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3D Printed Tissue Offers Viable Option for Tracheal Reconstruction

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Three-dimensional (3D) printing can effectively create a biodegradable tracheal segment containing a patient’s own cells for use in complex tracheal reconstruction.

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Unique Aortic Aneurysm Repair Shows Promise

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A novel, minimally invasive approach appears safe for treating life-threatening aneurysms that occur in the deepest part of the aorta, making it easier for surgeons to repair the aorta without opening the chest and easier for patients to recover

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Novel Simulation Model Improves Training Experience for Cardiothoracic Surgeons

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A new surgical training model that simulates patient bleeding is providing cardiothoracic surgery residents with “real-life” experience without compromising patient safety

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Blood Transfusions During Heart Surgery Increase Risk of Pneumonia

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Patients who receive red blood cell transfusions during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery are at an increased risk of developing pneumonia

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Morphine Following Common Childhood Surgery May Be Life Threatening

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The study has identified a significant risk for potentially-fatal breathing disruption when morphine is administered at home after surgery to treat pain in children who undergo tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy.

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“July Effect” Doesn’t Apply to Length of Surgery

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The “July Effect” – when newly trained physicians begin their residency at teaching hospitals, potentially increasing the risk of medical errors – doesn’t appear to lengthen surgeries during that month, according to a study presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists® PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2015 meeting.

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New Treatments Haven't Lowered Anesthesia Risks for Children with Pulmonary Hypertension, Reports Anesthesia & Analgesia

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Despite effective new treatments for their disease, children with pulmonary hypertension (PHT) are still a high-risk group for serious complications and death related to anesthesia and surgery, reports a study in the February issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia.

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Close Monitoring of Renal Tumors May Provide Alternative to Surgery

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In patients likely to have surgery, close, active monitoring of small renal tumors confined to the kidneys is associated with low rates of tumor growth or death

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Scientists Invent System to Improve Effectiveness of Cancer Surgery

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With the goal of making it easier for surgeons to detect malignant tissue during surgery and hopefully reduce the rate of cancer recurrence, scientists have invented a new imaging system that causes tumors to “light up” when a hand-held laser is directed at them.

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Study Challenges Best Way to Position Women During Childbirth

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New research is challenging what many obstetricians and physician anesthesiologists believe is the best way to position women during labor. According to a study published in the February issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®), the traditional practice of positioning women on their side, with hips tilted at 15 degrees, during labor does not effectively reduce compression of the inferior vena cava, a large vein located near the abdominal area that returns blood to the heart, as previously thought. In fact, not until the degree of tilt reached 30 degrees did blood flow only partially increase in patients, the study found.