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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Psychotic Disorders, Obesity, Schziophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, Lifespan, BMI, Body Fat, Weight Gain, Mental Illness, Psychiatry, Prevention, biomarkers, Waistline, Waist Circumference

Psychotic Disorders and Obesity: New Report Shows Big Waistlines Are to Blame

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A number of factors, including obesity, shorten the lifespan for those with schizophrenia by 20 years and by 10 years for those with bipolar disorder, compared to the general population. In the first study to compare long-term weight gain across psychotic disorders, researchers show that expanding waistlines and the way body fat is distributed are largely to blame.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Intelligence, Mindset, Fixed mindset, growth mind, Gender

So-Called “Bright Girl Effect” Does Not Last Into Adulthood, Study Finds

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The notion that young females limit their own progress based on what they believe about their intelligence—called the “bright girl effect”—does not persist into adulthood, according to new research from Case Western Reserve University.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Children And Adolescents

Supporting Children in Distress: The Power of Parental Emotion Coaching

he Importance of Responding Well to Children’s Emotional Distress

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Racial colorblindness, Racism, Multiculturalism

​Why Both Bigots and Egalitarians Say ‘They Don’t See Race’

People who claim they “don’t see race” when they evaluate others may think they all have similar beliefs about racial justice – but they’re very wrong, according to a new book. In fact, the belief in “racial colorblindness” unites people who range from liberal to conservative and hardened racists to egalitarians.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Back To School Tips, Stress, Overscheduling, Osteopathic Medicine

When a Lot Is Too Much: Childhood Stress and Extracurricular Activities

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After-school activities like sports, clubs, dance lessons and volunteering provide important enrichment opportunities for schoolchildren, but too much participation without enough downtime, or participating for the wrong reasons could lead to unhealthy levels of stress in children.

Life

Business

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Business, Sales, Relationships, Marketing, Emotions, Gratitude

Sales Newbies, Don’t Fret. Just Go Above and Beyond

Good news for novice salespeople worried about becoming successful: Expressing your gratitude to customers by going above and beyond your job description may be as effective as developing long-term relationships with them, indicates a first-of-its-kind study.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Moral Reasoning, prosocial behavior, moral decisions, Brain Function, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Decision Making, moral judgement, Gray Matter, BART, brain reward center

High Moral Reasoning Associated with Increased Activity in the Human Brain’s Reward System

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Individuals who have a high level of moral reasoning show increased activity in the brain’s frontostriatal reward system, both during periods of rest and while performing a sequential risk taking and decision making task according to a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine, the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, Shanghai International Studies University in Shanghai, China and Charité Universitätsmediz in Berlin, Germany.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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relationships and communications, Relationships

Providing Support for Individuals Experiencing Relationship Problems: Tips for Clinicians, Family Members, and Friends

When couples are dissatisfied in their relationship, couple therapy, in which both members of the couple participate in the treatment, has become one of the most widely practiced interventions. The effectiveness of couple therapy in improving couple relationships has been demonstrated by several studies (Shadish & Baldwin, 2003). For example, in their systematic review, Lebow, Chambers, Christensen, and Johnson (2012) summarized research findings indicating that couple therapy improves relationship satisfaction for 71% of participating couples at the end of treatment, while distressed couples who received no treatment made no improvement (Shadish & Baldwin, 2003, 2005; Baucom, Hahlweg, & Kuschel, 2003).

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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emoji, Smiley, office etiquette, Workplace Communication, Dr. Arik Cheshin, University Of Haifa

Smileys? Not at Work

A new study has found that using a smiley in a work-related email to a stranger makes the recipient perceive the sender as less capable. “While an actual smile has a positive impact on creating an initial impression, adding a smiley can harm the person who included it in their email,” explains Dr. Arik Cheshin, one of the authors of the study

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Oxytocin, oxytoc, CD38 expression, human social affiliation, Friendship, autism quotient

NUS Study: You May Be as Friendly as Your Genes

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A group of researchers from the National University of Singapore has found that young adults who have higher expression of the CD38 gene as well as differences in CD157 gene sequence are friendlier and more socially adept than others. They have more close friends and show greater social skills.







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