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Flu Vaccines, Medical Curriculum Tailored to Native Americans, Tackling Heart Disease, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

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Science

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counterfeit alcohol, Russia, illegal counterfeit alcohol products, socioeconomic factors, Risky Behavior, Poverty, indifference, Social Networks, homemade alcohol

When Russians Purchase Counterfeit Alcohol

Although counterfeit alcohol is a new phenomenon in most of the world, it has been a longstanding problem in Russia. In 2002, illegal commercial alcohol products totaled more than half of the alcohol retail turnover in that country. More recently, an economic recession has reactivated illicit markets in Russia. While the demand for lower-priced counterfeit alcohol is often linked to economic disadvantages, this research examined whether the problem is more complicated.

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Parents Grade Themselves, Signals from Fat, Getting Teens to Exercise, and More in the Obesity News Source

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source

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Alcohol, women & drinking, Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol’s Effect Can Be More Damaging to Women

Listen up ladies. Women simply don’t metabolize alcohol in the same way as men. It’s called the telescoping effect.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Underage Drinking, alcohol marketing, Internet alcohol marketing

Pilot Study Finds Youth More Likely Than Adults to Report Seeing Alcohol Marketing on the Internet

Underage youth are nearly twice as likely to recall seeing alcohol marketing on the internet than adults, with almost one in three saying they saw alcohol-related content in the previous month, according to a new pilot survey led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

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Hangover, hangover cure, Drinking Alcohol

‘Hair of the Dog’ Won’t Cure That Hangover

The notion that having a drink can cure a hangover has been around since the 16th century. That doesn't mean it's true.

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Anesthesiology, Opioids, Elderly, Respiratory Health, Alcohol

Mixing Opioids and Alcohol May Increase Likelihood of Dangerous Respiratory Complication, Especially in the Elderly, Study Finds

Taking one oxycodone tablet together with even a modest amount of alcohol increases the risk of a potentially life-threatening side effect known as respiratory depression, which causes breathing to become extremely shallow or stop altogether, reports a study published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology.

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Alcohol Withdrawal, pain, Electroacupuncture, rodent study, Hyperalgesia, relapse to drinking, Alternative Therapies, mu opioid receptors

Pain During Alcohol Withdrawal: Electroacupuncture May Help

Hyperalgesia refers to an increased sensitivity to pain. It can occur during alcohol withdrawal, and may contribute to a relapse to drinking. Alternative therapies such as acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA; which combines acupuncture with electrical stimulation) are effective in reducing pain and, possibly, alcohol-withdrawal symptoms. This rodent study investigated whether EA can alleviate hyperalgesia during alcohol withdrawal, potentially reducing the risk of a relapse to drinking, and whether it achieves this effect via action at mu opioid receptors (MORs) located in a brain region called the lateral habenula.

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Cytokines, Immune System, Alcohol Dependence, Stress, alcohol craving, Anxiety, problem drinkers, biological response, motivation to drink, immuno suppresion

Immune System Suppression May Be Related to Problem Drinking

Cytokines are small proteins in the immune system that act as chemical messengers between cells. Prior research suggests that pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines are dysfunctional during alcohol dependence and may contribute to the progression from healthy to problem drinking. This study compared social and non-dependent problem drinkers on the impact of alcohol-related changes in the body’s immune response to stress, alcohol-cue induced craving and anxiety, motivation to drink, and alcohol consumption.

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Gastroenterology And Hepatology, Liver Disease, Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

ACG Guideline on Evaluation of Abnormal Liver Chemistries Recommends “New Normal” for Serum ALT Levels

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A new clinical guideline from the American College of Gastroenterology offers the first recommendations in over 10 years on the evaluation of abnormal liver chemistries. For the first time in a liver test guideline, the authors define a normal healthy serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level for women and men (up to 25 IU/L for women, up to 33 IU/L for men) and recommend that levels above this should be assessed by physicians.

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UNH Research Finds Deaths Involving Drugs, Alcohol and Suicide Are on the Rise

Nationwide, the mortality rate from deaths caused by drugs, alcohol and suicide rose 52 percent from 2000 to 2014, according to new research from the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire. Most of the increase was driven by a surge in prescription opioid and heroin overdoses.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Youth Violence, Drug Abuse, Alcohol Abuse, Weapon, Public Health, adolescent alcohol problems , Adolescence, Suicide

Intimate Partner Violence Among Youth Linked to Suicide, Weapons and Drug Use

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Adolescents who are violent toward their romantic partners are also more likely to think about or attempt suicide, carry a weapon, threaten others with a weapon and use drugs or alcohol than peers in non-violent relationships, according to new research from the University of Georgia.

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Alcohol Use Disorder, American Indian, Alaskan natives , Men and alcohol

Posttraumatic Stress and Alcohol Use Disorders Hit American-Indian and Alaskan-Native Men the Hardest

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can develop after a traumatic event or events. Although it is most often associated with military personnel exposed to the trauma of combat, it can also disproportionately affect vulnerable American Indian and Alaskan-Native (AI/AN) populations. Because alcohol use disorders (AUDs) also have a disproportionate impact on AI/ANs, this study compared both lifetime PTSD and past-year AUD among AI/ANs and non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs).

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Alcohol Use, Suicide, Motor Vehicle Crashes, alcohol and other drugs, Cocaine, Depressive Symptoms

Combined Use of Alcohol and Cocaine May Play a Unique Role in Suicide Risk

Alcohol use can be found in suicide deaths and unintentional deaths due to injuries such as those from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). The authors of this study argue that it is important to distinguish between the roles that alcohol may play in the two different types of deaths. Consequently, they compared postmortem toxicology results for alcohol and other drugs, alone and in combination, in suicide and MVC deaths.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Addiction, alcholism, Substance Abuse, Addiction, Counseling, Behavior, Social Science

Trusting Relationship with Counselor Vital to Successful Alcohol Treatment

Patients who reported the most positive relationships with their counselors on a session-to-session basis had fewer days of drinking and fewer days of heavy drinking between treatment sessions than patients whose relationship was not as positive. The results indicate that efforts to ensure a good match between patient and counselor can have considerable benefits to the patient’s recovery.

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alcoholic liver disease, Binge Drinking, heavy drinking, rodent study, liver dysfunction, Liver Damage, Fatty Liver

Think Binge Drinking Is Safer for Your Liver Than Regular Heavy Drinking? Think Again.

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) occurs on a spectrum of severity. The majority of people who drink excessively develop a fatty liver, which though often symptom free, can progress to a state of inflammation, fibrosis, and cell death that can be fatal. Little is known about liver disruption that may occur in problem drinkers who are not alcohol dependent. To help understand the development of ALD, this study used a rodent model to examine differences in liver damage between binge drinkers and heavy drinkers.

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Alcohol Abuse, Elder Care, Alcoholism, Depression, Health, Social Work

Problem Drinking in Older Adults

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Older adults suffering from multiple chronic health conditions and depression are nearly five times as likely to be problem drinkers as older adults with the same conditions and no depression.

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Marijuana Use, Alcohol Use Disorder, alcohol use disorder development, Adolescents, young adult, high risk families, peer influence, parental influence, maternal alcohol use

Legal or Not, Marijuana Can Increase the Risk of Developing Alcohol Use Disorders

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) develop with time and in stages. Following the initiation of drinking, some people progress to problem drinking, and then develop a “cluster” of specific problems to comprise an AUD. However, not all stages of AUD development have been studied equally. This report examines high-risk families to understand underlying influences across multiple stages of AUD development.

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Underage Drinking, Binge Drinking, Alcohol, alcohol ads

Evidence Growing of Link Between Youth Exposure to Alcohol Marketing and Youth Drinking

A new analysis of 12 long-term studies published since 2008 from across the globe finds that young people under the legal drinking age who are more exposed to alcohol marketing appear more likely to start drinking early and also to engage in binge drinking.

Medicine

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Norman Haughey, PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, mice, Alcohol, glur1, Glutamate

Alcohol Prevents Ability to Extinguish Fearful Memories in Mice

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Experiments in mice by researchers at Johns Hopkins suggest that if the goal is to ease or extinguish fearful emotional memories like those associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol may make things worse, not better. Results of their study demonstrate, they say, that alcohol strengthens emotional memories associated with fearful experiences and prevents mice from pushing aside their fears.







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