of Acute Rehabilitation Unit & One-Year Anniversary of Rehabilitation Partnership
Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:20 AM EST
St. Joseph’s Health and Hackensack Meridian Health: 20th Anniversary of Acute Rehabilitation Unit & One-Year Anniversary of Rehabilitation Partnership
Hackensack Meridian Health

“We are delighted to celebrate the one year anniversary of our rehabilitation clinical affiliation with St. Joseph’s Health,” said Robert C. Garrett, FACHE, CEO, Hackensack Meridian Health. “Throughout the state, our rehab experts have been improving lives through their vast expertise in healing and restoring quality of life after a serious illness or traumatic episode. This affiliation has placed our advanced services closer to home for residents of Northern New Jersey.”

Newswise: Old World flycatchers’ family tree mapped
Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:05 AM EST
Old World flycatchers’ family tree mapped
Uppsala University

The European robin’s closest relatives are found in tropical Africa. The European robin is therefore not closely related to the Japanese robin, despite their close similarity in appearance.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:05 AM EST
Pesquisadores investigam a nutrição de precisão para melhorar a saúde e prevenir doenças 
Mayo Clinic

A prescrição de determinados nutrientes, grãos, frutas e legumes personalizados para os genes e outras características biológicas de uma pessoa pode ajudar a melhorar sua saúde? Os pesquisadores da Mayo Clinic estão explorando os possíveis benefícios da orientação personalizada de dieta e de nutrientes para os genes, o metabolismo, o microbioma e outras características distintas de uma pessoa.

Newswise: Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Achieves Full Accreditation from Middle States Commission on Higher Education
Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:05 AM EST
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Achieves Full Accreditation from Middle States Commission on Higher Education
Hackensack Meridian Health

Major accrediting body grants full accreditation as institution draws closer to full accreditation from all agencies

Newswise: sts-1000px.jpg
Released: 23-Nov-2022 9:35 AM EST
Brookhaven Early Career Professionals Connect with Nobel Laureates in Kyoto, Japan
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Three early-career professionals at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory had the opportunity to connect with Nobel laureates, discuss pressing global issues, and explore historic Kyoto, Japan at the 19th annual meeting of the Science and Technology in Society (STS) forum.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 9:05 AM EST
باحثون يدرسون التغذية الدقيقة لتحسين الصحة والوقاية من الأمراض
Mayo Clinic

مدينة روتشستر، ولاية مينيسوتا - هل يمكن أن يساعد وصف عناصر مغذية وحبوب وفواكه وخضروات بعينها تلائم جينات شخص ما وخصائصه البيولوجية الأخرى في تحسين صحته؟ يستكشف باحثو مايو كلينك الفوائد المحتملة لتخصيص العناصر المغذية والتوجيه الغذائي بما يتناسب مع جينات الشخص والأيض والحَيُّوم الدقيق لديه وغيرها من الخصائص المميزة. الهدف النهائي لهذا النهج الشامل هو تعزيز الصحة والمساعدة في الوقاية من الأمراض المرتبطة بالنظام الغذائي، بما في ذلك مرض القلب والسكري وبعض أنواع السرطان.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 9:05 AM EST
Investigadores estudian la nutrición de precisión para mejorar la salud y prevenir enfermedades 
Mayo Clinic

Puede ayudar a mejorar la salud de una persona la prescripción de una dieta específica de nutrientes, cereales, frutas y verduras adaptada a sus genes y otras características biológicas? Los investigadores de Mayo Clinic están explorando los posibles beneficios de adaptar los nutrientes y la orientación alimentaria a los genes, el metabolismo, el microbioma y otras características distintivas de una persona. El objetivo final del enfoque holístico es promover la salud y ayudar a prevenir las enfermedades relacionadas con la dieta, como las enfermedades cardíacas, la diabetes y algunos tipos de cáncer.

Newswise: HK Tech Forum on Metabolism in Health and Disease
Released: 23-Nov-2022 9:00 AM EST
HK Tech Forum on Metabolism in Health and Disease
Hong Kong Institute for Advanced Study, City University of Hong Kong

Revealing various signaling pathways in metabolism of oxygen, glucose, lipids, proteins and other nutrients is crucial for better understanding of human physiology and diseases.


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