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New Liver Gives Mother of Three a Life Without Pain

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Mrs. Linss’ medical problem was diagnosed as primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a disease in which the bile ducts are damaged, causing bile to build up in the liver.

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Vanderbilt Study Finds More Breast Cancer Patients Opting for Mastectomy

Far more breast cancer patients are choosing to undergo mastectomy, including removal of both breasts, instead of choosing breast conservation surgery even when they have early stage disease that is confined to one breast, a Vanderbilt study shows. In the past decade, there have also been marked trends toward higher proportions of women opting for breast reconstruction.

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Some Heparin-Allergic Patients Could Have Urgent Heart Surgery Sooner

New evidence that suggests patients with a history of adverse reaction to the blood thinner heparin may be ready for urgent heart surgery sooner with a combination of appropriate blood screenings and therapeutic plasma exchange.

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New Data Suggest Little Benefit of Adding Heart Valve Repair to Bypass Surgery in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease

The addition of mitral valve (MV) repair (a valve of the heart) to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), a type of open-heart surgery, did not result in significant benefit to the patient and was associated with increased risk of neurological events. Therefore, the routine addition of MV repair to CABG in patients with moderate IMR did not demonstrate a clinically meaningful advantage.

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ProMedica Toledo Hospital Performs Nation’s First Surgery in Global Clinical Study of a New Aortic Heart Valve

In October, ProMedica Toledo Hospital performed the nation’s first patient implant in the Medtronic, Inc. PERIGON (PERIcardial SurGical AOrtic Valve ReplacemeNt) Pivotal Trial. This global, prospective clinical trial evaluates an investigational surgical aortic heart valve made from bovine pericardial (cow heart) tissue that is intended to replace a diseased, damaged or malfunctioning native or prosthetic aortic valve.

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Hip Replacement an Excellent Option to Relieve Pain in Young Juvenile Arthritis Patients

A study by Hospital for Special Surgery researchers finds that total hip replacement is an excellent option for patients under age 35 when conservative treatments fail to provide relief.

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Aspirin or Blood Pressure Medication Before and After Surgery Does Not Reduce Risk of AKI

In patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, neither aspirin nor clonidine (a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure) taken before and after surgery reduced the risk of acute kidney injury, according to a study appearing in JAMA. The study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the American Society of Nephrology’s annual Kidney Week meeting.

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Study Offers New Clue Into How Anesthesia Works

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The activity of ion channel proteins that are important for cell-to-cell communication is markedly reduced during anesthesia, according to researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College.

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Artificial Retina Could Someday Help Restore Vision

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The loss of eyesight, often caused by retinal degeneration, is a life-altering health issue for many people, especially as they age. But a new development toward a prosthetic retina could help counter conditions that result from problems with this crucial part of the eye.

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