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The Low Down on Sweet N Low, Apple and Lettuce Can Remedy Garlic Breath, Using X-Rays to Figure Out Fats, and More in the Food Science News Source

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Medicine

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Speedy Bacteria Detector Could Help Prevent Foodborne Illnesses

It seems like almost every week another food product is being recalled because of contamination. One of the more common culprits is a pathogenic strain of E. coli. To help prevent illnesses caused by this bacteria in food or water, researchers have developed a new nanosensor to rapidly detect its presence. The study appears in the journal ACS Infectious Diseases.

Medicine

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MRSA, Superbugs, Food Pathogens, Antibiotic Resistance, Public Health, Food Safety

Superbug MRSA May Be Spreading Through Contaminated Poultry

A new study offers compelling evidence that a novel form of the dangerous superbug Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can spread to humans through consumption or handling of contaminated poultry. The research, published online today in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, shows that poultry may be an important source of human exposure to MRSA, a superbug which can cause serious infections and even death.

Medicine

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Feeding Babies Egg and Peanut May Prevent Food Allergy

Feeding babies egg and peanut may reduce their risk of developing an allergy to the foods, finds a new study.

Science

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Drought, arid, arid climates, Arid Lands, arid southwest, Agriculture, Sustainability, Resilience, Resilience Policy, greywater, Water Resources, brackish water, Rainwater, Climate Change, Water Scarcity, Agroecology, agroecosystems

Lecture to Discuss Ag Innovations in Arid Regions

Unleashing the creativity of farmers and agroecologists

Science

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National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences, Niehs, mercury exposure, Aerobic Exercise, Cognitive Function, Methylmercury, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Brain Benefits of Aerobic Exercise Lost to Mercury Exposure

Cognitive function improves with aerobic exercise, but not for people exposed to high levels of mercury before birth, according to research funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health. Adults with high prenatal exposure to methylmercury, which mainly comes from maternal consumption of fish with high mercury levels, did not experience the faster cognitive processing and better short term memory benefits of exercise that were seen in those with low prenatal methylmercury exposures.

Science

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Water, preferential flow, water flow, soil, Erosion, Topsoil, Groundwater

Where Does the Water Go?

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Underneath our feet, soil’s complex system of tiny channels has huge implications for water. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) September 15th Soils Matter blog post explains how water’s movement through soil affects us all.

Science

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Water, energy & environmental research, Energy, Asia Pacific, Drought, Asia, Energy and Environmental Science, water availability, Water Scarcity, water science

Water-Energy Dependence Around Pacific Rim Mapped in New Sandia Study

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A wide-ranging analysis of water vulnerability across the Pacific — including the U.S., China, Russia and Japan — has identified hundreds of locations where energy production depends upon scarce water supplies. The Sandia National Laboratories study, “Mapping Water Consumption for Energy Production Around the Pacific Rim,” was published in Environmental Research Letters.

Science

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Conservation, Lake Erie, algal blooms, Watershed, Streams

Protecting Streams That Feed Lake Erie Will Take Much Work, Study Finds

While current efforts to curtail agricultural runoff will improve the health of Lake Erie, much more work will be needed to protect the streams that feed the lake, new research shows.

Science

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UF/IFAS-Led Team Finds Faster, Better Way to Detect Salmonella in Meat, Chicken

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Salmonella is the lauding cause of bacteria-associated foodborne illnesses in the United States, according to the study. Thus, early detection of the pathogen, by a rapid and sensitive test is important to prevent the illness.

Science

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UF/IFAS Study: Global Food Security Aided by Combining Different Methods

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Researchers with the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences are closer to helping producers better meet global food demand, now that they’ve combined simulation and statistical methods to help them predict how temperature affects wheat crops worldwide.

Science

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Drought, soil, Agriculture, Evaporation, transpiration, Evapotranspiration, Water, Water Scarcity, Food Security

Symposium to Address Measurements Important for Water-Limited Agricultural Systems

Separating evaporation measurements from transpiration could be a key to better management practices

Medicine

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opportunistic infections, Drinking Water Safety, premise plumbing pathogens, Antibiotic Resistance, Legionella

Healthcare Costs for Infections Linked to Bacteria in Water Supply Systems Are Rising

A new analysis of 100 million Medicare records from US adults aged 65 and older reveals rising healthcare costs for infections associated with some disease-causing bacteria, such as Legionella, which can live inside drinking water distribution systems and household plumbing

Science

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Dammed if You Do: Scientists Recommend Strategies to Reduce Environmental Damage From Dams

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Dams around the world provide critical water supplies and hydropower to growing communities and hundreds of new dams are proposed for developing economies. Though viewed as sources of potential green energy, their construction also poses a significant environmental cost.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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North Dakota, North Dakota oil , Native American, Reservations, Water Quality

North Dakota Pipeline Is New Sign of Rights Violation

Science

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Harvesting Water From Air with Less Energy

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Getting clean water to communities in parched areas of the planet remains an ongoing challenge. Recent developments that harvest water from air have been proposed as a solution. However, the technology to do so consumes a lot of energy. But based on new modeling results, scientists now report in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology that a new system design would require less energy and produce high-quality water.

Science

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New UF/IFAS Method Detects Low-Dose Impacts of Man-Made Chemicals in Water

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Such products – known to scientists as PPCPs – are widely released into the world’s freshwaters and oceans, where they mix at low concentrations over long time periods and seep into diverse environmental pathways such as surface water, groundwater, drinking water or soil. Such products – known to scientists as PPCPs – are widely released into the world’s freshwaters and oceans, where they mix at low concentrations over long time periods and seep into diverse environmental pathways such as surface water, groundwater, drinking water or soil.

Science

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Water, Drought, Flood, Water Quality, water quantity, Climate Change, Aboriginal Communities, water security

Canadian Government Awards $77.8M to Lead “Global Water Futures” Research Program at the University of Saskatchewan

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The University of Saskatchewan has been awarded $77.8 million from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund to lead the “Global Water Futures: Solutions to Water Threats in an Era of Global Change” initiative—the largest university-led water research program ever funded worldwide. With more than 140 partners around the world, the research will position Canada as a global leader in cold regions water science.

Science

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Food, Energy, and Water (FEW) System, Interdisciplinary Research, National Science Foundation (NSF) , Grant, NAU, Northern Arizona University

$3 Million Grant to Support First Detailed Map of the Nation’s Food, Energy, and Water Systems

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The interdisciplinary research project called “FEWSion,” which builds on Ruddell’s work on the National Water-Economy Project, will create and study the first detailed map of the system.

Medicine

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Celiac Disease, Gluten, gluten allergy, Gluten Free, Enzymes

Common Bacteria Show Promise for Treating Celiac Disease

Researchers have isolated an enzyme from bacteria present in human saliva that has potential as a therapy for celiac disease (CD), an autoimmune disorder that causes severe digestive and other health problems among sufferers when they consume gluten. The study, published in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for September.







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