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Satellites, Airport Visibility Readings Shed Light on Troops' Exposure to Dust Storms, Pollution

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Research lays groundwork for large VA study on respiratory health in Iraq, Afghanistan Vets

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 15-Dec-2016 2:00 PM EST

Science

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Climate Change Is Already Causing Widespread Local Extinction in Plant and Animal Species

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Extinctions related to climate change have already happened in hundreds of plant and animal species around the world. New research, publishing on December 8th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, shows that local extinctions have already occurred in 47% of the 976 plant and animal species studied.

Medicine

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Collaboration Between Media and Medical Journals Often Leads to Misinformation and Hysteria

When flawed clinical research is reported in the media with hype and sensationalism, it has the potential to have a devastating effect on patients, physicians, the scientific community and eventually society as a whole.

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Amber Specimen Offers Rare Glimpse of Feathered Dinosaur Tail

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Researchers from China, Canada, and the University of Bristol have discovered a dinosaur tail complete with its feathers trapped in a piece of amber.

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Study Finds Resilience Protects Against Risk for Developing Alcohol Use Disorders

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Resilience considerably reduces risk for developing alcohol use disorders, according to a new study conducted by researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University and Lund University in Sweden.

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Will Earth Still Exist 5 Billion Years From Now?

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Old star offers sneak preview of the future

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Contraception Influences Sexual Desire in Committed Relationships

Estrogen or progesterone makes a difference in sexual desire

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Scientists Improve Predictions of How Temperature Affects the Survival of Fish Embryos

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Scientists closely tracking the survival of endangered Sacramento River salmon faced a puzzle: the same high temperatures that salmon eggs survived in the laboratory appeared to kill many of the eggs in the river

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Closing the Carbon Loop

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Pitt chemical engineering team identifies new catalyst that advances capture and conversion of atmospheric carbon dioxide

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New Studies Take a Second Look at Coral Bleaching Culprit

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Scientists have called superoxide out as the main culprit behind coral bleaching: The idea is that as this toxin build up inside coral cells, the corals fight back by ejecting the tiny energy- and color-producing algae living inside them. In doing so, they lose their vibrancy, turn a sickly white, and are left weak, damaged, and vulnerable to disease.

Science

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Greenland, Ice Sheet, Climate Change, UVM, Greenland Ice Sheet, Sea Level Rise, sea level prediction, Geology, Nature, glacial ice, Ice Core, ocean sampling

Greenland on Thin Ice?

New research opens up the deep history of the Greenland Ice Sheet, looking back millions of years farther than previous techniques allowed—and raises urgent questions about if the giant ice sheet might dramatically accelerate its melt-off in the near future.

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Malaria Mystery: Researchers Find Overwhelming Evidence of Malaria’s Existence 2,000 Years Ago at the Height of the Roman Empire

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An analysis of 2,000-year-old human remains from several regions across the Italian peninsula has confirmed the presence of malaria during the Roman Empire, addressing a longstanding debate about its pervasiveness in this ancient civilization.

Medicine

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Evaluation of Scientific Rigor in Animal Research

The “reproducibility crisis” in biomedical research has led to questions about the scientific rigor in animal research, and thus the ethical justification of animal experiments. In research publishing in the Open Access journals PLOS Biology and PLOS ONE on December 2nd, 2016, researchers from the University of Bern have assessed scientific rigor in animal experimentation in Switzerland. The study, commissioned by the Swiss Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office (FSVO), found widespread deficiencies in the reporting of experimental methodology.

Business

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Those Funny Ads May Make You Laugh, but Maybe Not Buy

Advertisers often use humor to grab customers' attention, but they should do so with caution, according to a recently published study in the Journal of Marketing Behavior.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Research Suggests Creatives Worry Less About Dying

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Creative achievement can provide a buffer against being anxious about death, research from psychologists at the University of Kent shows.

Science

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Tornado, Thunderstorms, Weather, Climate Change, Outbreaks, Meteorological, Insurance, wind shear

Increasing Tornado Outbreaks—Is Climate Change Responsible?

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In a new study, Columbia Engineering researchers looked at increasing trends in the severity of tornado outbreaks where they measured severity by the number of tornadoes per outbreak. They found that these trends are increasing fastest for the most extreme outbreaks.

Medicine

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Canner, Suicide, Emergency, Injury

Attempted Suicide Rates and Risk Groups Essentially Unchanged, New Study Shows

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Johns Hopkins investigators report that their analysis of a national database representing more than 1 billion emergency department visits shows that over a recent eight-year period, nothing much has changed in the rates of unsuccessful suicide attempts, or in the age, gender, seasonal timing or means used by those who tried to take their lives in the United States.

Medicine

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Roland Griffiths, Cancer, Drugs, Anxiety, Psilocybin

Hallucinogenic Drug Psilocybin Eases Existential Anxiety in People with Life-Threatening Cancer

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In a small double-blind study, Johns Hopkins researchers report that a substantial majority of people suffering cancer-related anxiety or depression found considerable relief for up to six months from a single large dose of psilocybin -- the active compound in hallucinogenic "magic mushrooms."

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Learning Makes Animals Intelligent

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Researchers at Stockholm University and Brooklyn College have combined knowledge from the fields of artificial intelligence, ethology and the psychology of learning to solve several problems concerning the behaviour and intelligence of animals.







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