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Transgender Patients Are Dodging Doctors

Discussing your sexual history with a doctor, or anyone for that matter, can be an uncomfortable experience. But for many transgender people, the conversation never takes place because they aren’t seeking health care.

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HIV Prevention Messages for High-Risk Groups Should Target Bars, Street Corners

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Bars and street corners are ideal venues for broad dissemination of HIV prevention information among drug-using male sex workers and other at-risk populations, according to researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Apr-2015 2:00 PM EDT

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Happily Ever After: Scientists Arrange Protein-Nanoparticle Marriage

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University at Buffalo researchers have discovered a way to easily and effectively fasten proteins to nanoparticles – essentially an arranged marriage – by simply mixing them together. The biotechnology, described April 20 online in the journal Nature Chemistry, is in its infancy. But it already has shown promise for developing an HIV vaccine and as a way to target cancer cells.

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HIV Pioneer: Use Lessons From the Epidemic to Improve Health-Care System

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Michael Saag, M.D., spreads message from first book to TEDxBirmingham attendees; says three lessons can help enact change.

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Specific Cells in Female Reproductive Tract Display Susceptibility to HIV Infection

Dartmouth study finds some portions of the female reproductive tract are more likely to be infected by HIV, particularly the ectocervix compared to the endometrium.

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UCLA Research Links HIV to Age-Accelerating Cellular Changes

Research suggests that HIV induces age-associated changes to the DNA, which in turn lead to earlier onset of age-related illnesses such as some cancers, renal and kidney disease, frailty, osteoporosis and neurocognitive diseases by more than 14 years.

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NYU Researchers Dramatically Improve ART Adherence for Vulnerable African American/Black and Latino Adults Living with HIV

The intervention was found to be feasible and acceptable. Eight months post-baseline, intervention participants tended to be more likely to evidence “good” (that is, 7 day a week) adherence assessed via hair sample analysis (60% among intervention arm participants vs. 26.7% among controls), and also had lower HIV viral load levels based on the medical record than controls, at a statistically significant level (a difference of 0.88 log10 viral load), both large effect sizes. Thus the intervention components were highly promising, and merit further study with this vulnerable population.

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HIV Patients Experience Better Kidney Transplant Outcomes than Hepatitis C Patients

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)-positive kidney transplant patients experienced superior outcomes when compared to kidney transplant patients with Hepatitis C and those infected with both HIV and Hepatitis C, according to a study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and published online in Kidney International.

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For Most Children with HIV and Low Immune Cell Count, Cells Rebound After Treatment

Most children with HIV who have low levels of a key immune cell eventually recover levels of this cell after they begin treatment.