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Medicine

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alcoholic liver disease, Cirrhosis, alcoholic cirrhosis, Alcohol Abuse

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 20-Oct-2017 8:00 AM EDT

Medicine

Science

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Alcohol Use Disorder, Chronic Pain, Comorbidity, candidate association gene studies, me-wide association studies, Genetic Influences, single-nucleotide polymorphisms, central nervous system, Molecular Genetics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 19-Oct-2017 10:00 AM EDT

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Addiction, Autism

New Book Explores Drinking, Drug Abuse, and Addiction in the Autism Community

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The book, titled “Drinking, Drug Use and Addiction in the Autism Community,” explores why addiction is more common among individuals with ASD than it is within the general population and investigates how addiction and autism affect one another.

Medicine

Science

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Alcohol Use, Drug Use, Mental Health, participatory research, Millenials, Student Research, Interdisciplinary Research

Spit for Science: When “N’s” Are More than Human Guinea Pigs

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Sometimes scientists do not see the value of sharing their knowledge and expertise with non-scientists and members of the public may believe that researchers enjoy a rarefied existence. This critical review addresses the important, yet limited gap that exists between these two realms by discussing the Spit for Science project. Spit4Science is a university-wide research undertaking at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) that focuses on alcohol and other drug use and related mental-health outcomes. It incorporates two forms of participatory research that have gained increasing attention in recent years, community-engaged research and citizen science.

Medicine

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Alcohol, Sleep, NIH, Alcohol Abuse, Health, Physiology, Cardiovascular, HSTEM, Biology

New NIH grant Will Study Alcohol’s Effects on the Nervous System

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Michigan Technological University is leading a $1.8 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) study to understand alcohol’s effects on sleep, blood pressure and brain activity

Medicine

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Bacteriology, Microbiology, Gastroenterology, Liver, Liver Disease, Alcohol, Microbiome, Alcohol Abuse, Antacids, Acid Reflux

Common Acid Reflux Medications Promote Chronic Liver Disease

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Approximately 10 percent of Americans take a proton pump inhibitor drug to relieve symptoms of frequent heartburn and acid reflux. That percentage can be much higher for people with chronic liver disease. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have discovered evidence in mice and humans that these medications alter gut bacteria in a way that promotes three types of chronic liver disease. The study is published October 10 in Nature Communications.

Medicine

Science

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Body Temperature Regulation, Power of Potassium, Simplifying Information and More in the Obesity News Source

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Medicine

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FASD, Wayne State University, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, National Institutes of Health, Detroit Longitudinal Cohort Study

NIH Awards Wayne State $2M to Analyze 20 Years of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Data

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The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health has awarded Wayne State University $2,063,188 for a new study that will analyze longitudinal data spanning 20 years collected from five U.S. cohorts, including 480 African-American mothers and children in the Detroit Longitudinal Cohort Study, to take a closer look at the key developmental outcomes and prenatal alcohol exposure levels that characterize FASD.

Medicine

Science

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Underage Drinking, beer brands, alcohol advertising, Beer Institute Advertising & Marketing Code, voluntary code, National Collegiate Athletic Association , Basketball, youth appeal, code violations, targeting youth, marketing and advertising, Guidelines, ban

Beer Brands Popular Among Youth Contravene Industry’s Voluntary Advertising Code

Although alcohol is a legal substance for adults age 21 or older, it is the leading illicit substance used by underage American youth. Prior research has shown that youth exposed to alcohol advertisements have a greater risk of drinking. Alcohol-industry groups have developed voluntary codes, such as the Beer Institute Advertising & Marketing Code, stating that their advertising and marketing materials are intended for adults of legal purchasing age who choose to drink. This study examined whether alcohol brands more popular among youth were more likely than other brands to have aired television advertisements that violated the alcohol industry’s voluntary code by including youth-appealing content.

Medicine

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Health, Medicine, ride hailing, Ride Sharing, Transportation, Transportation Safety

Impacts of Ride-Hailing on Crashes Differ from City to City

Ride-hailing services reduce drunk-driving crashes in some cities, reports a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania this month in the American Journal of Epidemiology. The research is the first to look at the specific effects of ride-hailing, or “ride-sharing,” within specific cities, rather than averaging data across multiple cities.







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