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Differences in the Rhetorical Styles of Candidates in the 2016 US Presidential Election

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A new paper published in Digital Scholarship in the Humanities reveals and quantifies dramatic differences in the speaking styles of candidates in the 2016 United States presidential election.

Medicine

Science

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locked-in syndrome, Computer Interface, Brain

Brain-Computer Interface Allows Completely Locked-in People to Communicate

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Completely locked-in participants report being “happy”

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Listen: Linguist K. David Harrison on Preserving Endangered Languages

Professor of Linguistics K. David Harrison identifies the cause of endangered languages as globalization.

Science

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Noise, crowds, FANS, Acoustics, Stadium, Sound, Football, Superbowl

How Does Noise During Games Affect Players and Fans?

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Medicine

Science

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Reading Disabilities, Specific Language Impairment, Word Learning, Book reading, Reading impairment treatment

Reading Picture Books with Children Holds Promise for Treating a Common Language Disorder

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A clinical trial of interactive book reading finds that children with Specific Language Impairment need to hear a word 36 times to learn it vs. 12 times for typically-developing children. Treatment materials are freely available to speech-language pathologists.

Medicine

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Bilingualism, Aging, Neurology, Neural Networks

Bilingualism May Save Brain Resources as You Age

A research team established that years of bilingualism change how the brain carries out tasks that require concentrating on one piece of information without becoming distracted by other information. This makes the brain more efficient and economical with its resources.

Medicine

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Northwestern University, Language, preterm babies

Preterm Infants Fare Well in Early Language Development

Preterm babies perform as well as their full-term counterparts in a developmental task linking language and cognition, a new study from Northwestern University has found.The study, the first of its kind with preterm infants, tests the relative contributions of infants’ experience and maturational status. Northwestern researchers compared healthy preterm and full-term infants at the same maturational age, or age since conception.

Medicine

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abnormality of cerebral blood flow , posterior language loop, Speech Production, Broca’s area

Stuttering Linked to Reduced Blood Flow in Area of Brain Associated with Language

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A study led by researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles demonstrates what lead investigator Bradley Peterson, MD, calls “a critical mass of evidence” of a common underlying lifelong vulnerability in both children and adults who stutter.

Medicine

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Vocal Cord, Vocal Cords, laryngology, laryngologist, voice expert, voice strain

Cedars-Sinai Laryngologist Reveals Six Simple Steps to Preserve Your Voice Through the Holiday Season

Everyone knows the holiday season can put stress on families, finances and schedules. A Cedars-Sinai laryngologist says the holidays also can be hazardous to your vocal cords.

Science

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Researchers’ Discovery of New Verbal Working Memory Architecture Has Implications for Artificial Intelligence

The neural structure we use to store and process information in verbal working memory is more complex than previously understood--a discovery that has implications for the creation of artificial intelligence (AI) systems, such as speech translation tools.

Science

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Monkey, University of Vienna, Tecumseh Fitch, Department of Cognitive Biology, vocal anatomy, Vocalizations, Asif Ghazanfar, Princeton University, vocal tract, speechready

Why Can't Monkeys Speak? Vocal Anatomy Is Not the Problem

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Monkeys and apes are unable to learn new vocalizations, and for decades it has been widely believed that this inability results from limitations of their vocal anatomy: larynx, tongue and lips. But an international team of scientists, led by Tecumseh Fitch at the University of Vienna and Asif Ghazanfar at Princeton University, has now looked inside monkeys' vocal tracts with x-rays, and found them to be much more flexible than thought before. The study indicates that the limitations that keep nonhuman primates from speaking are in their brains, rather than their vocal anatomy.

Science

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Yale Linguists Explore the Evolution of Color in New Study

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The naming of colors has long been a topic of interest in the study of human culture and cognition — revealing the link between perception, language, and the categorization of the natural world. A major question in the study of both anthropology and cognitive science is why the world’s languages show recurrent similarities in color naming. Linguists at Yale tracked the evolution of color terms across a large language tree in Australia in order to trace the history of these systems.

Science

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Learning, infant learning, Language acquisition, Babies, Parenting, Visual Attention, First Words, Psychology, psychological and brain sciences, early language learning, Speech Disorders, Autism

Babies' First Words Can Be Predicted Based on Visual Attention, IU Study Finds

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Indiana University psychologists have shown that a baby's most likely first words are based upon their visual experience, laying the foundation for a new theory of infant language learning. The study appears in the journal of the Royal Society Philosophical Transactions B.

Science

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Voice, vocal quality, voice recognition, Acoustics, Linguistics, vocal characteristics, Patricia Keating, Jody Kreiman, UCLA, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA

What Makes Your Voice Yours?

What are the characteristics of the way you say, “hello,” (or anything else for that matter) that makes you recognizable over the phone? Despite the increasing amount of literature on personal voice quality, very little is actually known about how to characterize the sound of an individual speaker. Two researchers from UCLA in Los Angeles, California, Patricia Keating and Jody Kreiman, are joining forces to apply acoustics tools to their linguistics research, investigating this question.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Children, Anger, Acoustics, Listening, Speech, emotional speech, emotional cues, emotional environment, Peter Moriarty, Michelle Vigeant, Pamela Cole , Pennsylvania State University, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA

How Do Children Hear Anger?

Even if they don’t understand the words, infants react to the way their mother speaks and the emotions conveyed through speech. What exactly they react to and how has yet to be fully deciphered, but could have significant impact on a child’s development. Researchers in acoustics and psychology teamed up to better define and study this impact.

Science

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voice appeal, vocal appeal, vocal attractiveness, consonant, Linguistics, Acoustics, Emily Blamire , University Of Toronto, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA

Voice Appeal - New Research Suggests That Men and Women Perceive Consonants Differently.

In a study to be presented during the 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the 5th Joint Meeting with Acoustical Society of Japan, a Canadian researcher has new data about the vocal attractiveness of consonants. Vowels are already well studied and there are several acoustic cues intrinsic to vowels -- such as pitch -- that effect listeners’ judgments of attractiveness. According to the researchers, consonants are different.

Medicine

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Stuttering, Speech Production, language-based brain circuits

Stuttering Related to Brain Circuits That Control Speech Production

Researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) have conducted the first study of its kind, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to look at brain regions in both adults and children who stutter.

Life

Education

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Bilingual, bilingual education, Bilingualism, English As A Second Language, English Language Learners, Biliteracy, Immigrant, Immigrant Children, immigrant communities

Renowned Scholar Patricia Gándara to Discuss English Language Learners, Bilingual Education at Brooklyn Event on November 30

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Dr. Patricia Gándara, a leading researcher on English language learners and bilingual education, will deliver a lecture titled “Educating Immigrant Students and Emergent Bilinguals” as part of the American Educational Research Association’s Centennial Lecture Series. The event is open to the public.

Science

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ASA 172nd Meeting and 5th Joint Meeting with the Acoustical Society of Japan, Acoustics, speech recognition, Sound, speech rate

Save the Date: Major Acoustics Meeting in Honolulu November 28- December 2, 2016

The 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) will be held November 28- December 2, 2016, at the Hilton Hawaiian Village Waikiki Beach Resort. The location was picked with all travelers in mind, as it is also the 5th Joint Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and Acoustical Society of Japan. Over 2,050 abstracts were submitted for the meeting on sound and its applications in physics, engineering, medicine, linguistics and more. Reporters are invited to attend in person for free.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Free Speech, Free Speech Week, First Amendment, Westboro Baptist Church, student speech, Communication

National Communication Association Reaffirms Credos and Releases Publication Featuring Free Speech

NCA reaffirms its commitment to the teaching, research, and other professional activities that fuel best communication practices and that support ongoing interpretations of free speech, whether legal, historic, artistic, or political.







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