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Science

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Alesi, Environment, Science, Evolution, Apes and Human Evolution, Apes, Humans, Geology, Anthropology, Kenya, Africa, Skull, Cranium, Rutgers Geology Museum, Mastodons, Egyptian mummy, Minerals, Rocks, Gems, Fossils, Middle Miocene, Napudet, South Turkana, Nyanzapithecus alesi, Ales, Geology Hall, Rutgers University-New Brunswick, Rutgers, New Jersey, NJ

Meet “Alesi,” a 13-Million-Year-Old Ancestor, at Rutgers Geology Museum This Weekend

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About 13 million years ago, a distant ancestor of modern apes and humans suffered an untimely death on the arid landscape of northern Kenya. Last year, a Rutgers scientist helped bring its tiny skull to light, filling in a huge gap in the evolutionary record. And on Saturday, members of the public are invited to come face-to-skull with that ancestor, known as “Alesi,” at the Rutgers Geology Museum’s 50th annual Open House event. The museum stands on the College Avenue Campus of Rutgers University–New Brunswick. Admission is free.

Science

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Amazon Basin, forest and wildlife ecology, Tropical Forests, rain forests, Archeaology, Climate, Satellite Archaeology, soil, terra preta, Amazonian Dark Earths

UNH Researchers Find Human Impact on Forest Still Evident After 500 Years

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Tropical forests span a huge area, harbor a wide diversity of species, and are important to water and nutrient cycling. Researchers used high-tech tools to more precisely view where these cleared sites were and the lasting impact they had on the rainforest in the South American Amazon Basin.

Science

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Balloon, Hot Air Balloons , Infrasound, explosion detection, Venus, Jupiter, infrasound array

New Sandia Balloon-Borne Infrasound Sensor Array Detects Explosions

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Danny Bowman, a Sandia National Laboratories geophysicist, launched a fleet of five solar-powered hot air balloons last year. They reached a height of 13 to 15 miles, twice as high as commercial jets, and detected the infrasound from a test explosion. Infrasound is sound of very low frequencies, below 20 hertz, which is lower than humans can hear, and can be used to monitor explosions, including those caused by nuclear tests. Bowman is also working with NASA to explore the possibility of sending these balloons to Venus and Jupiter.

Science

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Geology, Earthquake, fracking, natural gas drilling

Further Reducing Injections of Oilfield Wastewater Underground Can Prevent Larger Earthquakes

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The new study shows that locations that experienced earthquakes are tied in proximity and timeliness to mass waste water injection sites. Further, the study indicates that tracking annual data on the injection well locations can help predict how corresponding earthquake activity will change. This new finding builds on previous studies showing that earthquake activity increases when wastewater injections increase.

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Coast Guard, Standards, DHS, S&T, Polar, SHIP, test and evaluation, R&D, Research & Development

S&T Helps Create the Standards Next USCG Cutter Polar Ice Breaker

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S&T’s Office of Standards understood the need to gather in-depth data to determine how to construct the next-generation icebreaker. To do that, they needed to see, first hand, how changes to the current construct reacted to ice.

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Sustainability, Climate Change, Research Funding, France, Water, Ecosystem

With French Grant to ‘Make Our Planet Great Again,’ This Scientist to Study Earth’s Outer Skin

Among the initial 18 scientists selected for French President Emmanuel Macron's "Make Our Planet Great Again" program is Louis Derry, professor of earth and atmospheric sciences in Cornell University’s College of Engineering and faculty fellow with the Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future.

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University Of Chicago, Geophysics, Paleontology, Biology, Evolution, Mass Extinction, Extinction, Species Diversity

Mass Extinctions Remove Species but Not Ecological Variety

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Though mass extinctions wiped out staggeringly high numbers of species, they barely touched the overall "functional" diversity--how each species makes a living, be it filtering phytoplankton or eating small crustaceans, burrowing or clamping onto rocks. University of Chicago scientists documented this surprising trend in a study on extinctions published Jan. 5 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Raspberry Pi, Supercomputer, Earth Sciences, Geology

Buckeye Pi: The Most Powerful Student-Built Supercomputer Made From Raspberry Pis

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“We’re geeks, and we’re motivated.” That’s how Amin Amooie, a doctoral student in earth sciences at The Ohio State University, explained his team’s efforts to build the supercomputer they’ve dubbed “Buckeye Pi.”

Science

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Fusion Plasmas, Turning Oxide into Metal, Neutron Star Merger, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

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Tulane University, nitrogen fertilization, Dead Zones, Hypoxia, Sustainable Farming, Fertilizer, agriculture and greenhouse gas emissions, agriculture and climate change, farming practices, Grand Challenges, Agricultural and Environmental economics, Algae blooms

Tulane University Names $1 Million Winner of Nitrogen Reduction Challenge

Tulane University awarded the $1 million grand prize for the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge to Adapt-N, a team from Cornell University that developed a cloud-based computer modeling system to predict optimum nitrogen application rates for crops using data on weather, field conditions and soil management practices.







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