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UAB Hospital First in Alabama to Offer First-of-Its-Kind Dissolving Heart Stent

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UAB Medicine is the first in Alabama to advance cardiology services by offering a first-of-its-kind heart stent that gradually dissolves in the body.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jul-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Mount Sinai Researchers Identify Way to Predict and Prevent Damage in Donated Kidneys

A multicenter team of researchers led by Barbara Murphy, MD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has identified a panel of genes which can help predict whether a transplanted kidney will later develop fibrosis, an injury which can cause the organ to fail.

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How the Brain Improves Motor Control

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Adaptation in reaching -- gradual improvement of motor control in response to a perturbation -- is a central issue in motor neuroscience.However, even the cortical origin of errors that drive adaptation has remained elusive. In a new paper published in Neuron, Inoue, Uchimura and Kitazawa have shown that error signals encoded by motor cortical neurons drive adaptation in reaching.

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FDA Approves Scalpel-Free Brain Surgery for Tremor Pioneered at UVA

The Food and Drug Administration has approved the first focused ultrasound device to treat essential tremor, the most common movement disorder, in patients who do not respond to medication. The scalpel-free approach has been pioneered by Jeff Elias, MD, at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, who led an international clinical trial that demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of the device.

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So You Think You Know About Vasectomies? UCLA Urologist Debunks 5 Myths

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NSQIP Data Helps Hospital Reduce UTI Rates Across Surgical and Non-Surgical Departments

A systematic program for analyzing processes associated with catheter placement and removal for surgical patients decreased urinary tract infections (UTI) for all hospitalized patients. These results are believed to be the first report of a quality improvement effort in surgery to benefit an entire institutional patient population.

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New Surgical Tool for Mitral Valve Repair Demonstrates Success in First Human Clinical Study

Researchers investigating a novel device to repair the mitral valve report 100 percent procedural success in a first-in-humans, safety and performance study. The device, deployed while the heart is beating, avoids open-heart surgery, automates a key part of the valve repair process, simplifies the procedure and reduces operating room time.

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25th Anniversary IOVS Special Issue on Optical Coherence Tomography Released

The journal Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (IOVS) is commemorating the 25th anniversary of the development of optical coherence tomography (OCT) with the release of a special issue of more than 70 papers from authors on five continents.

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Diabetic Patients Experience Superior Survival with Less Conventional CABG Surgery

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Diabetic patients who undergo heart bypass surgery are living longer and have much better long-term outcomes when cardiothoracic surgeons use arteries rather than veins for the bypasses.

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These Days Fecal Transplantation Is No Joke

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Fecal transplants are increasingly being used to treat certain human illnesses and there is a major upsurge in animal experiments involving fecal material.

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Patients at Accredited Bariatric Surgical Centers Have Fewer Postoperative Complications

Patients who have weight-loss operations at nonaccredited bariatric surgical facilities in the United States are up to 1.4 times likelier to experience serious complications and more than twice as likely to die after the operation compared with patients who undergo these procedures at accredited bariatric surgical centers, researchers conclude.

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Preparing Your Child for Surgery: Questions to Ask the Physician Anesthesiologist

Millions of children have surgery every year and understandably parents are often anxious about their child’s safety and comfort. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) wants parents to know that anesthesia is extremely safe and effective at managing pain and discomfort surgery or a procedure may cause.

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Revolutionary Surgery for Lung Cancer

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The University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) is launching a major international clinical trial to test a minimally invasive and safer surgical approach for patients with lung cancer: video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy with ultrasonic pulmonary artery sealing.

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Physician Anesthesiologists Urge Americans to Oppose VA Policy Abandoning Team-based Anesthesia Care in Surgery

Americans who care about the safety and welfare of our nation’s Veterans have two weeks to take action to stop a U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) proposed policy that would lower the standard of care in VA medical facilities and jeopardize Veterans’ lives by removing physician anesthesiologists from the operating room.

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Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation Effective for Treating Knee Cartilage Injuries in Active Individuals, Research Shows

For athletes and highly active patients who sustain cartilage injuries to their knee, an osteochondral allograft transplantation can be a successful treatment option, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO. The study showed these patients were consistently able to return to sport or recreational activities after the surgery, though frequently at a lower activity level.

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Return-to-Play Rates High for Collegiate Football Players After Shoulder Instability Surgery

Getting back into the game is important for any athlete after a significant injury but shoulder injuries can be tricky, especially for football players. Researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO, note that surgical treatment for shoulder instability in collegiate athletes is often the best medicine for returning to play, especially in those who performed at high levels previously.

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Two Groundbreaking Studies Signal Paradigm Shift in Breast Cancer Research

In a new paradigm of breast cancer research, physicians are fast-tracking promising new experimental drugs for further study, while immediately dropping drugs that don’t work. Two such studies are published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Look-Back Study Suggests Some Major Scoliosis Surgeries Can Be Avoided

In a look-back study of medical records, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine concluded that a major operation to fuse the spines of children with a rare form of severe, early-onset scoliosis can be eliminated in many cases.

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Study Using Portable Gait Analysis System Will Evaluate Early Outcomes of Different Hip Replacement Techniques

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Researchers will test patients' walking patterns before and after hip replacement to measure their progress after four different surgical techniques: (1) standard hip replacement (posterior approach) ; (2) direct anterior hip replacement; (3) robotic-assisted posterior; (4) robotic-assisted anterior.