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Tracking How HIV Disrupts Immune System Informs Vaccine Development

One of the main mysteries confounding development of an HIV vaccine is why some people infected with the virus make the desired antibodies after several years, but a vaccine can’t seem to induce the same response.

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UofL Provides Comprehensive Dental Care for People Living with HIV

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UofL’s Community Based Dental Partnership Program (CBDPP), is one of only 12 Ryan White CBDPP federally funded oral health programs in the United States, and the only one in Kentucky.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Aug-2016 9:30 AM EDT

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Maternal HIV Status May Disrupt Normal Microbiome Development in Uninfected Infants

A study led by researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) suggests that maternal HIV infection influences the microbiome of their HIV-uninfected infants. Their findings may account for some of the immunological and survival differences seen these children.

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First Diagnosed Case of Alzheimer’s Disease in HIV Positive Individual Presented at AAIC

The first case of Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed in an HIV-positive individual will be presented in a poster session at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2016 in Toronto July 27. The finding in a 71-year-old man triggers a realization about HIV survivors now reaching the age when Alzheimer’s risk begins to escalate.

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Study Shows Potential to Reduce HIV Transmission Through Intervention for Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence

A team of researchers led by the University of Maryland, School of Public Health’s Dr. Mona Mittal, conducted an integrated HIV risk reduction intervention for a racially diverse group of economically-disadvantaged women with histories of intimate partner violence (IPV). This intervention resulted in a decrease in unprotected sex and an increase in safer sex communication among its participants. It is one of the few interventions to address the association between gender-based violence and risk of HIV acquisition among women.

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Researchers Discuss Challenges, Successes of HIV Cure Research in Science

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A better understanding of HIV latency is the key to eradicating the virus researchers at the University of North Carolina and partner institutions write in a perspective in the journal Science.

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Comprehensive HIV Vaccine Project Funded at $23 Million by NIH

To support a coordinated, innovative approach to the development of an AIDS vaccine, Texas Biomedical Research Institute scientists, together with an international coalition of experts, have received a grant for $23 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of Health. The goal of this program is to establish a vaccine approach that targets a frontline defense at the mucosa, while generating backup immune responses in the blood and tissues.

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Preventing HIV in Transgender People—JAIDS Assembles Critical Evidence

Programs to reduce the high risk of HIV infection among transgender people are urgently needed—but efforts are hindered by a lack of accurate information on HIV prevalence, HIV incidence, and specific risk factors facing this key population. A special supplement to JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes presents essential information to meet the challenges of HIV prevention in the transgender population. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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HIV Treatment Keeps Uninfected Partner from Contracting the Virus

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Anti-HIV medications suppress the viral load of people living with HIV and provide durable protection against heterosexual transmission a study led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill found. Researchers found a 93 percent reduction of HIV transmission when the HIV-infected person started antiretroviral therapy or ART at a higher CD4 cell count.

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Cancer-Fighting Gene Immunotherapy Shows Promise as Treatment for HIV

Researchers from the UCLA AIDS Institute and Center for AIDS Research found that recently discovered potent antibodies can be used to generate a specific type of cell called chimeric antigen receptors, or CARs, that can be used to kill cells infected with HIV-1.

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Prisoners Worldwide Bear Higher Burdens of HIV and Other Infections

Prisoners and detainees worldwide have higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis and tuberculosis than the communities from which they come, and the regular cycling of infected people in and out of incarceration is worsening the epidemics both inside and outside of prison, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

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The Wistar Institute and Partners Receive Nearly $23 Million from NIH to Advance HIV Cure Research

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NIH awards Wistar and partners nearly $23M grant for HIV cure research

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21st International AIDS Conference 2016

As delegates gather in Durban, South Africa from July 19th to the 22nd for the 21st International AIDS Conference (2016), leading researchers from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health are available to evaluate pioneering studies emerging in HIV prevention and treatment, stigma, ethical issues, and minority health, and comment on the major issues facing the global response to HIV. In Durban, ICAP is convening a pre-meeting event on July 16th-17th titled Nursing HIV 2016 on the state of nursing and global HIV and led by Dr. Susan Michaels-Strasser. For more details email: nursingHIV2016@gmail.com

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GW Chosen to Help Lead National Effort to Find a Cure for HIV/AIDS

Researchers from the George Washington University have received a $28 million, five-year Martin Delaney Collaboratory grant from the National Institutes of Health to apply immunotherapy advances in order to create a novel HIV cure strategy.

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UNC Awarded Nearly $23 Million to Continue National Effort to Cure HIV

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Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill will receive nearly $23 million over the next five years to continue research on their innovative “kick and kill” strategy for eradicating HIV.

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Grindr, the Social Networking App, Can Be an Effective Way to Distribute HIV Home-Testing Kits, UCLA Study Finds

Gay social and sexual networking app Grindr is an effective means through which to distribute HIV self-testing kits among men who have sex with men who have a high risk for contracting the virus.

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Largest HIV Transmission Study Conducted

A new study has found that neither gay men nor heterosexual people with HIV transmit the virus to their partner, provided they are on suppressive antiretroviral treatment.

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Male Circumcision, HIV Treatment Can Significantly Reduce New Infections in African Men

Increasing the number of men who undergo circumcision and increasing the rates at which women with HIV are given antiretroviral therapy (ART) were associated with significant declines in the number of new male HIV infections in rural Ugandan communities, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Health research suggests.

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Interventions Do Not Improve Viral Suppression Among Hospitalized Patients with HIV Infection and Substance Use

In a study appearing in the July 12 issue of JAMA, an HIV/AIDS theme issue, Lisa R. Metsch, Ph.D., of Columbia University, New York, and colleagues assessed the effect of structured patient navigation (care coordination with case management) interventions with or without financial incentives to improve HIV-l viral suppression rates among hospitalized patients with elevated HIV-1 viral loads and substance use.