Curated News: National Eye Institute (NEI)

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Newswise: Researchers Unravel Why Episodes of Low Blood Sugar Worsen Eye Disease in People with Diabetes
Released: 26-Jan-2023 9:00 AM EST
Researchers Unravel Why Episodes of Low Blood Sugar Worsen Eye Disease in People with Diabetes
Johns Hopkins Medicine

People with diabetes who experience periods of low blood sugar — a common occurrence in those new to blood sugar management — are more likely to have worsening diabetic eye disease. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have linked such low blood sugar levels with a molecular pathway that is turned on in oxygen-starved cells in the eye.

Newswise: Zebrafish model helps explain eye development
Released: 12-Jan-2023 1:30 PM EST
Zebrafish model helps explain eye development
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have developed a zebrafish model of NEDBEH—a rare genetic disorder that can cause coloboma, where parts of the eye are missing due to developmental defects. The model provides a new tool for understanding the eye's embryonic development. The NEI is part of the National Institutes of Health.

Newswise: Zebrafish model helps explain eye development
Released: 12-Jan-2023 1:30 PM EST
Zebrafish model helps explain eye development
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have developed a zebrafish model of NEDBEH—a rare genetic disorder that can cause coloboma, where parts of the eye are missing due to developmental defects. The model provides a new tool for understanding the eye's embryonic development. The NEI is part of the National Institutes of Health.

Newswise: Dry eye disease alters how the eye’s cornea heals itself after injury
29-Dec-2022 3:15 PM EST
Dry eye disease alters how the eye’s cornea heals itself after injury
Washington University in St. Louis

Studying mice, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that proteins made by stem cells to help regenerate the cornea may become new targets for treating and preventing injuries to the cornea related to dry eye disease. When eyes are dry, the cornea is more susceptible to injury.

Newswise:Video Embedded nih-researchers-use-3d-bioprinting-to-create-eye-tissue
VIDEO
20-Dec-2022 3:15 PM EST
NIH researchers use 3D bioprinting to create eye tissue
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists used patient stem cells and 3D bioprinting to produce eye tissue that will advance understanding of the mechanisms of blinding diseases. The research team from the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health, printed a combination of cells that form the outer blood-retina barrier—eye tissue that supports the retina's light-sensing photoreceptors. The technique provides a theoretically unlimited supply of patient-derived tissue to study degenerative retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

   
Newswise:Video Embedded nih-researchers-use-3d-bioprinting-to-create-eye-tissue
VIDEO
20-Dec-2022 3:15 PM EST
NIH researchers use 3D bioprinting to create eye tissue
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists used patient stem cells and 3D bioprinting to produce eye tissue that will advance understanding of the mechanisms of blinding diseases. The research team from the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health, printed a combination of cells that form the outer blood-retina barrier—eye tissue that supports the retina's light-sensing photoreceptors. The technique provides a theoretically unlimited supply of patient-derived tissue to study degenerative retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

   
Newswise: National Institutes of Health awards Case Western Reserve University $7.3M for eye research
Released: 9-Nov-2022 12:45 PM EST
National Institutes of Health awards Case Western Reserve University $7.3M for eye research
Case Western Reserve University

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded the Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) School of Medicine a five-year, $7.3 million grant to identify new technology, methods and models to study the impact of inflammation and pain on eye health, specifically the surface.

Newswise: NIH researchers home in on a new cause of Stargardt disease
Released: 27-Oct-2022 11:30 AM EDT
NIH researchers home in on a new cause of Stargardt disease
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Using a new stem-cell based model made from skin cells, scientists found the first direct evidence that Stargardt-related ABCA4 gene mutations affect a layer of cells in the eye called the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).

Newswise: NIH researchers home in on a new cause of Stargardt disease
Released: 27-Oct-2022 11:30 AM EDT
NIH researchers home in on a new cause of Stargardt disease
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Using a new stem-cell based model made from skin cells, scientists found the first direct evidence that Stargardt-related ABCA4 gene mutations affect a layer of cells in the eye called the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).

Newswise:Video Embedded nih-scientists-discover-essential-step-in-recharging-the-eye-s-light-sensing-retina
VIDEO
Released: 26-Oct-2022 1:30 PM EDT
NIH Scientists Discover Essential Step in Recharging the Eye’s Light-Sensing Retina
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists have discovered a mechanism by which an area of a protein shape-shifts to convert vitamin A into a form usable by the eye’s light-sensing photoreceptor cells.

Newswise:Video Embedded nih-scientists-discover-essential-step-in-recharging-the-eye-s-light-sensing-retina
VIDEO
Released: 26-Oct-2022 1:30 PM EDT
NIH Scientists Discover Essential Step in Recharging the Eye’s Light-Sensing Retina
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists have discovered a mechanism by which an area of a protein shape-shifts to convert vitamin A into a form usable by the eye’s light-sensing photoreceptor cells.

Newswise:Video Embedded 3d-map-reveals-dna-organization-within-human-retina-cells
VIDEO
4-Oct-2022 1:05 PM EDT
3D map reveals DNA organization within human retina cells
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

National Eye Institute researchers mapped the organization of human retinal cell chromatin, the fibers that package 3 billion nucleotide-long DNA molecules into compact structures that fit into chromosomes within each cell’s nucleus. The resulting comprehensive gene regulatory network provides insights into regulation of gene expression in general, and in retinal function, in both rare and common eye diseases. The study published in Nature Communications.

Newswise:Video Embedded 3d-map-reveals-dna-organization-within-human-retina-cells
VIDEO
4-Oct-2022 1:05 PM EDT
3D map reveals DNA organization within human retina cells
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

National Eye Institute researchers mapped the organization of human retinal cell chromatin, the fibers that package 3 billion nucleotide-long DNA molecules into compact structures that fit into chromosomes within each cell’s nucleus. The resulting comprehensive gene regulatory network provides insights into regulation of gene expression in general, and in retinal function, in both rare and common eye diseases. The study published in Nature Communications.

Newswise: NIH researchers develop gene therapy for rare ciliopathy
6-Sep-2022 8:05 AM EDT
NIH researchers develop gene therapy for rare ciliopathy
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Researchers from the National Eye Institute (NEI) have developed a gene therapy that rescues cilia defects in retinal cells affected by a type of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), a disease that causes blindness in early childhood.

Newswise: NIH researchers develop gene therapy for rare ciliopathy
6-Sep-2022 8:05 AM EDT
NIH researchers develop gene therapy for rare ciliopathy
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Researchers from the National Eye Institute (NEI) have developed a gene therapy that rescues cilia defects in retinal cells affected by a type of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), a disease that causes blindness in early childhood.

Newswise: High-Tech Imaging Reveals Details About Rare Eye Disorder
26-Jul-2022 10:05 PM EDT
High-Tech Imaging Reveals Details About Rare Eye Disorder
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Using a new imaging technique, researchers from the National Eye Institute have determined that retinal lesions from vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD) vary by gene mutation. Addressing these differences may be key in designing effective treatments for this and other rare diseases. NEI is part of the National Institutes of Health.

Newswise: High-Tech Imaging Reveals Details About Rare Eye Disorder
26-Jul-2022 10:05 PM EDT
High-Tech Imaging Reveals Details About Rare Eye Disorder
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Using a new imaging technique, researchers from the National Eye Institute have determined that retinal lesions from vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD) vary by gene mutation. Addressing these differences may be key in designing effective treatments for this and other rare diseases. NEI is part of the National Institutes of Health.

Newswise: Black Patients Found Six Times More Likely to Have Advanced Vision Loss After Glaucoma Diagnosis Than White Patients
20-Jul-2022 8:30 AM EDT
Black Patients Found Six Times More Likely to Have Advanced Vision Loss After Glaucoma Diagnosis Than White Patients
Mount Sinai Health System

Black patients have a dramatically higher risk of advanced vision loss after a new diagnosis of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) when compared to white patients, according to a new study from New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai (NYEE).

Newswise: NIH Study Finds Loss of ‘Youth’ Protein May Drive Aging in the Eye
Released: 18-Jul-2022 4:55 PM EDT
NIH Study Finds Loss of ‘Youth’ Protein May Drive Aging in the Eye
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Loss of the protein pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), which protects retinal support cells, may drive age-related changes in the retina, according to a new study in mice from the National Eye Institute (NEI).

Newswise: NIH Study Finds Loss of ‘Youth’ Protein May Drive Aging in the Eye
Released: 18-Jul-2022 4:55 PM EDT
NIH Study Finds Loss of ‘Youth’ Protein May Drive Aging in the Eye
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Loss of the protein pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), which protects retinal support cells, may drive age-related changes in the retina, according to a new study in mice from the National Eye Institute (NEI).

Newswise: A type of ‘step therapy’ is an effective strategy for diabetic eye disease
11-Jul-2022 3:40 PM EDT
A type of ‘step therapy’ is an effective strategy for diabetic eye disease
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Clinical trial results from the DRCR Retina Network suggest that a specific step strategy, in which patients with diabetic macular edema start with a less expensive medicine and switch to a more expensive medicine if vision does not improve sufficiently, gives results similar to starting off with the higher-priced drug.

Newswise: NIH Researchers Decode Retinal Circuits for Circadian Rhythm, Pupillary Light Response
Released: 6-Jul-2022 4:20 PM EDT
NIH Researchers Decode Retinal Circuits for Circadian Rhythm, Pupillary Light Response
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

The eye’s light-sensing retina taps different circuits depending on whether it is generating image-forming vision or carrying out a non-vision function such as regulating pupil size or sleep/wake cycles, according to a new mouse study from the National Eye Institute (NEI) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Newswise: NIH Researchers Decode Retinal Circuits for Circadian Rhythm, Pupillary Light Response
Released: 6-Jul-2022 4:20 PM EDT
NIH Researchers Decode Retinal Circuits for Circadian Rhythm, Pupillary Light Response
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

The eye’s light-sensing retina taps different circuits depending on whether it is generating image-forming vision or carrying out a non-vision function such as regulating pupil size or sleep/wake cycles, according to a new mouse study from the National Eye Institute (NEI) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Newswise: Measuring Levels of Proteins in Eye Fluid May Accurately Predict Need for Lifelong Macular Degeneration Therapy
Released: 29-Jun-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Measuring Levels of Proteins in Eye Fluid May Accurately Predict Need for Lifelong Macular Degeneration Therapy
Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a study of eye fluid from 38 patients, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have found that levels of a specific protein appears to help accurately predict whether people with the wet form of age-related macular degeneration may need lifelong, frequent eye injections to preserve vision or if they can be safely weaned off the treatments.

Newswise:Video Embedded gene-therapy-for-rare-eye-disease-safe-but-lacks-efficacy-in-early-trial
VIDEO
Released: 7-Jun-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Gene Therapy for Rare Eye Disease Safe but Lacks Efficacy in Early Trial
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Byron Lam and collaborators at the University of Miami reported results from an 8-patient phase 1 gene therapy clinical trial for the degenerative retinal disease Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. They found no significant safety concerns; however, treatment failed to improve or slow vision loss, with even the highest dose.

Newswise:Video Embedded retinal-cell-map-could-advance-precise-therapies-for-blinding-diseases
VIDEO
Released: 6-May-2022 3:50 PM EDT
Retinal Cell Map Could Advance Precise Therapies for Blinding Diseases
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Researchers have identified distinct differences among the cells comprising a tissue in the retina that is vital to human visual perception. The scientists from the National Eye Institute (NEI) discovered five subpopulations of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)—a layer of tissue that nourishes and supports the retina’s light-sensing photoreceptors. Using artificial intelligence, the researchers analyzed images of RPE at single-cell resolution to create a reference map that locates each subpopulation within the eye.

Newswise:Video Embedded retinal-cell-map-could-advance-precise-therapies-for-blinding-diseases
VIDEO
Released: 6-May-2022 3:50 PM EDT
Retinal Cell Map Could Advance Precise Therapies for Blinding Diseases
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Researchers have identified distinct differences among the cells comprising a tissue in the retina that is vital to human visual perception. The scientists from the National Eye Institute (NEI) discovered five subpopulations of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)—a layer of tissue that nourishes and supports the retina’s light-sensing photoreceptors. Using artificial intelligence, the researchers analyzed images of RPE at single-cell resolution to create a reference map that locates each subpopulation within the eye.

Newswise: Vision improvement is long-lasting with treatment for blinding blood vessel condition
Released: 21-Apr-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Vision improvement is long-lasting with treatment for blinding blood vessel condition
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

New research shows that a treatment for retinal vein occlusion yields long-lasting vision gains, with visual acuity remaining significantly above baseline at five years. However, many patients require ongoing treatment.

Newswise: Advancing a Treatment for a Common Eye Disease That Lacks One
Released: 11-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Advancing a Treatment for a Common Eye Disease That Lacks One
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

The road from discovering a potential drug to getting the therapy into the hands of patients is a long and uncertain one. An NIH program offers researchers a smoother path from basic science to clinical testing and regulatory approval.

Newswise: Advancing a Treatment for a Common Eye Disease That Lacks One
Released: 11-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Advancing a Treatment for a Common Eye Disease That Lacks One
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

The road from discovering a potential drug to getting the therapy into the hands of patients is a long and uncertain one. An NIH program offers researchers a smoother path from basic science to clinical testing and regulatory approval.

Newswise: Attention to objects in peripheral vision is not driven by tiny eye movements
Released: 25-Mar-2022 2:00 PM EDT
Attention to objects in peripheral vision is not driven by tiny eye movements
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

New research by National Eye Institute (NEI) investigators shows that while microsaccades seem to boost or diminish the strength of brain signals underlying attention, the eye movements are not drivers of those brain signals.

Newswise: Attention to objects in peripheral vision is not driven by tiny eye movements
Released: 25-Mar-2022 2:00 PM EDT
Attention to objects in peripheral vision is not driven by tiny eye movements
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

New research by National Eye Institute (NEI) investigators shows that while microsaccades seem to boost or diminish the strength of brain signals underlying attention, the eye movements are not drivers of those brain signals.

Newswise: NIH study classifies vision loss and retinal changes in Stargardt disease
Released: 25-Jan-2022 12:30 PM EST
NIH study classifies vision loss and retinal changes in Stargardt disease
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

National Eye Institute researchers developed and validated an artificial-intelligence-based method to evaluate patients with Stargardt, an eye disease that can lead to childhood vision loss. The method quantifies disease-related loss of light-sensing retina cells, yielding information for monitoring patients, understanding genetic causes of the disease, and developing therapies to treat it.

Newswise: New Color-Coded Test Quickly Reveals If Medical Nanoparticles Deliver Their Payload
Released: 5-Jan-2022 2:00 PM EST
New Color-Coded Test Quickly Reveals If Medical Nanoparticles Deliver Their Payload
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have developed a color-coded test that quickly signals whether newly developed nanoparticles — ultra small compartments designed to ferry medicines, vaccines and other therapies — deliver their cargo into target cells. The new testing tool, engineered specifically to test nanoparticles, could advance the search for next-generation biological medicines.

Newswise: NIH researchers identify potential AMD drugs with stem-cell based research tool
14-Dec-2021 6:15 PM EST
NIH researchers identify potential AMD drugs with stem-cell based research tool
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Using a stem-cell-derived model, researchers have identified two drug candidates that may slow dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness for which no treatment exists. The scientists, from the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health, published their findings today in Nature Communications.

Newswise:Video Embedded nih-study-traces-molecular-link-from-gene-to-late-onset-retinal-degeneration
VIDEO
7-Dec-2021 12:15 PM EST
NIH study traces molecular link from gene to late-onset retinal degeneration
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists have discovered that gene therapy and the diabetes drug metformin may be potential treatments for late-onset retinal degeneration (L-ORD), a rare, blinding eye disease. Researchers from the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health generated a “disease-in-a-dish” model to study the disease. The findings are published in Communications Biology.

Newswise: Retinoid Therapy May Improve Vision in People with Rare Genetic Disorder, According to Study in Mice from University of Maryland School of Medicine and NIH
Released: 9-Nov-2021 12:25 PM EST
Retinoid Therapy May Improve Vision in People with Rare Genetic Disorder, According to Study in Mice from University of Maryland School of Medicine and NIH
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Using data generated from patients and mice with genetic mutation for the disorder Usher syndrome, researchers from the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health documented the natural history of vision impairment in patients and identified the cell mechanism behind progressive vision loss.

Released: 14-Oct-2021 1:25 PM EDT
Researchers identify protein that prevents serious brain damage, reduces risk of fatal HSV-1 infection
University of Illinois Chicago

A new study by University of Illinois Chicago researchers shows a mechanism that stops the herpes simplex virus 1 from causing serious brain damage and death. Researchers discovered a function of a protein complex, mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2, in an antiviral defense mechanism. This protein complex limits HSV-1 virus infection through rapid activation of antiviral immunity and protects the host by preventing encephalitis — brain inflammation — and possible death due to HSV-1 infection.

Released: 13-Sep-2021 12:45 PM EDT
UIC researchers find evidence of possible link between herpes simplex and neurodegenerative diseases
University of Illinois Chicago

A new study by researchers at University of Illinois Chicago suggests that when the protein optineurin, or OPTN, is present in cells it restricts the spread of HSV-1, the herpes simplex virus type 1.In a “first of its kind” study, researchers also found a potential direct connection between neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), glaucoma, and the herpesvirus.

Newswise: robot-cane.png?itok=PEM0dSZm.jpg
Released: 8-Sep-2021 11:45 AM EDT
NIH-funded modern “white cane” brings navigation assistance to the 21st century
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Equipped with a color 3D camera, an inertial measurement sensor, and its own on-board computer, a newly improved robotic cane could offer blind and visually impaired users a new way to navigate indoors.

   
Released: 27-Jul-2021 9:30 AM EDT
Scientists Uncover How Decisions About What We See Are Relayed Back Through the Brain
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered that decisions based on visual information, which involve a complex stream of data flowing forward and backwards along the brain’s visual pathways, is broadcast widely to neurons in the visual system, including to those that are not being used to make the decision.

Released: 27-Jul-2021 9:30 AM EDT
Scientists Uncover How Decisions About What We See Are Relayed Back Through the Brain
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered that decisions based on visual information, which involve a complex stream of data flowing forward and backwards along the brain’s visual pathways, is broadcast widely to neurons in the visual system, including to those that are not being used to make the decision.

19-Jul-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Scientists Discover Gene Therapy Provides Neuroprotection to Prevent Glaucoma Vision Loss
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

A form of gene therapy protects optic nerve cells and preserves vision in mouse models of glaucoma, according to research supported by NIH’s National Eye Institute. The findings suggest a way forward for developing neuroprotective therapies for glaucoma, a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness.

19-Jul-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Scientists Discover Gene Therapy Provides Neuroprotection to Prevent Glaucoma Vision Loss
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

A form of gene therapy protects optic nerve cells and preserves vision in mouse models of glaucoma, according to research supported by NIH’s National Eye Institute. The findings suggest a way forward for developing neuroprotective therapies for glaucoma, a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness.

19-Jul-2021 9:25 AM EDT
Gene Therapy May Preserve Vision in Retinal Disease and Serious Retinal Injury
Mount Sinai Health System

Mount Sinai researchers uncover a potential pathway for treatment that can prevent blindness

Released: 30-Jun-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Dry Eye Awareness Month 2021 Focuses on a Looming Lifestyle Epidemic—Ocular Surface Disease
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)

The vision community and its coalition partners announce awareness and educational activities in July 2021 around the annual recognition of Dry Eye Awareness Month.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 9:45 AM EDT
NIH-Funded Study Shows Children Recycle Brain Regions When Acquiring New Skills
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists studied the brain activity of school-aged children during development and found that regions that activated upon seeing limbs (hands, legs, etc.) subsequently activated upon seeing faces or words when the children grew older. The research, by scientists at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, reveals new insights about vision development in the brain and could help inform prevention and treatment strategies for learning disorders. The study was funded by the National Eye Institute and is published in Nature Human Behaviour.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 9:45 AM EDT
NIH-Funded Study Shows Children Recycle Brain Regions When Acquiring New Skills
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Scientists studied the brain activity of school-aged children during development and found that regions that activated upon seeing limbs (hands, legs, etc.) subsequently activated upon seeing faces or words when the children grew older. The research, by scientists at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, reveals new insights about vision development in the brain and could help inform prevention and treatment strategies for learning disorders. The study was funded by the National Eye Institute and is published in Nature Human Behaviour.

Released: 16-Jun-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Scientists unravel the function of a sight-saving growth factor
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have determined how certain short protein fragments, called peptides, can protect neuronal cells found in the light-sensing retina layer at the back of the eye. The peptides might someday be used to treat degenerative retinal diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD).


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