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Science

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University of Vienna, holodeck, Virtual Reality, Biology, Brain Function, Virtual Worlds, experimental designs, Behavior experiments, lab animals, natural conditions, University of Freiburg, Max F. Perutz Laboratories (MFPL), Medical University of Vienna, Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), MPI for Ornithology in Konstanz, FreemoVR, Nature Methods, Kri

When Fish Swim in the Holodeck

Behavior experiments are useful tools to study brain function. Standard experiments to investigate behavior in popular lab animals such as fish, flies or mice however only incompletely mimic natural conditions. The understanding of behavior and brain function is thus limited. Virtual Reality (VR) helps in generating a more natural experimental environment but requires immobilization of the animal, disrupting sensorimotor experience and causing altered neuronal and behavioral responses. Researchers at the University of Freiburg, and the Max F. Perutz Laboratories (MFPL), a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, in collaboration with groups at the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) and the MPI for Ornithology in Konstanz, have now developed a VR system for freely moving animals – FreemoVR – to overcome most of these limitations. Their findings are now published in Nature Methods.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Aug-2017 12:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Bipolar Disorder, Psychiatry, Resilience, Default Mode Network

Mount Sinai Researchers Identify Brain Mechanism for Resilience in People with High Risk of Bipolar Disorder

Results suggest brain is able to adapt to biological risk of bipolar disorder

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Aug-2017 11:00 AM EDT

Science

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University of Vienna, Matthias Horn, ETH Zurich, micro-daggers, Bacteria, Amoebae

Bacteria Stab Amoebae with Micro-Daggers

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Researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Vienna have discovered a type of bacteria that uses tiny daggers to prevent itself from being eaten by amoebae. The scientists also resolved the three-dimensional structure of the mechanism that allows the micro-daggers to be shot quickly.

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Education

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Backpacks Can Mean Backaches for Back-to-Schoolers

With back-to-school quickly approaching, parents have already begun securing basic necessities like backpacks.

Medicine

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COPD Expert Available to Comment on Worldwide Deaths Caused by Disease

Medicine

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NYU Dentistry, Oral Cancer, Bluestone Center for Clinical Research, NIH Award

NYU Dental Researchers Awarded NIH Grant for Microbiome Research to Identify Biomarkers for Tongue Cancer

The research focuses on the oral microbiome and disruptions in its normal balance, using next-generation sequencing, new molecular technologies which now permit far more comprehensive analyses of the bacterial community in the mouth. Researchers aim to learn how to diagnose aggressive cancers earlier, modulate the microbiome, and prevent or slow the oral cancer progression.

Medicine

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adaptive sports, adaptive surfing, Hospital For Special Surgery, Physical Therapy, Cerebral Palsy, cerebral palsy rehabilitation, pediatric orthopedic surgery, Surfing

Hospital Patients Make a Splash on Adaptive Surfing Trip in Long Beach

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Hospital for Special Surgery is giving new meaning to the term "patient care." The hospital took patients with cerebral palsy and other physical conditions on an adaptive surfing trip on Long Island.

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Arts and Humanities

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What Does Music Mean? Sign Language May Offer an Answer, New Research Concludes

How do we detect the meaning of music? We may gain some insights by looking at an unlikely source, sign language, a newly released linguistic analysis concludes.







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