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Science

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eye and vision research, Eye Health, Population Health, Public Health, Blindness, Vision Impairment, research agenda

New Report Aims to Make Eye Health a Public Health Priority

"Vision impairment remains notably absent from many population health agendas and community programs,” say the authors of a new report, "Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative: Vision for Tomorrow," from The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Law and Public Policy

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Presidential Debate: Expert Panel Gives Scientific Analysis of Candidates' Performances

Four expert panelists each day will present their analyses and answer your questions live and face-to-face. This event will be virtual. You can attend with any device -- PC, Mac, iPad, iPhone or Android device (with a webcam) – anywhere with good bandwidth. To participate (ask questions) in the meeting, you must be on video, just as a normal news conference. Register below for guaranteed seating; there is limited seating in the virtual room. Eight experts (four at each event) will present their analyses. The diverse expert team (7 universities and an institute) will analyze both candidates during the debates for their gestures, facial expressions (including smiles--number, type, appropriateness, etc.), posture, language, including sentiment, tone, inflammatory language, repetition, vocabulary, sentence structure, metaphors, framing, themes, suggestions, subtlety, nuance, honesty (deceit/lies—explicit and implicit), transparency, gender issues, and more...

Medicine

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Eye Disease, Photoreceptors, Drosophila, Blindness, blindness research, autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa, glacoma, age-related macular degeneration, Drosophila Melanogaster, Diabetic Retinopathy, Cataracts, Basic Research, Science, Biology

NIH Grants IU $1.9 Million to Advance Blindness Prevention Through Basic Research on Photoreceptors

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A $1.9 million grant to Indiana University from the National Institutes of Health's National Eye Institute will advance basic research on the eye with applications to blindness caused by genetic disorders and aging.

Medicine

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Diabetic Retinopathy, Diabetic Retinopathy research, diabetic retinopathy screening, Diabetes, ophthalmogy research

UAB Researchers Seek Better Patient Adherence Recommendations for Diabetic Retinopathy

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Complications of diabetes can lead to blindness, yet only 29.9 percent of diabetic patients studied adhered to recommendations to have an eye examination.

Science

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Visual Impairment, Neurobiolgy

UCI Study Uncovers New Molecular Signaling Mechanism for Correcting Childhood Visual Disorders

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Neuroscientists at University of California, Irvine have discovered a molecular signaling mechanism that translates visual impairments into functional changes in brain circuit connections. The discovery may help to develop novel therapeutic drugs to treat the childhood visual disorder amblyopia and other neurodevelopment disorders

Medicine

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antibiotic resisistance, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, Keratitis, Superbug, Superbugs

Mass. Eye and Ear Team Discovers, Successfully Treats New Variant of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacterium

Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear have discovered a new mutation in a highly antibiotic-resistant strain of E. coli that resists clearance by the body’s own immune system by inhibiting white blood cells that ordinarily kill and remove bacteria. In a paper published online today in JAMA Ophthalmology, the researchers describe the case that led them to discover the mutation, and offer suggestions for how to recognize and address this particular microbe if encountered in the future.

Medicine

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Ophthalmology, Callahan Eye Hospital, Glaucoma, glaucoma research

Downs Receives BrightFocus Foundation Glaucoma Research Grant

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The BrightFocus Foundation has awarded a glaucoma research grant of more than $149,000 to J. Crawford Downs, Ph.D., of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, for his work on a new wireless system to measure and control fluid pressure around the optic nerve.

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What Vitamins and Nutrients Will Help Prevent My Glaucoma From Worsening?

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A recent study suggests that a diet that includes plenty of green, leafy vegetables may lower the risk of glaucoma.

Medicine

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FECD, Vision, Cornea, Descemet stripping, Ophthalmology

Researchers Find Proliferating Cells in Normal and Diseased Corneal Endothelium

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Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, identified rapidly proliferating cells (known as “neural crest-derived progenitor cells”) in the corneal endothelium of specimens from normal corneas and from corneas with Fuchs’ Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), a condition in which the cells responsible for keeping the cornea clear die prematurely — often leading to blindness. The findings, published in the American Journal of Pathology, hold promise for new therapies to be developed using the proliferating cells to return normal clearing abilities to the cornea in patients with FECD.

Medicine

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Gene Therapy

Lonza to Offer Novel Anc-AAV Gene Therapy Technology Through Exclusive Licensing Agreement with Massachusetts Eye and Ear

Lonza Houston, Inc., a global leader in viral gene and cell therapy manufacturing, and Massachusetts Eye and Ear, the world’s largest vision and hearing research center, have entered into a strategic agreement that provides customers the ability to in-license Anc80 and other Anc-AAVs for the clinical development and commercialization of novel gene therapies. The agreement is designed to accelerate gene therapy drug development across the field in order to address diseases in need of treatments and thereby ultimately reach more patients.

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Humira Provides Effective, Non-Steroid Alternative for Eye Inflammation

Patients suffering from noninfectious uveitis, a group of diseases that causes eye inflammation, can get effective treatment from a corticosteroid alternative that has previously been approved for treatment of arthritis and Crohn’s disease, according to a study led by a Duke Health researcher.

Medicine

Science

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zika, Eye Disease, infectious and emerging disease, Infectious Disease, zika virus, Uveitis, Conjunctivitis, Mosquito Borne Disease, Tears, RNA, virus outbreak

Zika Virus Found in Tears

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Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis published a study that shows that genetic material from the Zika virus has been found in tears. The study, fast-tracked for publication in Cell Reports, was conducted in mice, thereby creating an animal model for studying transmission and treatment of this alarming virus. The study, published September 6, 2016, also confirms that the Zika virus can lead to cell death in the eyes. Research to Prevent Blindness, located in New York, provided funding for this study.

Medicine

Channels:

Eyes, Medicine, eye drops, Opthamology

No Longer Lost in the Blink of an Eye

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Researchers at McMaster University have re-invented the eye drop with technology that can deliver medicine much more efficiently, making life easier for patients.

Medicine

Channels:

retina cells, Retina disease, Optic Nerve, Retinal ganglion cells, Photoreceptors, Retina, Blindness, AMD, age-related macular degeneration, Glaucoma, Diabetic Retinopathy, Neuron, Regeneration

Six Teams Seek to Identify Biological Factors That Influence Neural Regeneration

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The National Institutes of Health will fund six projects to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration in the retina. The projects are part of the National Eye Institute (NEI) Audacious Goals Initiative (AGI), a targeted effort to restore vision by regenerating neurons and their connections in the eye and visual system. These projects will receive a total of $12.4 million over three years, pending availability of funds.

Medicine

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spatial relations, Vision, Optometry, Opthalmology

Want to Hit Your Target? Good Luck, Short Stuff

Tall quarterbacks might have more going for them than a clear view over the offensive line. New research shows that tall people are better than shorter people at correctly identifying the location of targets in their middle-distance vision – between three and 20 meters away. (In football, that would be about three to 22 yards away.)

Medicine

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Optometry & Vision Science, Eyes, Astigmatism, Myopia, internal astigmatism, Sight

'Internal Astigmatism' Doesn't Compensate for Changes in the Eye Over Time

For people with nearsightedness (myopia), the lens doesn't compensate for growth or other changes in the structure of the eye, according to a long-term follow-up study in the September issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Ophthalmology, Glaucoma, Contact Lens, drug delivery platform

Drug-Dispensing Contact Lens Effectively Lowers Eye Pressure in Pre-Clinical Glaucoma Model

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A contact lens designed to deliver medication gradually to the eye could improve outcomes for patients with conditions requiring treatment with eye drops, which are often imprecise and difficult to self-administer. In a study published online today in Ophthalmology, a team of researchers have shown that a novel contact lens-based system, which uses a strategically placed drug polymer film to deliver medication gradually to the eye, is at least as effective, and possibly more so, as daily latanoprost eye drops in a pre-clinical model for glaucoma.

Medicine

Channels:

Cell Signaling, Retina, Vision, Pharmacology, Blindness, Macular Degeneration

Case Western Reserve University Researchers Identify New Drug Cocktail to Protect Mouse Retinas, Potentially Avoiding Blindness

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A gentle combination of FDA-approved drugs could protect critical cells in the eye, called photoreceptor cells, against damage caused by bright light.

Medicine

Channels:

Telemedicine, Eye Exam, electronic health, Diabetes, diabetetic retinopathy, Blindness, Vision Screening

Telemedicine Could Improve Eye Exam Access for People with Diabetes

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People with diabetes need vision screening every year to prevent blindness. What if the eye doctor came to them?

Science

Channels:

Vision, Perception, Psychology, eye, brain

A Visual Nudge Can Disrupt Recall of What Things Look Like

Interfering with your vision makes it harder to describe what you know about the appearance of even common objects, according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.







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