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Schizophrenia, Veterans, Mental Illness, Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol Use in Veterans with Schizophrenia Less Common Than Thought, but No Level Safe

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Large, multi-site study sheds light and dispels misconceptions about drinking in people with serious mental illness.

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women & drinking, Older Women, sensitivity to alcohol, Prescr, alcohol education, alcohol screening, Alcohol Treatment

An Increasing Proportion of Women Who Are 60 Years of Age and Older Are Drinking

Most older Americans drink alcohol. Given that this segment of the population is projected to almost double by 2050, reaching 112 million, in the future, there will likely be many more older drinkers in the United States than currently. Importantly, older individuals are more sensitive to alcohol’s effects than their younger counterparts, and are also more likely to take prescription medications that can interact negatively with alcohol, potentially leading to falls and other injuries. This study examined trends in drinking status among U.S. adults 60 years of age and older.

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Prenatal alcohol exposure, academic problems, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders , Brain Imaging, math performance, Brain Development In Children

Children Prenatally Exposed to Alcohol Have Academic Difficulties

Despite greater awareness of the dangers of prenatal exposure to alcohol, the rates of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders remain alarmingly high. This study evaluated academic achievement among children known to be prenatally exposed to maternal heavy alcohol consumption as compared to their peers without such exposure, and explored the brain regions that may underlie academic performance.

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Duke University Medical Center, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University, Duke Health, Gender Identity, Transgender, transgender health, transgender medicine, College Student Drinking, College Student Health, College Freshmen, Binge Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, alcohol aggressive behavior, alcohol and violence, Alcohol, Blackouts, Scott Swartzwelder

Transgender College Freshmen Drink More, Experience More Blackouts

A survey of more than 422,000 college freshmen found that students who identified as transgender were more likely than their cisgender peers to experience negative consequences from drinking, including memory blackouts, academic problems and conflicts such as arguments or physical fights.

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Transgender, College, Alcohol, Coping mechanisms, alcohol consequences, high-risk drinking, Social Anxiety, Self Esteem, male-to-female

Transgender College Students May Use Alcohol as a Coping Mechanism

Although college can be demanding for young adults, it may be particularly so for transgender students struggling with identity-formation and other emotional, social, and developmental challenges. Prior research suggests that transgender students may experience greater drinking and negative alcohol-related consequences than their cisgender peers (i.e., those whose gender matches their sex at birth). This study examined levels of drinking, frequency of blackouts and other alcohol-related consequences, and drinking motivations among transgender college students.

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Suicide, Veterans, Substance Use Disorders, Addiction, Mental Health, Veterans health

Drug & Alcohol Problems Linked to Increased Veteran Suicide Risk, Especially in Women, Long-Term Study Finds

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Veterans who have drug or alcohol problems are more than twice as likely to die by suicide as their comrades, a new study finds. And women veterans with substance use disorders have an even higher rate of suicide -- more than five times that of their peers, the research shows.

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Stress, Anxiety, Alcohol Problems, Anxiety Sensitivity, Drinking, Craving, Alcohol Use Disorder

Anxiety Is a Stronger Harbinger of Alcohol Problems Than Stress

Stress and anxiety are widely believed to contribute to drinking. Alcohol is thought to reduce tension caused by stress (the “flight or fight” response) as well as alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of anxiety (anticipation of the unpredictable, impending threats). Prior research, however, has yielded inconsistent findings as to the unique relations between stress and anxiety, on the one hand, and alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorders, on the other hand. This study was designed to examine how differences in self-reported levels of anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, and perceived stress impact the frequency and intensity of drinking, alcohol craving during early withdrawal, and alcohol craving and stress reactivity.







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