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Hexokinase, peptidoglycan, F. Widjaja Foundation Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, David Underhill

Scientists Uncover the Way a Common Cell Enzyme Alerts the Body to Invading Bacteria

Biomedical investigators at Cedars-Sinai have identified an enzyme found in all human cells that alerts the body to invading bacteria and jump-starts the immune system. In their study, published in the peer-reviewed medical journal Cell, the investigators provide clues to unraveling some of the mysteries surrounding the human immune system, which defends the body against harmful microbes such as bacteria.

Medicine

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Cancer, Obesity, Cancer Risk, Cancer Risk Reduction, Stomach Cancer, Liver Cancer, gall bladder cancer, Pancreas Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Meningioma, Thyroid Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, Excess Weight, Overweight

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Aug-2016 5:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Crohn's Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, IBD, IBD Research

New Care Plan Improves Crohn’s Disease Complication Outcomes

The first published medical and surgical approach care plan for managing septic perianal Crohn’s disease, a serious complication that occurs in around 40 percent of Crohn’s disease patients has been developed by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine. The plan and its results took more than a decade to develop and are based on patient outcomes.

Medicine

Science

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Biotechnology, Gastroenterolgy, Internal Medicine, Medicine And Health, Nanotechnology, Micromachines/Nanotechnology, Nutrition, Nutrient, Pharmaceutical Scieince

Lab Team Spins Ginger Into Nanoparticles to Heal Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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A recent study by researchers at the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center took them to a not-so-likely destination: local farmers markets. They went in search of fresh ginger root.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Behaviour, Biology, Diabetes, Mental Health, Diet and Body Weight, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases, Social And Behavioral Sciences, Neurobiolgy, Medicine & Health

'Aggressive Drunk' Gene May Protect Carriers From Obesity and Associated Risks

University of Helsinki researchers have previously demonstrated that a point mutation in a gene of serotonin 2B receptor can render the carrier prone to impulsive behaviour, particularly when drunk. Now the research group has established that the same mutation may shield its bearers from obesity and insulin resistance, both of which are associated with type 2 diabetes.

Medicine

Science

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Few People Know Mushrooms’ Health Benefits, Plasma Tech Can Be Tapped to Kill Biofilms on Perishable Foods, Are You in Your ‘Right’ Mind When Tasting a Favorite Beer, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

Medicine

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Diet and Body Weight, Diebetes, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases, medicine health, Endocrinology

Diabetes Prevention Programs Beneficial in Improving Cardio-Metabolic Profiles

A new study by researchers at Emory's Rollins School of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that lifestyle modification programs modeled on diabetes prevention programs (DPP) trials not only achieved weight reduction, but also additional metabolic benefits -specifically, reductions in blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. The researchers compiled data from 44 published studies with nearly 9,000 adults participating in DPP conducted in US communities, clinics, and through online media.

Medicine

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Researchers ID Cancer Gene-Drug Combinations Ripe for Precision Medicine; Many Skin Cancer Patients Still Too Likely to Sunburn; Researchers Block Common Type of Colon Cancer Tumor in Mice, and More in the Cancer News Source

Personalized Medicine Leads to Better Outcomes; Phase 1 Study Results of Selinexor Combination Therapy for Multiple Myeloma Patients; and the Latest from ASCO Sessions in the Cancer News Source

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Columbia Researchers Find Biological Explanation for Wheat Sensitivity

Researchers from Columbia University have found that people with non-celiac wheat sensitivity have a weakened intestinal barrier, which leads to a systemic immune response after ingesting wheat and related cereals.

Medicine

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New Surgical Tool for Mitral Valve Repair, Global Study Shows Stroke Largely Preventable, New Study Shows Differences in Blood Pressure Variation Across Ethnicity, and More in the Cardiovascular Health News Source

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Medicine

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Aging, Cholestrol, Excercise, Medicine & Health, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases, public heath, Rehabiliation

Australian First Study Finds Massive Diabetic Foot Disease Costs

New research from QUT shows preventable hospitalisation from diabetic foot disease is costing Australia hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

Medicine

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Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences, Uniformed Services University, USU, Usuhs, H.Pylori, Helicobacter Pylori, Biofilm, Biofilm formation, Journal of Bacteriology, regulatory system, stomach cancer-causing bacteria, ulcer-causing bacteria, antibiotic resisistance, Formation of Bacterial Communities, Military Health System, Military Healt

Researchers Identify Regulatory System in Ulcer-Causing Bacteria That Controls Formation of Bacterial Communities

Researchers have discovered a regulatory system in the ulcer- and stomach cancer-causing bacteria, Helicobacter pylori, that can control the formation of biofilm – a “fortress-like” cluster of cells that can become resistant to antibiotics and cause major medical problems.

Medicine

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Modified Rye Bread Helps Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are often concerned that certain foods may trigger or worsen their symptoms, which can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, or constipation. In a new study, patients who ate rye bread that was low in so-called “FODMAPs” (fermentable oligo- di- and mono-saccharides and polyols) experienced milder IBS symptoms than patients who ate normal rye bread

Medicine

Science

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Microbiome, Hologenome, fecal transplantation, Bacteria, Virus, Fungi, colonocytes

These Days Fecal Transplantation Is No Joke

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Fecal transplants are increasingly being used to treat certain human illnesses and there is a major upsurge in animal experiments involving fecal material.

Medicine

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Biology, Diagnostic, Genetics, Healthcare Systems, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases, Pediatric

New Rapid Gene Test for Mitochondrial Disease

Newcastle researchers have developed a genetic test providing a rapid diagnosis of mitochondrial disorders to identify the first patients with inherited mutations in a new disease gene.

Medicine

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Inflamatory Disease, Immunology

Research Brings New Understanding of Chronic Inflammatory Disease

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Research from life scientists at The University of Manchester has shone new light on the way cells tune in to different inflammatory signals to understand what is happening in the body.

Medicine

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Depression, Anger, Diet and Body Weight, Medicine And Health, Mental Health, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases, Stress and Anxiety

Link Between Stress Hormone and Obesity in Depressed and Bipolar Patients

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Low levels of the stress hormone cortisol are linked to obesity, high levels of fat in the blood and metabolic syndrome among patients with recurrent depressions or bipolar disorder. This according to a study at Umeå University in Sweden published in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

Medicine

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Diarrhea, travel illness, acute diarrhea, persistent diarrhea, chronic diarrhea, UTHealth , uthealth school of public health, herb dupont, herbert dupont

Lab-Tested Diagnosis Needed When Treating Patients with Persistent Diarrhea

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Persistent diarrhea, which is diarrhea that lasts at least 14 days, is an illness typically caused by parasites or bacteria and requires accurate diagnosis in order to determine what treatment to give, according to Herbert L. DuPont, M.D., director of the Center for Infectious Diseases at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health.

Medicine

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Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, myalgic encephalomyeletis, Gut Bacteria

Key to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Is in Your Gut, Not Head

Physicians have been mystified by chronic fatigue syndrome, a condition where normal exertion leads to debilitating fatigue that isn’t alleviated by rest. There are no known triggers, and diagnosis requires lengthy tests administered by an expert. Now, for the first time, Cornell University researchers report they have identified biological markers of the disease in gut bacteria and inflammatory microbial agents in the blood.

Medicine

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Diabetes, Cardiology, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases

Diabetes Raises Risk of Heart Attack Death by 50 Percent

Having diabetes increases the risk of dying from the effects of a heart attack by around 50 per cent, according to a widespread study.







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