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Nutritional Considerations for Healthy Aging, Is Bacon Fit for a Breakfast of Champions, Calorie Restriction Lets Monkeys Live Long and Prosper, and More in the Food Science News Source

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Addiction, alcholism, Substance Abuse, Addiction, Counseling, Behavior, Social Science

Trusting Relationship with Counselor Vital to Successful Alcohol Treatment

Patients who reported the most positive relationships with their counselors on a session-to-session basis had fewer days of drinking and fewer days of heavy drinking between treatment sessions than patients whose relationship was not as positive. The results indicate that efforts to ensure a good match between patient and counselor can have considerable benefits to the patient’s recovery.

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alcoholic liver disease, Binge Drinking, heavy drinking, rodent study, liver dysfunction, Liver Damage, Fatty Liver

Think Binge Drinking Is Safer for Your Liver Than Regular Heavy Drinking? Think Again.

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) occurs on a spectrum of severity. The majority of people who drink excessively develop a fatty liver, which though often symptom free, can progress to a state of inflammation, fibrosis, and cell death that can be fatal. Little is known about liver disruption that may occur in problem drinkers who are not alcohol dependent. To help understand the development of ALD, this study used a rodent model to examine differences in liver damage between binge drinkers and heavy drinkers.

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Association Between Eating Hot Peppers and Decreased Mortality, 20 Minutes of Exercise Can Act as Anti-Inflammatory, A Fly Model to Understand the Mechanisms Underlying Human Obesity, and More in the Obesity News Source

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Medicine

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Alcohol Abuse, Elder Care, Alcoholism, Depression, Health, Social Work

Problem Drinking in Older Adults

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Older adults suffering from multiple chronic health conditions and depression are nearly five times as likely to be problem drinkers as older adults with the same conditions and no depression.

Medicine

Science

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Marijuana Use, Alcohol Use Disorder, alcohol use disorder development, Adolescents, young adult, high risk families, peer influence, parental influence, maternal alcohol use

Legal or Not, Marijuana Can Increase the Risk of Developing Alcohol Use Disorders

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) develop with time and in stages. Following the initiation of drinking, some people progress to problem drinking, and then develop a “cluster” of specific problems to comprise an AUD. However, not all stages of AUD development have been studied equally. This report examines high-risk families to understand underlying influences across multiple stages of AUD development.

Medicine

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Underage Drinking, Binge Drinking, Alcohol, alcohol ads

Evidence Growing of Link Between Youth Exposure to Alcohol Marketing and Youth Drinking

A new analysis of 12 long-term studies published since 2008 from across the globe finds that young people under the legal drinking age who are more exposed to alcohol marketing appear more likely to start drinking early and also to engage in binge drinking.

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Norman Haughey, PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, mice, Alcohol, glur1, Glutamate

Alcohol Prevents Ability to Extinguish Fearful Memories in Mice

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Experiments in mice by researchers at Johns Hopkins suggest that if the goal is to ease or extinguish fearful emotional memories like those associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol may make things worse, not better. Results of their study demonstrate, they say, that alcohol strengthens emotional memories associated with fearful experiences and prevents mice from pushing aside their fears.

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Drunk Driving, sobriety checkpoints, criminal penalties, DWI, Risk Perception, legal consequences

Police Sobriety Checkpoints Can Reduce Drunk Driving Better Than Increased Penalties

Driving while impaired (DWI) causes more than 10,000 deaths per year in the United States. Although enforcing criminal sanctions for DWI is the traditional response, the success of these measures has been inconsistent. This study looked at risk perceptions as a method of reducing the frequency of DWI - in other words, whether the threat of being apprehended for DWI can deter people from engaging in this behavior.

Medicine

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ignition interlock devices, Drunk Driving, Alcohol, Public Health

Ignition Interlock Laws Reduce Alcohol-Involved Fatal Crashes

State laws requiring ignition interlocks for all drunk driving offenders appear to reduce the number of fatal drunk driving crashes, a new study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Colorado School of Public Health researchers suggests.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Drinking, Sexual minority women

UIC to Continue Study of Risky Behavior by Sexual-Minority Women

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The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing has received a $3.25 million federal grant to continue its research to identify risk and protective factors related to drinking and drinking-related problems among sexual-minority — lesbian or bisexual — women.

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Gambling Addiction Triggers the Same Brain Areas as Drug and Alcohol Cravings

Gambling addiction activates the same brain pathways as drug and alcohol cravings, suggests new research.

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College Student Drinking, excessive drinking, risky drinking, Young Adulthood, living with parents, absence of demands

College-Student Status Does Not Automatically Mean Excessive Drinking

College matriculation is often associated with increases in the frequency and intensity of drinking. This study used a national sample to examine the association between being a college student and changes in excessive drinking from late adolescence through young adulthood and whether students’ residing with their parents during the school year affected the association.

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Bai Jiu, China, Moonshine, Rural, Distilled Alcohol, Health Risks, alcohol strength, acetaldehyde, Genetic Risk

Bai Jiu: Chinese Moonshine Has High Ethanol and Acetaldehyde Levels

Bai jiu (白酒) are distilled spirits made and used throughout rural China for everyday use and special occasions. Distillation of bai jiu is regulated lightly or not at all and nearly every town or village has a distiller. Little is known about the composition of these Chinese spirits, a gap this study seeks to fill given the health risks associated with their high ethanol and high acetaldehyde concentrations.

Medicine

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Addiction, addiction treatment, addiction prevention, risky substance use, The Addiction Medicine Foundation, The American Board of Preventive Medicine, Drug Addiction, American Board of Addiction Medicine, American Board of Medical Specialties, Graduate Medical Education, training physicians, addiction medicine fellowship, Addiction Psychiatry, Board

The Addiction Medicine Foundation Accredits Two More Fellowship Programs, Bringing Total Accredited Programs to 44

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The Addiction Medicine Foundation today announced the accreditation of two additional fellowship programs to train addiction medicine physicians. The Foundation has supported the establishment of 44 addiction medicine fellowship training programs to date, based at major medical schools and teaching hospitals across North America, and is committed to establishing a total of 125 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited addiction medicine fellowship programs by 2025.

Medicine

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NYU Silver School of Social Work, Services for the UnderServed, Inc., NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing, CDUHR, Alcohol Abuse, Drug Abuse, drug abuse treatment, Alcohol And Drug Abuse

NYU Researchers Study Challenges in Transitioning From Residential Substance Abuse Treatment to the Community

Residential “in-patient” treatment for substance abuse is a preferred option for those seeking to recover. However, relapse within the first year following discharge ranges from 37% to 56%. Engagement in aftercare improves this statistic; only about half use outpatient care, and even fewer stick with it. Researchers explored the factors that hinder and help individuals transition from long-term residential substance abuse treatment centers to the community.

Medicine

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Body Image, Alcohol misuse, High School, Adolescent Girls

Weight and Body Image Misperception Associated with Alcohol Use Among Teen Girls

High school girls with body image behavioral misperceptions are more likely to have had at least one alcoholic drink, as well as engaged in episodes of heavy drinking, than their peers without these misperceptions.

Science

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Drugs, Addiction, K-12 Education, Medical

Teen Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana at New Low, Same True for Alcohol

Teenagers' use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco declined significantly in 2016 at rates that are at their lowest since the 1990s, a new national study showed.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Sexual Assault, Binge Drinking, drinking setting, College Students, RAPE, attempted rape, unwanted sexual contact, Antisocial Behaviors

Drinking ‘Settings’ Tied to College Sexual Assault

Although alcohol is believed to play a role in college sexual assaults, a new study finds no evidence that male students’ binge drinking per se boosts their odds of becoming a perpetrator.

Medicine

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CDUHR, NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing, Nyu Langone Medical Center, Drinking, Binge Drinking, baby boomer

Baby Boomers on a Bender: Emerging Trends in Alcohol Binge and Use Disorders Among Older Adults

Trends of self-reported past-month binge alcohol use and alcohol use disorder were examined among adults age 50 and older. The researchers found significant increases in past-year alcohol use, past-month alcohol use, past-month binge drinking, and alcohol use disorders.







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