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Older Kidney Donors with Hypertension May Have Good Kidney Health Following Donation

Kidney donors with hypertension had slightly fewer nephrons (the kidney’s filtering units) at the time of donation than similarly aged donors with normal blood pressure; however, 6 months following their surgery, hypertensive and non-hypertensive donors both maintained excellent blood pressure control and had similarly robust compensatory kidney responses.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Dec-2014 12:00 AM EST

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Top Blood Transfusion-Related Complication More Common Than Previously Reported

Two studies published in the January issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®), shed new light on the prevalence of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO), the number one and two leading causes of blood transfusion-related deaths in the United States.

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Early Adoption of Robotic Surgery Leads to Organ Preservation for Kidney Cancer Patients

Researchers found that partial nephrectomy -- the recommended treatment for localized kidney tumors -- was performed more frequently at hospitals that were early adopters of robotic surgery.

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Meniscus Regenerated with 3D-Printed Implant

Researchers have devised a way to replace the knee’s protective lining, called the meniscus, using a personalized 3D-printed implant, or scaffold, infused with human growth factors that prompt the body to regenerate the lining on its own. The therapy, successfully tested in sheep, could provide the first effective and long-lasting repair of damaged menisci, which occur in millions of Americans each year and can lead to debilitating arthritis. The paper was published today in the online edition of Science Translational Medicine.

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Patients Given Less Blood During Transfusions Do Well

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It's a simple premise -- now backed up by more evidence than ever: "Why give more blood to anyone if you can’t show it benefits them?" Jeffrey Carson of Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School has found that for many patients, smaller blood transfusions after surgery are at least as beneficial as larger ones, both in the short term and the long term. His study is published in The Lancet.

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Two Studies Predict Surgery Outcomes for High-Risk Epilepsy Patients

Two studies to be presented at the American Epilepsy Society's (AES) 68th Annual Meeting explore the outcomes of brain surgery for children with severe epilepsy.

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New Clinical Study Demonstrates That Exercise Following Bariatric Surgery Provides Health Benefits Beyond Weight Loss

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Researchers discover that moderate exercise following bariatric surgery reduces specific metabolic risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest that moderate exercise may provide additional benefits to health beyond weight loss in these patients.

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Therapeutic Bronchoscopy Performed on a Dolphin

In a remarkable collaborative effort between human and veterinary clinicians, a 29-year-old bottlenose dolphin recently underwent therapeutic bronchoscopy to treat airway narrowing, or stenosis, that was interfering with her breathing. The dolphin, a therapy animal for mentally and physically challenged children at Island Dolphin Care in Key Largo, Florida, is doing well one year after the procedure.

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Preoperative Interventions Improve Patient Outcomes After Cardiac Surgery

A study published in Critical Care Nurse finds that implementing a readiness bundle of preoperative interventions was associated with reduced risk of mortality and morbidity, shorter intubation times and shorter hospital stays for urgent patients after CABG surgery.

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