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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 7-Jul-2015 12:00 AM EDT

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 8-Jul-2015 2:00 PM EDT

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Platelet-like Particles Boost Clotting, Slow Bleeding

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NIBIB-supported researchers have created tiny gel particles that can perform the same essential functions as platelets. The particles could one day be used to control excessive bleeding following traumatic injury or in individuals with impaired clotting due to an inherited condition or as a result of certain medications or chemotherapy.

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UCLA Studies Identify Predictors of Depression and PTSD Among African-Americans and Latinos

Chronic disease and mental health issues disproportionately affect low-income African-Americans, Latinos and Hispanics. Researchers at UCLA have developed a screening tool that may provide better treatment.

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Children with Severe Head Injuries Are Casualties of Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

During the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, US combat support hospitals treated at least 650 children with severe, combat-related head injuries, according to a special article in the July issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Mannitol Dosing Errors Made During Transport of Patients to Tertiary Hospitals

Researchers investigated mannitol use before and during transportation of patients with intracranial emergencies from peripheral hospitals to tertiary facilities that house neurosurgery departments. The authors found a 22% dosing error rate, with slightly more patients receiving a dose smaller, rather than larger, than the dose range recommended by the Brain Trauma Foundation.

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Understanding 'Defense Cascade' May Help in Treating Victims of Trauma

The well-known "fight or flight" response is part of the inborn series of defense/fear responses activated in reaction to threats. Understanding the steps of the defense cascade can help in forming effective treatments for patients dealing with persistent aftereffects of trauma, according to a review in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Some Hospitals Marking Up Prices More Than 1,000 Percent

The 50 hospitals in the United States with the highest markup of prices over their actual costs are charging out-of-network patients and the uninsured, as well as auto and workers’ compensation insurers, more than 10 times the costs allowed by Medicare, new research suggests. It’s a markup of more than 1,000 percent for the same medical services.

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Autologous Stem Cell Therapy Helpful in Traumatic Brain Injury

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The use of cell therapy after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children can reduce the amount of therapeutic interventions needed to treat the patient, as well as the amount of time the child spends in neurointensive care, according to research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) Medical School.

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After Concussion, Sleep Aids Memory and Recall

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After a concussion, a person can have disturbed sleep, memory deficits and other problems for years, but a new study suggests that despite these, sleep still helps them to overcome memory deficits, and the benefit is equal to that seen in individuals with no history of mild traumatic brain injury.