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Alcohol and Alcoholism

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Medicine

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Liver Disease, Alcohol Addiction, Liver Transplantation, Screening, addiction specialist

Liver-Transplant Patients Can Benefit From Screening by an Addiction Specialist

A liver transplant is usually the last-chance remedy for end-stage liver disease. Quality of life and/or survival rates within the first five post-transplant years, independent of the primary reason for the transplant, are similar to those for patients with other types of cirrhosis. Alcohol relapses after liver transplantation are a critical issue and severe alcohol relapse can have dire consequences. This study compares the routine post-transplant evaluation of drinking with one obtained through a specific addiction consultation.

Life

Business

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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craft beer, Marketing expert, Marketing

Beer Epiphany: How Brand-Name Beer Drinkers Become Craft Beer "Aficionados"

Andre Maciel, an assistant marketing professor at Nebraska, spent three years studying craft beer drinkers and how they train their taste buds to prefer craft beer over mass-market brands.

Medicine

Science

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Hunting the Wild Fava, Are Barley Sprouts Good for Dairy Cattle? Watermelon's Effect on Blood Vessels, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

Medicine

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Study Finds Resilience Protects Against Risk for Developing Alcohol Use Disorders

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Resilience considerably reduces risk for developing alcohol use disorders, according to a new study conducted by researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University and Lund University in Sweden.

Medicine

Science

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alcohol use disorders, personality traits, Resilience, Genetics, Environment, risk, Influences

Resilience: A Small, Quiet Word with Huge Alcohol Use Disorder Implications

Certain personality traits – such as disinhibition (a lack of restraint) and impulsivity – increase the chances of developing alcohol use disorders (AUDs).

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Theta Burst Stimulation, Brain Stimulation, TMS, Reward Seeking Behavior, Addiction, Impulsive Behaviors, Sex Drive

Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation May Help People Manage Their Drive for Gambling, Sex, Alcohol or Overeating

UCLA study looks at theta burst stimulation as intervention in problem behaviors

Medicine

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β-Klotho gene , DNA, social drinking, Alchohol, Ut Southwestern, Gene

UT Southwestern Researchers’ International Study Zeros in on Gene That Limits Desire to Drink Alcohol

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In the largest study of its kind, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers and colleagues in Europe identified a gene variant that suppresses the desire to drink alcohol.

Medicine

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Addiction, Drug Addiction, Alcohol Addiction, Smoking, Smoking Cessation

Drug and Alcohol Addiction Treatment Results Improved When Teens Stopped Smoking, Case Western Reserve University Researcher Finds

A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher has found that addiction treatment results improved when teens in a residential program stopped smoking.

Medicine

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A Small Amount of Alcohol Could Mean Trouble for Women

The holiday season sometimes brings with it excessive alcohol consumption. Women need to be aware that even a lit bit of holiday cheer can cause some serious health problems.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Addiction, Surgeon General's Report, Drugs, Healthcare, Surgeon General, Opioids, tobacco addiction, Alcohol Addiction, Opioid Addiction

Virginia Tech Addiction Expert Lauds Surgeon General’s Report on Substance Use Disorders, Calls for Treatment Reform

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Medicine

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alcohol research, alcohol impacts, Epigenetic, Immune System

Top Researchers Report Negative Effects of Alcohol

Researchers from around the country who are studying alcohol’s negative effects on the body discussed their latest findings during a meeting at Loyola University Chicago’s Health Sciences campus.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Addiction, Adolescent Addiction, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Use Disorder, maternal sensitivity, Early Childhood, Underage Drinking, developmental transitions, child self-regulation, Substance Use Disorders

Preventing Adolescent Substance Use May Need to Start in Early Childhood

Research from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions suggests the approach to preventing alcohol and drug use by some adolescents should begin in early childhood.

Medicine

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teenage binge drinking

Teenage Binge Drinking Can Affect Brain Function of Future Offspring

Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions in future generations, potentially putting offspring at risk for such conditions as depression, anxiety, and metabolic disorders, a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study has found.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Sibilings, Problem Behavior, Addiction, Psycholgy, Adolscents, Twins, Alcohol misuse, Substance Abuse, Delinquency, Behaivor, Teens

Does a ‘Bad’ Apple Spoil the Bunch? Study Shows How Problem Behaviors Spread in Siblings

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Siblings bear responsibility for the spread of problem behaviors. Identifying the exact nature of that influence has proven difficult, because behavior problems in siblings can also be traced to friends, shared genetics and shared experiences with parents. Evidence describing how problem behaviors spread between siblings has been scarce – until now, thanks to a first-of-its-kind longitudinal study on identical and fraternal twins.

Medicine

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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Birth Defects, Rajesh Miranda, Texas A&M Health Science Center

Blood Test May Help Identify Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, Research Shows

Researchers at the Texas A&M College of Medicine, the University of California San Diego School of Medicine and the Omni-Net Birth Defects Prevention Program in Ukraine have identified a blood test that may help predict how severely a baby will be affected by alcohol exposure during pregnancy.

Medicine

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, FASD, Genetics, Pregancy and Childbirth, Obstetrics, Birth Defects, biomarkers

Blood Test May Help Identify Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine and the Omni-Net Birth Defects Prevention Program in Ukraine have identified a blood test that may help predict how severely a baby will be affected by alcohol exposure during pregnancy.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcohol Abuse

Telephone-Based Intervention Shows Promise in Combating Alcohol Abuse Among Soldiers

Researchers at the University of Washington tested a telephone-based intervention for military members struggling with alcohol abuse, with promising results. Participants significantly reduced their drinking over time, had lower rates of alcohol dependence and were more likely to seek treatment.

Medicine

Science

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Alcohol, Sugar, Artificial Sweeteners, Fasting, Diet, Breath Alcohol Concentrations, Women, gastric activity, Alcohol Metabolism

Does Sugar Make Your Alcoholic Drink Less Dangerous?

Recent research suggests that some women restrict food before and while drinking, quite possibly to compensate for alcohol-related calories. This can result in a combined state of fasting/alcohol intake, which can lead to higher breath alcohol concentrations (BrACs). Artificially sweetened alcohol mixers are also a commonly reported weight-control strategy. To determine whether artificial sweeteners accelerate alcohol responses or sugar dampens its effect (or a combination of both), this study investigated the effects of consuming alcohol with mixers containing no sweetener, sugar, or artificial sweetener on BrACs in a group of young women.

Medicine

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Stressed-Out Rats Consume More Alcohol, Revealing Related Brain Chemistry

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Researchers found that rodents that had been exposed to stress had a weakened alcohol-induced dopamine response and voluntarily drank more alcohol compared to controls. The blunted dopamine signaling to ethanol arose due to changes in the circuitry in the ventral tegmental area, the heart of the brain's reward system.

Medicine

Science

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Brain, phosphatidylethanol, Death, Autopsy, Postmortem, Cerebellum, drinking status

The Brain Can Reveal Drinking Status Even After Death

Scientists who use postmortem brain tissue to study alcohol’s effects on brain structure and function will find this research interesting. Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is an alcohol metabolite and its concentration in whole blood samples is a biomarker of drinking habits. For this study, scientists examined PEth levels in postmortem brains of individuals known to have had alcohol use disorders (AUDs).







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