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Medicine

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Ulcer, stomach bug, Helicobacter Pylori, Pathogen, Pathogen Evolution

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Europeans Brought New Strains of Ulcer-Causing Bacterium to Pre-Columbian Americas

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Genome study shows mixing of European and African H. pylori strains in modern American populations.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Sleep, Insomnia, Sensory Processing, Sensory Processing Disorders, Circadian Cycles, Circadian Disruption, Sleep Disorder, Evolution

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Tiny Cavefish May Help Humans Evolve to Require Very Little Sleep

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We all do it; we all need it – humans and animals alike. Neuroscientists have been studying Mexican cavefish to provide insight into the evolutionary mechanisms regulating sleep loss and the relationship between sensory processing and sleep.

Medicine

Channels:

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Diabetes, diabetic kidney disease

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Diabetic Kidney Disease Is Decoded, Offering New Avenues for Diagnosis and Treatment

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Mount Sinai researchers say their study represents hope for a complication considered incurable and deadly

Science

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fracking, Hydraulic Fracturing, Drilling, Gas, Natural Gas, oil, Energy, Environment, Wastewater, Spill, spills, West Virginia, Antibiotic Resistance, antimicrobial resistance , Rutgers, Rutgers University, New Jersey, NJ, Petroleum, Microbes, Microbial, Antibiotics

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Oil and Gas Wastewater Spills, Including Fracking Wastewater, Alter Microbes in West Virginia Waters

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Wastewater from oil and gas operations – including fracking for shale gas – at a West Virginia site altered microbes downstream, according to a Rutgers-led study. The study, published recently in Science of the Total Environment, showed that wastewater releases, including briny water that contained petroleum and other pollutants, altered the diversity, numbers and functions of microbes. The shifts in the microbial community indicated changes in their respiration and nutrient cycling, along with signs of stress.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

Organ On A Chip, heart on a chip, alternatives to animal testing, Cardiac Disease, Heart Failure

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Organ-on-a-Chip Mimics Heart’s Biomechanical Properties

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Scientists at Vanderbilt University have created a three-dimensional organ-on-a-chip that can mimic the heart’s amazing biomechanical properties in order to study cardiac disease, determine the effects that different drugs have on the heart and screen for new drugs to treat heart ailments.

Science

Channels:

dryland ecology, ecological modeling, landscape ecologist

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Landscape Ecologist to Research, Teach Dryland Ecology

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Business

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Companies Located Near an IRS Office More Likely to Face an Audit and Avoid More Taxes

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Researchers examined tax records of public companies from fiscal years 1996 to 2012 and found a positive association between a company's geographic proximity to an IRS territory manager’s office and IRS audit likelihood as well as tax avoidance.

Medicine

Channels:

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Popular Heartburn Drugs Linked to Gradual Yet ‘Silent’ Kidney Damage

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Taking popular heartburn medication for prolonged periods may lead to serious kidney damage, even in people who show no signs of kidney problems, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System. The drugs are sold under brand names such as Prevacid, Prilosec, Nexium and Protonix.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Underage Drinking, alcohol marketing, Internet alcohol marketing

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Pilot Study Finds Youth More Likely Than Adults to Report Seeing Alcohol Marketing on the Internet

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Underage youth are nearly twice as likely to recall seeing alcohol marketing on the internet than adults, with almost one in three saying they saw alcohol-related content in the previous month, according to a new pilot survey led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Mindfulness, Meditation, yoga, Aging, Psychology

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Mindfulness Shows Promise as We Age, but Study Results Are Mixed

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As mindfulness practices rise in popularity and evidence of their worth continues to accumulate, those who work with aging populations are looking to use the techniques to boost cognitive, emotional and physiological health. But studies so far have shown mixed results in the elderly.

Science

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Why Are There Different 'Flavors' of Iron Around the Solar System?

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New work shows that interactions between iron and nickel under the extreme pressures and temperatures similar to a planetary interior can help scientists understand the period in our Solar System's youth when planets were forming and their cores were created.

Life

Law and Public Policy

Channels:

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Differences in the Rhetorical Styles of Candidates in the 2016 US Presidential Election

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A new paper published in Digital Scholarship in the Humanities reveals and quantifies dramatic differences in the speaking styles of candidates in the 2016 United States presidential election.

Science

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Warming Ponds Could Accelerate Climate Change

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Rising temperatures could accelerate climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide stored in ponds and increasing the methane they release, new research shows.

Science

Channels:

Meteors, photoacoustic effect

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Origin of Spooky Meteor Noises Reappraised by Sandia Researchers

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Sound travels more slowly than light. Then why do sounds of meteors entering earth's atmosphere precede or accompany the sight of them? Sandia researchers believe they have an answer.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

GBSI, Global Biological Standards Institute , Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, Reproducibility2020, Reproducible, AAAS Annual Meeting, NIH, Standards

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GBSI Report Shows Encouraging Progress Towards Addressing Reproducibility to Significantly Improve Quality of Preclinical Biological Research by Year 2020

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One year after the Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) issued its Reproducibility2020 challenge and action plan for the biomedical research community, the organization reports encouraging progress toward the goal to significantly improve the quality of preclinical biological research by year 2020. “Reproducibility2020 Report: Progress and Priorities,” posted today on bioRxiv, identifies action and impact that has been achieved by the life science research community and outlines priorities going forward. The report is the first comprehensive review of the steps being taken to improve reproducibility since the issue became more widely known in 2012.

Medicine

Channels:

T Cell, Vaccination

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Penn Team Tracks Rare T Cells in Blood to Better Understand Annual Flu Vaccine

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A team has found a way to identify the small population of circulating helper T cells present in the blood after an annual flu vaccine to monitor their contribution to antibody strength. A technique that identifies these helper immune cells could inform future vaccine design, especially for vulnerable populations.

Medicine

Channels:

Hearing Loss, hidden hearing loss, Audiology, Ear And Hearing, Noise Induced Hearing Loss, Guillain-Barré syndrome, myelin diseases, Demyelination Diseases

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Second Cause of Hidden Hearing Loss Identified

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Some people can pass a hearing test but have trouble understanding speech in a noisy environment. New research identifies a new mechanism for this condition just years after its discovery.

Science

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Climate-Driven Permafrost Thaw

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In bitter cold regions like northwestern Canada, permafrost has preserved relict ground-ice and vast glacial sedimentary stores in a quasi-stable state. These landscapes therefore retain a high potential for climate-driven transformation.

Science

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Congo River Fish Evolution Shaped by Intense Rapids

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Genomic study in lower Congo reveals microscale diversification.

Medicine

Channels:

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Yeast Found in Babies’ Guts Increases Risk of Asthma

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University of British Columbia microbiologists have found a yeast in the gut of new babies in Ecuador that appears to be a strong predictor that they will develop asthma in childhood. The new research furthers our understanding of the role microscopic organisms play in our overall health.







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