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Embryonic Gene Nanog Reverses Aging in Adult Stem Cells

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In a series of experiments at the University at Buffalo, the embryonic stem cell gene Nanog kicked into action dormant cellular processes that are key to preventing weak bones, clogged arteries and other telltale signs of growing old.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Jul-2016 12:00 PM EDT

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Unusual New Zoantharian Species Is the First Described Solitary Species in Over 100 Years

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A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus.

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Uncovering a New Principle in Chemotherapy Resistance in Breast Cancer

A laboratory study has revealed an entirely unexpected process for acquiring drug resistance that bypasses the need to re-establish DNA damage repair in breast cancers that have mutant BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. The findings, reported by Andre Nussenzweig, Ph.D., and Shyam Sharan, Ph.D., at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, and colleagues, appeared July 21, 2016, in Nature.

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Nottingham Researchers Show Novel Technique That Can ‘Taste’ DNA

Scientists at The University of Nottingham have demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to selectively sequence fragments of DNA in real time, greatly reducing the time needed to analyse biological samples.

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New Surgical Tool for Mitral Valve Repair, Global Study Shows Stroke Largely Preventable, New Study Shows Differences in Blood Pressure Variation Across Ethnicity, and More in the Cardiovascular Health News Source

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UF/IFAS Research Could Lead to More and Healthier Sorghum

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A UF/IFAS scientist has identified two areas of the sorghum genome that could boost the plant’s resistance to the anthracnose disease. Sorghum is a grain known to produce feed for livestock and biofuel.

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University of Montana Research Unveils New Player in Lichen Symbiosis

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Dating back nearly 150 years, a classic example of symbiosis has been the lichen: a mutually helpful relationship between an alga and a fungus.

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Lichen: Apparently Happy Couple Really a Threesome

Since the discovery of their true nature 140 years ago, lichens have been the poster children for symbiosis. In the textbook definition of a lichen, the filaments of a single fungus provide protection for photosynthetic algae or cyanobacteria, which in turn provide food for the fungus.

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Personalized Medicine Meets Thyroid Cancer: Drug Targeting BRAF Mutation Helps Patients

Researchers from Penn Medicine and other institutions found that treating metastatic thyroid cancer patients harboring a BRAF mutation with the targeted therapy vemurafenib —originally approved for melanoma patients with the mutation—showed promising anti-tumor activity in a third of patients. The results were published in this week’s Lancet Oncology.

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Mice Survive Brain Cancer Tumors Lacking Key Surface Proteins

A new scientific study has characterized a checkpoint protein that allows certain brain tumor cells to avoid the immune system.

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Similarities Unite Three Distinct Gene Mutations of Treacher Collins Syndrome

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Scientists at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have reported a detailed description of how function-impairing mutations in polr1c and polr1d genes cause Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS), a rare congenital craniofacial development disorder that affects an estimated 1 in 50,000 live births.

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Saint Louis University Research: Plant Compounds Give ‘One-Two’ Punch to Colon Cancer

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A preliminary cell study at Saint Louis University finds combining curcumin, the active ingredient in spicy curry dishes, and silymarin, a component of milk thistle, inhibited the spread of colon cancer cells and increased cancer cell death.

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Designer Protein Gives New Hope to Scientists Studying Alzheimer's Disease

A new protein which will help scientists to understand why nerve cells die in people with Alzheimer's disease has been designed in a University of Sussex laboratory.

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Pipette Tips and Pipettes – an Infallible System?

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Many times experimental data was not reproducible even though all variables within the experimental procedure stood up to scrutiny. But was this really the case?

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'Green' Energy From Garden Grass, Mars Rover's Laser Can Now Target Rocks All by Itself, World's Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector Completes Search, and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

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Scorpionfish Too Deep for SCUBA Divers Caught by Submersible Turns Out to Be a New Species

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Discovered by scientists using the manned submersible Curasub in the deep-reef waters of the Caribbean island of Curaçao, a new scorpionfish species is the latest one captured with the help of the sub's two robotic arms.

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Scientists Use Already-Approved Drugs to Force Cancer Cell Death, How to Decide if Watchful Waiting Is the Right Choice, Some Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Require More Comprehensive Mental Health Screening, and MORE in the Cancer News Source

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An Engineered Protein Can Disrupt Tumor-Promoting 'Messages' in Human Cells

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A team of researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Trento in Italy unveiled an engineered protein that they designed to repress a specific cancer-promoting message within cells.

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Rare Wood Bison Calves Born at the University of Saskatchewan

Veterinary researchers at the University of Saskatchewan have successfully produced three wood bison calves using in vitro fertilization.