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  • Embargo expired:
    11-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697083

Reminder Emails after a Computer-based Intervention Help Some College Students Reduce Their Drinking

Research Society on Alcoholism

College students entering adulthood often drink too much. Negative consequences can include missed classes, poor grades, a wide array of injuries, and even assault. Many academic institutions have addressed this problem by offering computer-delivered interventions (CDIs) for rapid and wide dissemination to students. Although effective in the short term, CDIs are not as helpful longer-term as face-to-face interventions. However, face-to-face interventions are typically only used with students who receive alcohol sanctions, whereas CDIs can be used with large groups (such as student athletes, or all incoming students) and are more cost-effective. This study examined the usefulness of “boosters” – personalized emails sent to post-CDI participants– for maintaining decreased drinking.

Released:
6-Jul-2018 9:35 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    10-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697022

Alcoholics Continue to Have Problems with Emotional Communication Despite Abstinence

Research Society on Alcoholism

An important part of communication is non-verbal. Most people who engage in social interactions recognize a range of emotional states reflected in other people’s facial expressions, body postures, and/or tone of voice. Alcoholism has been linked to difficulties in perceiving and processing emotions expressed in these non-verbal cues. This study examined whether these difficulties persist after long-term abstinence from alcohol.

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5-Jul-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697204

Aspirin Desensitization Improves Alcohol-Induced Allergies in Patients with Underlying Respiratory Disease

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Patients who suffer from Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (AERD) often experience an additional allergic reaction when drinking alcohol, including nasal congestion, wheezing, and a runny nose. Now a new study led by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania finds a common treatment for AERD – aspirin desensitization – can also help alleviate the alcohol-induced symptoms of the condition.

Released:
10-Jul-2018 9:20 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697140

Alarming Trend Shows First-Time Smoking Among Young Adults

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Millennials living more dangerously and settling down later could be creating a new generation of addicted smokers and e-cigarette users, according to the surprising results of research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

Released:
9-Jul-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    9-Jul-2018 12:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696996

A Lifetime Sentence: Incarceration of Parents Impacts Health of Their Children into Adulthood

Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Young adults who had parents incarcerated during childhood do not receive timely healthcare and have more unhealthy behaviors, Lurie Children’s researchers find

Released:
3-Jul-2018 2:50 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    5-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696905

People with Alcohol Problems Tend to Wrongly Identify Emotional Faces as Hostile

Research Society on Alcoholism

The ability to recognize emotion in others’ facial expressions is an important social skill for interpersonal relationships, work interactions, and family life. Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are linked to a number of deficits in reasoning and emotional functions, including difficulty in identifying emotional facial expressions. This study examined the emotion-recognition abilities of individuals with an AUD and whether the expected deficits were associated with drinking or anxious and depressive symptoms.

Released:
2-Jul-2018 7:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    5-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696904

Twenty Years Later: Revisiting Individuals Previously Diagnosed with Alcohol Use Disorders

Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol-related problems often begin in the late teens to early twenties, then decrease as drinkers grow older. However, recent reports indicate greater-than-expected problematic drinking by older populations. There are limited ways to predict which older individuals may develop alcohol-related problems, including those with earlier-onset alcohol use disorders (AUDs). This analysis evaluated predictors of alcohol outcomes among individuals who earlier reported AUDs while participating in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA).

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2-Jul-2018 7:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 696950

Timely Interventions Help Spot Signs of Teen Dating Violence

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Therapist- and computer-led alcohol interventions held in the emergency department also can reduce teenage dating violence perpetration and depression symptoms, a new study finds.

Released:
2-Jul-2018 4:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 696829

URI Drug Study Produces ‘Promising Therapy’ for Alcohol Abuse

University of Rhode Island

Researchers are testing the safety and efficacy of a drug originally developed by Pfizer to treat obesity and diabetes that blocks gherlin, known as the hunger hormone. In those with alcohol use disorder, higher concentrations of ghrelin are associated with higher alcohol craving and consumption. The researchers believe that an oral medication that blocks ghrelin may help stave off cravings for alcohol.

Released:
28-Jun-2018 3:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    28-Jun-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696631

People with Hepatitis C Infection and Alcohol Problems Face Greater Psychiatric and Immune Complications

Research Society on Alcoholism

Infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a contagious liver disease with symptoms that range from mild illness for a few weeks to serious, lifelong liver problems. Veterans with HCV infection are almost three times as likely to have an alcohol use disorder (AUD) than veterans without HCV. It is not well understood how the dual occurrence of HCV infection and an AUD impacts a person’s immune system, mood, and brain function. This study investigated how a co-existing AUD contributes to inflammation and psychiatric problems in adults with HCV.

Released:
25-Jun-2018 6:05 PM EDT
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