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JHU Researchers Make New Discovery about 3D Shape Processing in the Brain

While previous studies of the brain suggest that processing of objects and places occurs in very different locations, a research team has now found that they are closely related.

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New Poll: Americans Fear Blindness More Than Loss of Other Senses, Strongly Support More Funding for Research

According to a new poll, Americans across racial and ethnic groups describe losing eyesight as potentially having the greatest impact on their day-to-day life — more so than other conditions, including loss of memory, hearing and speech. A higher percentage of African-Americans (57%) cite this concern compared to non-Hispanic whites (49%), Asians (43%) and Hispanics (38%).

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A New Therapeutic Target May Prevent Blindness in Premature Babies at Risk of Retinopathy

Finding opens the possibility of developing new, more selective drugs to control the abnormal growth of blood vessels and prevent blindness including retinopathy of prematurity, a disorder that may result in retinal detachment due to abnormal blood vessel growth in the retina of the eye.

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Story Tips from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2014

1) Precision projectile tracker. 2) Microscopic needles to imprint the patient’s corneal tissue. 3) Connecting vehicles could save nearly 3 billion gallons of fuel. 4) Tiny Titan can help middle and high school students explore the fundamental concepts of parallel computing.

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Mouse Studies Advance Treatment for Common Eye Diseases

Working with mice, a multicenter team of researchers has found a new way to reduce the abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage in the eye that accompany some eye diseases. The finding could lead to the development of new drugs for wet macular degeneration and diabetic macular edema.

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Yellow Pigment in Eye May Aid Vision Through Haze, Suggests Optometry and Vision Science

Individuals with greater amounts of yellow pigment in the eye may be better able to see distant objects in hazy conditions, suggests a study in the September issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

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DNA Test for Congenital Cataracts Leads to Faster, More Accurate Diagnoses of Rare Diseases Linked to Childhood Blindness

Researchers in the United Kingdom have demonstrated that advanced DNA testing for congenital cataracts can quickly and accurately diagnose a number of rare diseases marked by childhood blindness, according to a study published online today in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Using a single test, doctors were able to tailor care specifically to a child’s condition based on their mutations reducing the time and money spent on diagnosis and enabling earlier treatment and genetic counseling.

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A Map for Eye Disease

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Vision specialists at the University of Iowa have created the most detailed molecular map of a region of the human eye associated with disease, including age-related macular degeneration. The map catalogs more than 4,000 proteins in each of three areas of the choroid. Results appear in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Psychology Research About Vision and Pigeons May Improve Driver Safety, Earns Honors

Kansas State University psychology professors receive recognition for research on scene gist and how human perception compares to that of pigeons.

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Age-Related Macular Degeneration—Optometry and Vision Science Presents Research Update

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Recent years have seen major strides in basic science and clinical research on age-related macular degeneration (AMD)—the leading cause of vision loss in older adults. The August issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry, is a theme issue devoted to advances and challenges in AMD research. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

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