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Killer Pollution, Predicting Droughts, Salmon Spawning, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

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University of Vienna, Tetyana Milojevic, Frontiers in Microbiology, MARS, Fingerprints, Faculty of Chemistry, Metallosphaera sedula , archaeon, Metabolism, Microbes, biosignatures, extraterrestrial minerals, microbial activity, astrobiologist , Mars farm, Mars Regolith

Microbes Leave "Fingerprints" on Martian Rocks

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Scientists around Tetyana Milojevic from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna are in search of unique biosignatures, which are left on synthetic extraterrestrial minerals by microbial activity. The biochemist and astrobiologist investigates these signatures at her own miniaturized "Mars farm" where she can observe interactions between the archaeon Metallosphaera sedula and Mars-like rocks. These microbes are capable of oxidizing and integrating metals into their metabolism. The original research was currently published in the journal "Frontiers in Microbiology".

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Michigan Tech, Simon Carn, Volcano expert, Volcano, Mount Agung, Natural Hazard Assessment and Mitigation

Predicting Volcanic Eruptions Like Mount Agung in Bali Is Tricky Science

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Michigan Tech, Simon Carn, Remote Sensing, Satellite, Volcano, carbon dioxide (CO2)

Is It Gonna Blow? Measuring Volcanic Emissions From Space

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Carbon dioxide measured by a NASA satellite pinpoints sources of the gas from human and volcanic activities, which may help monitor greenhouse gases responsible for climate change.

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Metagenomics, Viruses, Ecosystem, viral ecolo, Genomics, Environment, Bacteria, Algae, Computational Biology, Microbiology, Biology, DOE Office of Science

Tracking the Viral Parasites of Giant Viruses over Time

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Viruses exist amidst all bacteria, usually in a 10-fold excess and include virophages which live in giant viruses and use their machinery to replicate and spread. In Nature Communications, a team including DOE JGI researchers reports effectively doubling the number of known virophages.

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Researchers Map the Illegal Use of Natural Resources in the Protected Brazilian Amazon

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New research published in the open access peer-reviewed journal PeerJ uses law enforcement data collected from 2010 to 2015 to understand the geographical distribution of the illegal use of natural resources across the region’s protected area network.

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Yellowstone, Geyser, Hydrothermal, Geothermal, Hydrology, Hydrogeology

Old Faithful’s Geological Heart Revealed

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University of Utah scientists have mapped the near-surface geology around Old Faithful, revealing the reservoir of heated water that feeds the geyser’s surface vent and how the ground shaking behaves in between eruptions. The map was made possible by a dense network of portable seismographs and by new seismic analysis techniques.

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climate chagne, global warming, Ecology and Environment

In Iceland Stream, Possible Glimpse Of Warming Future

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When a normally cold stream in Iceland was warmed, the make-up of life inside changed as larger organisms thrived while smaller ones struggled. The findings carry implications for life in a warming climate.

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El Nino, ENSO, El Nino Southern Oscillation, Climate, Climate Change, Science, Weather, Meteorology, Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Tropical Pacific, sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid, Environment, Volcanoes, Stratosphere, Mount Pinatubo, Africa, West African Monsoon, Philippines, Santa Maria, Guatemala, Mount Agung, Indonesia, El Chichón , Mexico, Rutgers University-New Brunsw

Large Volcanic Eruptions in Tropics Can Trigger El Niño Events

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Explosive volcanic eruptions in the tropics can lead to El Niño events, those notorious warming periods in the Pacific Ocean with dramatic global impacts on the climate, according to a new study.

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Siberian Trap eruptions

Scientists Find Evidence that Siberian Volcanic Eruptions Caused Extinction 250 Million Years Ago

A team of scientists has found new evidence that the Great Permian Extinction, which occurred approximately 250 million years ago, was caused by massive volcanic eruptions that led to significant environmental changes.







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