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Alcohol and Alcoholism

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Energy Drinks, Alcohol, Drunk Driving, caffein, energy drinks mixed with alcohol, Students, Parents, Clinicians, college administrators

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Sep-2016 5:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Homicide, Alcohol, alcohol-involved homicide, male gender, Domestic Abuse, minority status, Alcohol Policies, Victims

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Sep-2016 5:00 PM EDT

Medicine

Science

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heavy drinking, Older Adults, neurocognition, Damage, Alcohol Dependence

Older adults with long-term alcohol dependence lose neurocognitive abilities

Heavy drinking can lead to neurophysiological and cognitive changes ranging from disrupted sleep to more serious neurotoxic effects. Aging can also contribute to cognitive decline. Several studies on the interaction of current heavy drinking and aging have had varied results. This study sought to elucidate the relations among age, heavy drinking, and neurocognitive function.

Medicine

Science

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Trauma, Women, Racial Differences, PTSD, European American, African American, Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Alcohol Use, Alcohol Use Disorder

Specific Trauma Experiences Contribute to Women's Alcohol Use, Differs by Race

Trauma exposure has consistently been reported as a risk factor for alcohol use and related problems. Further, racial differences in alcohol use, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and trauma exposure between European American (EA) and African American (AA) women have been reported previously. This study sought to identify racial differences in alcohol involvement, and to examine the risk conferred by specific trauma exposures and PTSD for different stages of alcohol involvement in EA and AA women.

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Law and Public Policy

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Presidential Debate: Expert Panel Gives Scientific Analysis of Candidates' Performances

Four expert panelists each day will present their analyses and answer your questions live and face-to-face. This event will be virtual. You can attend with any device -- PC, Mac, iPad, iPhone or Android device (with a webcam) – anywhere with good bandwidth. To participate (ask questions) in the meeting, you must be on video, just as a normal news conference. Register below for guaranteed seating; there is limited seating in the virtual room. Eight experts (four at each event) will present their analyses. The diverse expert team (7 universities and an institute) will analyze both candidates during the debates for their gestures, facial expressions (including smiles--number, type, appropriateness, etc.), posture, language, including sentiment, tone, inflammatory language, repetition, vocabulary, sentence structure, metaphors, framing, themes, suggestions, subtlety, nuance, honesty (deceit/lies—explicit and implicit), transparency, gender issues, and more...

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Research Links Sleep Habits to Adolescent Drug and Alcohol Use

A study led by researchers from the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Pitt Department of Psychology has identified a possible link between adolescent sleep habits and early substance abuse. The study, published today in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, found that both sleep duration and sleep quality during late childhood predict alcohol and cannabis use later in adolescence.

Medicine

Science

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lung, Injury, Smoking, Alcohol, alcohol use disorders, oxidative lung damage, upper airways

Testing for Damage to Airways Caused by Drinking and Smoking

Cells in the lung are constantly exposed to oxygen and intermittently exposed to other environmental factors, resulting in a susceptibility to oxidative injury. Both alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and cigarette smoking heighten pulmonary oxidative stress, likely due to antioxidant depletion. Pulmonary oxidative stress damages innate immunity, which can contribute to increased pneumonia susceptibility and severity. This study sought to understand whether measures of pulmonary oxidative stress in upper airway fluid are comparable to measures in the lower airways, and whether either compartment is preferentially affected by AUDs and/or smoking. If upper airways’ and lower airways’ oxidative stress indices are similar, less invasive methods to assess pulmonary oxidative stress, such as mini-bronchoalveolar lavage (mini-BAL) or sputum evaluations, could be used in research and clinical settings.

Medicine

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National Institutes of Health, Centers for Biomedical Research Excellence, Cobre, University Of Louisville, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, alcoholic liver disease, Hepatology, Toxicology, Substance Abuse, Alcoholicism

UofL Researchers Take Lead Role in Exploring Liver Disease

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A research team from the University of Louisville has received a Centers of Biomedical Research Excellence grant of more than $11.5 million over five years from the National Institutes of Health to explore diseases of the liver—hepatobiology and toxicology.

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Suicide, Alcohol, Prevention, Alcohol Policies, Review

Strong Alcohol Policies Can Help Prevent Suicide

Suicide was the tenth leading cause of death in the United States in 2013. There is clear evidence that intoxication and chronic, heavy drinking are often associated with suicide. While alcohol policies are known to be effective in reducing excessive drinking, this review undertakes a critical look at the literature on the relationship between alcohol policies and suicide.

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Global Food Security, Eating Your Greens Could Help Your Game, Lower Cancer Risk with Ginger and Chili Peppers, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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FAS, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, alcohol research, Alcohol, Birth Defects, alcohol and pregnancy, Pregnancy, Babies, baby, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Spina Bifida, Binghamton University, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton

Developmental Exposure Alcohol Research Center (DEARC) at @Binghamtonu Joining to Increase Awareness of the Risks of Drinking Alcohol While Pregnant

Medicine

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Drugs, College, Marijuana, Alcohol, Smoking

Marijuana Use Remains on the Rise Among US College Students, but Narcotic Drug Use Declines

College student marijuana use continues its nearly decade-long increase, according to the most recent national Monitoring the Future study.

Medicine

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Alcoholism, Addiction, Neuroscience, Amygdala, neuron circuits, Alcohol Dependence

TSRI Scientists Reverse Alcohol Dependence in Animal Models

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There may be a way to switch off the urge for compulsive drinking, according to a new study in animal models led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute.

Medicine

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Alcohol, heavy drinking, Women, Liver Injury, liver inflammation, alcoholic liver disease

Women at Higher Risk for Alcoholic Liver Disease Than Men

Heavy drinking frequently causes liver inflammation and injury, and fatty acids (FAs) involved in pro- and anti-inflammatory responses could play a critical role in these processes. This study evaluated heavy drinking and changes in levels of omega-6 (ω-6, pro-inflammatory) and omega-3 (ω-3, anti-inflammatory) FAs in alcohol dependent (AD) patients who showed no clinical signs of liver injury.

Medicine

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Psychiatry, Neuroimaging, Addiction, Cognitive Behavior, Alcohol, Adolescence

Researchers Identify Neural Factors That Predict Adolescent Alcohol Use

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Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine have identified 34 neural factors that predict adolescent alcohol consumption. The list, based upon complex algorithms analyzing data from neuropsychological testing and neuroimaging studies, was significantly more accurate —approximately 74 percent — than demographic information alone.

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Alcohol, Alcoholism, Addiction, fMRI, Pet And Mri Scans, Dopamine, Brain Scans

Addiction Cravings May Get Their Start Deep in the Right Side of the Brain

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If you really want a drink right now, the source of your craving may be a pea-sized structure deep inside the right side of your brain, according to scientists at the Indiana University School of Medicine.

Science

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Alcohol, Biology, Food Science, Nutrition, Plant Science

New Research Sheds Light on How Aged Wine Gets Its Aroma

Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after aroma.

Medicine

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Impulsivity, Youth, Alcohol Abuse, family history of alcoholism, social drinker, inhibition control, Offspring

Impulsivity Levels Help Identify At-Risk Offspring of Alcoholics

Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. For this study, researchers examined “waiting” impulsivity – a tendency toward prematurely responding to a reward, and previously associated with a predisposition to drinking. The study sample comprised young, moderate-to-heavy social drinkers who were either positive (FHP) or negative (FHN) for a family history of alcoholism. Impulsivity was assessed after an alcoholic or non-alcoholic drink.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcohol, Behavior, Sexual Activity, HIV, Women, Drinking Alcohol

New Study Evaluates Link Between Young Women's Beliefs on Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk-Taking

A new University of Cincinnati study looks at how young women's beliefs about alcohol and sex affect condom usage during sexual encounters involving alcohol.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Behaviour, Biology, Diabetes, Mental Health, Diet and Body Weight, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases, Social And Behavioral Sciences, Neurobiolgy, Medicine & Health

'Aggressive Drunk' Gene May Protect Carriers From Obesity and Associated Risks

University of Helsinki researchers have previously demonstrated that a point mutation in a gene of serotonin 2B receptor can render the carrier prone to impulsive behaviour, particularly when drunk. Now the research group has established that the same mutation may shield its bearers from obesity and insulin resistance, both of which are associated with type 2 diabetes.







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