Feature Channels:

Alcohol and Alcoholism

Add to Favorites | Subscribe | Share

Filters:

  • (Press "esc" to clear)

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Few People Know Mushrooms’ Health Benefits, Plasma Tech Can Be Tapped to Kill Biofilms on Perishable Foods, Are You in Your ‘Right’ Mind When Tasting a Favorite Beer, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

Adolescent Drinking Damages Later Verbal Learning and Memory Performance

Adolescence is both a time of rapid neurobiological changes and of the initiation of drinking – alcohol is the most commonly used substance among students in grades eight to 12. Binge-drinking effects are particularly concerning, although it is unclear whether and how much it affects neurocognitive performance. This study looked at two questions: first, whether moderate, binge, or extreme-binge drinking in adolescence had an impact on later performance in tests of verbal learning and memory (VLM); and second, whether the amount of alcohol consumed is associated with specific changes in learning and memory during six years of adolescence.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

When Tasting a Favorite Beer, Are You in Your ‘Right’ Mind?

According to researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine, you might be. Drug-seeking behavior can be prompted or cued by certain kinds of drug-associated stimuli. Prior research shows that this behavior likely depends on interactions between the brain’s frontal activity and release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the ventral striatum (a structure deep inside the brain that is related to motivated behavior and reward). Previously, the authors of this study, using positron emission tomography (PET), found that beer flavor alone (from small, non-intoxicating amounts of beer) elicited dopamine release in beer drinkers. Here, the authors examined a subset of the previous group, using a similar design, but with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) – a technique that reveals brain activation.

Science

Channels:

Study With Aye-Ayes and Slow Loris Finds That Prosimians Prefer Alcohol

aye-aye.jpg

Study Sheds New Light on the Origins of Human Alcohol Consumption

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

Glutamate Levels in the Brain May Be Linked to Alcohol Craving

Craving consists of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral elements related to a desire to drink alcohol, and can be experienced during intoxication, withdrawal, and/or prior to relapse. Different types of craving are hypothesized to be associated with different neurotransmitter systems. For example, reward craving may be mediated by dopamine and opioids, obsessive craving by serotonin, and relief craving by glutamate. This study used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) to examine the correlation between craving and glutamate levels in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC) of patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs).

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

The Science Behind Beer and Food Pairings

Beer isn’t just for nuts and pretzels anymore. You can now find the perfect brew to accompany your favorite food, whether it’s picnic fare or haute cuisine, according to one of the nation’s top brewmasters. There are even beers that pair well with desserts, says Keith Villa, founder and head brewmaster of Blue Moon Brewing Company, a division of MillerCoors. In a July 18 presentation at IFT16: Where Science Feeds Innovation, hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), Villa offered insight into how to choose a beer to accompany different dishes on the menu.

Medicine

Channels:

Keywords:

UofL Opens NIH-Designated Alcohol Research Center

McClain_Craig.jpg

Alcohol abuse exacts a major toll on health and health costs in the United States and is the 3rd leading preventable cause of death. Researchers at the University of Louisville have received a nearly $8 million grant from the NIH that designates them as an NIAAA Alcohol Research Center.

Medicine

Channels:

Keywords:

Children Affected by Parental Substance Use

Children whose caregivers misuse alcohol or use, produce or distribute drugs face an increased risk of medical and behavioral problems. According to a new clinical report by experts at Beth Israel Medical Center (BIDMC) and Boston Children’s Hospital, pediatricians hold the unique position to assess risk and intervene to protect children. The report is available online today and will appear in the August print edition of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Association of Pediatrics.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

Working Memory in Aging Adults Becomes Increasingly Affected by Alcohol

Working memory can be thought of as short-term memory, temporarily holding ideas and recent events in the mind for quick recall. Working memory often declines with age; it may also be susceptible to interactions between age and alcohol use. Frontal theta power (FTP) and posterior alpha power (PAP) are electrophysiological measures of brain activity associated with cognitive effort and maintenance of visual information. This study looks at alcohol effects on FTP and PAP during a working memory task in younger and older social drinkers.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

There Is Something About Those Energy Drinks

Energy drinks combined with alcohol (AmEDs) were once available for purchase as a premixed beverage, until 2010 when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that the combination was unsafe. However, the popularity of AmEDs continues to rise, fueled by private consumers and bartenders. There are a variety of risks associated with AmEDs, including a greater chance of binge drinking than with alcoholic beverages alone. This study investigated whether consuming high-caffeine energy drinks mixed with alcohol results in a greater desire to drink alcohol than alcohol alone.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Keywords:

Students’ PTSD Symptoms Fluctuate Greatly During First Year of College

A new University at Buffalo study is helping researchers better understand how post-traumatic stress disorder fluctuates in students during their first year of college.

Medicine

Life

Law and Public Policy

Channels:

Keywords:

Small Rise in Booze Duty Could Cut Violence-Related Emergency Visits by 6,000 a Year

A small rise of 1% in alcohol prices could significantly reduce violence-related injuries in England and Wales, consequently reducing their burden on hard-pressed emergency departments, concludes a study by Cardiff University.

Medicine

Channels:

Keywords:

Researchers Pinpoint Neurons That Tell The Brain When To Stop Drinking

BeerBottles.jpg

By activating particular neurons, we may be able to influence alcohol drinking behavior, according to new findings published by researchers at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

Trauma Induces More Alcohol Craving than Stress among Veterans with PTSD and Co-occurring Alcohol Dependence

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol dependence (AD) are two of the most common and debilitating disorders diagnosed among American military veterans. AD and PTSD often occur together, and this co-occurrence has a worse prognosis than either disorder alone. Alcohol craving is related to relapse, but the relationship between PTSD symptoms, craving, and relapse is not well understood. This study is the first to explore the effects of trauma-induced and stress-induced imagery on alcohol craving, affect, and cardiovascular and cortisol responses in a laboratory setting.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Keywords:

Does Discrimination Increase Drinking?

PaulGilbertsm-130x182.jpg

Researchers at the University of Iowa have found another negative health outcome linked to discrimination: alcohol abuse.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Study Pinpoints Behavior Type Linked to Binge Drinking in Young Adults

binge_drinking_newswise.jpg

Binge drinking — almost a rite of passage — peaks during the college years. So this begs the question, “Are there specific characteristics associated with high-level binge drinking habits in college students?”

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

“The Anonymous People” Documentary: 25 Million Americans Will No Longer Be Quiet

Current public perceptions about alcohol- and other drug-use disorders are out of step with scientific knowledge. There remains a general belief that these disorders are essentially moral failings and/or bad choices. This view is completely at odds with research demonstrating that these disorders are indeed a brain disease. A documentary called “The Anonymous People” features personal narratives that call for a fundamental reframing of the national conversation about alcohol and substance-use disorders and recovery.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

“Inflamm-Aging:” Alcohol Makes It Even Worse

The immune system in the elderly is dysfunctional and infections are more prevalent, more severe, and harder to defeat. Drinking alcohol has a variety of damaging effects on the immune system and organs – like the gut, liver and lung – which can be worsened by pre-existing conditions as well as consumption of prescription and over-the-counter medications that aged individuals often take. This presentation addresses how alcohol affects the elderly more dramatically, and also suppresses their ability to battle infections, like pneumonia, much more severely than it does younger individuals.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Keywords:

Drunkorexia 101: Increasing Alcohol’s Effects Through Diet and Exercise Behaviors

While many people view college drinking as the norm, less understood is that how students drink can place them at a higher risk for multiple problems. Drinking on an empty stomach usually means that someone will get drunk faster, given that food helps to absorb alcohol, slowing down alcohol absorption into the bloodstream. A growing trend among college drinkers is called “drunkorexia,” a non-medical term that refers to a combination of alcohol with diet-related behaviors such as food restriction, excessive exercising, or bingeing and purging.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Keywords:

Road to Recovery

DrugLineLo.jpg

As Rutgers University's substance abuse helpline enters its second year, it counts its success one call at a time