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UCLA Study Shows PreticX®, a Prebiotic Fiber, Significantly Improves the Beneficial Gut Flora of Both Healthy as Well as Over-Weight Populations

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AIDP today released the following comments on a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study conducted by researchers at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), published in the Frontiers of Physiology which shows that daily doses as low as 1g of PreticX®, a XOS (xylooligosaccharide), significantly modified gut microbiota, helping to grow more species of good gut bacteria and reduce bad bacteria in both healthy people, and those who are over-weight with unhealthy blood glucose levels.

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New Guidelines Reverse Previous Recommendations on Gluten Introduction to Prevent Celiac Disease

Based on new evidence, the age of introduction of gluten into the infant diet—or the practice of introducing gluten during breast-feeding—does not reduce the risk of celiac disease in infants at risk, according to a Position Paper of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN). The statement appears in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN), official journal of ESPGHAN and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Landmark Study Shows Superiority of Chromoendoscopy in Dysplasia Detection in Patients with Colitis

Mount Sinai Researchers Led Long-Term Surveillance Study, First of its Kind, Showing Chromoendoscopy More Effective than Standard Colonoscopy in These Patients

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Antibiotics Pave Way for C. difficle Infections by Killing Beneficial Bile Acid-Altering Bacteria

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New research from North Carolina State University and the University of Michigan finds that bile acids which are altered by bacteria normally living in the large intestine inhibit the growth of Clostridium difficile, or C. diff.

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Commensal Bacteria Found to Regulate Immune Cells in Lungs to Produce Proteins Critical for Host Defense

Microbiota regulate the ability of lung dendritic cells to generate immune responses.

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Psychotherapies Have Long-Term Benefit for Those Suffering From Irritable Bowel Syndrome

A new meta-analysis has found that the beneficial effects of using psychological therapy to treat the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are not only short term but are also long lasting.

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The Leonard C. Goodman Institute for Investigative Reporting Is Now Accepting Submissions

The deadline for this round of proposals is January 15, 2016. Candidates will be notified of decisions by the end of February 2016. The Institute pays a competitive rate--and covers expenses--for investigative reporting that advances social and economic justice. All stories are published in In These Times magazine and on InTheseTimes.com.

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A Cultural Revolution in the Study of the Gut Microbiome

Wyss Institute's human gut-on-a-chip technology used to co-culture gut microbiome and human intestinal cells could lead to new therapies for inflammatory bowel diseases.

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Top Stories 11 Dec 2015; New Forensic Science Breakthroughs, Breast Cancer Treatment Difference by Age, Racial Disparities in Dialysis, and More...

Click to view today's top stories.

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Genetic Study of Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Could Lead to Better Treatments

Genetic variation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) appears to play a major role in determining how sick they will become and could provide a road map for more effective treatments.

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Study in Mice Suggests Coconut Oil Can Control Overgrowth of a Fungal Pathogen in GI Tract

A new study from researchers at Tufts University found that coconut oil controlled the overgrowth of a fungal pathogen called Candida albicans in mice. In humans, high levels of C. albicans in the gastrointestinal tract can lead to bloodstream infections, including invasive candidiasis. The research suggests that it might be possible to use dietary approaches as an alternative to antifungal drugs in order to decrease the risk of infections caused by C. albicans.

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Oregon Study Suggests Some Gut Microbes May Be Keystones of Health

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University of Oregon scientists have found that strength in numbers doesn't hold true for microbes in the intestines. A minority population of the right type might hold the key to regulating good health.

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BIDMC Researchers Describe Strategies to Decrease Immune Responses in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

New research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center helps explain the role of an immunosuppressive pathway associated with irritable bowel disease, a condition that develops in genetically susceptible individuals when the body's immune system overreacts to intestinal tissue, luminal bacteria or both.

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First, Do No Harm: Hospital Patients Given Anti-Heartburn Drugs Have Higher Risk of Dying, Study Finds

Right now, in any US hospital, about half of the patients have a prescription for an acid-reducing drug to reduce heartburn or prevent bleeding in their stomach and gut. But that well-intentioned drug may actually boost their risk of dying during their hospital stay – by opening them up to infections that pose more risk than bleeding would.

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Mindfulness Training Helps Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Training in meditation and other mindfulness-based techniques brings lasting improvements in mental health and quality of life for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), according to a study in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, official journal of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Drug for Digestive Problem Can Extend Survival for Many Advanced Cancer Patients

Advanced cancer patients given a drug designed to relieve constipation caused by pain killers lived longer with less tumor progression than those who did not receive or respond to the drug, researchers report at the American Society of Anesthesiologists. This is the first study in humans to associate opioid blockade with longer survival.

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People with Sedentary Lifestyles Are at Increased Risk of Developing Kidney Disease

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Each 80 minutes/day (assuming 16 awake hours/day) increase in sedentary duration was linked with a 20% increased likelihood of having chronic kidney disease in a recent study. Research that uncovered the association between sedentary behavior and kidney disease will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2015 November 3–8 at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, CA.

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Gut Microbiome Insights; Obesity and Digestive Health Risks; Delivery Options and Predictors of Failure for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation; among Featured Topics Presented at the ACG’s 80th Annual Meeting

New research in the area of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) further advances understanding of the safety and effectiveness of FMT for Clostridium difficile, suggests gut microbiota changes may play a role in predicting treatment failure, and explores whether donor stool can impact an FMT recipient’s weight, are among the highlights of the American College of Gastroenterology's (ACG) 80th Annual Scientific Meeting, which will be held this week in Honolulu. More than 4,000 gastroenterologists, physicians and other health care professionals from around the world will convene at the Hawaii Convention Center to review and present the latest scientific advances in gastrointestinal research, treatment of digestive diseases and clinical practice management.

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Video Press Briefings Feature Abstract Authors and Renowned GI Experts Discussing Key Science Presented at the American College of Gastroenterology’s 80th Annual Meeting

Featured abstract authors and renowned experts in the field of gastroenterology offer clinical insight and real-world perspective in a series of video press briefings that highlight the key science presented this week at the American College of Gastroenterology's (ACG) 80th Annual Scientific Meeting in Honolulu. More than 4,000 gastroenterologists, physicians and other health care professionals from around the world will convene at the Hawaii Convention Center to review and present the latest scientific advances in gastrointestinal research, treatment of digestive diseases and clinical practice management.

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Study Finds Higher Vitamin D and Calcium Intake Does Not Reduce Colorectal Polyp Risk

A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that vitamin D and calcium supplements do not reduce the risk of colorectal adenomas, which are benign tumors that can evolve into colorectal cancer.