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Newswise: Detection of Methanol Using a Soft Photonic Crystal Robot
Released: 22-Mar-2023 12:00 AM EDT
Detection of Methanol Using a Soft Photonic Crystal Robot
National Research Council of Science and Technology

KIST has developed a soft robot with a Janus structure that can move naturally in the desired direction according to the surrounding environment, and a smart sensor for detecting methanol contamination in water, which is economical and can be reused many times.

Newswise: Joshua Tree Residents Pledge $4 Million Gift to CSUF to Support Desert Science
Released: 21-Mar-2023 11:30 PM EDT
Joshua Tree Residents Pledge $4 Million Gift to CSUF to Support Desert Science
California State University, Fullerton

Brian and Lori Rennie have pledged a planned gift to Cal State Fullerton valued at $4 million to support desert science studies, conservation and climate change research.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 7:55 PM EDT
Diet and exercise programs alone won’t tackle childhood obesity
University of Sydney

Focusing on immediate fixes such as diet and exercise programs alone won’t curb the tide of childhood obesity, according to a new study that for the first time maps the complex pathways that lead to obesity in childhood.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 7:40 PM EDT
Exercise therapy is safe, may improve quality of life for many people with heart failure
American Heart Association (AHA)

For many people who have heart failure, supervised exercise training is safe and may offer substantial improvement in exercise capacity and quality of life, even more than medications.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 7:25 PM EDT
Machine learning programs predict risk of death based on results from routine hospital tests
University of Alberta

Hospital ECGs are usually read by a doctor or nurse at your bedside, but now researchers are using artificial intelligence to glean even more information from those results to improve your care and the health-care system all at once.

   
Released: 21-Mar-2023 7:00 PM EDT
New study shapes understanding of adaptive clothing customer needs
University of Missouri, Columbia

With the growth of the niche adaptive clothing market comes new challenges for retailers, including making the process of online shopping more inclusive for people with varying degrees of disability as well as expanding the functionality and aesthetic appeal of individual garments.

   
21-Mar-2023 1:10 PM EDT
Universities develop ways for wind turbines to generate more energy
University of Sheffield

A major collaboration between universities and energy companies has made vital improvements to offshore wind turbines, which could help them generate more renewable energy and reduce the UK’s reliance on fossil fuels.

Newswise: Goncheva_ImPaKT_HERO.jpg
Released: 21-Mar-2023 6:35 PM EDT
Co-infection with ‘superbug’ bacteria increases SARS-CoV-2 replication up to 15 times
University of Western Ontario (now Western University)

Global data shows nearly 10 per cent of severe COVID-19 cases involve a secondary bacterial co-infection – with Staphylococcus aureus, also known as Staph A., being the most common organism responsible for co-existing infections with SARS-CoV-2.

Newswise: Researchers develop a universal oral COVID-19 vaccine that prevents severe illness in hamsters
Released: 21-Mar-2023 5:15 PM EDT
Researchers develop a universal oral COVID-19 vaccine that prevents severe illness in hamsters
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A UCLA-led team has developed an inexpensive, universal oral COVID-19 vaccine that prevented severe respiratory illness and weight loss when tested in hamsters, which are naturally susceptible to SARS-CoV-2. It proved as effective as vaccines administered by injection or intranasally in the research. If ultimately approved for human use, it could be a weapon against all COVID-19 variants and boost uptake, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, and among those with an aversion to needles.

   
Released: 21-Mar-2023 5:10 PM EDT
PNAS honors FSU researchers’ study linking lead exposure to IQ loss
Florida State University

The editorial board of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) journal is honoring a pair of Florida State University researchers for their 2022 study which found that childhood exposure to lead has robbed Americans an average of 2.6 IQ points per person.

   
Newswise: What You Should Know about the Lone Star Tick’s Impact on Our Gut and Diet
Released: 21-Mar-2023 5:00 PM EDT
What You Should Know about the Lone Star Tick’s Impact on Our Gut and Diet
University of North Carolina Health Care System

Along with UNC colleagues Scott Commins, MD, PhD, and Michael Croglio, MD, McGill was one of the first to describe the condition in gastroenterology patients. McGill has now published a national clinical practice update in the journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology of the American Gastroenterological Association.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 4:50 PM EDT
Cancer Clarity
University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) cause several cancers in both men and women, including 91% of cervical cancers, 91% of anal cancers and 75% of vaginal cancers, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most of these cancers are caused by just a handful of HPV virus types.

Newswise: Lone star tick bites may be to blame for unexplained digestive problems
Released: 21-Mar-2023 4:35 PM EDT
Lone star tick bites may be to blame for unexplained digestive problems
American Gastroenterological Association (AGA)

The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released new clinical guidance to help physicians and patients identify if unexplained digestive symptoms are due to alpha-gal syndrome, a food allergy that is caused by lone star tick bites.

Newswise: Insights into causes of rare genetic immune disorders
Released: 21-Mar-2023 3:55 PM EDT
Insights into causes of rare genetic immune disorders
Garvan Institute of Medical Research

The cellular glitches underlying a rare genetic disorder called activated PI3K Delta syndrome 2 (APDS2) have been identified by researchers at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research.

Newswise: S&T energy expert contributes to White House climate forum, other national efforts
Released: 21-Mar-2023 3:35 PM EDT
S&T energy expert contributes to White House climate forum, other national efforts
Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Missouri University of Science and Technology professor is working with leaders across the country to discuss and develop climate change solutions. His recent efforts include participating in the White House Campus and Community-Scale Climate Change Solutions forum, and he will return to Washington, D.C., this week.

Newswise: An integrated approach to cool: how evaporation and radiation can cool the world
Released: 21-Mar-2023 3:25 PM EDT
An integrated approach to cool: how evaporation and radiation can cool the world
Tsinghua University Press

Large-scale, effective, and passive: these descriptions are aptly given to the integrated radiative and evaporative chiller (IREC), designed and tested by researchers at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China. The goal of this technology is to come up with an energetically affordable method of cooling to aid in the rising consumption of energy while still minimizing carbon emissions through the process.

Newswise: Alice Perrin spills the beans about alloys
Released: 21-Mar-2023 3:10 PM EDT
Alice Perrin spills the beans about alloys
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Alice Perrin, Alvin M. Weinberg Fellow at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, focuses on microstructural changes in nanocrystalline iron and tungsten alloys, which could result in new strategies for material design that resists the detrimental effects of radiation.

Newswise: Forests reduce health risks, new global report confirms
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:55 PM EDT
Forests reduce health risks, new global report confirms
International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)

The global scientific evidence of the multiple types of benefits that forests, trees and green spaces have on human health has now been assessed by an international and interdisciplinary team of scientists.

   
Newswise: Local manure regulations can help reduce water pollution from dairy farms
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:50 PM EDT
Local manure regulations can help reduce water pollution from dairy farms
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Science (ACES)

Animal agriculture is a major source of water pollution in the United States, as manure runoff carries excess nutrients into rivers and lakes. Because of their non-point source nature, most farms are not regulated under the federal Clean Water Act. This leaves pollution control up to the states, resulting in a patchwork of different approaches that are difficult to evaluate.

Newswise: AIP Recognizes Mathematical Physicist Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou with 2023 Tate Medal for International Leadership in Physics
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:45 PM EDT
AIP Recognizes Mathematical Physicist Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou with 2023 Tate Medal for International Leadership in Physics
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

AIP has selected Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou as the winner of the 2023 John Torrence Tate Medal for International Leadership in Physics. The award committee selected Hounkonnou “for leadership in building and maintaining an enduring transnational African mathematical physics research and education community, in particular the COPROMAPH conferences and schools and Academy level international networks.” The award includes a certificate of recognition, bronze medal, and $10,000 prize and Hounkonnou will be presented with the medal during an upcoming physical sciences community event.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:40 PM EDT
Public acceptance of fossil fuel subsidy removal could be improved in developing countries
University of Gothenburg

People might be more positive to the removal of fuel subsidies if told where the money would be spent instead.

Newswise: Galaxy changes classification as jet changes direction
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:35 PM EDT
Galaxy changes classification as jet changes direction
Royal Astronomical Society

A team of international astronomers have discovered a galaxy that has changed classification due to unique activity within its core.

Newswise: Spotted lanternflies are hitching a ride with humans
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:30 PM EDT
Spotted lanternflies are hitching a ride with humans
University of Delaware

New study finds that found that the spread of the spotted lanternfly population is largely due to human-mediated dispersal via transportation. In other words, these expert hitchhikers are catching rides on our cars, trucks and trains.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:25 PM EDT
What makes blood stem cells transform? Regulation of RNA splicing may be an answer
Lund University

Researchers at Lund University Faculty of Medicine have determined a novel mechanism linking the metabolism of ribonucleic acids, RNA, to the development of leukemia in myelodysplastic syndrome patients, MDS.

Newswise: Epilepsy care in Ukraine, one year later: Some crises have subsided, but others loom large
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:15 PM EDT
Epilepsy care in Ukraine, one year later: Some crises have subsided, but others loom large
International League Against Epilepsy

When the full-scale war in Ukraine began, anti-seizure medication supplies disappeared and some families left the country for safety. How has the past year affected people with epilepsy in Ukraine and their families, as well as the physicians who care for them?

Newswise: How the
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:10 PM EDT
How the "marsupial sabertooth" thylacosmilus saw its world
American Museum of Natural History

A new study investigates how an extinct, carnivorous marsupial relative with canines so large they extended across the top of its skull could hunt effectively despite having wide-set eyes, like a cow or a horse.

Newswise: Effective treatment in rare but deadly form of cancer
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:05 PM EDT
Effective treatment in rare but deadly form of cancer
University of Gothenburg

An advanced surgical therapy has proved considerably more efficacious than conventional treatments for patients with melanoma in the eye (uveal) that has spread to the liver, a University of Gothenburg study shows.

Newswise: pan%20malaria%20grant%20photo%201.jpg?itok=1dNAztBh
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:05 PM EDT
Defunding prevention and climate change drive rebound of malaria in Peru
Duke University

Malaria control programs in Amazonian Peru helped reduce the incidence of the deadly parasitic disease by 78 percent. That is, until the programs ceased to operate.

   
Newswise: Unraveling nature's chorus: AI detects bird sounds in Taiwan's montane forests
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:05 PM EDT
Unraveling nature's chorus: AI detects bird sounds in Taiwan's montane forests
Pensoft Publishers

Montane forests, known as biodiversity hotspots, are among the ecosystems facing threats from climate change.

Newswise: New intracellular
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:05 PM EDT
New intracellular "smoke detector" discovered
University of Bonn

Researchers at the Universities of Bonn and Singapore have discovered a new intracellular "smoke detector."

Newswise: Seeing through sediment reveals Red Sea tectonics
Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:05 PM EDT
Seeing through sediment reveals Red Sea tectonics
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)

Geologists have long contested the structure of the Red Sea. Many regard it as an extended rift basin where two continental plates are actively moving apart, while others see it as a fully developed ocean with a mid-ocean ridge and seafloor spreading.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 2:05 PM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $150 Million for Research on the Science Foundations for Energy Earthshots
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $150 million for research into the crosscutting foundational science for multiple Energy Earthshots. This funding, provided by the Office of Science, will support fundamental research to accelerate breakthroughs in support of the Energy Earthshots Initiative.

Not for public release

This news release is embargoed until 27-Mar-2023 5:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 21-Mar-2023 2:00 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Mar-2023 5:00 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Not for public release

This news release is embargoed until 27-Mar-2023 5:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 21-Mar-2023 2:00 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Mar-2023 5:00 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: Great Backyard Bird Count Results: Wow!
Released: 21-Mar-2023 1:55 PM EDT
Great Backyard Bird Count Results: Wow!
Cornell University

The 2023 Great Backyard Bird Count exceeded all expectations. Organizers estimate that more than 500,000 participants from around the globe made the latest count the best ever.

Newswise: Large survey for exotic pet owners reveals concern for conservation
Released: 21-Mar-2023 1:55 PM EDT
Large survey for exotic pet owners reveals concern for conservation
University of Helsinki

When exotic species such as parrots, snakes, monkeys, or aquarium fishes are kept as pets, this may lead to unsustainable trade and impact negatively the conservation of these species globally.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 1:40 PM EDT
Turn off porch light to aid caterpillars — and safeguard backyard ecosystems
Cornell University

Moderate levels of artificial light at night – like the fixture illuminating your backyard – bring more caterpillar predators and reduce the chance that these lepidoptera larvae grow up to become moths and serve as food for larger prey.

Newswise: Cannabis use in adolescent years may create reproductive complications in women, according to a UC Irvine study
Released: 21-Mar-2023 1:00 PM EDT
Cannabis use in adolescent years may create reproductive complications in women, according to a UC Irvine study
University of California, Irvine

In a new study, University of California, Irvine researchers found that exposure to the compound tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a component of cannabis, at a young age could lead to depleted ovarian follicles and matured eggs in adulthood by nearly 50 percent.

Newswise: Women at the Helm: Reflections from CSU's Women University Leaders
Released: 21-Mar-2023 1:00 PM EDT
Women at the Helm: Reflections from CSU's Women University Leaders
California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Celebrating Women's History Month and a significant moment in university history.

Newswise: Imaging the Proton with Neutrinos
Released: 21-Mar-2023 12:40 PM EDT
Imaging the Proton with Neutrinos
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The interactions of the quarks and gluons that make up protons and neutrons are so strong that the structure of protons and neutrons is difficult to calculate from theory and must be instead measured experimentally. Neutrino experiments use targets that are nuclei made of many protons and neutrons bound together. This complicates interpreting those measurements to infer proton structure. By scattering neutrinos from the protons that are the nuclei of hydrogen atoms in the MINERvA detector, scientists have provided the first measurements of this structure with neutrinos using unbound protons.

Released: 21-Mar-2023 12:30 PM EDT
Argonne is helping U.S. companies advance battery recycling technology and strengthen the nation’s battery supply chain
Argonne National Laboratory

Companies from across the United States have partnered with the experts at Argonne to advance their battery reuse and recycling projects, thanks to funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law.

Newswise: The Intersection of Race, Gender, and Policing: Following the Public Impact
Released: 21-Mar-2023 12:25 PM EDT
The Intersection of Race, Gender, and Policing: Following the Public Impact
University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

UNLV law professor Frank Rudy Cooper on the psychological impact of repeated exposure to videos of violent and deadly police encounters that increasingly circulate online; the role that slavery and societal norms surrounding masculinity play into them; and police reforms that might be in the works.


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