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Surgical Skills Lab and Dissection Curricula Train Neurosurgical Residents

A surgical skills laboratory and corresponding dissection curricula were established in the Department of Neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic in the 2011–2012 academic year. The authors describe how this came about and what it has meant for neurosurgical resident training and assessment of residents’ surgical skills.

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Safety and Effectiveness of Weight Loss Operations for Children Featured on New Recovery Room Podcast

The Recovery Room, a podcast produced by the American College of Surgeons, has released a new episode addressing how bariatric operations effectively treat obesity in pediatric and adolescent patients.

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Experts Map Surgical Approaches for Auditory Brainstem Implantation

A technique called auditory brainstem implantation can restore hearing for patients who can't benefit from cochlear implants. A team of US and Japanese experts has mapped out the surgical anatomy and approaches for auditory brainstem implantation in the June issue of Operative Neurosurgery, published on behalf of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons by Wolters Kluwer.

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Researchers Determine Best Anesthesia Option for Infants

Infants undergoing some types of surgery could have better recovery if they receive regional anesthesia rather than general anesthesia, according to two studies published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®).

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Atrial Fibrillation After Surgery Increases Risk of Heart Attacks and Strokes

An irregular heartbeat following surgery known as post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) often is dismissed as a transient phenomenon. But a study has found that POAF can significantly increase the risk of heart attack or stroke during the first 12 months after surgery.

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Expert Alert – Precision Medicine and Obesity

Mayo Clinic researchers have identified five sub-categories of obesity in an effort to determine the most effective, individual treatments.

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Newer Method of Oxygen Delivery for Patients at Risk of Respiratory Failure after Surgery

A relatively new, easier to implement, and better-tolerated method to provide supplemental oxygen to patients at risk of respiratory failure after surgery did not result in a worse rate of treatment failure compared to a more commonly used method, according to a study appearing in JAMA. The study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the American Thoracic Society 2015 International Conference.

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Ethicists from NYU Langone Medical Center Propose Solution for U.S. Organ Shortage Crisis in JAMA Piece

A fairly simple and ethical change in policy would greatly expand the nation’s organ pool while respecting autonomy, choice, and vulnerability of a deceased’s family or authorized caregiver, according to ethicists at NYU Langone Medical Center.

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'Top 100' Papers in Lumbar Spine Surgery Reflect Trends in Low Back Pain Treatment

What are the most influential studies on surgery of the lower (lumbar) spine? The "top 100" research papers in lumbar spine are counted down in a special review in the May 15 issue of Spine, published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Dexamethasone May Help Prevent Severe Kidney Injury Following Heart Surgery

• Patients who received dexamethasone during heart surgery had about a 2.5-times lower risk of developing kidney failure requiring dialysis compared with those receiving a placebo. • The greatest benefits of dexamethasone were seen in patients with pre-existing advanced chronic kidney disease.