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Science

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MARS, NASA, Space Exploration, Engineering, Materials Science

Engineers Investigate a Simple, No-Bake Recipe to Make Bricks From Martian Soil

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Explorers planning to settle on Mars might be able to turn the planet’s red soil into bricks without needing to use an oven or additional ingredients. Instead, they would just need to apply pressure to compact the soil—the equivalent of a blow from a hammer. These are the findings of a study published in Nature Scientific Reports on April 27, 2017. The study was authored by a team of engineers at the University of California San Diego and funded by NASA.

Medicine

Science

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National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences, Niehs, Antidepressant, Amitriptyline, blood-brain barrier, central nervous system, P-glycoprotein, Rat study

Antidepressant May Enhance Drug Delivery to the Brain

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New research from the National Institutes of Health found that pairing the antidepressant amitriptyline with drugs designed to treat central nervous system diseases, enhances drug delivery to the brain by inhibiting the blood-brain barrier in rats. The blood-brain barrier serves as a natural, protective boundary, preventing most drugs from entering the brain. The research, performed in rats, appeared online April 27 in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.

Medicine

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Alan R. Cohen, Alan Cohen, Neurosurgery, Simulator, 3D, ETV, Hollywood

When Hollywood Met Neurosurgery

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A team of computer engineers and neurosurgeons, with an assist from Hollywood special effects experts, reports successful early tests of a novel, lifelike 3D simulator designed to teach surgeons to perform a delicate, minimally invasive brain operation.

Science

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Neuroscience, Video Games, Foldit

Scientific Discovery Game Significantly Speeds Up Neuroscience Research Process

A new scientific discovery game called Mozak is allowing video gamers to significantly speed up reconstructing the intricate architecture of brain cells, a fundamental task in 21st century brain science. These citizen scientists have outperformed computers in tracing the intricate shapes of neurons, a first step in understanding how our brain circuitry works.

Science

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Asteroid, Asteroids, Tsunami, Shockwaves, Meteors, heat deaths

Study Highlights Deadliest Effects of Hypothetical Asteroid Strike

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Violent winds and shockwaves would account for more than 60 per cent of lives lost if an asteroid were to hit the Earth, according to a new University of Southampton-led study.

Medicine

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Microbiome, Gut Bacteria, Salmonella, E. Coli, Mouse, Clostridium

Newborns Get Infection Protection, Not Just Digestion, From Gut Bacteria, New Study in Mice Shows

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Hundreds of thousands of babies worldwide die every year from infections that ravage their digestive systems. New research in mice offers evidence that the difference in survival may come from certain bacteria in their guts, called Clostridia, which appear to provide key protection against infection, in addition to helping digest food.

Medicine

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San Diego, Palm Beach, Neuroscience, Neurotransmission, Brain

Closer Look at Brain Circuits Reveals Important Role of Genetics

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) in La Jolla have revealed new clues to the wiring of the brain. A team led by Associate Professor Anton Maximov found that neurons in brain regions that store memory can form networks in the absence of synaptic activity.

Science

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Binghamton, Binghamton University, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton, Solar Power, Solar Energy, Earth Day, Solar Cells, solar cell performance, Solar Panels, Energy, Energy Savings, Renewable, Renewable Energy, photovoltaic panels, Energy efficiency , Green, Eco Friendly, Environment, SUN, Solar, energy generation

Adjusting Solar Panel Angles a Few Times a Year Makes Them More Efficient

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With Earth Day approaching, new research from Binghamton University-State of New York could help U.S. residents save more energy, regardless of location, if they adjust the angles of solar panels four to five times a year.

Medicine

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Pollution, Ramanathan, mice, Respitory, Sinuses, Breathing

Air Pollution May Directly Cause Those Year-Round Runny Noses, According to a Mouse Study

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Although human population studies have linked air pollution to chronic inflammation of nasal and sinus tissues, direct biological and molecular evidence for cause and effect has been scant. Now, Johns Hopkins researchers report that experiments in mice continually exposed to dirty air have revealed that direct biological effect.

Science

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NASA, Hubble Space Telescope, Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, Stis, Europa, Plume, Solar System, Jupiter, moon, Space Telescope Science Institute, Stsci, ocean worlds, Cassini, Enceladus, Plumes, Saturn

NASA Missions Provide New Insights into 'Ocean Worlds' in Our Solar System

Recent observations of Jupiter's icy moon Europa by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered a probable plume of material erupting from the moon's surface at precisely the same location as a similar apparent plume seen two years earlier by Hubble. These images bolster evidence that the plumes are a real phenomenon, flaring up intermittently in the same region on the satellite.







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