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Sorting Through Recycling Bins to Learn about Alcohol Use

When researchers wanted to verify alcohol-use survey results at a senior housing center, they came up with a novel way to measure residents’ drinking: Count the empty bottles in recycling bins.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Does Dip Decrease or Deepen Addiction to Nicotine?

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Smokeless tobacco products are marketed as a way for smokers to cut back on the negative effects of tobacco, while still being able to use it. Is that really the case? A professor in the Department of Psychology at West Virginia University is investigating whether smokers are using smokeless tobacco products as a replacement, or supplement to cigarettes.

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Quitting Cigarettes Tougher for Heavy-Drinking Smokers, but Phone Counseling Can Help

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Smokers who drink heavily have a tougher time quitting cigarettes than smokers who drink moderately or not at all. However, a multi-center study led by researchers in Yale Cancer Center and Yale School of Medicine found that modifying tobacco-oriented telephone counseling to help hazardous drinkers can help them quit smoking.

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Pre-Thanksgiving Drinking Ritual is a Real Buzz Kill

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The day before Thanksgiving, nicknamed Blackout Wednesday, is a time when college students are home and reunite with friends over beers or alcoholic beverages in bars and restaurants. But what often starts out as a joyous celebration all too often ends up as a senseless tragedy.

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Reported Opioid Abuse in Pregnant Women More Than Doubles in 14 Years

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The number of pregnant women who abuse or are dependent on opioids (narcotics) jumped 127 percent in 14 years, leading to an increased risk of maternal death and stillbirth among other serious problems, according to a review of more than 57 million American women admitted for delivery. The results were published in the December issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®).

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Alcohol Taxes Can Improve Health, Lead to More Jobs

Embargoed research from APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting and Exposition, Nov. 15-19.

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Young Bar Patrons More Likely to Smoke and Use Multiple Tobacco Products

Embargoed research from APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting and Exposition, Nov. 15-19

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Mayo Clinic Researchers Discover Genetic Markers for Alcoholism Recovery

In an international study, Mayo Clinic researchers and collaborators have identified genetic markers that may help in identifying individuals who could benefit from the alcoholism treatment drug acamprosate. The findings, published in the journal Translational Psychiatry, show that patients carrying these genetic variants have longer periods of abstinence during the first three months of acamprosate treatment.

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TSRI Study Shows How Exercise Could Reduce Relapse During Meth Withdrawal

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Scripps Research Institute scientists have found that even brief workouts can reduce the risk of relapse in rats withdrawing from methamphetamine. Team found exercise affected neurons in a brain region never before associated with meth withdrawal, suggesting a new direction for drug development.

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Youth Pastors Feel Ill-Equipped to Help Young People Cope with Mental Health Issues, Baylor Study Finds

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Many mental health disorders first surface during adolescence, and college and youth pastors are in a good position to offer help or steer youths elsewhere to find it. But many of those pastors feel ill-prepared to recognize and treat mental illness, according to a Baylor University study.

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