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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Feb-2017 12:00 PM EST

Medicine

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Drugs That Alter Inhibitory Targets Offer Therapeutic Strategies for Autism, Schizophrenia

Researchers at SUNY Downstate recently discovered that an inhibitory brain receptor triggers synaptic pruning in adolescence. Drugs that selectively target these receptors, when administered during adolescence, can alter synapse number, with possible implications for the treatment of autism and schizophrenia.

Life

Education

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Four NYU Faculty Win Sloan Foundation Research Fellowships

Four New York University faculty have been awarded fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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PTSD, Conduct Disorder, Trauma, Teens, Youth, Psychology, Shabnam Javdani, NYU Steinhardt, NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Teens with PTSD and Conduct Disorder Have Difficulty Recognizing Facial Expressions

Adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are more likely to misidentify sad and angry faces as fearful, while teens with symptoms of conduct disorder tend to interpret sad faces as angry, finds a study led by NYU’s Steinhardt School.

Medicine

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Infectious Diseases, Aaas Fellow, Biomedical Sciences, Medical Eduction, Scientists, infectious microorganisms, Immunology, Biomedical Research, Aaas Public Engagement Fellows

NYITCOM’s Martinez Named AAAS Leshner Leadership Institute Public Engagement Fellow

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Luis Martinez, Ph.D., is an infectious disease researcher selected as a Fellow in the second cohort of the AAAS Alan I. Leshner Leadership Institute for Public Engagement with Science.

Medicine

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Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Cancer, Leukemia, Hematopoietic Stem Cell, FLT3, RUNX1

Tumor Suppressor Promotes Some Acute Myeloid Leukemias, Study Reveals

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Researchers in Germany have discovered that a tumor suppressor protein thought to prevent acute myeloid leukemia (AML) can actually promote a particularly deadly form of the disease. The study, “RUNX1 cooperates with FLT3-ITD to induce leukemia,” which will be published online February 17 in The Journal of Experimental Medicine, suggests that targeting this protein could be an effective treatment for certain AML patients.

Medicine

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ICU mortality, COPD exacerbations, COPD, Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction, Pneumonia, Health Care Costs

ICU Care for COPD, Heart Failure and Heart Attack May Not Be Better

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Does a stay in the intensive care unit give patients a better chance of surviving a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or heart failure flare-up or even a heart attack, compared with care in another type of hospital unit? Unless a patient is clearly critically ill, the answer may be no, according to University of Michigan researchers who analyzed more than 1.5 million Medicare records. Their study, “ICU Admission and Survival among Older Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Heart Failure, or Myocardial Infarction,” is published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Science

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Government of Nigeria Drops Buffer Zone for Superhighway Project but More Must Be Done to Protect Communities and Wildlife

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The Cross River State government’s announcement yesterday to drop a 12-mile buffer around a proposed superhighway though one of Nigeria’s last rainforests is still not enough to prevent the loss of important community forests and significant impacts to the region’s wildlife if the project moves forward, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and its campaign effort to reroute the project entirely.

Medicine

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Stem Cell, Leukemia, MDs, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, CRISPR, Mount Sinai Health System

Scientists Create Novel Model That Shows Progression From Normal Blood Cells to Leukemia

Mount Sinai researchers have created a novel model that shows the step-by-step progression from normal blood cells to leukemia and its precursor diseases, creating replicas of the stages of the disease to test the efficacy of therapeutic interventions at each stage, according to a study to be published in Cell Stem Cell. This research marked the first time scientists have been able to transplant leukemia from humans to a test tube and then into mice for study, a landmark feat that will allow for valuable research to help find therapies for blood cancer patients in the future.

Medicine

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New Test May Quickly Identify Mild Traumatic Brain Injury with Underlying Brain Damage

A new test using peripheral vision reaction time could lead to earlier diagnosis and more effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury, often referred to as a concussion.

Science

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India's Big Cats and Wild Dogs Get Along Really Well

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A new WCS study in India shows that three carnivores – tigers, leopards, and dholes (Asian wild dog) – seemingly in direct competition with one other, are living side by side with surprisingly little conflict.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Momentary Attention Switching Easily Causes Pilot Errors, Like Alleged Harrison Ford Runway Mix-Up

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Experts on aviation and perception, Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde comment on the factors that can lead to pilot errors, such as the reported incident involving actor Harrison Ford landing his plane in close brush with a 737 at John Wayne Airport on Wednesday.

Life

Education

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NYU Steinhardt, Charter Schools, Online charter schools, E-schools, Edtech, June Ahn, NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development

Students in Ohio’s Online Charter Schools Perform Worse Than Peers in Traditional Schools

Despite dramatic growth in enrollment in online charter schools in Ohio, students are not achieving the same academic success as those in brick-and-mortar charter and public schools, finds a study by NYU’s Steinhardt School and RAND Corporation.

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UN Addresses Issue of Ship-Whale Strikes

Scientists and government officials met at the United Nations today to consider possible solutions to a global problem: how to protect whale species in their most important marine habitats that overlap with shipping lanes vital to the economies of many of the world’s nations.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Prediabetes, Centers For Disease Control, NDPP, Health People community research, South Bronx, Weight Loss Coaching

I Lost 100 Pounds---A Prediabetes Story

Sandra Marin, a Bronx grandmother who lost 100 pounds by participating in Health People’s Centers for Disease Control (CDC)-approved National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) will be featured Thursday February 16 in the CDC’s new national public service campaign to promote effective diabetes prevention. The segment will air during the CBS Morning News in major cities throughout the nation as part of a groundbreaking national initiative to assure that Americans with pre-diabetes get help.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Emotions Are Cognitive, Not Innate, Researchers Conclude

Emotions are not innately programmed into our brains, but, in fact, are cognitive states resulting from the gathering of information, New York University Professor Joseph LeDoux and Richard Brown, a professor at the City University of New York, conclude.

Science

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Computational Science, Information Science, data-driven discovery, data science, high-performance computing

Francis Alexander Named Deputy Director of Brookhaven Lab's Computational Science Initiative

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Alexander brings extensive management and leadership experience in computational science research to the position.

Science

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Cadherin, Cell Adhesion, super-resolution microscopy

Illuminating the Contacts

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Using super-resolution microscopy, an international research team led by Assistant Professor Pakorn (Tony) Kanchanawong from the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore (MBI) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) and the Department of Biomedical Engineering at NUS, as well as Dr Cristina Bertocchi, Research Fellow at MBI, has revealed, for the first time, how cadherin-based cell-cell contacts are organised.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, New York Eye And Ear Infirmary, Icahn School of Medicine, Otolaryngology, ENT, Otology, Neurotology, Balance, Hearing, Skull Base Surgery, Cochlear Implant, Cochlear Implants, Hearing Preservation, Ophthalmology, Ear And Hearing, Endoscopic Surgery, endoscopic skull base surgery

George Wanna, MD, FACS, Appointed Site Chair of the Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai and Mount Sinai Beth Israel

George Wanna, MD, an internationally renowned hearing and balance surgeon and researcher, has been named the Site Chair of the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai and Mount Sinai Beth Israel.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Nicole Dubois, Mindich Child Health and Development Institute

Researchers Identify a Population of Cells Linked to the Development of the Heart’s Ventricular Chambers

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These findings could provide new insight and understanding of congenital heart defects.







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