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Medicine

Science

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ohio river, Water, PFOA, Environmental Health, PFC, Ohio River Valley

High Levels of PFOA Found in Mid-Ohio River Valley Residents From 1991 to 2013

New research from the University of Cincinnati (UC) reveals that residents of the Mid-Ohio River Valley had higher than normal levels of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) based on blood samples collected over a 22-year span. The exposure source was likely from drinking water contaminated by industrial discharges upriver. This is the first study of PFOA serum concentrations in U.S. residents in the 1990s.

Medicine

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Tobacco regulation, research funding, , Climate Action, Clean Air, affordable health care, Advocacy, Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine, Lung Health

Nearly 500 Supporters Joined ATS Rally on Capitol Hill: Lab Coats for Lungs

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In an ATS 2017 International Conference first, respiratory health professionals and patients joined other conference attendees at a rally near the Capitol on Tuesday, May 23 to voice their concerns about recent policies that threaten to undermine many of the ATS’s advocacy priorities including: research funding, tobacco regulation, affordable health care, and clean air. Also participating in the rally was U.S. senators Edward Markey (D-MA) and Tom Carper (D-DE).WASHINGTON, DC – May 24, 2017 – In an ATS 2017 International Conference first, respiratory health professionals and patients joined other conference attendees at a rally near the Capitol on Tuesday, May 23 to voice their concerns about recent policies that threaten to undermine many of the ATS’s advocacy priorities including: research funding, tobacco regulation, affordable health care, and clean air. Also participating in the rally was U.S. senators Edward Markey (D-MA) and Tom Carper (D-DE). Since its inception in 1905,

Science

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Masdar Institute Files Patent on Design of Novel Catalytic Converter Substrates to Reduce Toxic Vehicle Emissions

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Researchers Develop Novel Structure for a High-Efficiency Catalytic Converter Aimed at Boosting Automobile Manufacturers’ Ability to Meet Stringent Vehicle Emissions Standards

Science

Channels:

soot particles, Carcinogen, Carcinogenic Chemicals, gasoline direct injection, Combustion Research, Engine exhaust, analytical chemistry

Carcinogenic Soot Particles From Petrol Engines

First, diesel vehicles tainted their reputation with soot particles, then high nitric oxide emissions. So are owners of new gasoline cars environmentally friendly? Not always, says a new study led by Empa scientists: some direct-injection gasoline engines emit just as many soot particles as unfiltered diesel cars did in the past. Particle filters can remedy this.

Medicine

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air pollution and asthma, air pollution exposure, Childhood Asthma, stress during pregnancy, Lung Health, Fine Particulate Matter, fine particulate air pollution

High Levels of Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure and Stress Increase Childhood Asthma Risk

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A new study has found that children, especially boys, whose mothers were exposed to higher levels of outdoor particulate air pollution at the same time that they were very stressed were most likely to develop asthma by age six. The study was presented at the 2017 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Medicine

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Air Pollution, Sleep, Lung Function, fine particle pollution, traffic-related pollutant gas, Lung Health

Air Pollution May Disrupt Sleep

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High levels of air pollution over time may get in the way of a good night’s sleep, according to new research presented at the ATS 2017 International Conference. “Prior studies have shown that air pollution impacts heart health and affects breathing and lung function, but less is known about whether air pollution affects sleep,” said lead author Martha E. Billings, MD, MSc, assistant professor of medicine at the University of Washington. “We thought an effect was likely given that air pollution causes upper airway irritation, swelling and congestion, and may also affect the central nervous system and brain areas that control breathing patterns and sleep.”

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Climate Change, Global Warming, Trump budget, budget cuts, carbon emission, Coal Power Plant, Environment, Environmental Policy, energy & environmental research

Trump Budget Could Be a Climate Cooker

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A new white paper estimates the climate impacts of the budget request President Trump is expected to make on May 23. Analyzing Trump’s Budget Blueprint, the study finds the changes in federal spending would produce 1.8 million metric tons of additional GHG emissions in 2018.

Medicine

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Traffic-Related Air Pollution Linked to DNA Damage in Children

Children and teens exposed to high levels of traffic-related air pollution have evidence of a specific type of DNA damage called telomere shortening, reports a study in the May Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Science

Channels:

algal bloom, Feces, Ecosystem, Reservoir, Water Pollution, Dead Zone, Nitrogen, Phosphorus

When Birds of a Feather Poop Together

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Algal blooms deplete oxygen in lakes, produce toxins, and end up killing aquatic life in the lake. Researchers are tracing the role of bird feces, which are rich in phosphorus and nitrogen.

Medicine

Channels:

Research Funding, Tobacco Control Policies, tobacco and young adults, Climate Action, Clean Air, Clean Power Plan , Tobacco regulation, Advocacy, Affordable Care Act , affordable health care

ATS Rally to Highlight Recent Proposals That Would Significantly Impact Research Funding and Public Health Priorities

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On Tuesday, May 23, 2017, the American Thoracic Society will lead ATS members, pulmonary clinicians, researchers, and patient advocates in the ATS Rally on Capitol Hill: Lab Coats for Lungs. The rally will bring attention to recent policies that threaten to undermine many of the ATS’s advocacy priorities including: research funding, tobacco regulation, affordable health care, and clean air.







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