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Alcohol and Alcoholism

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Medicine

Science

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Impulsivity, Youth, Alcohol Abuse, family history of alcoholism, social drinker, inhibition control, Offspring

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Aug-2016 5:00 PM EDT

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcohol, Behavior, Sexual Activity, HIV, Women, Drinking Alcohol

New Study Evaluates Link Between Young Women's Beliefs on Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk-Taking

A new University of Cincinnati study looks at how young women's beliefs about alcohol and sex affect condom usage during sexual encounters involving alcohol.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Behaviour, Biology, Diabetes, Mental Health, Diet and Body Weight, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases, Social And Behavioral Sciences, Neurobiolgy, Medicine & Health

'Aggressive Drunk' Gene May Protect Carriers From Obesity and Associated Risks

University of Helsinki researchers have previously demonstrated that a point mutation in a gene of serotonin 2B receptor can render the carrier prone to impulsive behaviour, particularly when drunk. Now the research group has established that the same mutation may shield its bearers from obesity and insulin resistance, both of which are associated with type 2 diabetes.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcoholism, Gene, genetics and addiction, medicine and health

Rats with Drinking Problem Provide Genetic Basis for Alcoholism

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Rats bred to abuse alcohol accumulated numerous genetic differences, many of which occurred in regulatory regions of the genome, reports Feng C. Zhou at Indiana University in Indianapolis and William Muir at Purdue University in West Lafayette Indiana, and colleagues in a study published on August 4 in PLOS Genetics.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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New York University Rory Meyers College of Nursing, CDUHR, New York University Langone Medical Center, Alcohol, Marijuana, Sex

Drunk or Stoned: Comparing Sexual Experiences Related to Alcohol and Marijuana Use Among Adults

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Researchers compared self-reported sexual experiences related to use of alcohol and marijuana, to examine if and how marijuana use may influence risk for unsafe sexual behavior.

Business

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Brexit, BEER, AB InBev, SABMiller, thomas barkley, whitman school of management, syracuse university, Budweiser, Miller

British Investors Stand to Lose Out on Big Beer Money

Medicine

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Alcohol Abuse, Binge Drinking, Nitric Oxide, Respiration, alcohol research

Loyola Study Finds That Excessive Alcohol Consumption Impacts Breathing

Loyola researchers have discovered a potential new health concern related to excessive alcohol consumption.Adults who drink excessively were found to have less nitric oxide in their exhaled breath than adults who don’t drink. Nitric oxide helps protect against certain harmful bacteria.

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Few People Know Mushrooms’ Health Benefits, Plasma Tech Can Be Tapped to Kill Biofilms on Perishable Foods, Are You in Your ‘Right’ Mind When Tasting a Favorite Beer, and More in the Food Science News Source

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Medicine

Science

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Adolescent Drinking, Neurobiological Development, Binge Drinking, Binge, Memory, Moderate Drinking, extreme binge drinking, Gender Differences

Adolescent Drinking Damages Later Verbal Learning and Memory Performance

Adolescence is both a time of rapid neurobiological changes and of the initiation of drinking – alcohol is the most commonly used substance among students in grades eight to 12. Binge-drinking effects are particularly concerning, although it is unclear whether and how much it affects neurocognitive performance. This study looked at two questions: first, whether moderate, binge, or extreme-binge drinking in adolescence had an impact on later performance in tests of verbal learning and memory (VLM); and second, whether the amount of alcohol consumed is associated with specific changes in learning and memory during six years of adolescence.

Medicine

Science

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Dopamine, BEER, Ventral Striatum, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Males, Frontal Lobe, right ventral striatum

When Tasting a Favorite Beer, Are You in Your ‘Right’ Mind?

According to researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine, you might be. Drug-seeking behavior can be prompted or cued by certain kinds of drug-associated stimuli. Prior research shows that this behavior likely depends on interactions between the brain’s frontal activity and release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the ventral striatum (a structure deep inside the brain that is related to motivated behavior and reward). Previously, the authors of this study, using positron emission tomography (PET), found that beer flavor alone (from small, non-intoxicating amounts of beer) elicited dopamine release in beer drinkers. Here, the authors examined a subset of the previous group, using a similar design, but with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) – a technique that reveals brain activation.

Science

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Study With Aye-Ayes and Slow Loris Finds That Prosimians Prefer Alcohol

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Study Sheds New Light on the Origins of Human Alcohol Consumption

Medicine

Science

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Glutamate, alcohol craving, Neurotransmitter, magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) , Alcohol Treatment

Glutamate Levels in the Brain May Be Linked to Alcohol Craving

Craving consists of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral elements related to a desire to drink alcohol, and can be experienced during intoxication, withdrawal, and/or prior to relapse. Different types of craving are hypothesized to be associated with different neurotransmitter systems. For example, reward craving may be mediated by dopamine and opioids, obsessive craving by serotonin, and relief craving by glutamate. This study used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) to examine the correlation between craving and glutamate levels in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC) of patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs).

Science

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IFT16, Science of Beer, BEER, Beer Pairings, Food Science, Food, food news

The Science Behind Beer and Food Pairings

Beer isn’t just for nuts and pretzels anymore. You can now find the perfect brew to accompany your favorite food, whether it’s picnic fare or haute cuisine, according to one of the nation’s top brewmasters. There are even beers that pair well with desserts, says Keith Villa, founder and head brewmaster of Blue Moon Brewing Company, a division of MillerCoors. In a July 18 presentation at IFT16: Where Science Feeds Innovation, hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), Villa offered insight into how to choose a beer to accompany different dishes on the menu.

Medicine

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Alcohol, alcholism, NIAAA, NIH, National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Liver, Lungs, Gastroenterology, Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, University Of Louisville

UofL Opens NIH-Designated Alcohol Research Center

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Alcohol abuse exacts a major toll on health and health costs in the United States and is the 3rd leading preventable cause of death. Researchers at the University of Louisville have received a nearly $8 million grant from the NIH that designates them as an NIAAA Alcohol Research Center.

Medicine

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Pediactrics, Child Care, parental addiction, Substance Abuse, Alcohol misuse, Drug Abuse, child protection

Children Affected by Parental Substance Use

Children whose caregivers misuse alcohol or use, produce or distribute drugs face an increased risk of medical and behavioral problems. According to a new clinical report by experts at Beth Israel Medical Center (BIDMC) and Boston Children’s Hospital, pediatricians hold the unique position to assess risk and intervene to protect children. The report is available online today and will appear in the August print edition of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Association of Pediatrics.

Medicine

Science

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Working Memory, Aging, social drinker, posterior alpha power, frontal theta power, Brain Activitiy, Sensitivity, memory efficiency

Working Memory in Aging Adults Becomes Increasingly Affected by Alcohol

Working memory can be thought of as short-term memory, temporarily holding ideas and recent events in the mind for quick recall. Working memory often declines with age; it may also be susceptible to interactions between age and alcohol use. Frontal theta power (FTP) and posterior alpha power (PAP) are electrophysiological measures of brain activity associated with cognitive effort and maintenance of visual information. This study looks at alcohol effects on FTP and PAP during a working memory task in younger and older social drinkers.

Medicine

Science

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Energy Drinks, Alcohol, Alcohol Abuse, Binge Drinking, Caffeine, high caffeine levels, Desire, clubbing

There Is Something About Those Energy Drinks

Energy drinks combined with alcohol (AmEDs) were once available for purchase as a premixed beverage, until 2010 when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that the combination was unsafe. However, the popularity of AmEDs continues to rise, fueled by private consumers and bartenders. There are a variety of risks associated with AmEDs, including a greater chance of binge drinking than with alcoholic beverages alone. This study investigated whether consuming high-caffeine energy drinks mixed with alcohol results in a greater desire to drink alcohol than alcohol alone.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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post-traumatic stress disorder , PTSD, PTSD and college students, Trauma, PTSD treatment, Alcohol Consumption, College Freshmen

Students’ PTSD Symptoms Fluctuate Greatly During First Year of College

A new University at Buffalo study is helping researchers better understand how post-traumatic stress disorder fluctuates in students during their first year of college.

Medicine

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Alcohol, Critical Care, Health Care, Public Health, Science Health And The Law, poverty and health

Small Rise in Booze Duty Could Cut Violence-Related Emergency Visits by 6,000 a Year

A small rise of 1% in alcohol prices could significantly reduce violence-related injuries in England and Wales, consequently reducing their burden on hard-pressed emergency departments, concludes a study by Cardiff University.

Medicine

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Addiction, Alcohol Abuse, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Jun Wang

Researchers Pinpoint Neurons That Tell The Brain When To Stop Drinking

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By activating particular neurons, we may be able to influence alcohol drinking behavior, according to new findings published by researchers at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine in the journal Biological Psychiatry.







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