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Scientists Unravel Elusive Structure of HIV Protein

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HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is the retrovirus that leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. Globally, about 35 million people are living with HIV, which constantly adapts and mutates creating challenges for researchers. Now, scientists at the University of Missouri are gaining a clearer idea of what a key protein in HIV looks like, which will help explain its vital role in the virus’ life cycle. Armed with this clearer image of the protein, researchers hope to gain a better understanding of how the body can combat the virus with the ultimate aim of producing new and more effective antiviral drugs.

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Needle Exchanges Can Prevent More HIV Outbreaks Like One in Indiana

Congress needs to immediately lift the ban on federal funding for needle exchange programs to counter the threat of HIV outbreaks among injection drug users like the one that has seen an alarming number of new cases erupt in a single rural Indiana county.

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PrEP Data Links Anti-HIV Immune Response to Reduce Chance of Infection

Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that some individuals exposed to HIV-1, but who remain uninfected, have a certain pattern of virus-specific immune responses that differentiated them from individuals who became infected.

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UCLA Research Offers More Evidence for Possible Link Between Cocaine Use and HIV Infection

New research offers further evidence that cocaine use disrupts the immune system, making people who use it more likely to become infected with HIV.

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Team Shows AIDS Vaccine Candidate Successfully ‘Primes’ Immune System

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New research led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative and The Rockefeller University shows in mice that an experimental vaccine candidate designed at TSRI can stimulate the immune system activity necessary to stop HIV infection.

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Changes in HIV Genetic Code Determine Severity of Disease

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In a finding that furthers the understanding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), researchers from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles discovered two locations where a single difference in HIV’s genetic code altered the way the virus infected the cell, thereby influencing the progression of the disease.

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First Functional, Synthetic Immune Organ with Controllable Antibodies Created by Engineers

Cornell University engineers have created a functional, synthetic immune organ that produces antibodies and can be controlled in the lab, completely separate from a living organism. The engineered organ has implications for everything from rapid production of immune therapies to new frontiers in cancer or infectious disease research.

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Antibody Response Linked To Lower Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

How most babies are protected from acquiring HIV from their infected mothers has been a matter of scientific controversy. Now researchers at Duke Medicine provide new data identifying an antibody response that had long been discounted as inadequate to confer protection.

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Research Offers a New Approach to Improving HIV Vaccines

In a scientific discovery that has significant implications for preventing HIV infections, researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute have identified a protein that could improve the body’s immune response to HIV vaccines and prevent transmission of the virus.

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Study Suggests Health and Social Inequities May Drive HIV Infection in Young Men Who Have Sex with Men

Researchers at New York University’s Center for Health, Identity, Behavior & Prevention Studies (CHIBPS) sought to identify the factors associated with incident HIV infection among a cohort of racially/ethnically and socioeconomically diverse YMSM.