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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4/29/2014 10:40 AM EDT

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Experts Propose New Approach to Manage the Most Troubling Symptoms of Dementia, Lessen Use of Drugs

A new approach to handling agitation, aggression and other unwanted behaviors by people with dementia may help reduce the use of antipsychotics and other psychiatric drugs in this population, and make life easier for them and their caregivers.

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Preserving Patients’ Sanity in the Hospital

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Faculty from Rutgers New Jersey Medical School are working to attack the problem of hospital-acquired delirium in the surgical intensive care unit. They are getting valuable assistance from Doctor of Physical Therapy students from Rutgers School of Health Related Professions, who provide physical therapy to patients. Researchers estimate that at least 45 percent of patients in intensive care develop hospital-acquired delirium, a number that can rise above 80 percent when patients have mechanical breathing assistance. Advancing age also puts patients at higher risk. Patients with delirium tend to die more frequently than others during the 12 months after they leave the hospital, and the effects of delirium often linger.

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Overuse of Blood Transfusions Increases Infection Risk

The fewer the red blood cell transfusions, the less likely patients were to develop infections like pneumonia.

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Anesthetic Technique Important to Prevent Damage to Brain

Researchers at the University of Adelaide have discovered that a commonly used anesthetic technique to reduce the blood pressure of patients undergoing surgery could increase the risk of starving the brain of oxygen.

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Researchers Develop Technique to Measure Quantity, Risks of Engineered Nanomaterials Delivered to Cells

Scientists at the Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology at Harvard School of Public Health have discovered a way to measure the effective density of engineered nanoparticles in physiological fluids, making it possible to determine the amount of nanomaterials that come into contact with cells and tissue in culture.

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Virginia Mason Inspires New Patient Safety Measures for England’s National Health Service

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Virginia Mason’s commitment to safety and quality is helping to inspire new measures aimed at improving patient safety at hospitals throughout England.

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Patient Safety Merits New Clinical Data Review For Modified Medical Devices, UCSF Physician Says

For patient safety, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should require that clinical data be submitted as part of a more rigorous re-evaluation of medical devices that are modified after approval. According to authors Rita Redberg, MD, UCSF professor of medicine, and UCSF second-year medical student Sarah Zheng, such a requirement could prevent deaths due to insufficiently tested device modifications.

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