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Alcohol and Alcoholism

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Medicine

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Nyu Langone, Donald Wilson, Monica Lewin, Mariko Saito, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, lithium chloride, Slow-wave sleep, non-REM sleep

Study Shows Lithium Chloride Blunts Brain Damage Linked to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

A single dose of lithium chloride, a drug used to treat bipolar disease and aggression, blocks the sleep disturbances, memory loss, and learning problems tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, new experiments in mice show.

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In Defense of Fruitcake, Weather-Hunger Link, High Protein Soybean, and More in the Food Science News Source

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Science

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Movie, early adolescence, alcohol exposure, alcohol experimentation, movie influence, movie portrayal, friend influence, parent influence, middle school youth, on-screen drinking, Underage Drinking, Federal Trade Commission

Movies Wield Powerful Influence on Drinking Habits of 10- to 15-Year-Olds

Early adolescence is a high-risk period for alcohol experimentation and initiation. Adolescent drinking is linked to exposure to alcohol use in the media. This study examined the influence that movie portrayals of drinking may have on the onset of drinking among 6th, 7th and 8th graders, and the impact that viewing the movie with a friend or parent might have. Researchers also examined movie influence across a spectrum of early-drinking milestones: sipping alcohol (but not consuming a full drink), consuming a full drink of alcohol, and engaging in heavy episodic drinking.

Science

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tofu whey, biotransformation, Alcohol, zero waste

NUS Researchers Develop World’s First Alcoholic Beverage Made From Tofu Whey

A research team from the National University of Singapore has successfully turned tofu whey, a liquid that is generated from the production of tofu and is often discarded, into a tasty alcoholic beverage.

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Holiday Advice, holiday drinks, Drinking Alcohol, Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Addiction

Holiday Festivities Can Make It Easy to Overdo Alcohol Consumption

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The holidays generate both positive and negative emotions, and drinking is one of the methods that people often use to cope.

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Science

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Adolescence, Adolescent Drinking, alcohol prroblems, early age drinking, early-age drinking, first drunkenness, Binge Drinking, heavy drinking, initiation of drinking

Early Adolescent Drinking Increases Risk of Problem Drinking by Age 17

Early-age drinking is common in many western nations; for example, 54 percent of Australian 14- to 19-year olds have reported past-year alcohol use. Although early-age drinking has been associated with developing later alcohol problems, findings have been inconsistent. This study used data from the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study to examine age at first drink, age of first drunkenness, and associations with subsequent drinking during adolescence.

Medicine

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Alcohol Use, Substance Abuse, Substance Use

Impact of a Genetic Risk Factor for Substance Use Differs by Sex in Adolescents

In a study of adolescent boys and girls, neuroscientists have found a sex difference in a gene linked to substance use disorders.

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The One Gene, Menu Labeling, Holiday Food Stress, and More in the Obesity News Source

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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Ibuprofen, Inflammation

Ibuprofen May Block Damage From Fetal-Alcohol Exposure

An anti-inflammatory drug may have the potential to stall the damaging effects of alcohol on the fetal brain, a new study suggests. Ibuprofen reduced neuroinflammation and behavioral signs of alcohol exposure in a rat model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).

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Genetic Variation, subjective response to alcohol, DNA, Gene Variants, Genetic Influences, Environmental Influences

Human Genetic Variation Influences Alcohol’s Sedating and Stimulating

Although estimates vary, scientists believe that 50 to 64 percent of the risk of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is inherited. One way to identify this risk is through a person’s subjective response to alcohol. This study investigated the effects of two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or changes in DNA sequence called rs279858 (in the GABRA2 gene) and rs2832407 (in the GRIK1 gene) – previously linked to AUD risk – on individuals’ subjective responses to intravenously administered alcohol.







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