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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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PTSD, Trauma, Post Traumatic Stress, First Responders

What Firefighters Can Tell US About PTSD Risk

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Firefighters are exposed to a range of potentially traumatic stressors in their jobs, and many cope perfectly fine. However, a not-insignificant percentage of them develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Texas A&M researchers are trying to figure out why—and what they can do to help.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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PTSD, Conduct Disorder, Trauma, Teens, Youth, Psychology, Shabnam Javdani, NYU Steinhardt, NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Teens with PTSD and Conduct Disorder Have Difficulty Recognizing Facial Expressions

Adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are more likely to misidentify sad and angry faces as fearful, while teens with symptoms of conduct disorder tend to interpret sad faces as angry, finds a study led by NYU’s Steinhardt School.

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New Test May Quickly Identify Mild Traumatic Brain Injury with Underlying Brain Damage

A new test using peripheral vision reaction time could lead to earlier diagnosis and more effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury, often referred to as a concussion.

Medicine

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Dr. Cornelius Thiels, ice fishing, Medical Research, Minnesota News Releases, Multidisciplinary Simulation Center, news releases, trauma surgery

Ice Fishing as Extreme Sport: Burns, Broken Bones, Concussions Among Injuries Chronicled

Ice fishing might seem like a benign sport – for everyone except the fish. Sitting in a cozy shanty waiting for a bite, what could go wrong? A lot, Mayo Clinic surgeons have found. The ice fishing injuries they have chronicled seem more like a casualty list from an extreme sport: burns, broken bones, concussions and more. The findings are published in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Science

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress, FKBP5 gene, FKBP5, fear extinction, Trauma, trauma exposure, Dexamethasone, "fight or flight", Fight-or-Flight reaction, Cortisol

Gene That Helps Form Trauma-Related Memories May Also Help Prevent Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

A specific gene that helps form memories from traumatic events can be manipulated – and in doing so may actually help prevent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a new study led NYU Langone Medical Center.

Science

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Brain Injury, traumatic brain injury (TBI), Blast Traumatic Brain Injury, Brain Tissue, Neurons, rapid cavitation bubble collapse, Cavitation, neuron fragmentation, Jonathan B. Estrada, Mark Scimone, Harry C. Cramer, Lauren Mancia, Eric Johnsen, Christian Franck, Brown University, University Of Michigan, Office Of Naval Research

Bridging the Gap Between the Mechanics of Blast Traumatic Brian Injuries and Cell Damage

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a largely silent epidemic that affects roughly two million people each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But the scale at which blast TBI (bTBI) injuries -- in the spotlight as the signature wound of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan -- occur and manifest is unknown. Recent studies within this realm suggest that rapid cavitation bubble collapse may be a potential mechanism for studying bTBI, and during the Biophysical Society’s meeting, Feb. 11-15, 2017, Jonathan Estrada will present his work exploring the mechanics of cavitation-induced injury -- with a goal of better understanding bTBIs.

Medicine

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Brain Damage Is Not Always Damaging

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Strokes are usually, but not always, debilitating. This case report documents the extraordinary resilience of a woman in Argentina who endured multiple strokes.

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PTSD Symptoms May Be Prevented With Ketamine

Columbia University researchers have evidence that giving a small dose of ketamine one week before a psychologically traumatic event may help prevent PTSD. The study, in mice, may have implications for soldiers who are at risk for trauma and PTSD.

Medicine

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Medical, Medicine, Health, Healthcare, Hospital, AAP, Doctor, Physician, Physiatrist, Physiatry, Association of Academic Physiatrists, Research, Rehab, rehab conference, rehab medicine, PM&R, physical medicine and rehabilitation, Las Vegas, Conference, Head Trauma Rehabilitation, Head Trauma

The Weekend Effect: Day of Hospital Admission Affects Outcome of Head Trauma Patients

Older adults who are admitted to the hospital with head trauma over the weekend have a 14 percent increased risk of dying than those admitted on a weekday, according to research presented this week at the Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting in Las Vegas.

Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Brain Injury, brain injury research, Concussion, traumatic brain injury (TBI), Traumatic Brain Injury

The Brain Injury Research Center at Mount Sinai Appoints New Director

Clinical neuropsychologist Kristen Dams-O’Connor, PhD, has been named Director of The Brain Injury Research Center (BIRC) at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS)

Medicine

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concussion and soccer ball heading, concussion and heading, concussion and soccer, Concussion, head impacts and soccer ball heading, Traumatic Head Injury

Soccer Ball Heading May Commonly Cause Concussion Symptoms

Frequent soccer ball heading is a common and under recognized cause of concussion symptoms, according to a study of amateur players led by Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers. The findings run counter to earlier soccer studies suggesting concussion injuries mainly result from inadvertent head impacts, such as collisions with other players or a goalpost. The study was published online today in Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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SBS, Short Bowel Syndrome, NEC, Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Gene Expression and Regulation, Bile Acid

Short Bowel Syndrome Results in Changes to Gene Expression

Investigators at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, led by Tracy C. Grikscheit, MD, have mapped the genetic changes resulting from short bowel syndrome (SBS) using a novel zebrafish model and by performing intensive gene sequencing. This approach to determining which genes are markedly over or under expressed in SBS may assist scientists in developing future therapies for children and adults with this condition.

Medicine

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EMS, Triage, Gunshot, gunshot wounds, Emergency Response

Gunshot Victims in Cook County ‘Under-Triaged’ to Community Hospitals

Only one in six Cook County gunshot patients with injuries serious enough for treatment in a designated trauma center are taken to these specialized hospitals, according to a new report in JAMA Surgery.

Medicine

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Trauma Center, Gun Violence, gun violence prevention, intentional violence, Trauma Injuries, University of Chicago Medicine, University Of Chicago, University of Texas Medical Branch, selwyn rogers, Chicago, trauma surgeon, Emergency Department, south side, Level 1 Trauma, Brigham And Women's Hospital, Temple University

Dr. Selwyn Rogers to Head UChicago Medicine's Adult Trauma Center

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Dr. Selwyn O. Rogers Jr., a top surgeon and public health expert with 16 years of trauma care experience, will lead the University of Chicago Medicine's development of the South Side's only Level 1 adult trauma center, scheduled to open in 2018. He joined the organization on Jan. 5, 2017. As chief of the Section for Trauma & Acute Care Surgery and founding director of the University of Chicago Medicine Trauma Center, Rogers will build an interdisciplinary team of specialists to treat patients who suffer injury from life-threatening events such as car crashes, serious falls and gun violence.

Medicine

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Concussion, concussion awareness, concussion care, concussion detection, concussion diagnosis, Concussion Guidelines, concussion in sport, concussion management, traumatic brain injury (TBI), Traumatic Brain Injury Research, traumatic brain injury rehab, Pediatrics, Vision And Athletic Performance, Vision, Optometry, Optometry & Vision Science, Neurology

Vision Symptoms Following Concussion Can Limit a Child’s Ability to Return to the Classroom

A UAB study shows that evaluation from a vision specialist should be included in return-to-learn concussion protocols.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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San Quentin, Sacramento State, Prison University Project, Photography, Nigel Poor

Photography Professor Brings Meaning to San Quentin Images

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Inmates at notorious maximum-security prison dig into stories behind the images being archived by Sac State professor.

Medicine

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Brain Injury, better sleep

Recovery From Brain Injury and Better Sleep Go Hand in Hand

After a traumatic brain injury (TBI), people also experience major sleep problems, including changes in their sleep-wake cycle. A new study shows that recovering from these two conditions occurs in parallel. The study is published in the December 21, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Science

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EMBARGOED AJPH Research: Adolescent Violence, Transgender Population, Inmate Mistreatment, Child Abuse

In this month’s release, find new embargoed research about: effect of social networks on adolescent violence; percentage of U.S. population identifying as transgender; treatment of sexual minority inmates; and prevalence of child maltreatment investigations.

Medicine

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University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Penn Nursing Science, Penn Nursing, therese richmond, Linda Aitken, Injury, Trauma

First-of-Its-Kind Study on Injury Recovery Takes the Trauma Patient’s Point of View

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In one of the first studies to examine priorities in recovery identified by trauma patients, family members and clinicians over time, an international research partnership that was launched from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) and Griffith University School of Nursing & Midwifery in Australia has helped advance the importance of patient-reported outcome measures for improved trauma care and research.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Christmas, holiday grief, Holiday Grieving For Teens, Grief, grief and loss, Expert, Baylor University, Social Work

‘How Long Does Grief Last?’ Expert Shares Ways to Interact with Those Who’Ve Lost Loved Ones This Christmas

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In this Q&A, grief expert Helen Harris, Ed.D., assistant professor in Baylor University’s Diana R. Garland School of Social Work, shares some insights about long-term grief and how we can approach others who are hurting during the holidays.







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