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ALMA telescope, Titan, Atmosphere, Prebiotic Chemistry

ALMA Confirms Complex Chemistry in Titan's Atmosphere

Saturn’s frigid moon Titan has a curious atmosphere. In addition to a hazy mixture of nitrogen and hydrocarbons, like methane and ethane, Titan’s atmosphere also contains an array of more complex organic molecules, including vinyl cyanide, which astronomers recently uncovered in archival ALMA data. Under the right conditions, like those found on the surface of Titan, vinyl cyanide may naturally coalesce into microscopic spheres resembling cell membranes.

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Materials Science, Chemistry & Materials, FUEL

New Light-Activated Catalyst Grabs CO2 to Make Ingredients for Fuel

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Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a “spongy,” light-activated material that converts carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide, which can be used to turn into liquid fuels and other useful products. This is done without generating unwanted by products, a significant step forward in developing technology that could help mitigate levels of a potent greenhouse gas while generating solar-powered fuel.

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Antimicrobial Drug Resistance, Biophysics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Aug-2017 5:00 AM EDT

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soil, mycorrhizal fungi, Roots, Plants

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Aug-2017 10:00 AM EDT

Science

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Memristor, neuristor, Artificial Intelligence, Metal Oxide, Nanomaterials, neuromorphic computing, Synchrotron, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Lithium Ion, brain-like computing, Retina, artificial retina , smart camera

Brain-Like Computing Comes Closer in Big Artificial Intelligence Retina Project

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The human brain's computational might in a machine, the dream of computer engineers, comes a step closer thanks to new nanomaterials. Georgia Tech researchers are creating next-gen neuron-mimmicking "memristors" to underly processing "neuristors."

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Birds, Climate Change, habitat loss, Frank La Sorte

Climate Change, Habitat Loss Threaten Eastern Forest Birds

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Human-caused habitat loss looms as the greatest threat to some North American breeding birds over the next few decades. The problem will be most severe on their wintering grounds, according to a new study published in the journal Global Change Biology.

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Science, Physics, Physics and Astronomy, Eclipse

Understanding the Eclipse: Physics Professor Available to Discuss Eclipse Viewing

Next month's eclipse is a rare and unique opportunity. An American University professor is available to discuss the upcoming eclipse, and what scientists can learn from it.

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Hepatitis B research, hepatitis B virus (HBV)

Southern Research Contributes to Global Push for New Treatments to Unlock Hepatitis B’s Stubborn Persistence

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Southern Research scientist Dr. Raj Kalkeri says a new generation of antiviral therapies is urgently needed against hepatitis B, a chronic disease affecting 240 million people whose cure has proved elusive.

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molecular bonds, Chemical Reactions, bond breaking point, mechanochemistry, mechanical stress, Breakdown, mechanical forces, Josep Maria Bofill, Jordi Ribas-Ariño, Sergio Pablo García, Wolfgang Quapp, University of Barcelona, Leipzig University, The Journal Of Chemical Physics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Aug-2017 11:00 AM EDT

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Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Reactor, nuclear bomb, Nuclear

Physics Researchers Eye Experimental Box as Key to Tracking Nuclear Activity by Rogue Nations

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Researchers at the Virginia Tech College of Science are carrying out a research project at Dominion Power’s North Anna Nuclear Generating Station in Virginia that could lead to a new turning point in how the United Nations tracks rogue nations that seek nuclear power.







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