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Gluten-Free Diet Is Treatment, Not Trend, for Those with Celiac Disease

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For people who have celiac disease, going gluten-free isn't a lifestyle choice, it's a necessity. For everyone else, steering clear of gluten isn't necessarily a good idea.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 5-Feb-2015 12:00 PM EST

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Viruses May Play Unexpected Role in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

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Inflammatory bowel diseases are associated with a decrease in the diversity of bacteria in the gut, but a new study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has linked the same illnesses to an increase in the diversity of viruses.

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Immune System Promotes Digestive Health by Fostering Community of “Good” Gut Bacteria

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1.4 million Americans suffer from uncomfortable abdominal cramping and diarrhea that come with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The condition is associated with an imbalance among the thousands of species of “good” bacteria that inhabit the gut. A University of Utah study published on Jan. 22 in Cell Host and Microbe demonstrates that a component of the immune system, MyD88, coordinates a host immune response that promotes a healthy colony of good bacteria, and digestive health.

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Possible Treatments Identified for Highly Contagious Stomach Virus

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Antibiotics aren’t supposed to be effective against viruses. But new evidence in mice suggests antibiotics may help fight norovirus, a highly contagious gastrointestinal virus, report scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

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New Study Shows High Vitamin D Levels Increases Survival of Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

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According to a new study led by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, clinical trial patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who had high levels of vitamin D in their bloodstream prior to treatment with chemotherapy and targeted drugs, survived longer, on average, than patients with lower levels of the vitamin. Those findings were reported today at the 2015 American Society of Cancer Oncology (ASCO) Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium in San Francisco.

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Mayo Researchers Find Cancer Biopsies Do Not Promote Cancer Spread

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A study of more than 2,000 patients by researchers at Mayo Clinic’s campus in Jacksonville, Florida, has dispelled the myth that cancer biopsies cause cancer to spread. In the Jan. 9 online issue of Gut, they show that patients who received a biopsy had a better outcome and longer survival than patients who did not have a biopsy.

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Researchers Grow Functional Tissue-Engineered Intestine from Human Cells

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A new study by researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles has shown that tissue-engineered small intestine grown from human cells replicates key aspects of a functioning human intestine.

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How to Avoid Holiday Heartburn From A Loyola Gastroenterologist

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President Obama was recently diagnosed with acid reflux - a gastric condition caused by stomach acid entering the upper body. Holiday season is prime time for acid reflux as a Loyola gastroenterologist shares dos and don'ts.

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Vegetable Oil Ingredient Key to Destroying Gastric Disease Bacteria

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The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is strongly associated with gastric ulcers and cancer. To combat the infection, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Jacobs School of Engineering developed LipoLLA, a therapeutic nanoparticle that contains linolenic acid, a component in vegetable oils. In mice, LipoLLA was safe and more effective against H. pylori infection than standard antibiotic treatments.