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HIV Infections Drop, but U.S. Falls Short of National Goals

The number of new HIV infections and the transmission rate in the United States dropped by 11 and 17 percent, respectively, between 2010 and 2015, but fell short of the goals put forth by President Obama’s U.S. National HIV/AIDS Strategy.

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Number of HIV Infections Falling in United States, but Fails to Meet Reduction Goals

The number of new HIV infections occurring annually in the United States decreased by an estimated 11 percent from 2010 to 2015, while the HIV transmission rate decreased by an estimated 17 percent during the same time period, according to new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of Pennsylvania.

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Funding Decline for a U.S. Government HIV/AIDS Initiative Raises Concerns

A U.S. government agency whose mission is to help save the lives of people around the world living with HIV and AIDS has seen a steep drop in funding for an important part of its budget. The finding, from a UCLA study, could be a cause for concern because many countries rely on the agency to help pay for vital health care services for people with the disease.

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Zika Virus In HIV Infected Patients in Ghana

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Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

Pinellas County a Model for Mosquito-Borne Disease Surveillance, Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus, Worm Infection Counters Inflammatory Bowel Disease and more in the Infectious Diseases News Source

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‘Fireflies’ Light the Way to Understanding Female HIV Transmission

Finding the vulnerable points where HIV enters the female reproductive tract is like searching for needles in a haystack. But using the light of a firefly gene, scientists have solved that challenge by creating a glowing map of the very first cells to be infected with a HIV-like virus. In an animal model, scientists showed for the first time that HIV enters cells throughout the entire female reproductive tract, not just the cervix as previously thought. Now scientists know where to attack it.

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Gender Differences and Relationship Power Could Be Key in Preventing HIV Among South African Adolescents

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Millions of those infected with HIV worldwide are young women, ages 15-24, according to the World Health Organization. Because the HIV epidemic overlaps with an epidemic of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and girls, researchers have suspected a correlation between inequities in relationship power and the risky sexual behavior that can lead to HIV transmission.

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Study to Test Ways to Improve Cognitive Functioning of Older Adults with HIV

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UAB School of Nursing Professor David Vance, Ph.D., received a five-year, $2.86 million R01 grant to test ways of improving cognitive function in older adults with HIV.

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Has Virginity Lost Its Virtue? Prevalence of Homosexuality in Men Is Stable Throughout Time Thanks to Genetics, Peer Pressure May Have Turned Humans Into Monogamists, and more in the Sex and Relationships Channel

Has Virginity Lost Its Virtue? Prevalence of Homosexuality in Men Is Stable Throughout Time Thanks to Genetics, Peer Pressure May Have Turned Humans Into Monogamists, and more in the Sex and Relationships Channel

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HIV Infection Prematurely Ages People by an Average of Five Years

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Thanks to combination antiretroviral therapies, many people with HIV can expect to live decades after being infected. Yet doctors have observed these patients often show signs of premature aging. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and the University of Nebraska Medical Center have applied a highly accurate biomarker to measure just how much HIV infection ages people at the cellular level — an average of almost five years.

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Study Identifies Effects of Hormonal Contraceptives on Anti-Viral Immunity

Women account for approximately half of all individuals living with HIV worldwide, and researchers wanted to identify the risk factors that increase susceptibility of women to genital infection.

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Danger in the Water: The Epidemic of Lead Across America

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In this opinion piece, Anna Roberts, a fellow at the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University, discusses the current situation of lead exposure via water supply systems.

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First Diagnosed Case of Alzheimer’s Disease in HIV-Positive Individual Reported

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Georgetown University researchers are reporting the first case of Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed in an HIV-positive individual. The finding in a 71-year-old man triggers a realization about HIV survivors now reaching the age when Alzheimer’s risk begins to escalate.

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New Research Explains Why HIV Is Not Cleared by the Immune System

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New research identifies a human (host) protein that weakens the immune response to HIV and other viruses. The findings, published in Cell Host & Microbe, have implications for improving HIV antiviral therapies and vaccines.

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On-the-Go Diagnosis of HIV and HCV Co-Infections

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A group of researchers at McGill University in Montreal has recently developed a portable, paper-based electrochemical platform with multiplexing and telemedicine capabilities that may enable low-cost, point-of-care diagnosis of HIV and HCV co-infections within serum samples.

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Researchers Uncover Earliest Events Following HIV Infection, Before Virus Is Detectable

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New research in monkeys exposed to SIV, the animal equivalent of HIV, reveals what happens in the very earliest stages of infection, before virus is even detectable in the blood, which is a critical but difficult period to study in humans. The findings, published online today in the journal Cell, have important implications for vaccine development and other strategies to prevent infection.

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New Method Developed to Preserve Microfluidic Devices for HIV Monitoring in Developing Countries

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Inspired by pregnancy tests, researchers have developed a novel method to store microfluidic devices for CD4 T cell testing in extreme weather conditions for up to six months without refrigeration. These devices are used for chemotherapy monitoring, transplant patient monitoring, and especially in monitoring the efficacy of antiretroviral therapy. If produced at a large scale, the device would cost less than $1 compared with the current cost of a CD4 assay which is about $30-$50.

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Mymetics’ HIV Vaccine Candidate Confirms Promise in Preclinical Study with the Texas Biomed

HIV vaccine candidate has shown to generate more than 80% protection in groups of twelve female monkeys against high dose, repeated AIDS virus exposures during part of a preclinical study.

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HIV Agencies Yield Insights on Improving Services

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Agencies that serve people with HIV in the U.S. are at the forefront of delivering medical care, shelter, psycho-social counseling and other services to their vulnerable clients. These services are offered through a mix of different types of agencies, including local health departments, state government agencies, non-profits and faith-based organizations. Collaboration among these various entities is essential for holistically serving the needs of their clients. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has published two studies after studying collaboration among these types of agencies in Baltimore, a severely HIV-affected city. Her research offers suggestions for improving HIV prevention, treatment and care and provides an innovation in measuring collaboration among agencies.

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TSRI Scientists Get First-Ever Glimpse of ‘Teenage’ HIV-Neutralizing Antibody

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and collaborating institutions have described the first-ever immature or “teenage” antibody found in a powerful class of immune molecules effective against HIV.