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Science

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University of Vienna, holodeck, Virtual Reality, Biology, Brain Function, Virtual Worlds, experimental designs, Behavior experiments, lab animals, natural conditions, University of Freiburg, Max F. Perutz Laboratories (MFPL), Medical University of Vienna, Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), MPI for Ornithology in Konstanz, FreemoVR, Nature Methods, Kristin Tessmar-Raible

When Fish Swim in the Holodeck

Behavior experiments are useful tools to study brain function. Standard experiments to investigate behavior in popular lab animals such as fish, flies or mice however only incompletely mimic natural conditions. The understanding of behavior and brain function is thus limited. Virtual Reality (VR) helps in generating a more natural experimental environment but requires immobilization of the animal, disrupting sensorimotor experience and causing altered neuronal and behavioral responses. Researchers at the University of Freiburg, and the Max F. Perutz Laboratories (MFPL), a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, in collaboration with groups at the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) and the MPI for Ornithology in Konstanz, have now developed a VR system for freely moving animals – FreemoVR – to overcome most of these limitations. Their findings are now published in Nature Methods.

Science

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Planets, LCLS , Linac Coherent Light Source, Diamonds

Scientists Create ‘Diamond Rain’ That Forms in the Interior of Icy Giant Planets

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In an experiment designed to mimic the conditions deep inside the icy giant planets of our solar system, scientists were able to observe “diamond rain” for the first time as it formed in high-pressure conditions. Extremely high pressure squeezes hydrogen and carbon found in the interior of these planets to form solid diamonds that sink slowly down further into the interior.

Medicine

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Aging, bone, Bone Loss, Bone Mass, Bone Strength, Dr James Kirkland, Dr Sundeep Khosla, Kogod Center on Aging, news releases, Osteoporosis, Senescent cells

Researchers Report Link Between Cells Associated with Aging and Bone Loss

Mayo Clinic researchers have reported a causal link between senescent cells – the cells associated with aging and age-related disease – and bone loss in mice. Targeting these cells led to an increase in bone mass and strength. The findings appear online in Nature Medicine.

Medicine

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Tubercolosis, TB, tuberculosis vaccine, TB Vaccine

Texas Biomed Part of Team Receiving Five-Year, $4.4 Million NIH Grant for Novel TB Vaccine Testing

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Texas Biomedical Research Institute UTHealth in Houston partner to test a modified TB vaccine that, if effective, could prove more powerful and provide longer lasting immunity.

Medicine

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Cerebral Palsy, Genetics, Genetic Mutation, Genetic Susceptibility

Global Group to Investigate Genetic Causes of Cerebral Palsy

A new international research group has been established to investigate the underlying genetic causes of cerebral palsy.

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Nanotechnology Helps Rewarm Fast-Frozen Donor Tissue, Enabling Long-Term Viability

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Researchers have developed a new method for thawing frozen tissue that may enable long-term storage and subsequent viability of tissues and organs for transplantation. The method, called nanowarming, prevents tissue damage during the rapid thawing process that would precede a transplant.

Medicine

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Dental School, Dentistry, Wellness, Oral Health Care, Oral Health, Health Diparities, Diabetes, Gum Disease, Leukemia, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Cancer

An Opening for Early Detection: What Your Mouth Says About Your Health

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Dentists and hygienists see more than just teeth. They can see early signs of certain diseases — often before patients know they have them.

Medicine

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DNA, DNA REPAIR, NCI, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Rutgers University, New Jersey

$4 Million in Multi-Source Support Aids DNA Repair Research by Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and National Cancer Institute Investigators

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Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and the National Cancer Institute’s Center for Cancer Research are collaborating on work examining DNA repair in cancer thanks to $4 million in support including $2 million from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Medalist Study Underlines Importance of Blood Glucose Control in Older Adults with Type 1 Diabetes

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“People are living longer with type 1 diabetes, and the onset of complications is taking longer,” says Hillary Keenan, Ph.D., a Joslin Diabetes Center Assistant Investigator and co-Principal Investigator on the Joslin 50-Year Medalist Study.

Medicine

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The Myositis Association, Dermatomyositis, TMA Annual Patient Conference, Dan Seftick , "Real Mountains", Montana, Grand Tetons, Avalanche, Keynote Speaker, Myositis

Personal Tragedy Gives Rare Disease Patient New Resolve

Dan Seftick thought his biggest challenge in life was his rare disease, dermatomyositis. When his son Greg tragically died in an avalanche while hiking in Grand Tetons National Park, he discovered there can be much bigger mountains to climb.







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