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Susan Carnell, Obesity, Obese Children, Obese Adults, Brain

Brain’s Self-Regulation in Teens at Risk for Obesity

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Study uses fMRI brain scans to document relationship between neural activity and risk for obesity

Science

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Turning Human Waste Into Plastic, Nutrients Could Aid Long-Distance Space Travel (Video)

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Imagine you’re on your way to Mars, and you lose a crucial tool during a spacewalk. Not to worry, you’ll simply re-enter your spacecraft and use some microorganisms to convert your urine and exhaled carbon dioxide (CO2) into chemicals to make a new one. That’s one of the ultimate goals of scientists who are developing ways to make long space trips feasible.

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Medalist Study Underlines Importance of Blood Glucose Control in Older Adults with Type 1 Diabetes

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“People are living longer with type 1 diabetes, and the onset of complications is taking longer,” says Hillary Keenan, Ph.D., a Joslin Diabetes Center Assistant Investigator and co-Principal Investigator on the Joslin 50-Year Medalist Study.

Science

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Avocado Seed Husks Could Be a Gold Mine of Medicinal and Industrial Compounds

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The least appreciated part of an avocado could soon undergo a trash-to-treasure transformation. In a first-of-its-kind study, scientists report that avocado seed husks, which are usually discarded along with the seed, are hidden gold mines packed with a previously unrecognized plethora of chemical compounds. They say these compounds could eventually be used to treat a host of debilitating diseases, as well as to enhance the allure of cosmetics, perfumes and other consumer goods.

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Licorice Is a Hot Trend in Hot Flashes, but Could Interact with Medications

Licorice roots have a diverse and flavorful history, having been used in ancient Egyptian times as a tea and in traditional Chinese medicines, all the way to today as a flavoring agent and as an ingredient in some licorice candies. Some women now take licorice extracts as supplements to treat hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms. But scientists caution that the substance could pose a health risk by interacting with medications.

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Sugars in Some Breast Milk Could Help Protect Babies From Group B Strep

Group B strep (GBS) bacteria remain the leading cause of severe infections in newborns worldwide. Now researchers have found that although the pathogen can be transmitted to infants through breastfeeding, some mothers produce protective sugars in their milk that could help prevent infection. They also report that the sugars can act as anti-biofilm agents, which is the first example of carbohydrates in human milk having this function.

Medicine

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Organic Chemistry, human milk, Oligosaccharides, Antimicrobial Agent, Antimicrobial Drug Resistance, Strep B, ESKAPE pathogens

Sugars in Human Mother’s Milk Are New Class of Antibacterial Agents

A new study has found that sugars in mother's' milk do not just provide nutrition for babies but also help protect them from bacterial infections, making them a new class of antimicrobial agent.

Medicine

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Weight, Appetite Control, Diabetes, Endocrinology, Brain, Insula, Walnuts, Satiety, fMRI

In a Nutshell: Walnuts Activate Brain Region Involved in Appetite Control

Packed with nutrients linked to better health, walnuts are also thought to discourage overeating by promoting feelings of fullness. Now, in a new brain imaging study, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have demonstrated that consuming walnuts activates an area in the brain associated with regulating hunger and cravings. The findings, published online in the journal Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, reveal for the first time the neurocognitive impact these nuts have on the brain.

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UF Scientists Work on the ‘Essence’ of Better-Tasting Tomato Juice

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If you’re yearning for a better-tasting tomato juice, University of Florida scientists are in their labs, working on satisfying your palette. Essence, usually extracted from a plant to add flavor or provide a scent, according to a new UF/IFAS study, can be used to improve juice flavor.

Medicine

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food preservatives, food additives, Endocrine Disruptors, Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, Dhruv Sareen, Clive Svendsen, BHT, PFOA, TBT, Obesity

Study Shows How Food Preservatives May Disrupt Human Hormones and Promote Obesity

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Can chemicals that are added to breakfast cereals and other everyday products make you obese? Growing evidence from animal experiments suggests the answer may be "yes." But confirming these findings in humans has faced formidable obstacles – until now. A new study published today in Nature Communications details how Cedars-Sinai investigators developed a novel platform and protocol for testing the effects of chemicals known as endocrine disruptors on humans.







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