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HIV/AIDS Experiences A “Senior Moment”

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults ages 55 and older accounted for 19 percent of the estimated 1.1 million people living with HIV infection in the United States in 2010. Sept. 18 is National HIV/AIDS Aging and Awareness Day. Funded by a CDC research grant in collaboration with the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH), patients in the Loyola Emergency Department and select immediate care centers are offered a free HIV test.

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Cats Lend a Helping Paw in the Search for Anti-HIV Drugs

Researchers at the Technion say a protein found in both the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) - which causes AIDS in cats - and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) might inspire new anti-HIV drugs.

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Puerto Ricans Who Inject Drugs, both in the Northeast U.S. and in Puerto Rico, Among Latinos at Highest Risk of Contracting HIV

The study, “Addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic among Puerto Rican people who inject drugs: the Need for a Multi-Region Approach,” published in the American Journal of Public Health (on-line ahead of print, September 11, 2014) described the epidemic and the availability of HIV prevention and treatment programs in areas with a high concentration of Puerto Ricans, in order to provide recommendations to reduce HIV in the population.

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Leaky Gut — A Source of Non-AIDS Complications in HIV-Positive Patients

HIV infection is no longer a fatal condition, thanks to newer antiretroviral medications, but a phenomenon has surfaced among these patients — non-AIDS complications. Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine scientists have resolved the mystery, discovering the leaky gut as the offender.

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HIV Lessons From the Mississippi Baby

The news in July that HIV had returned in a Mississippi toddler after a two-year treatment-free remission dashed the hopes of clinicians, HIV researchers and the public at large tantalized by the possibility of a cure. But a new commentary by two leading HIV experts at Johns Hopkins argues that despite its disappointing outcome, the Mississippi case and two other recent HIV “rebounds” in adults, have yielded critical lessons about the virus’ most perplexing — and maddening — feature: its ability to form cure-defying viral hideouts.

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New Analysis of Old HIV Vaccines Finds Potentially Protective Immune Response

Applying the benefit of hindsight, researchers at Duke Medicine have reanalyzed the findings of two historic pediatric HIV vaccine trials with encouraging results. The vaccines had in fact triggered an antibody response -- now known to be associated with protection in adults -- that was previously unrecognized in the infants studied in the 1990s.

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Gang Life Brings Deep Health Risks for Girls

Being involved in a gang poses considerable health-related risks for adolescent African American girls, including more casual sex partners and substance abuse combined with less testing for HIV and less knowledge about preventing sexually transmitted diseases, according to a new study.

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Dosage of HIV Drug May Be Ineffective for Half of African-Americans

Many African-Americans may not be getting effective doses of the HIV drug maraviroc because they are more likely than European-Americans to inherit functional copies of a protein that speeds the removal of the drug from the body.

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Op-Ed: Nurses Know Danger, Forge Ahead on Ebola Care

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Ever since Florence Nightingale, “The Lady With the Lamp,” took it upon herself to care for the sick and the wounded in the Crimean War in the 1850s, nurses have proven their value and their valor where care is most daunting and risky.

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Antibodies, Together with Viral ‘Inducers,’ Found to Control HIV in Mice

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Although HIV can now be effectively suppressed using anti-retroviral drugs, it still comes surging back the moment the flow of drugs is stopped. Latent reservoirs of HIV-infected cells, invisible to the body’s immune system and unreachable by pharmaceuticals, ensure that the infection will rebound after therapy is terminated.

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